Farsiwan

Fārsīwān or Pārsīwān ("Persian-speakers"), or simply Pārsī ("Persians"), is another term often used for urbanized Tajiks of Afghanistan and Pakistan. In Afghanistan, the Farsiwan are found in most parts of the country while in Pakistan they are mainly concentrated around the city of Quetta in the Balochistan province (with smaller communities in Karachi). An alternative name for the Fārsīwān (as well as for the Tājiks in general) is Deḥgān[1].

They are generally distinguished from the rest of the Tajiks by their adherence to Shia Islam as opposed to the Sunni sect favored by the majority of Tajiks. In essence, they are basically almost identical to the Persians of Iran due to their various similarities. The only distinction is that the Farsiwan sometimes speak a dialect more akin to the so-called Darī (or Kābolī) dialect of the Persian language spoken in Afghanistan as opposed to the Fārsī (or Tehrānī) dialect of Iran. Most of the the Fārsīwān speak the so-called Khorasani dialect, native to Herat, Farah province, Tus, and Nishapur.

Unlike the Hazara who are also Persian-speaking and Shia, the Farsiwan do not show any, or very limited traces of Turkic or Mongol ancestry as they are of Mediterranean sub-stock[2].

There are at least 900,000 Farsiwans in Afghanistan, mainly in the province of Herat and the city of the Province of Farah which belonged to Herat<ref name="Iranica" />. They are also the main inhabitants of the city of Herāt[3]. They are also found in large numbers in Kabul, Mazari Sharif, and Ghazni and elsewhere with Shia Tajik populations.

Closely related to the Farsiwan, but often mistakenly regarded as a (separate) ethno-linguistic group, are the Kizilbash of Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan.

See also

References

1. ^ M. Longworth Dames/G. Morgenstierne/R. Ghirshman, "Afghānistān", in Encyclopaedia of Islam, Online Edition
2. ^ Library of Congress Country Studies - Afghanistan - Farsiwan (LINK)
3. ^ P. English, "Cities In The Middle East", e.d. L. Brown, Princeton University, USA 1973
fɒːɾˈsiː in Perso-Arabic script (Nasta`liq style):  
Pronunciation: [fɒːɾˈsiː]
Spoken in: Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and areas of Uzbekistan and Pakistan.
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50-60 million
(including all sub-groups)
Regions with significant populations
 Iran [1]
[https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ir.html#People]
 Tajikistan [2]
[https://www.cia.
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Tājīk (Persian: تاجيک; UniPers: Tâjik; Tajik: Тоҷик
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Shī‘a terms

  • Shi'a Islam
  • Moderate Shi'a
  • Real Shi'a
  • Shi'a of Ali
  • Shi'a of Uthman
  • Shi'a of Mauwiyah
Shī‘a Islam, also Shi‘ite Islam or Shi‘ism
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Sunni Muslims are the largest denomination of Islam. Sunni Islam is also referred to as Sunnism or as Ahl as-Sunnah wa’l-Jamā‘h (Arabic:
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50-60 million
(including all sub-groups)
Regions with significant populations
 Iran [1]
[https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ir.html#People]
 Tajikistan [2]
[https://www.cia.
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Anthem
Sorūd-e Mellī-e Īrān ²


Capital
(and largest city) Tehran

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History]]
Dialects
  • Dialects and varieties
*Persian language
**Grammar
***Phonology
***Nouns
***Verbs
**Vocabulary
**Pronunciation

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fɒːɾˈsiː in Perso-Arabic script (Nasta`liq style):  
Pronunciation: [fɒːɾˈsiː]
Spoken in: Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and areas of Uzbekistan and Pakistan.
..... Click the link for more information.
Khorasan (Persian: خراسان) (also transcribed as Khurasan and Khorassan, anciently called Traxiane during Hellenistic and Parthian times is currently a region located in north eastern Iran, but historically referred to a much
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Farah (Persian: فراه) is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan. It is in the west of the country. Its capital is Farah. Farah is a spacious and sparsely populated province that lies on the Iranian border.
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Toos (توس or طوس in Persian) also known as Tous or Tus, is an ancient city in the Iranian province of Razavi Khorasan.

The city was vanquished by Genghis Khan's Mongol conquest in 1220.
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Nishapur, or Neyshābūr (Persian: نیشابور), is a city in the Razavi Khorasan province in northeastern Iran, situated in a fertile plain at the foot of the Binalud Mountains, near
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Hazara are an ethnic group who reside mainly in the central region of Afghanistan, called Hazarajat or Hazaristan. They are predominantly Shia Muslims and speak the Hazaragi dialect of the Persian language.
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Turkic peoples are a group of peoples residing in northern, central and western Eurasia who speak languages belonging to the Turkic language family. These peoples share, to varying degrees, certain cultural traits and historical backgrounds.
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Mongols (Mongolian: Монгол Mongol) specifies one or several ethnic groups largely located now in Mongolia, China, and Russia.
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Mediterranean race was one of the three sub-categories into which the people of Europe were divided by anthropologists in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, following the publication of William Z. Ripley's book "The Races of Europe" (1899).
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Herat (Persian: هرات) is one the 34 Provinces of Afghanistan; together with Badghis, Farah, and Ghor provinces, it makes up the north-western region of the country. Its primary city and administrative capital is also named Herat.
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Kabul

Coordinates:
Province Kabul
Coordinates
Population (2005)[1]
2994000 (1st)
UN estimate of city proper
City Districts
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Qizilbash or Kizilbash (Ottoman Turkish/Persian: قزلباش Qezelbāš, Turkish: Kızılbaş, Azerbaijani: Qızılbaş) - Turkish for
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Motto
اتحاد، تنظيم، يقين محکم
Ittehad, Tanzim, Yaqeen-e-Muhkam   (Urdu)
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Tājīk (Persian: تاجيک; UniPers: Tâjik; Tajik: Тоҷик
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50-60 million
(including all sub-groups)
Regions with significant populations
 Iran [1]
[https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ir.html#People]
 Tajikistan [2]
[https://www.cia.
..... Click the link for more information.
fɒːɾˈsiː in Perso-Arabic script (Nasta`liq style):  
Pronunciation: [fɒːɾˈsiː]
Spoken in: Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and areas of Uzbekistan and Pakistan.
..... Click the link for more information.
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The Encyclopaedia of Islam (EI) is the standard encyclopaedia of the academic discipline of Islamic studies. It embraces articles on distinguished Muslims of every age and land, on tribes and dynasties, on the crafts and sciences, on political and religious
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