Eye of Providence





The Eye of Providence or the all-seeing eye is a symbol showing an eye surrounded by rays of light or a glory, and usually enclosed by a triangle. It is sometimes interpreted as representing the eye of God keeping watch on humankind (see Divine Providence).

Origin

In its current form, the symbol first appeared in the west during the 17th & 18th centuries, but representations of an all-seeing eye can be traced back to Egyptian mythology and the Eye of Horus. 17th-century depictions of the Eye of Providence sometimes show it surrounded by clouds. The later addition of an enclosing triangle is usually seen as a more explicit trinitarian reference to the God of Christianity.




Eye of Ra, chief deity of the ancient Egyptians, also called the Eye of Horus

An alchemical woodcut, showing the all-seeing eye of God floating in the sky

A Christian version of the Eye of Providence, emphasising the triangle representing the Trinity

An all-seeing eye that appears on the tower of Aachen Cathedral




United States

In 1782 the Eye of Providence was adopted as part of the symbolism on the reverse side of the Great Seal of the United States. The Eye, however, was first suggested as an element of the Great Seal by the first of three design committees in 1776, and is thought to be the suggestion of the artistic consultant, Pierre Eugene du Simitiere.[1]

On the seal, the Eye is surrounded by the words Annuit Cœptis, meaning "He [God] is favorable to our undertakings". The Eye is positioned above an unfinished pyramid with thirteen steps, representing the original thirteen states and the future growth of the country. The combined implication is that the Eye, or God, favors the prosperity of the United States.

Perhaps due to its use in the design of the Great Seal, the Eye has made its way into other American seals and logos, notably the Seal of Colorado and DARPA's Information Awareness Office.

Freemasonry

Enlarge picture
An early Masonic version of the Eye of Providence with clouds and a semi-circular glory.
The Eye of Providence also appears as part of the iconography of the Freemasons. Here it represents the all-seeing eye of God, and is then a reminder that a Mason's deeds are always observed by God (who is referred to in Masonry as the Grand Architect of the Universe). Typically the Masonic Eye of Providence has a semi-circular glory below the eye — often the lowest rays extend further down. Sometimes the Eye is enclosed by a triangle. Other variations of the symbol can also be found, with the eye itself being replaced by the letter ‘G’, representing both the art of geometry and God.

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President Franklin Roosevelt's conditional approval of the 1935 one dollar bill's reverse design, switching the positions of the seal's sides
It is a popular conspiracy theory that the Eye of Providence shown atop an unfinished pyramid on the Great Seal of the United States indicates the influence of Freemasonry in the founding of the United States. This was dramatised in the 2004 Disney film National Treasure. The Masonic use of the Eye does not incorporate a pyramid, although the enclosing triangle is often interpreted as one.

Among the three members of the original design committee for the Great Seal, only Benjamin Franklin was a confirmed Mason. It is uncertain whether or not Thomas Jefferson was a Freemason.

Arguably the most famous use of the Eye is on the back of the United States one-dollar bill. The design was approved by Franklin D. Roosevelt, a 32° Scottish Rite Mason.[2] It is notable that the reverse (back) of the Great Seal of the United States counter-intuitively appears first, so the words The Great Seal appear beneath it rather than the more familiar eagle design of the seal's obverse (front).

Some Masonic organizations have explicitly denied any special connection to the original creation of the Seal.[3][4]

Cao Dai

Cao Dai uses the Eye of Providence to symbolize God.

Current and recent usage

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Ukrainian 500 hryvnia bill

See also

External links

Freemasonry

References

1. ^ The Great Seal of the United States booklet, published by US Dept. of State
2. ^ Time Magazine, Letters, Monday, Aug. 21, 1939
3. ^ Rosslyn Templars, The Eye in the Pyramid by S. Brent Morris
4. ^ Grand Lodge of British columbia and Yukon, Anti-masonry Frequently Asked Questions
All-seeing eye may mean:
  • Eye of Providence or Eye of God, the celestial symbol
  • The All-Seeing Eye, a computer software application for gamers
  • All Seeing I, the British electronic music group
  • Eye of Sauron or the Lidless Eye, in J. R. R.

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Ray may refer to:

Ichthyology

Rays, skates and sawfish (Batoidea), a superorder of generally flat-bodied cartilaginous fishes,
containing more than 500 described species in thirteen families.
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Light is electromagnetic radiation of a wavelength that is visible to the eye (visible light). In a scientific context, the word "light" is sometimes used to refer to the entire electromagnetic spectrum.
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<includeonly></includeonly>Glory (from the Latin gloria, "fame, renown") is used to denote the manifestation of God's presence in the Judeo-Christian religious tradition.
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A triangle is one of the basic shapes of geometry: a polygon with three corners or and three sides or edges which are straight line segments.

