Dom people

Dom
Total population
2,158,400 [1]
Regions with significant populations
Egypt, Turkey, Greece, Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Jordan, Iraq and Iran
Languages
Domari,Arabic, Kurdish, Turkish, Egyptian Arabic, Levantine Arabic, Iraqi Arabic.
Religions
Islam
Related ethnic groups
South Asians (Desi)
The Dom (or Domi) (Arabic,دومي or دومري) of the Middle East are a South Asian (Desi) ethnic group. Some authors relate them to the Domba people of India. They have a rich oral tradition and express their culture and history through music, poetry and dance. Initially it was considered that they are a branch of the Romani people, but recent studies of the Domari language prove that they departed earlier from the Indian subcontinent, probably around the 6th century [1].

Their estimated population of 2.2 million is primarily spread across parts of Turkey, Egypt, Greece, Jordan, Israel, The West Bank, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Iran. The actual population, however, is thought to be higher as some Dom are excluded from national census and others label themselves in national terms rather than as Dom. Nowadays, they speak the dominant languages of their larger societies, but Domari, their national language, continues to be spoken by more insular communities.

References

External links

Gumhūriyyat Miṣr al-ʿArabiyyah
Arab Republic of Egypt


Flag Coat of arms
Anthem
Bilady, Bilady, Bilady
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Motto
Yurtta Sulh, Cihanda Sulh
Peace at Home, Peace in the World
Anthem
İstiklâl Marşı
The Anthem of Independence
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Motto
Ελευθερία ή θάνατος
Eleftheria i thanatos  
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Motto
Kūllūnā li-l-waṭan, li-l-'ula wa-l-'alam   (Arabic)
"Nous sommes tous pour le pays, la sublimation et le drapeau!"
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Anthem
Homat el Diyar
Guardians of the Land


Capital
(and largest city) Damascus

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Anthem
Hatikvah
The Hope


Capital
(and largest city) Jerusalem

Official languages Hebrew, Arabic
Demonym Israeli
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Anthem
عاش المليك
The Royal Anthem of Jordan
   ("As-salam al-malaki al-urdoni") 1
Long live the King
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Motto
الله أكبر    (Arabic)
"Allahu Akbar"   (transliteration)
"God is the Greatest"
Anthem

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Anthem
Sorūd-e Mellī-e Īrān Â²


Capital
(and largest city) Tehran

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Domari is an Indo-Aryan language closely related to Romani, Rajasthani and eastern Punjabi. It is spoken by the Dom people across the Middle East, mainly in Iran, Egypt, Turkey, Palestine/Israel, and Iraq. There is no standard written form.
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al-‘Arabiyyah in written Arabic (Kufic script):  
Pronunciation: /alˌʕa.raˈbij.ja/
Spoken in: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman,
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Kurdish}}} 
Writing system: Kurdish alphabet (modified Arabic alphabet in Iraq and Iran, modified Latin alphabet in Turkey and Syria, modified Cyrillic in the former USSR) 
Official status
Official language of: Iraq
Kurdish Autonomous Region
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Turkish (Türkçe, ]
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Egyptian Arabic}}} 
Writing system: Arabic alphabet 
Official status
Official language of: none
Regulated by: none
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2: arz
ISO 639-3: arz


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Levantine Arabic}}} 
Writing system: Arabic alphabet 
Official status
Official language of: none
Regulated by: none
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2:
ISO 639-3: apc
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Iraqi Arabic is a dialect of Arabic used in Iraq. The variety of Arabic used in Kuwait is quite similar, many words of Kuwaiti Arabic having similar spelling and pronunciation to their Iraqi counterparts.
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South Asia, also known as Southern Asia, is a southern geopolitical region of the Asian continent comprising territories on and in proximity to the Indian subcontinent. It is surrounded by (from west to east) Western Asia, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, and Southeastern Asia.
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Desi (or Deshi; pronounced /ˈd̪e:si/ or /ˈd̪e:ʃi
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al-‘Arabiyyah in written Arabic (Kufic script):  
Pronunciation: /alˌʕa.raˈbij.ja/
Spoken in: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman,
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Middle East is a historical and political region of Africa-Eurasia with no clear boundaries. The term "Middle East" was popularized around 1900 in Britain, and has been criticized for its loose definition.
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Desi (or Deshi; pronounced /ˈd̪e:si/ or /ˈd̪e:ʃi
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Domba or simply Dom is a Sanskritic term used in elite Indic literature for ethnic or social group or groups that is found across India, Sri Lanka and Pakistan. They are usually segregated from the mainstream community as out castes.
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Culture (from the Latin cultura stemming from colere, meaning "to cultivate,") generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activity significant importance.
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History is the study of the past, focused on human activity and leading up to the present day.[1] More precisely, history is the continuous, systematic narrative and research of past events as relating to the human race [1]
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Poetry (from the Greek "ποίησις", poiesis, a "making" or "creating") is a form of art in which language is used for its aesthetic and evocative qualities in addition to, or in lieu of, its ostensible
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Dance (from French danser, perhaps from Frankish) generally refers to movement used as a form of expression, social interaction or presented in a
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Romani people (Devanagari: रोमानी, as a noun, singular Rom, plural Roma; sometimes Rrom, Rroma) or Romanies are an ethnic group living in many communities all over the world.
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