Edith Roosevelt

White House portrait
Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt (August 6, 1861September 30, 1948), second wife of Theodore Roosevelt, was First Lady of the United States from 1901 to 1909.

Edith Kermit Carow knew Theodore Roosevelt from infancy; as a toddler she became a playmate of his younger sister Corinne. Born in Norwich, Connecticut, daughter of Charles (1825-1883) and Gertrude Tyler Carow (1836-1895) and a granddaughter of Daniel Tyler who was a general in the American Civil War; she grew up in an old New York City brownstone on Union Square -- an environment of comfort and tradition. After the death of a brother (Feb. 1860 - Aug 1860), Edith was born in 1861. Young Edith Carow had a younger sister, Emily Tyler Carow (1865-1939). Throughout childhood she and "Teddie" were in and out of each other's houses.

Attending Miss Comstock's school, she acquired the proper finishing touch for a young lady of that era. A quiet girl who loved books, she was often Theodore's companion for summer outings at Oyster Bay, Long Island; but this ended when he entered Harvard College. Although she attended his wedding to Alice Hathaway Lee in 1880, their lives ran separately until 1885, when he was a young widower with an infant daughter, Alice.

Enlarge picture
Roosevelt Family, 1903


Theodore Roosevelt and Edith were married in London in December 1886. They settled down in a house on Sagamore Hill, at Oyster Bay, headquarters for a family that added five children in ten years: Theodore Jr., Kermit, Ethel Carow, Archibald Bulloch, and Quentin. Throughout Roosevelt's intensely active career, family life remained close and entirely delightful. For a short time before reaching the White House, she found herself in competition with future First Lady Helen Taft when Mrs. Taft gave birth to Helen Taft on August 1, 1891 almost two weeks before Ethel Roosevelt was born on August 13, 1891.

After William McKinley's assassination, Mrs. Roosevelt assumed her new duties as First Lady with characteristic dignity. She meant to guard the privacy of a family that attracted everyone's interest, and she tried to keep reporters outside her domain. The public, in consequence, heard little of the vigor of her character, her sound judgment, her efficient household management.

But in this administration the White House was unmistakably the social center of the land. Beyond the formal occasions, smaller parties brought together distinguished men and women from varied walks of life. Three family events were highlights: the debut of "Princess Alice" in 1902, the wedding of "Princess Alice" to Nicholas Longworth, and Ethel's debut. A perceptive aide described the First Lady as "always the gentle, high-bred hostess; smiling often at what went on about her, yet never critical of the ignorant and tolerant always of the little insincerities of political life."

After her husband's death in 1919, she traveled abroad but always returned to Sagamore Hill as her home. She kept till the end her interest in the Needlework Guild, a charity which provided garments for the poor, and in the work of Christ Church at Oyster Bay. After her husband's death, she established a second residence in the Tyler family's ancestral hometown of Brooklyn, Connecticut. Mrs. Roosevelt came out of retirement in 1932 and gave a seconding speech on the behalf of Herbert Hoover in his bid for re-election, thus campaigning against her nephew-in-law Franklin Delano Roosevelt. She had never cared for her niece Eleanor and did not want to see her become First Lady. She died at her Oyster Bay home in New York on September 30, 1948, at the age of 87 and is interred in Youngs Memorial Cemetery of Oyster Bay, NY.

References

Honorary titles
Preceded by
Jennie Tuttle Hobart
Second Lady of the United States
1901
Succeeded by
Cornelia Cole Fairbanks
Preceded by
Ida Saxton McKinley
First Lady of the United States
19011909
Succeeded by
Helen Herron Taft


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Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. (IPA: /ˈroʊzəvɛlt/; October 27 1858 – January 6 1919), also known as T.R.
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First Lady of the United States is the unofficial title of the hostess of the White House. Because this position is traditionally filled by the wife of the President of the United States, the title is sometimes taken to apply only to the wife of a sitting President.
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Corinne Roosevelt Robinson (September 27, 1861- February 17, 1933) was the younger sister of former President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt and an aunt of former First Lady of the United States, Eleanor Roosevelt.
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Norwich, Connecticut

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Daniel Tyler (January 7, 1799 – November 30, 1882) was an iron manufacturer, railroad president, and one of the first generals of the American Civil War.

Tyler was born in Brooklyn, Connecticut. He graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1819.
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A General Officer is an officer of high military rank. The term is used by nearly every country in the world. General can be used as a generic term for all grades of general officer, or it can specifically refer to a single rank that is just called General.
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American Civil War (1861–1865) was a major war between the United States (the "Union") and eleven Southern slave states which declared that they had a right to secession and formed the Confederate States of America, led by President Jefferson Davis.
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New York City at sunset

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Location: New York, NY

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Architect: Frederic Auguste Bartholdi; et.al.
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Oyster Bay, New York

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Country United States
State New York
County Nassau
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 - Town  169.
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Long Island is an island in southeast New York, USA. It has an area of 3,567 square miles (10,377 km²) and a population of 7,448,618 as of the 2000 census, with the population estimated at 7,559,372 as of July 1, 2006, making it the largest island in the 48 contiguous U.S.
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Harvard College is the undergraduate section and oldest school of Harvard University, founded in 1636 by the Massachusetts Legislature. The College is instructed by the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, which also instructs the Harvard Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.
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Alice Hathaway Lee Roosevelt (July 29,1861 in Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts – February 14,1884 in Manhattan, New York) was the first wife of Theodore Roosevelt and the mother of their only child together, Alice Lee Roosevelt.
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Alice Lee Roosevelt Longworth (February 12, 1884 – February 20,1980) was the oldest child of Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th President of the United States, born of his first wife, Alice Hathaway Lee. She was Lee's only child.
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London
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Location Cove Neck, New York, USA
Nearest city New York City
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Area 83.02 acres (0.34 km²)
Established July 25, 1962
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Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., or Theodore Roosevelt II (also known as Ted Roosevelt or Teddy Roosevelt) (September 13, 1887 – July 12, 1944), MOH DSC, was an American political and business leader, a Medal of Honor recipient who fought in both World War I and
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Kermit Roosevelt I (October 10, 1889 – June 4, 1943) M.C. was a son of U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt. Kermit was an explorer on two continents with his father, graduate of Harvard University, a soldier serving in two world wars, a businessman, and writer.
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Ethel Carow Roosevelt Derby (August 13, 1891 – December 10, 1977) was the youngest daughter and fourth child of the President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt.
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