Eastwick, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Eastwick is a neighborhood in the Southwest section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. It is the southwesternmost neighborhood in the city, bordering Philadelphia International Airport and the city line with Delaware County, Pennsylvania at Cobbs Creek and Darby Creek. The Elmwood Park neighborhood borders it to the northeast.

The neighborhood is named for Andrew M. Eastwick. It was largely rural until the 1920s when swampy land was dredged to create room for an airport and other large-scale uses within city limits. Much of the original housing built before the '50s lacked sewage service and other urban conveniences; residents referred to it as "The Meadows." In 1958, Eastwick was declared the largest urban renewal project in the country, with the Korman Company making plans to replace the poorly-maintained and blighted homes with newer, suburban-style construction in the 1960s and 70s. As Guian A. McKee writes in his study of Eastwick, the new development came at the expense of the existing community.

The pursuit of these goals brought an attendant element of tragic irony, as the project required the destruction of the area's unique existing community, which, unlike most of Philadelphia during this period, was already racially integrated. (McKee 547)


The city of Philadelphia, which had been under Republican control in the 1940s, shifted toward reform Democrats in the 1950s, who pushed a vision of community redevelopment. In some ways, this was partially derived from existing Republican policies.

During the late 1940s, city planners began to view Eastwick's vast and relatively open spaces as a potential solution to the problem of residential displacement from redevelopment projects in largely black sections of North and West Philadelphia. In 1949, the (Philadelphia Redevelopment Authority) argued that low-income blacks in these areas could be relocated to a new, planned community in Eastwick that, in the words of one commentator, "would not only siphon off the black overflow but would be a low visibility cul-de-sac into which the burgeoning Negro population could be stuffed." (McKee 552)


This approach may have ultimately led to the Authority's 1951 description of the area as "predominantly open land" despite the more than 19,000 residents, 72 percent of whom owned their own homes. (McKee 549) Indeed, opposition to the redevelopment among residents was widespread. In 1958, Art Peters wrote in the Philadelphia Tribune:

Negro and white residents of Eastwick are fighting together for what they call the "common cause." The common cause, as they see it, is to prevent at any cost the planned redevelopment of Eastwick. Almost to a man, the Eastwick residents agree that the planned redevelopment of their community will cause segregated housing in Eastwick, which for years has been thoroughly integrated and which its citizens wish to remain integrated. (quoted in McKee 556)


Much of the planned housing was never built, and many residents were forced to relocate. The newer, suburban style housing is collectively known as New Eastwick while the older houses are known as Old Eastwick. The neighborhood was one of only three in Philadelphia that grew in population between 1970 and 1990. (McKee 563)

The Heintz National Wildlife Refuge extends from Eastwick to Tinicum Township, Pennsylvania. Eastwick contains a large industrial area where manufacturing and distributing uses take advantage of proximity to the Airport, Interstate 95, and Center City Philadelphia. There are many gas tank farms, oil refineries, and a sewage treatment plant. The area offers affordable land for industrial uses at reportedly "one-third the cost of outlying suburbs" while enabling companies to remain in the city where employees can utilize public transit[1]. The Route 36 SEPTA Subway-Surface Lines runs through the neighborhood, terminating at Eastwick (Subway-Surface station).

The neighborhood has been the site of controversy for a number of issues. Some blocks are located in a flood plain, leading to flooded, abandoned homes and vacant lots that are often used for illegal dumping. Issues of environmental regulation and brownfields cleanup have also figured into the history of Eastwick. The Philadelphia metropolitan area's main post office, formerly housed next to 30th Street Station, moved to a larger, auto-oriented facility in Eastwick in 2006. This move was long criticized by neighborhood groups.

Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 14,424 people residing in the neighborhood. The racial makeup was 36.70% White, 57.47% African American, 2.68% Asian, and 0.69% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.91% of the population. The median income for a household in the neighborhood was $33,320.

