Earl of Albemarle

Earl of Albemarle is a title that has been created four times. The word Albemarle (or Albermarle) is an early variant of the French Aumale (Latin, Alba Marla, or English, White Marl, marl being a type of fertile soil), other forms being Aubemarle and Aumerle, and is described in the patent of nobility granted in 1697 by William III to Arnold Joost van Keppel as "a town and territory in the Dukedom of Normandy."

The fief of Aumale was granted by the Archbishop of Rouen to Odo II of Champagne, brother-in-law of William the Conqueror, who erected it into a countship in 1081. On Odo's death his son Stephen of Aumale succeeded not only to the Countship of Aumale, but to the Lordships of Holderness, of Bytham in Lincolnshire, etc., which were subsequently known as the "Fee and Honor of Albemarle." Stephen, who as a crusader had fought at Antioch, died about 1127, leaving by his wife Hawise, daughter of Ranulph de Mortimer, a son —William, known as "le Gros". William, who distinguished himself at the Battle of the Standard, and shared with King Stephen in the defeat of Lincoln (1141), married Cicely, daughter of William fitz Duncan, grandson of Malcolm III, King of Scots, who as "Lady of Harewood" brought him vast estates. He founded abbeys at Meaux in Holderness and at Thornton, and died in 1179.

His elder daughter and heiress Hawise married:
  1. William de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex (d. 1189),
  2. William de Fortibus (de Fors, de Fortz or des Forts),
  3. Baldwin de Betun or Bethune, all of whom bore the title of Earls of Albemarle.


The title then passed to William de Forz, 3rd Earl of Albemarle.

The "Honour of Albemarle" was claimed, in 1278, by John de Eston, or Aston, as heir of Amicia, younger daughter of William le Gros,; but he released his right to the earldom of Albemarle to the crown in exchange, for certain lands in Thornton.

In 1660 Charles II bestowed the title of Duke of Albemarle on General George Monk. Monk's hereditary claim to this semi-royal peerage was a very shadowy one, being based—as was also his subordinate style of Baron Beauchamp—on his descent from the youngest of the three co-heiresses of Richard, Earl of Warwick, and, with yet more remote applicability, on that from Arthur Plantagenet, a natural son of Edward IV. The title became extinct in 1688, on the death of Christopher, 2nd Duke of Albemarle.

1697 creation

Enlarge picture
George Keppel,
3rd Earl of Albermarle
In 1697 King William III created his Dutch favourite Arnold Joost van Keppel Earl of Albemarle in the Peerage of England. He was made Baron Ashford, of Ashford in the County of Kent, and Viscount Bury, in the County of Lancaster, at the same time. Keppel did not have any hereditary claim to the Albemarle title. The motive for choosing this title was probably that, apart from its traditions, it avoided the difficulty created by the fact that the Keppels had as yet no territorial possessions in the British Islands. Lord Albemarle was succeeded by his only son, the second Earl. He was a General in the Army and also served as Governor of Virginia and as Ambassador to France. He married Lady Anne Lennox, daughter of Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond, illegitimate son of King Charles II.

His eldest son, the third Earl, was also a successful military commander, best known as the commander-in-chief of the invasion and occupation of Havana and west Cuba in 1762. He was succeeded by his son, the fourth Earl. He served as Master of the Buckhounds and as Master of the Horse. His second but eldest surviving son, the fifth Earl, was also a soldier and fought at the Battle of Waterloo at an early age. He later represented Arundel in the House of Commons. He was childless and was succeeded by his younger brother, the sixth Earl. He also fought at Waterloo in early life and was later promoted to General. Albemarle also sat as Member of Parliament for East Norfolk and Lymington.

