Divya Desam

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Lord Narayana in 108 Divya Desams


Srivaishnava shrines that were sung about by Azhvars (divine saints) are called divya desams. There are 108 divya desams in total. Two of these are not in this material world - Parama padam (at God's holy feet) and ThiruppaRkadal (the Ocean of Milk where Vishnu resides). Of the remaining 106, 105 are located in India and 1 is in Nepal (SaLagramam).

For a detailed list of number of paasurams of all Alvars on each Divyadesam: Mangalasasanam by Divyadesam

Vaishnava Hindus, especially in South India, hope to visit all the 106 earthly divya desams in their lifetime, and aspire to reach the 2 spiritual divya desams in the hereafter.

Kolams of Narayana in Divya Desams

Sriman Narayanan is found in various Thirukkolam. The Thirukkolam in 108 Divyadesams are given below:[1]
  • Kidantha Thirukkolam (Sleeping Position ) - 27 Divyadesams
  • Veetrirundha Thirukkolam (Sitting Position ) - 21 Divyadesams
  • Nindra Thirukkolam ( Standing Position ) - 60 Divyadesams

List Of Divya Desams

The list of 108 Divya Desams is given in this table: [2]

108 Divya Desams
North of TamilNadu Chera Kingdom Madurai Kanchipuram Chennai
1. Thiruvengadam
2. Ahobilam
3. Muktinath, Saligramam
4. naimisaaraNyam
5. Mathura
6. Gokul
7. Deva prayakai
8. Thiruppirithi
9. Badrinath temple
10. Ayodhya
11. Dwarka
12. Thiruvananthapuram
13. Thiru katkarai
14. Moozhik kalam
15. Tiruvalla
16. Thirukadithanam
17. Sengunroor
18. Thiruppuliyoor
19. ThiruvaaRanviLai
20. Thiru vanvandoor
21. Thiru naavaay
22. ViththuvakkOdu
23. Thirumeyyam
24. Thirukkottiyoor
25. Koodal Azhagar Temple
26. Azhagar Kovil
27. Tirumogoor
28. Srivilliputhur
29. Tiruththangal
30. Thiruppullani
31. Tirukkacchi
32. Ashtabujakaram
33. Tiruvekkaa
34. Tiruththanka
35. Tiruvelukkai
36. Tirukalvanoor
37. Tiru oorakam
38. Tiru neeragam
39. Tiru kaaragam
40. Tirukaarvaanam
41. Tiru paramechura vinnagaram
42. Tiru pavala vannam
43. Tiru paadagam
44. Tiru nilaaththingal thundam
45. Tirupputkuzhi
46. Thiruvallikeni
47. Thiruneermalai
48. Thiruvidandai
49. Thirukadalmallai
50. Thiruninravur
51. Thiruevvul
52. Thirukkadigai
Mayavaram and Seerkazhi Thanjavur Trichy Tirunelveli Kanyakumari
53. Thiruvazhunthoor
54. Thiruindaloor
55. Kazhicsirama Vinnagaram
56. Thirukkavalampadi
57. Thiruchsempon sey
58. Thiruarimeya Vinnagaram
59. Thiru Vanpurushoththamam
60. Thiruvaikundavinnagaram
61. Thirumanimadam
62. Thiruthevanartthogai
63. Thiruthetriyambalam
64. Thirumanikkoodam
65. ThiruvellakkuLam
66. Thiruppaarththan palli
67. Thalai Sanga Nanmathiyam
68. Thiruchsirupuliyoor
69. Thiru Vali Tirunagari
70. Thiruccithra kootam
71. Thirukkannangudi
72. Thirunagai
73. Thiru Thanjai
74. Tirukkoilur
75. Thirukkoodaloor
76. Thiru Kavith Thalam
77. Thiru Adhanoor
78. ThiruppuLLam Boothangudi
79. Thirukkudandhai
80. Thiruccherai
81. Thiru Nandhipuravinnagaram
82. Thiru Naraiyoor
83. Thiruvinnagar
84. Thiruvelliyangudi
85. Thirukkanamangai
86. Thirukkkannapuram
87. Sri Rangam
88. Thirukkozhi
89. Thirukkarambanoor
90. Thiruvellarai
91. Thiru Anbil
92. Thirupper Nagar
93. Thirukkandiyur
94. Tiru vayindhirapuram
95. Thiruvaramangai
96. Thirukkurungudi
97. Srivaikundam
98. Thiruvaragunamangai
99. Thiruppulingudi
100. Thirukkurugoor
101. Thirutthulaivillimangalam
102. Thirukkoloor
103. Thirukkulandhai
104. Thentirupperai
105. Thiruvattaru
106. Thiruvanparisaram
Vinnulagam
107. Thirupaarkadal
108. Thiruparamapadham

Direction of the holy face

In these 108 Divyadesams, Vishnu faces various directions and giving his seva (blessing), which are as follows:
  • Towards East direction - 79 Divyadesams
  • Towards West direction - 19 Divyadesams
  • Towards North direction - 3 Divyadesams
  • Towards South direction - 7 Divyadesams

List of Other famous Vaishnava Temples

1. Rajagopala Swami Temple, Mannargudi
2. Kothanda Ramar Temple, Vaduvur
3. Aeri Katha Ramar Temple, Maduranthakam

External links

References



Sri Vaishnavism is one of the Vaishnava sects of Hinduism. It has both popular and religious sides, including a vibrant temple culture focusing on the temple at Srirangam and a philosophical system of thought culminating in the great philosophy of Visishtadvaita espoused by
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Alvars (Tamil: ஆழ்வார்கள்) (aːɻʋaːr
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Vaikunta or Paramapadham is the abode of Lord Vishnu. It is the place of eternal bliss, exclusive to the Lord, his eternal consort Lakshmi, and the three-folded serpent Sesha Naga, upon whom the Lord and his wife rest.
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Mangalasasanam means 'singing praise of the holy shrines'. The Srivaishnava shrines that were sung about by the Alvars are called Divya Desams.