In Euclidean geometry any three non-collinear points determine a triangle and a unique plane, i.e.
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God

General approaches
Agnosticism Atheism
Deism Dystheism
Henotheism Ignosticism
Monism Monotheism
Natural theology Nontheism
Pandeism Panentheism
Pantheism Polytheism
Theism Theology
Transtheism

Specific conceptions
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In theology, Divine Providence, or simply Providence, is the sovereignty, superintendence, or agency of God over events in people's lives and throughout history.

Etymology

This word comes from Latin providentia "foresight, precaution", from pro-
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As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th Century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700 in the Gregorian calendar.

The 17th Century falls into the Early Modern period of Europe and was characterized by the Baroque cultural movement and the beginning of
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The 18th Century lasted from 1701 through 1800 in the Gregorian calendar.

Historians sometimes specifically define the 18th Century otherwise for the purposes of their work.
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Ancient Egyptian religion encompasses the beliefs and rituals of Ancient Egypt. It was followed in Egypt for over three thousand years until the establishment of Coptic Christianity and Islam.
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The Eye of Horus (previously wadjet and the Eye of the Moon; and afterward as The Eye of Ra)[1] is an ancient Egyptian symbol of protection and royal power from deities, in this case from Horus or Ra.
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As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th Century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700 in the Gregorian calendar.

The 17th Century falls into the Early Modern period of Europe and was characterized by the Baroque cultural movement and the beginning of
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cloud is a visible mass of condensed droplets, frozen crystals suspended in the atmosphere above the surface of the Earth or another planetary body, such as a moon. (Clouds can also occur as masses of material in interstellar space, where they are called interstellar clouds and
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Christianity

Foundations
Jesus Christ
Church Theology
New Covenant Supersessionism
Dispensationalism
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Christianity

Foundations
Jesus Christ
Church Theology
New Covenant Supersessionism
Dispensationalism
Apostles Kingdom Gospel
History of Christianity Timeline
Bible
Old Testament New Testament
Books Canon Apocrypha
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Ra (Re and later Amun-Ra; reconstructed as *ri:ʕu) is the ancient Egyptian sun god. He was a major deity in ancient Egyptian religion by the fifth dynasty.
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The Eye of Horus (previously wadjet and the Eye of the Moon; and afterward as The Eye of Ra)[1] is an ancient Egyptian symbol of protection and royal power from deities, in this case from Horus or Ra.
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In the history of science, alchemy (Arabic: الخيمياء, al-khimia) refers to both an early form of the investigation of nature and an early philosophical and spiritual discipline, both combining elements of chemistry,
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Christianity

Foundations
Jesus Christ
Church Theology
New Covenant Supersessionism
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Apostles Kingdom Gospel
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Books Canon Apocrypha
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Christianity

Foundations
Jesus Christ
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New Covenant Supersessionism
Dispensationalism
Apostles Kingdom Gospel
History of Christianity Timeline
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Old Testament New Testament
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State Party
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17th century - 18th century - 19th century
1750s  1760s  1770s  - 1780s -  1790s  1800s  1810s
1779 1780 1781 - 1782 - 1783 1784 1785

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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The Great Seal of the United States is used to authenticate certain documents issued by the United States government. The phrase is used both for the physical seal itself (which is in the keeping of the U.S.
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8th century - 9th century - 10th century
850s  860s  870s  - 880s -  890s  900s  910s
885 886 887 - 888 - 889 890 891

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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Pierre Eugene du Simitiere (1736? - October 1784) was a philosopher, member of the American Philosophical Society, naturalist, patriot, and portrait painter.

He was born in Geneva, Switzerland and died in Philadelphia, the United States.
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The circular Seal of the State of Colorado is an adaptation of the Territorial Seal which was adopted by the First Territorial Assembly on November 6, 1876. The only changes made in the Territorial Seal design being the substitution of the words, "State of Colorado" and the
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Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Agency overview
Formed 1958

Employees 240
Annual Budget $3.2 billion

Agency Executive Anthony J. Tether, Director

Website
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The Information Awareness Office (IAO) was established by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), the research and development agency of the United States Department of Defense, in January 2002 to bring together several DARPA projects focused on applying
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