Economic history of Peru

'''This article is part of the History of Peru series.'''
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  • Demographic history
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Timeline

Inca economy

The Incan economy was mainly agricultural, although it reached some animal husbandry and mining development. Its production was destined to subsistence, with a system based on the reciprocity and the interchange of products.

Economy of the viceroyalty of Peru

Enlarge picture
A Peruvian real, used during the Republic of Peru.

See also

The history of Peru spans several millennia, Peruvian territory was home to the Norte Chico civilization, one of the oldest in the world, and to the Inca Empire, the largest state in Pre-Columbian America.
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Chavin Culture, Ancash, Peru

Moche pottery, Lambayeque, Peru

The Tiahuanaco Gate of the Sun, Puno, Peru



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Inca Empire (or Inka Empire) was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America. The administrative, political and military center of the empire was located in Cuzco. The Inca Empire arose from the highlands of Peru sometime in early 13th century.
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Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire was a process through which a group of Spaniards led by Francisco Pizarro succeeded in toppling the Inca Empire in the early 16th-century, as part of the discovery and conquest of the new world.
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Created in 1542, the Viceroyalty of Peru (in Spanish, Virreinato del Perú) was a Spanish colonial administrative district that originally contained most of Spanish-ruled South America, governed from the capital of Lima.
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Jose de San Martin proclaimed the independence of Peru on July 28, 1821.]] Supported by the power of the Creole oligarchy, the Viceroyalty of Peru became the last redoubt of the Spanish dominion in South America.
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War of the Pacific, sometimes called the Saltpeter War in reference to its original cause, was fought between Chile and the joint forces of Bolivia and Peru, from 1879 to 1883.
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Ecuadorian-Peruvian war, fought between July 5 and July 31, 1941, was one of three military conflicts that occurred between these two Latin American nations during the 20th century.
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It has been estimated that nearly 70,000 people died in the internal conflict in Peru that started in 1980 and, although still ongoing, had greatly wound down by 2000. The principal actors in the war were the government of Peru, the Shining Path, the Rondas Campesinas, and the
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The Inca Empire was an empire centered in what is now Peru from AD 1438 to AD 1533. Over that period, the Inca used conquest and peaceful assimilation to incorporate in their empire a large portion of western South America, centered on the Andean mountain ranges.
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The demographic history of Peru can be reconstructed through the population censuses carried out throughout the history of Peru. The following table provides the official results of censuses undertaken in the 19th and 20th centuries.
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This is a timeline of Peruvian history. To read about the background to these events, see History of Peru.

This timeline is incomplete; some important events may be missing. Please help add to it.
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Inca Empire (or Inka Empire) was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America. The administrative, political and military center of the empire was located in Cuzco. The Inca Empire arose from the highlands of Peru sometime in early 13th century.
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Currency Peruvian nuevo sol (PEN)
Fiscal year calendar year
'''Trade organisations
Statistics
GDP (PPP) $181.8 billion (2006 est.) (119 [https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2001rank.html])
GDP growth 8.
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Much of the pre-history of Peru has been wrapped up in where the farmable land was located. The most populated coastal regions of Peru are the two parallel mountain ranges and the series of 20 to 30 rivers running through the coastal desert.
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