References

  • McKee, Guian A. "Liberal Ends Through Illiberal Means: Race, Urban Renewal and Community in the Eastwick Section of Philadelphia, 1949-1990," Journal of Urban History, Vol. 27 No. 5, July 2001, pp. 547-583

External links

Southwest Philadelphia is a section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. The section can be described as extending from the western side of the Schuylkill River to the city line, with the SEPTA R3 Media-Elwyn line serving as the northern border.
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Nickname: "City of Brotherly Love", "The City that Loves you Back", "Cradle of Liberty", "The Quaker City", "The Birthplace of America", "Philly".
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Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

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Nickname(s): Keystone State, Quaker State,
Coal State, Oil State

Motto(s): Virtue, Liberty and Independence

Capital Harrisburg
Largest city
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Motto
"In God We Trust"   (since 1956)
"E Pluribus Unum"   ("From Many, One"; Latin, traditional)
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Philadelphia International Airport (IATA: PHL, ICAO: KPHL, FAA LID: PHL) is an airport in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and is the largest airport in the Delaware Valley region.
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Delaware County (known colloquially as "Delco") is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of 2000, the population was 550,864.

Delaware County was created on September 26, 1789 from part of Chester County and named for the Delaware River.
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Cobbs Creek

Cobbs Creek after rainfall


Country | USA
State | Pennsylvania
Counties | Philadelphia,Montgomery,Delaware

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Darby Creek may refer to:
  • Darby Creek (Pennsylvania), a tributary of the Delaware River in Pennsylvania
  • A stream in Lexington, Kentucky
  • Darby Creek Road runs near the stream

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Elmwood Park, also known simply as Elmwood, is a neighborhood in the Southwest section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. It borders the city line with Delaware County at Cobbs Creek, and extends to the Schuylkill River.
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Urban renewal (also called urban regeneration in British English) is a process of land re-development in areas of previous moderate to high density urban land use.
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Urban decay is a process by which a city, or a part of a city, falls into a state of disrepair. It is characterized by depopulation, property abandonment, high unemployment, fragmented families, political disenfranchisement, crime, and desolate and unfriendly urban landscapes.
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The Philadelphia Tribune is an American newspaper, headquartered at 520 South 16th Street Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, that primarily targets the African American community.
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Tinicum Township, Pennsylvania could refer to:
  • Tinicum Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania
  • Tinicum Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania

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Delaware Expressway

51.08 mi [1] (0 km)

I-95/Wilmington Expressway near Marcus Hook

I-476 in Chester
I-76 in Philadelphia
I-676/US 30 in Philadelphia
I-95/Scudder Falls Bridge near Yardley

Pennsylvania State Routes
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Center City is the "downtown" section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and by population, is the 3rd largest downtown in the United States. It is bounded by South Street to the south, the Delaware River to the east, the Schuylkill River to the west and either Vine Street or Spring
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The acronym OIL can refer to:
  • Output Input Language
  • Office of Infrastructure and Logistics - Luxembourg
  • Ontology Inference Layer or Ontology Interchange Language, an Ontology Infrastructure for the Semantic Web.
  • Oil India Limited.

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Sewage is the mainly liquid waste containing some solids produced by humans which typically consists of washing water, faeces, urine, laundry waste and other material which goes down drains and toilets from households and industry.
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Public transport, public transportation, public transit or mass transit comprise all transport systems in which the passengers do not travel in their own vehicles.
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The Eastwick Loop is the Western terminus of the SEPTA Subway-Surface 36 trolley at Bartram Avenue near 84th Street in the Eastwick neighborhood of Southwest Philadelphia. Trolleys run from here to Center City Philadelphia. The station is near Island Avenue and I-95.
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Brownfields are abandoned, idled, or under-used industrial and commercial facilities where expansion or redevelopment is complicated by real or perceived environmental contaminations.
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30th Street Station is the main railroad station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is the heart of Philadelphia's passenger rail network.

History

The Chicago-based architectural firm of Graham, Anderson, Probst and White designed the structure, originally known as
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A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). The term is mostly used in connection with national 'population and housing censuses' (to be taken every 10 years according to United Nations recommendations);
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Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify.
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Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify.
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Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify.
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Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify.
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Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify.
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Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify.
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A neighbourhood or neighborhood (see spelling differences) is a geographically localised community located within a larger city, town or suburb.

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Southwest Philadelphia is a section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. The section can be described as extending from the western side of the Schuylkill River to the city line, with the SEPTA R3 Media-Elwyn line serving as the northern border.
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