Fort Hall



Fort Hall
Fur Trade Outpost
Constructed:1834
Company built:Nathaniel Jarvis Wyeth
Location:Fort Hall, Idaho
Continent:North America
Later Ownership:1837, Hudson's Bay Company
Abandoned:By 1863


Fort Hall in the United States was a 19th century outpost in the eastern Oregon Country. Referred to as the, "most significant of all pioneer institutions in the West" by noted historian Merrill D. Beal, it was constructed as a commercial venture along the Snake River north of present-day Pocatello, Idaho, the fort later became an important stop in the 1840s and 1850s for an estimated 270,000 emigrants along the Oregon Trail and California Trail, which diverged west of the fort.

History

The idea for the fort arose from a business venture in 1832 by fur trapper Nathaniel Jarvis Wyeth and 70 other men. They planned to journey to a rendezvous point near the Snake where they would sell goods to mountain men and fur trappers. They planned to use the profits from the rendezvous to establish a fishery on the Columbia River, exporting salmon to New England and Hawaii.

The business venture proved to be troublesome. After arriving at the rendezvous, Wyeth and his men found that their goods sold poorly. As back-up plan, they constructed the wooden Fort Hall on a nearby site to sell-off their excess goods. Wyeth named the fort after a major investor in the enterprise, Henry Hall, a partner of the Boston firm Tucker & Williams & Henry Hall.[1] Hall never traveled west. The fort was completed on July 31, 1834, the only U.S. outpost in the Oregon Country at that time. While Fort Hall was under construction Wyeth continued on towards the Columbia River with other members of his company and escorted Methodist missionary Jason Lee on his way to start the Methodist Mission in the Willamette Valley. Once Wyeth reached the lower Columbia he built Fort William to serve as the rendezvous point.[2]

In August 1837 Wyeth sold the fort to the Hudson's Bay Company, which controlled the fur trade in the Oregon Country from their headquarters at Fort Vancouver on the Columbia. The company raised the British flag over the fort and used the outpost to actively discourage U.S. emigrants from continuing westward. Emigrants who arrived at the fort were shown the abandoned wagons of those who had come before them and who had continued westward with their animals on foot. In 1843, Dr. Marcus Whitman, a missionary who had established a mission near present-day Walla Walla, Washington, led a wagon train westward from the fort. In the following years the number of wagon trains grew sharply and the fort became a welcome stop along the trail for thousands of emigrants. It also remained an important trading post for mountain men and the Native Americans of the region, in particular the Shoshone. The fort found itself located in the United States in 1846 following the Oregon Treaty.

By 1863 the wooden fort had decayed completely. A replica was constructed in the 1960s in Pocatello and is now operated as a public museum. The original site is located at Fort Hall in the Fort Hall Indian Reservation.

References

1. ^ The Jackson Hole Indian War of 1895. Ronald E. Diener. Retrieved on 2006-11-29.
2. ^ Selected Letters of Nathaniel J. Wyeth. Xmission.com. Retrieved on 2007-03-02.

External links

18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1800s  1810s  1820s  - 1830s -  1840s  1850s  1860s
1831 1832 1833 - 1834 - 1835 1836 1837

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
..... Click the link for more information.
Nathaniel Jarvis Wyeth (January 29, 1802–August 31, 1856) was an American inventor, ice harvester, and explorer and trader in the far west.

Early life

Wyeth was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts to Jacob and Elizabeth (Smith) Wyeth.
..... Click the link for more information.
Fort Hall, Idaho

Seal
Motto:
Location of Fort Hall, Idaho
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Idaho
Counties Bannock, Bingham
Area
..... Click the link for more information.


North America is a continent [1] in the Earth's northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. It is bordered on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the southeast by the Caribbean Sea, and on the south and west
..... Click the link for more information.

Hudson's Bay Company
Compagnie de la Baie d'Hudson


Private
Founded London, England May 2, 1670
Headquarters Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Revenue $7.0 billion CAD ($59.
..... Click the link for more information.
Motto
"In God We Trust"   (since 1956)
"E Pluribus Unum"   ("From Many, One"; Latin, traditional)
Anthem
..... Click the link for more information.
The 19th Century (also written XIX century) lasted from 1801 through 1900 in the Gregorian calendar. It is often referred to as the "1800s.
..... Click the link for more information.
Oregon Country or "Oregon" (to be distinguished from the State of Oregon) was a term that referred to a region of western North America consisting of the land north of 42°N latitude, south of 54°40'N latitude, and west of the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean.
..... Click the link for more information.
Snake River

