Dialects of Korean

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Differing pronunciations of "dragonfly" (잠자리).
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Dialects of Korean


Korean is spoken in a number of different dialects in the Korean peninsula. The peninsula is extremely mountainous, and each dialect's "territory" corresponds closely to the natural boundaries between different geographical regions. Most of the dialects are named for one of Korea's traditional Eight Provinces.

Standard dialects

  • Standard Korean (표준어) is described as "the current Seoul dialect widely used by the literate" (교양있는 사람들이 두루 쓰는 현대 서울말).
  • Seoul dialect (서울말) is the basis of the standard dialect in South Korea, and is spoken in Seoul, Incheon, and Gyeonggi in South Korea, as well as in Kaesŏng in North Korea.
  • P'yŏng'an dialect (평안방언) is the standard dialect in North Korea, and is spoken in P'yŏngyang, the P'yŏng'an region, and Chagang Province. The Pyongan dialect sounds more like how people spoke in the old days. This dialect is heavily accented and you can clearly tell who is from this region.

Regional dialects

Outside of the Korean peninsula

  • Koryo-mar (Autonym: Корё мар/고려말, Standard Korean: 중앙아시아 한국어), usually identified as a descendant of the Hamgyŏng dialect, is spoken by the Koryo-saram, ethnic Koreans in the former USSR. It consists of a Korean base vocabulary, but takes many loanwords and calques from Russian and the Turkic languages.
  • Zainichi Korean language (재일어; 재일조선어) is a language or a dialect spoken among Zainichi Koreans in Japan, strongly influenced by Japanese.
  • As discussed above, Koreans in China use a dialect nearly identical to Hamgyŏng dialect in North Korea, but there are still some differences, as the former has many modern terms that came from Chinese.

See also


 Korean
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Writing system: Exclusive use of Hangul (N. & S. Korea), mix of Hangul and Hanja (S. Korea), or Cyrillic alphabet (lesser used in Goryeomal
Official status
Official language of:  North Korea
 South Korea
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A dialect (from the Greek word διάλεκτος, dialektos) is a variety of a language characteristic of a particular group of the language's speakers.
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Korean Peninsula is a peninsula in East Asia. It extends southwards for about 684 miles (1,100 km) from the continental Asia into the Pacific Ocean and is surrounded by the Sea of Japan (East Sea) on the east, the East China Sea to the south, and the Yellow Sea to the west, the
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A peninsula is a piece of land that is bordered on three sides by water. A peninsula can also be a headland, cape, island promontory, bill, point, or spit.[1]

Europe

  • Europe itself is a peninsula.

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Korea has traditionally been divided into a number of unofficial regions that reflect historical, geographical, and dialect boundaries within the peninsula. Many of the names in the list below overlap or are obsolete today, with Honam, Yeongdong, Yeongnam, and the modern term
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Capital Seoul, Pyongyang

Largest conurbation (population) Seoul
Official languages Korean
 -  Water (%) 2.
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eight provinces (do; ; ). The eight provinces' boundaries remained unchanged for almost five centuries from 1413 to 1895, and formed a geographic paradigm that is still
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The Seoul dialect is the basis of the standard language of Korean in South Korea. It is spoken in the Seoul National Capital Area, which includes Seoul, Incheon, and Gyeonggi.
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Motto
홍익인간(弘益人間) 널리 인간을 이롭게 하?
Anthem
Aegukga (애국가; 愛國歌)
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Seoul (서울) listen   [sʌ.
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Incheon is a metropolitan city and a major seaport on the west coast of South Korea, near Seoul. Its geographical location is .

