Dioncophyllaceae

Dioncophyllaceae
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Triphyophyllum peltatum

Triphyophyllum peltatum
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Magnoliopsida
Order:Caryophyllales
Family:Dioncophyllaceae
Airy Shaw, 1951
Genera


Dioncophyllum
Triphyophyllum
Habropetalum
Dioncophyllaceae is the botanical name for a family of flowering plants. Such a family has been recognized by few taxonomists. The Cronquist system (1981) had placed the family in order Violales.

The APG II system, of 2003 (unchanged from the APG system, of 1998), does recognize this family and assigns it to the order Caryophyllales in the clade core eudicots. It consists of three species, all found in the rainforests of West Africa.

All species in the family are lianas at some point in their life cycle and climb by the use of pairs of hooks or tendrils formed by the end of the leaf midribs. The best known member is the carnivorous Triphyophyllum peltatum, although the family contains two other species: Habropetalum dawei and Dioncophyllum thollonii.

The AP-Website places the family in a clade consisting of the families Droseraceae, Nepenthaceae, Drosophyllaceae, Ancistrocladaceae and Dioncophyllaceae. Most of these families contain carnivorous plants.

External links

Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. Scientific classification also can be called scientific taxonomy, but should be distinguished from folk taxonomy, which lacks scientific basis.
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Plantae
Haeckel, 1866[1]

Divisions

Green algae
  • Chlorophyta
  • Charophyta
Land plants (embryophytes)
  • Non-vascular land plants (bryophytes)

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Magnoliophyta

Classes

Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Liliopsida - Monocots

The flowering plants or angiosperms are the most widespread group of land plants. The flowering plants and the gymnosperms comprise the two extant groups of seed plants.
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Magnoliopsida

Magnoliopsida is the botanical name for a class of flowering plants. By definition the class will include the family Magnoliaceae, but its can otherwise vary, being more inclusive or less inclusive depending upon the classification system being
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Caryophyllales
Perleb

Families
See text.
Synonyms

Centrospermae

Caryophyllales is an order of flowering plants that includes the cacti, carnations, amaranths, ice plants, and most carnivorous plants.
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genus (plural: genera) is part of the Latinized name for an organism. It is a name which reflects the classification of the organism by grouping it with other closely similar organisms.
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Triphyophyllum

Species: T. peltatum

Binomial name
Triphyophyllum peltatum
(Hutch. & Dalz.
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botanical name is a formal scientific name conforming to the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (ICBN). The purpose of formal name is to have a single name that is accepted and used worldwide for a particular plant or plant group.
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family (Latin: familia, plural familiae) is a rank, or a taxon in that rank. Exact details of formal nomenclature depend on the Nomenclature Code which applies.
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Magnoliophyta

Classes

Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Liliopsida - Monocots

The flowering plants or angiosperms are the most widespread group of land plants. The flowering plants and the gymnosperms comprise the two extant groups of seed plants.
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A system of plant taxonomy, the Cronquist system is a scheme for the classification of flowering plants (or angiosperms). This system was developed by Arthur Cronquist (1919-1992) in his texts An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants (1981) and
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Violales is a botanical name of an order of flowering plants and takes its name from the included family Violaceae. The name has been used in several systems, although some systems used the name Parietales for similar groupings.
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A modern system of plant taxonomy, the APG II system of plant classification was published in 2003 by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group, APG, in
Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2003).

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A modern system of plant taxonomy, the APG system of plant classification was published in 1998 by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. The system is unusual in being based, not on total evidence, but on the cladistic analysis of the DNA sequences of three genes, two chloroplast genes
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Caryophyllales
Perleb

Families
See text.
Synonyms

Centrospermae

Caryophyllales is an order of flowering plants that includes the cacti, carnations, amaranths, ice plants, and most carnivorous plants.
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Eudicots

Clades
  • Ranunculales
  • Sabiales
  • Proteales
  • Trochodendrales
  • Buxales
  • Gunnerales
  • Core eudicots:
  • Berberidopsidales

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Rainforests, or rain forests, are forests characterized by high rainfall, with definitions setting minimum normal annual rainfall between 1750 mm and 2000 mm (68 inches to 78 inches).
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West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of the African continent. Geopolitically, the UN definition of Western Africa (which coincides with common reckonings of the region) includes the following 16 countries distributed over an area of around 5 million
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liana is a woody climber [1] that starts at ground level, and uses trees to climb up to the canopy where it spreads from tree to tree to get as much light as possible. Lianas are especially characteristic of tropical moist deciduous forests and rainforests.
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leaf is an above-ground plant organ specialized for photosynthesis. For this purpose, a leaf is typically flat (laminar) and thin, to expose the cells containing chloroplast (chlorenchyma tissue, a type of parenchyma) to light over a broad area, and to allow light to penetrate
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A midrib is the strengthened vein down the middle of a flower petal or leaf.
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Triphyophyllum

Species: T. peltatum

Binomial name
Triphyophyllum peltatum
(Hutch. & Dalz.
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Dioncophyllaceae
Airy Shaw, 1951

Genera

Dioncophyllum
Triphyophyllum
Habropetalum
Dioncophyllaceae is the botanical name for a family of flowering plants. Such a family has been recognized by few taxonomists.
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Dioncophyllaceae
Airy Shaw, 1951

Genera

Dioncophyllum
Triphyophyllum
Habropetalum
Dioncophyllaceae is the botanical name for a family of flowering plants. Such a family has been recognized by few taxonomists.
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Droseraceae
Salisb. (1808)

Genera

Aldrovanda
Dionaea
Drosera
Droserapollis
Droserapites
Droseridites
Fischeripollis

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Nepenthaceae
Dumort. (1829)

Genus: Nepenthes
L. (1753)

Diversity
~120 species

Global distribution of Nepenthes.


Species
See below or separate list.
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Drosophyllaceae
Chrtek, Slaviková & Studnicka

Genus: Drosophyllum
Link

Species: D.
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Ancistrocladaceae
Planch. ex Walp. 1851

Genera

Ancistrocladus
Ancistrocladaceae is the botanical name for a family of flowering plants. Such a family has been widely recognized by taxonomists.
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