His only son, the seventh Earl, was a soldier and politician. At first a Liberal, he held minor office under Lord Palmerston and Lord Russell from 1859 to 1866. In 1876 he was summoned to the House of Lords through a writ of acceleration in his father's junior title of Baron Ashford. He had previously joined the Conservative Party and served under Benjamin Disraeli and Lord Salisbury as Under-Secretary of State for War. He was succeeded by his eldest son, the eighth Earl. He was a Colonel in the Army and also briefly represented Birkenhead in Parliament. As of 2007 the titles are held by his great-grandson, the tenth Earl, who succeeded his grandfather in 1979. Lord Albemarle is also in remainder to the ancient barony of de Clifford as the great-great-great-great-grandson the Hon. Elizabeth Southwell, daughter of Edward Southwell, 20th Baron de Clifford and wife of the fourth Earl of Albemarle.

Several other members of the Keppel family have also gained distinction. Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel, second son of the second Earl, was a prominent naval commander. The Hon. William Keppel, third son of the second Earl, was a Lieutenant-General in the Army. The Right Reverend the Hon. Frederick Keppel, fourth son of the second Earl, was Bishop of Exeter. The Hon. Sir Henry Keppel, fourth son of the fourth Earl, was an Admiral in the Royal Navy. The Hon. Sir Derek Keppel, second son of the seventh Earl, was a soldier and prominent member of the Royal household. The Hon. George Keppel, third son of the seventh Earl, was the husband of Alice Edmondstone, the most well-known of the mistresses of King Edward II, and the father of (although his paternity has been questioned) of the writer and socialite Violet Trefusis and of Sonia, Baroness Ashcombe. The latter was the grandmother of Camilla, The Duchess of Cornwall.

Earls of Albemarle, First Creation (1081)

Earls of Albemarle, Second Creation (1138)

Earls of Albemarle, Third Creation (1412)

Earls of Albemarle, Fourth Creation (1697)

The Heir Apparent is the present holder's son Augustus Sergei Darius Keppel, Viscount Bury (born 2003)

See also

References

Marls are calcium carbonate or lime-rich muds or mudstones which contain variable amounts of clays and calcite or aragonite. The term is most often used to describe lacustrine (lake) sediments but may also be used for marine deposits.
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King William III

William III, Prince of Orange, Stadtholder of Guelders, Holland, Zealand, Utrecht and Overijssel, King of England, Scotland and Ireland
Reign 12 February 1689–8 March 1702
(with Mary II until 28 December 1694)
Born
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Arnold Joost van Keppel, 1st Earl of Albemarle KG, and lord of Voorst in Guelders (c. 1670 – May 30, 1718), was the son of Oswald van Keppel and his wife Anna Geertruid van Lintello.
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Normandy (in French: Normandie, and in Norman: Normaundie) is a geographical region corresponding to the former Duchy of Normandy. It is situated along the coasts of the south of the English Channel between Brittany (to the west) and Picardy (to the east) and
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Aumale is a commune of the Seine-Maritime département, in Haute-Normandie, France.

Aumale was also a city (now named Sour El-Ghozlane) and a département in the french Algeria.
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The Roman Catholic Metropolitan Archdiocese of Rouen is Primate of Normandy and one of the fifteen Archbishops of France.

According to legend the diocese was founded by Nicaisius, a disciple of St. Denis who was martyred after arriving in Normandy.
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Eudes II of Troyes, (d.1115), was Count of Troyes and of Meaux from 1047 to 1066, then Count of Aumale from 1069 to 1115.

He was the son of Stephen II of Troyes and Meaux, and Adele.
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William I of England (William the Conqueror; c. 1028 – 9 September 1087) was a medieval monarch. He ruled as the Duke of Normandy from 1035 to 1087 and as King of England from 1066 to 1087.
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Stephen of Aumale[1] (before 1070 – 1127) was Count of Aumale from 1082 to 1127.