Perrine Bridge spanning the Snake River Canyon at Twin Falls, Idaho


Country | United States
States | Wyoming,Idaho,Oregon,Washington

..... Click the link for more information.
Pocatello, Idaho

Seal
Nickname: US Smile Capital
Motto: Gateway to the Northwest
Location in Bannock County and the state of Idaho
Coordinates:
Country
..... Click the link for more information.
Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century

1810s 1820s 1830s - 1840s - 1850s 1860s 1870s
1840 1841 1842 1843 1844
1845 1846 1847 1848 1849

- -
-

Events and trends

Technology


..... Click the link for more information.
Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century

1820s 1830s 1840s - 1850s - 1860s 1870s 1880s
1850 1851 1852 1853 1854
1855 1856 1857 1858 1859

- -
-

Events and Trends

Technology


..... Click the link for more information.
Location Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming, Idaho, Oregon

Established 1978

Governing body National Park Service
Pioneers traveled across the Oregon Trail
..... Click the link for more information.
California Trail was a major overland emigrant route across the Western United States from Missouri to California in the middle 19th century. It was used by 250,000 farmers and gold-seekers to reach the California gold fields and farm homesteads in California from the early 1840s
..... Click the link for more information.
18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1800s  1810s  1820s  - 1830s -  1840s  1850s  1860s
1829 1830 1831 - 1832 - 1833 1834 1835

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
..... Click the link for more information.
fur trade is a worldwide industry which involves the collection and sale of animal fur.

Russian fur trade

Before the colonization of the Americas, Russia was a major fur supplier of Western Europe and parts of Asia.
..... Click the link for more information.
Nathaniel Jarvis Wyeth (January 29, 1802–August 31, 1856) was an American inventor, ice harvester, and explorer and trader in the far west.

Early life

Wyeth was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts to Jacob and Elizabeth (Smith) Wyeth.
..... Click the link for more information.
Columbia River

Bonneville Dam, in the Columbia River Gorge


Countries | Canada,United States
States | Washington,Oregon
Provinces |
..... Click the link for more information.
Salmon is the common name for several species of fish of the family Salmonidae. Several other fish in the family are called trout. Salmon live in both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, as well as the Great Lakes and other land locked lakes.
..... Click the link for more information.
New England

Political history
Chartering as Plymouth Council for New England 1620
Formation as United Colonies of New England 1643
Formation as Dominion of New England 1686
Admission to U.S.
..... Click the link for more information.
State of Hawaii
Mokuʻāina o Hawaiʻi


Flag of Hawaii Seal of Hawaii
Nickname(s): The Aloha State

..... Click the link for more information.
July 31 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


..... Click the link for more information.
18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1800s  1810s  1820s  - 1830s -  1840s  1850s  1860s
1831 1832 1833 - 1834 - 1835 1836 1837

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
..... Click the link for more information.
Jason Lee

Jason Lee
Born June 28 1803 in Stanstead, Quebec
Died March 12 1845 in Stanstead, Quebec

Church Methodist

Spouse Anna Maria Pittman (d.
..... Click the link for more information.
The Methodist Mission was founded in Oregon Country in 1834 by the Reverend Jason Lee. The mission was started to educate the Native Americans in the Willamette Valley and grew into an important center for politics and economics in the early settlement period of Oregon.
..... Click the link for more information.
Willamette Valley (pronounced [wɪˈlæ.mɪt], with the accent on the second syllable) is the region in northwest Oregon in the United States that surrounds the Willamette River as it proceeds northward from its
..... Click the link for more information.
Fort William
Fur Trade Outpost

Constructed: 1834
Built for: Nathaniel Jarvis Wyeth
Location: Sauvie Island, Oregon
Continent: North America
Later Ownership: Hudson's Bay Company
Abandoned: unknown

Fort William
..... Click the link for more information.
18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1800s  1810s  1820s  - 1830s -  1840s  1850s  1860s
1834 1835 1836 - 1837 - 1838 1839 1840

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
..... Click the link for more information.

Hudson's Bay Company
Compagnie de la Baie d'Hudson


Private
Founded London, England May 2, 1670
Headquarters Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Revenue $7.0 billion CAD ($59.
..... Click the link for more information.
Fort Vancouver was a 19th century fur trading outpost along the Columbia River that served as the headquarters of the Hudson's Bay Company in the company's Columbia District (known to Americans as the Oregon Country).
..... Click the link for more information.


This article is copied from an article on Wikipedia.org - the free encyclopedia created and edited by online user community. The text was not checked or edited by anyone on our staff. Although the vast majority of the wikipedia encyclopedia articles provide accurate and timely information please do not assume the accuracy of any particular article. This article is distributed under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.