Human settlement at the location goes back to the Neolithic.
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Gyeonggi-do is the most populous province in South Korea. The provincial capital is located at Suwon. Seoul—South Korea's largest city and national capital— was located in the heart of the province, but has been separately administered as a provincial-level Special City
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Kaesŏng (Gaeseong) is a city in North Hwanghae Province, North Korea (DPRK), a former Directly Governed City, and the capital of Korea during the Koryo Dynasty. The city is near Kaesŏng Industrial Region and it contains the remains of the Manwoldae palace.
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Anthem
Aegukka


Capital Pyongyang

Largest city Pyongyang
Official languages Korean
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Pyongyang is the capital city of North Korea, located on the Taedong River, at (39.0333, 125.75). The official population of the city is not disclosed; given as 2,741,260 in 1993, it was reported as 2.5 and 3.
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P'yŏngan (P'yŏngan-do) was one of the Eight Provinces of Korea during the Joseon Dynasty. P'yŏngan was located in the northwest of Korea. The provincial capital was P'yŏngyang.

History

P'yŏngan Province was formed in 1413.
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Chagang (Chagang-do) is a province in North Korea. The province is bordered by China on the north, Ryanggang and South Hamgyong on the east, South P'yŏngan on the south, and North P'yŏngan to the west.
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Hamgyŏng (Hamgyŏng-do) was one of the Eight Provinces of Korea during the Joseon Dynasty. Hamgyŏng was located in the northeast of Korea. The provincial capital was Hamhŭng.
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Kwanbuk is a region in North Hamgyong and South Hamgyong Provinces of North Korea. The region may once have been occupied by the Okjeo people. It was later controlled by Goguryeo and then Balhae, and subsequently contested by Goryeo and the Jurchen nation.
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Kwannam is the southern region of the Hamgyong province, including portions of modern-day North Hamgyong and South Hamgyong, North Korea. The term is no longer common use.

See also

  • List of Korea-related topics
  • Eight Provinces of Korea
  • Geography of North Korea

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Ryanggang (Ryanggang-do) is a province in North Korea. The province is bordered by China on the north, North Hamgyong on the east, South Hamgyong on the south, and Chagang on the west. Ryanggang was formed in 1954, when it was separated from South Hamgyŏng.
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Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture (Chinese: 延边朝鲜族自治州; Pinyin: Yánbiān Cháoxiǎnzú Zìzhìzhōu
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Northeast China (Simplified Chinese: 中国东北; Traditional Chinese: 中國東北; Pinyin:
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吉林省
Jílín Shěng

Abbreviations: ?  (Pinyin: Jí)

Origin of name from girin ula, a Manchu phrase meaning "along the river"
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Hwanghae (Hwanghae-do) was one of the Eight Provinces of Korea during the Joseon Dynasty, and one of the thirteen provinces of Korea during the Japanese Colonial Period. Hwanghae was located in the northwest of Korea. The provincial capital was Haeju.
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Hwanghae (Hwanghae-do) was one of the Eight Provinces of Korea during the Joseon Dynasty, and one of the thirteen provinces of Korea during the Japanese Colonial Period. Hwanghae was located in the northwest of Korea. The provincial capital was Haeju.
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Gangwon or Kangwon can refer to several different regions:
  • Gangwon (historical), the Goryeo and Joseon Dynasty province.
  • Gangwon-do (South Korea), the province of South Korea.
  • Kangwon-do (North Korea), the province of North Korea.

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Gangwon or Kangwon can refer to several different regions:
  • Gangwon (historical), the Goryeo and Joseon Dynasty province.
  • Gangwon-do (South Korea), the province of South Korea.
  • Kangwon-do (North Korea), the province of North Korea.

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Chungcheong (Chungcheong-do) was one of the eight provinces of Korea during the Joseon Dynasty. Chungcheong was located in the southwest of Korea. The provincial capital was located at Gongju, which had been the capital of the kingdom of Baekje from 475 to 538.
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Chungcheong (Chungcheong-do) was one of the eight provinces of Korea during the Joseon Dynasty. Chungcheong was located in the southwest of Korea. The provincial capital was located at Gongju, which had been the capital of the kingdom of Baekje from 475 to 538.
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