Department of Health, Education and Welfare

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Seal of the United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare
The United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (also known as HEW) was a cabinet-level department of the United States government from 1953 until 1979. It was administered by the United States Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare. In 1979, a separate Department of Education (ED) was created from this department, and HEW was renamed as the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

To date, this was the only department of the U.S. government to be created through presidential reorganization authority, in which the president is allowed to create or reorganize bureaucracies as long as neither house of Congress passed a legislative veto. This power to create new departments was removed after 1962, but in the early 1980s the Supreme Court declared legislative vetoes unconstitutional.

United States Federal Executive Departments
State | Treasury | Defense | Justice | Interior | Agriculture | Commerce | Labor | Health and Human Services | Housing and Urban Development | Transportation | Energy | Education | Veterans Affairs | Homeland Security
(: War | Navy | Post Office | Commerce and Labor | Health, Education, and Welfare)
cabinet is a body of high-ranking members of government, typically representing the executive branch. It can also sometimes be referred to as the Council of Ministers, an Executive Council or an Executive Committee.
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Motto
"In God We Trust"   (since 1956)
"E Pluribus Unum"   ("From Many, One"; Latin, traditional)
Anthem
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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1920s  1930s  1940s  - 1950s -  1960s  1970s  1980s
1950 1951 1952 - 1953 - 1954 1955 1956

Year 1953 (MCMLIII
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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1940s  1950s  1960s  - 1970s -  1980s  1990s  2000s
1976 1977 1978 - 1979 - 1980 1981 1982

Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins.

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United States Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare was the head of the United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. The Secretary was a member of the President's Cabinet.
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United States
Department of Education


Seal of the Department of Education
Agency overview
Formed October 17, 1979

Employees 5,000 (2007)
Annual Budget Discretionary: $56.0 billion (2006)
Mandatory: $13.
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Department of Health and Human Services

HHS Logo

Official seal
Agency overview
Formed April 11, 1953
May 4, 1980
Preceding Agency United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare

Jurisdiction
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A legislative veto exists in governments that separate executive and legislative functions if actions by the executive can be rejected by the legislative.

United States

The legislative veto had an interesting, but short-lived function in the United States government.
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The United States Federal Executive Departments are among the oldest primary units of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States—the Departments of State, War, and the Treasury all being established within a few weeks of each other in 1789.
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United States
Department of State


Seal of the United States Department of State
Agency overview
Formed July 27, 1789

Headquarters Harry S Truman Building
Employees 30,266 (2004)
Annual Budget $35.
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Department of the Treasury

Treasury Seal
Agency overview
Formed September 2, 1789
Preceding Agency Board of Treasury

Jurisdiction Federal government of the United States
Headquarters
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Department of Defense redirects here. For the defense departments in governments of other countries, see defence ministry.

United States
Department of Defense

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Department of Justice

Official seal
Agency overview
Formed June 22, 1870
July 1, 1870

Jurisdiction Federal government of the United States
Headquarters Robert F. Kennedy Building, Washington, D.C.
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United States
Department of the Interior


Seal of the Department of the Interior
Agency overview
Formed March 3, 1849

Employees 71,436 (2004)
Annual Budget $10.
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United States Department of Agriculture

Logo of the USDA

Seal of the Department of Agriculture
Agency overview
Formed February 15, 1889

Jurisdiction Federal government of the United States

Employees
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Untied States
Department of Commerce


Seal of the Department of Commerce
Agency overview
Formed February 14, 1903

Employees 36,000 (2004)
Annual Budget $9.
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United States
Department of Labor


Seal of the Department of Labor
Agency overview
Formed March 4, 1913

Employees 17,347 (2004)
Annual Budget $59.7 billion (2004)

Agency Executives Elaine L.
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Department of Health and Human Services

HHS Logo

Official seal
Agency overview
Formed April 11, 1953
May 4, 1980
Preceding Agency United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare

Jurisdiction
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United States
Department of Housing and Urban Development


Seal of the Department of Housing and Urban Development
Agency overview
Formed September 9, 1965

Employees 10,600 (2004)
Annual Budget 28.
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United States Department of Transportation

Seal of the Department of Trasportation
Agency overview
Formed April 1, 1967

Jurisdiction United States of America
Headquarters Washington, D.C.
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United States
Department of Energy


Seal of the Department of Energy
Agency overview
Formed August 4, 1977

Employees 16,100 federal
100,000 contract (2004)
Annual Budget $23.
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United States
Department of Education


Seal of the Department of Education
Agency overview
Formed October 17, 1979

Employees 5,000 (2007)
Annual Budget Discretionary: $56.0 billion (2006)
Mandatory: $13.
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United States
Department of Veterans Affairs


Seal of the Department of Veterans Affairs
Agency overview
Formed October 25, 1988

Employees 235,000+ (2006)
Annual Budget $73.
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United States
Department of Homeland Security


Motto: "Preserving our Freedom"
Agency overview
Formed November 25, 2002

Headquarters Nebraska Avenue Complex
Employees 208,000 (2007)
Annual Budget
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United States Department of War was the department of the United States government's executive branch responsible for the operation and maintenance of land (and later air) forces from 1789 until September 18, 1947, when it became part of the National Military Establishment
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United States Department of the Navy and Marine Corps was established by an Act of Congress on April 30, 1798, to provide administrative and technical support, and civilian leadership to the United States Navy and the United States Marine Corps (and when directed by the Congress or
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The Post Office Department is the former name of the United States Postal Service when it was a Cabinet department. It was headed by the United States Postmaster General.
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The United States Department of Commerce and Labor was a short-lived Cabinet department of the United States government.

It was created on February 14, 1903. It was subsequently renamed the Department of Commerce on March 4, 1913, and its bureaus and agencies specializing in
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