Madhurakavi Alvar sang only in praise of his guru - Nammalvar and has not done mangalasasanam on any Divya Desam.
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Vaishnavism is one of the principal traditions of Hinduism, and is distinguished from other schools by its primary worship of Vishnu (and his associated avatars) as the Supreme God.
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Hindu ( pronunciation  , Devanagari: हिन्दु), as per modern definition, is an adherent of the philosophies and scriptures of Hinduism, and the
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South India is a commonly used term that is used in India to refer to the South-of-India or Southern India. The Southern part of the Indian peninsula is a linguistic-cultural region of India that comprises the four states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu
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Narayana (Sanskrit: नारायण; nārāyaṇa) or
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Coordinates: city

Tamil Nadu (Tamil: தமிழ்நாடு pronunciation  
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Chera dynasty (Tamil: சேரர்) was one of the ancient Tamil dynasties that ruled southern India from ancient times until around the fifteenth century CE.
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Coordinates: Madurai pronunciation   (Tamil: மதுரை
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Coordinates:

Kanchipuram, Kanchi, or Kancheepuram (also sometimes Conjeevaram) is a city and a municipality in Kancheepuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
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Chennai (Tamil: சென்னை), formerly known as Madras  
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The Venkateswara Temple (Telugu: తిరుమల వేంకటేశ్వర దేవాలయం, Tamil: திருப்பதி
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Coordinates: ]]

Ahobilam or Ahobalam is a major center of pilgrimage in south India. According to the legend, this is where Lord Narasimha blessed Prahlada and killed the demon Hiranyakashipa.
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Sri Murthy

Mukthinath
Temple Name: Mukthinath
Alias Name: Saligram
God Name: Sri Murthy
Goddess Name: Sri Devi Thayaar
Pushkarni: Gandaki River or Chakra Theertham
Vimanam: Kanaka Vimanam
Location: Beni
State and Country: Katmandu, Nepal
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Krishnajanmabhoomi, which means 'the birth-place of Krishna', is a temple built on the birthplace of Krishna (an avatar of God in his original form in Mathura, India. It is believed that Lord Krishna was born here in a cell of a prison, which once stood there.
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Gokul is a town and a nagar panchayat in Mathura district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is located 15 km south-east of Mathura. It was popularised by Vallabhacharya as a religious site during the 16th century, and became an important centre of the Bhakti culture.
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Badrinath temple, sometimes called Badrinarayan temple, is situated along the Alaknanda river, in the hill town of Badrinath in Uttarakhand state in India. It is widely considered to be one of the holiest Hindu temples, and is dedicated to Lord Vishnu.
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Ram Janmabhoomi (राम जन्मभूमि) refers to a tract of land in the North Indian city of Ayodhya which is believed to be the birthplace of the Rama. Prior to 1528, a famous and important temple stood at this site.
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Dwarka pronunciation   is a city and a municipality in Jamnagar district in the state of Gujarat, India.
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Coordinates: Thiruvalla ( previously spelled Tiruvalla) (തിരുവല്ല in Malayalam), is a city and a Taluk located in Pathanamthitta district in the State of Kerala in South-West India.
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Koodal Azhagar Koil is a famous Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu located in the center of the city of Madurai, Tamilnadu, India. Koodal is another name for Madurai and Azhaghar means The beautiful one, in Tamil.
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Alagar Koyil (Alagar temple), also known as Azhagarkovil, is a temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu situated 21 km from the city of Madurai, which lies in the Tamil Nadu state of India.
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Sri Yathothkari Swamy

Tiruvekkaa
Temple Name: Tiruvekkaa
Alias Name:
God Name: Yathothkari Swamy or Sonna Vannam Seidha Perumal
Goddess Name: Komalavalli Thayaar
Pushkarni: Poikai Pushkarni
Vimanam: Veda Sara Vimanam
Location: Kanchipuram
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Sri Deepaprakasar

Tooppul
Temple Name: Thiruththanka
Alias Name: Sri Tooppul
God Name: Deepaprakasar, Vilakoli Perumal
Goddess Name: Maragathavalli Thayaar
Pushkarni: Saraswati Pushkarni
Vimanam: Sreekara Vimanam
Location: Kanchipuram
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Thiruneermalai is a panchayat town in Kancheepuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is a hill, and the temple on that hill, outside the Indian city of Chennai. It is chiefly known for its extensive use in filming.
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Sri Lakshmi VarahaSwamy

NithyaKalyanar Kovil
Temple Name: Nithyakalyanar Kovil
Alias Name: Thiruvidandai
God Name: Sri Lakshmi VarahaSwamy
Goddess Name: Komalavalli Nachiyaar
Pushkarni: Kalyana Theertham
Vimanam: Kalyana Vimanam
Location: Chennai
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