Eid ul-Adha

Eid al-Adha
Arabic: عيد الأضحى ‘Īd al-’Aḍḥā
The Festival of Sacrifice,
Sacrifice Feast,
عید قربان Eyde Ghorban (Iran),
Kurban Bayramı (Turkey),
Kurban Bajram (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Bulgaria, Republic of Macedonia, Russia, Ukraine),
ঈদ-উল-আজহা Id-ul-Azha or কোরবানী ঈদ Korbani Id (Bangladesh),
Lebaran Haji (Indonesia),
Kurban Ait (Kazakhstan),
Eid-e-Qurban (Afghanistan-Dari),
Loy Akhtar (Afghanistan-Pashto),
Hari Raya Haji/Iduladha/Aidiladha/Qurbani/Qurban (Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore),
Eid el-Kbir (Morocco, Egypt, Libya),
Tfaska Tamoqqart (Berber language of Jerba),
Tabaski/Tobaski (parts of Africa),
Babbar Sallah (Nigeria and West Africa),
Ciidwayneey (Somalia),
Bakra Eid (India, Pakistan, South Africa)
Islamic
Commemoration of Ibrahim's (Abraham's) willingness to sacrifice his son for Allah.
Marks the end of the Pilgrimage or Hajj for the millions of Muslims who make the trip to Mecca each year.
13 Dhu al-Hijjah
August 2007
Prayer, sacrificing a goat, sheep or a camel, sending to poor people as a donation
Eid ul-Fitr, the other Islamic festival, which occurs after the last day of Ramadan
Eid al-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى ‘Īd al-’Aḍḥā) is a religious festival celebrated by Muslims worldwide as a commemoration of Ibrahim's (Abraham's) willingness to sacrifice his son Ismael for Allah. It is one of two Eid festivals that Muslims celebrate. Like Eid ul-Fitr, Eid ul-Adha also begins with a short prayer followed by a sermon (khuṭba).

Eid al-Adha is 3 days long and starts on the 10th day of the month of Dhul Hijja (ذو الحجة) of the lunar Islamic calendar. This is the day after the pilgrims in Hajj, the annual pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia by Muslims worldwide, descend from Mount Arafat. It happens to be approximately 70 days after the end of the month of Ramadan.

Other names for Eid al-Adha

Eid-ul-Adha (Adha Eid) has other popular names across the Muslim world, such as Eid el-Kibir in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt and Libya; Tfaska Tamoqqart in the Berber language of Jerba; and Tabaski or Tobaski in some parts of Africa; Babbar Sallah in Nigeria and West Africa; Ciidwayneey in Somalia and Somali speaking regions of Kenya and Ethiopia.

In India and Pakistan it is also called Bakra Eid, where the goat is the animal most likely to be sacrificed. In Bangladesh it is called either ঈদ-উল-আজহা Id-ul-Azha or কোরবানী ঈদ Korbani Id. In South Africa it is also called Bakri Eid (or simply Bakrid in India). The Indonesian term is Idul Adha.

In Turkey it is often referred to as the Kurban Bayramı or "Sacrifice Feast". Similarly, in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania and Bulgaria it is referred as Kurban Bajram. In Kazakhstan, it is referred to as Qurban Ait. In Kurdish it is called Cejna Qurbanê[1]. In Afghanistan it is called "Eid-e-Qurban" by Dari-speakers and "Loy Akhtar" (literally, "Big Eid") or "Qurbanay Akhtar" by Pashto-speakers. This Eid is for 4 days. Also known as the bigger Eid because it is a day longer than Eid-ul-Fitar.

Traditions and practices

Men, women, and children are expected to dress in their finest clothing and perform the Eid prayer (Salatu'l-`id) in any mosque. Muslims who can afford to do so sacrifice their best domestic animals (usually sheep, but also camels, cows, and goats) as a symbol of Ibrahim's (Abraham's) sacrifice. The sacrificed animals, called "udhiya Arabic: أضحية", have to meet certain age and quality standards or else the animal is considered an unacceptable sacrifice. At the time of sacrifice, Allah's name is recited along with the offering statement and a supplication as Muhammad said. According to the Quran a large portion of the meat has to be given towards the poor and hungry people so they can all join in the feast which is held on Eid-ul-Adha. The remainder is cooked for the family celebration meal in which relatives and friends are invited to share. The regular charitable practices of the Muslim community are demonstrated during Eid ul-Adha by the concerted effort to see that no impoverished Muslim is left without sacrificial food during these days. Coming immediately after the annual hajj ends with the celebration of the Day of Mount Arafat. Eid ul-Adha is a concrete affirmation of what the Muslim community ethic means in practice. People in these days are expected to visit their relations, starting with their parents, then their families and friends. (Arabic audio with English meaning).

In the name of Allahبسم الل?
And Allah is the greatestوالله أكب?
O Allah, indeed this is from you and for youاللهم إن هذا منك ول?
O Allah accept from meاللهم تقبل من?


Distributing meat among people is considered an essential part of the festival during this period, as well as chanting Takbir out loud before the Eid prayer on the first day and after prayers through out the 4 days of Eid, see about Takbir in "Traditions and practices" of Eid ul-Fitr.
Enlarge picture
Eid Ghah

Eid ul-Adha in the Gregorian calendar

See also:
While Eid ul-Adha is always on the same day of the Islamic calendar, the date on the Gregorian calendar varies from year to year since the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar and the Gregorian calendar is a solar calendar. The Lunar calendar is approximately 10 days shorter than the Solar calendar.[1] Each year, Eid ul-Adha (like other Islamic holidays) falls on one of two different Gregorian dates in different parts of the world, due to the fact that the boundary of crescent visibility is different from the International date line.

See also

Notes

1. ^ [2]
2. ^ [3]

External links

al-‘Arabiyyah in written Arabic (Kufic script):  
Pronunciation: /alˌʕa.raˈbij.ja/
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Hari Raya Aidilfitri (also Hari Raya Puasa, literally "Fasting Day of Celebration") is the Malay term for the Muslim festival of Eid ul-Fitr. Hari Raya is also known as Lebaran.
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