He was son of Eudes de Blois, Count of Troyes and Count of Meaux, and Adelaide of Normandy, countess of Aumale, and sister of William the Conqueror.
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Holderness is an area of England on the coast of Yorkshire. An area of rich agricultural land, Holderness was marshland until it was drained in the Middle Ages. Topographically, Holderness has more in common with The Netherlands than other parts of Yorkshire.
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Lincolnshire

Geography
Status Ceremonial & (smaller) Non-metropolitan county
Region East Midlands
(North Lincolnshire and
North East Lincolnshire are in
Yorkshire and the Humber)
Area
- Total
- Admin.
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Crusades were a series of military conflicts of a religious character waged by much of Christian Europe during 1095–1291, most of which were sanctioned by the Pope in the name
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Antioch on the Orontes (Greek: Αντιόχεια η επί Δάφνη, Αντιόχεια η επί Ορόντου or
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Ranulph de Mortimer (or Ralph de Mortimer) was Lord of Wigmore, Herefordshire, England and Seigneur of St. Victor-en-Caux in Normandy. He died after 1104.

He was the son of the Norman lord Roger de Mortimer.
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William, Count of Aumale, le Gros, Earl of Yorkshire, and Lord of Holderness (died August 20, 1179).

The son of Stephen, Count of Aumale, Lord of Holderness (d.
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Battle of the Standard, sometimes known as the Battle of Northallerton, took place on 22 August 1138 on Cowton Moor near Northallerton in Yorkshire between the Scottish and the English.
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William fitz Duncan is a modern anglicisation of either the Old French Guillaume fils de Duncan or the Middle Irish Uilleam mac Donnchada. William was a Scottish prince, a territorial magnate in northern Scotland and northern England, a fine general and the legitimate
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Máel Coluim mac Donnchada
(or Malcolm III)

King of Scots

Reign 1058–1093
Born 1030x1038[1]
Scotland
Died 13 November 1093
Alnwick, Northumberland, England
Buried
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monarch of Scotland was the head of state of the Kingdom of Scotland. According to tradition, the first King of Scots was Kenneth MacAlpin (Cináed mac Ailpín), who founded the state in 843, although this is no longer taken seriously by historians.
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Meaux

Meaux, East Riding of Yorkshire ()
|240px|Meaux, East Riding of Yorkshire (

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Thornton Abbey was founded as a priory in 1139 by William le Gros, the Earl of Yorkshire, and raised to the status of Abbey in 1148. It was a house for Augustinian or black canons.
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William de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex (1st Creation) (d. 14 November, 1189) was a loyal councilor of Henry II and Richard I of England.

He was the second son of Geoffrey de Mandeville, 1st Earl of Essex and Rohese de Vere, Countess of Essex.
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William de Fortibus (d. 1195) was a minor Anglo-Norman noble, from Fors in Poitou, associated by marriage to the title Earl of Albemarle. He married Hawise, heiress of William le Gros, 1st Earl of Albemarle.
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William de Forz, 3rd Earl of Albemarle (d. March 26, 1242) was an English nobleman. He is described by William Stubbs as "a feudal adventurer of the worst type". He was the son of William de Forz (d.
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Thornton is a small hamlet south of Horncastle, Lincolnshire.

In 1179, William, Count of Aumale, le Gros, was interred within the Abbey of Thornton, Lincs., which he had founded in 1139.

References

  • Cockayne, G.E.

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Charles II (Charles Stuart; 29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland.

According to royalists, Charles II became king when his father Charles I was executed at Whitehall on 30 January 1649, the climax of the English Civil War.
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The Dukedom of Albemarle has been created twice in the Peerage of England, each time ending in extinction. Additionally, the peerage was "created" a third time by James II, while in exile; this creation, given to Henry FitzJames, is generally not considered a true creation of this
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George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle, Earl of Torrington, Baron Monck of Potheridge, Beauchamp And Teyes KG (6 December 1608 – 3 January 1670) was an English soldier and politician and a key figure in the restoration of Charles II.
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Baron Beauchamp and Viscount Beauchamp have been created several times throughout English and British history. There is still an extant Viscountcy of Beauchamp, held by the Marquesses of Hertford.
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Earl of Warwick (pronounced "War-ick") is a title that has been created four times in British history and is one of the most prestigious titles in the peerages of the British Isles.
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