Edmund Beaufort, 4th Duke of Somerset

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Beheading of the Duke at Tewkesbury in 1471


Edmund Beaufort, 4th Duke of Somerset (1438? – May 6, 1471) was an English nobleman and military commander during the Wars of the Roses.

He was the son of Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset, and became duke at the death of his brother Henry in 1464. (The dukedom was somewhat theoretical, depending on how one views the legitimacy of the forfeiture of the title by the 3rd duke during the reign of Edward IV, which was retracted by Henry VII long after Somerset's death.)

During the readeption Somerset was unenthusiastic over the reconciliation of Queen Margaret and the Earls of Warwick and made little effort to co-operate. In fact his failure to hold London against Edward was a decisive moment in the campaign.

He commanded the center of the Lancastrian forces at the Battle of Barnet, (14 April 1471)and shortly after commanded the right of the Lancastrian forces at the Battle of Tewkesbury, (4 May 1471) where he led a fierce charge against the Yorkist Lord Hastings in Red Pierce Meadow. But it was not supported by either the Earl of Devon or Lord Wenlock. After the defeat Somerset and other Lancastrian leaders took refuge in Tewkesbury Abey but they were forced from sanctuary, tried and executed immediately, traditionally at the Cross in the centre of Tewkesbury.

He died unmarried and the House of Beaufort became extinct. The death shortly thereafter of Henry VI, left his cousin Margaret Beaufort and her son, Henry of Richmond, the future Henry VII, as the leading representatives of the House of Lancaster. Buried with his brother John Beaufort in Tewkesbury Abbey, in Gloucestershire.



Peerage of England
Preceded by
Henry Beaufort
(Forfeit 1464)'''
Duke of Somerset
14641471
Succeeded by
Extinct
14th century - 15th century - 16th century
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May 6 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events

  • 1527 - Spanish and German troops sack Rome; some consider this the end of the Renaissance.

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Wars of the Roses (1455–1487) were a series of civil wars fought over the throne of England between adherents of the House of Lancaster and the House of York. Both houses were branches of the Plantagenet royal house, tracing descent from King Edward III.
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Edmund Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset (1406 – May 22, 1455), sometimes styled 2nd Duke of Somerset, was an English nobleman and an important figure in the Wars of the Roses and in the Hundred Years' War.
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Edward IV
By the Grace of God, King of England
and France and Lord of Ireland.


Reign March 3, 1461 – 31 October, 1470
and April 11, 1471 – April 9, 1483
Coronation June 28, 1461
Born
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Battle of Barnet, which took place on April 14, 1471, was a decisive battle of the Wars of the Roses, near the town of Barnet, 10 miles north of London.

Background


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Battle of Tewkesbury in Gloucestershire, which took place on May 4, 1471, completed one phase of the Wars of the Roses.

It put a temporary end to Lancastrian hopes of regaining the throne of England.
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Henry VI of England

Reign 31 August 1422 - 4 March 1461
and 31 October 1470 - 11 April 1471
Coronation 6 November 1429
Born 6 November 1421(1421--)
Windsor Castle
Died
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Margaret Beaufort (May 31, 1443 – June 29, 1509) of the House of Lancaster was the mother of King Henry VII of England and grandmother of Henry VIII. She was a key figure in the Wars of the Roses.
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Henry VII
King of England, Lord of Ireland

Reign August 22 1485 - April 21 1509
Coronation October 30 1485
Born January 28 1457(1457--)
Pembroke Castle
Died
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The House of Lancaster was a branch of the English royal House of Plantagenet. It was one of the opposing factions involved in the Wars of the Roses, an intermittent civil war which affected England and Wales during the 15th century.
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Tewkesbury Abbey
Tewkesbury Abbey from the east
Dedication The Blessed Virgin Mary
Denomination Church of England
Tradition Anglo Catholic Administration
Diocese Gloucester
Province Province of Canterbury Clergy
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    Gloucestershire (pronounced [ˈglɒstəʃə]; GLOSS-ter-sher) is a county in South West England.
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    The Peerage of England comprises all peerages created in the Kingdom of England before the Act of Union in 1707. In that year, the Peerages of England and Scotland were replaced by one Peerage of Great Britain.
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    Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset (26 January 1436 – 15 May 1464) was an important Lancastrian military commander during the English Wars of the Roses. (Some number him 2nd Duke, since the title was re-created for his father after his uncle died.
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    The Duke of Somerset is a title in the peerage of England that has been created several times. Derived from Somerset, it is particularly associated with two families; the Beauforts who held the title from the creation of 1448 and the Seymours, from the creation of 1547 and in
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    14th century - 15th century - 16th century
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    1461 1462 1463 - 1464 - 1465 1466 1467

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    14th century - 15th century - 16th century
    1440s  1450s  1460s  - 1470s -  1480s  1490s  1500s
    1468 1469 1470 - 1471 - 1472 1473 1474

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