Fort Lauderdale

City of Fort Lauderdale
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Fort Lauderdale
Fort Lauderdale

Nickname: Venice of America
Country United States
State Florida
County Broward
Established 27 March 1911
 - Type Commission-Manager
 - Mayor Jim Naugle
Area [1]
 - City  36.0 sq mi (93.3 km)
 - Land  31.7 sq mi (82.2 km)
 - Water  4.3 sq mi (11.1 km)  11.91%
Elevation [2]  9 ft (1 m)
Population (1 July 2006)[3]
 - City 185,804
 - Density 4,803.1/sq mi (0/km)
 - Metro 5,463,857
 Census Bureau estimate
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 33301-33340, 33345-33349
Area code(s) 754, 954
FIPS code 12-24000GR2
GNIS feature ID 0282693GR3
Website: [1]
Fort Lauderdale, known as the "Venice of America" due to its expansive and intricate canal system, is a city in Broward County, Florida, United States. The city's population is described as metropolitan, where diverse culture is commonplace. According to 2006 U.S. Census Bureau estimates, the city had a population of 185,804.[3] It is the county seat of Broward County. Fort Lauderdale is a principal city of the South Florida metropolitan area, which is home to 5,463,857 people.[4]

The city is a popular tourist destination, with 10.35 million visitors in 2006.[5] The city is a major yachting center, with 42,000 resident yachts and 100 marinas and boatyards.[5] Fort Lauderdale and its suburbs host over 4100 restaurants and 120 nightclubs.[5]

Fort Lauderdale is named after a series of forts built by the United States during the Second Seminole War. However, development of the city did not begin until 50 years after the forts were abandoned at the end of the conflict. Three forts named "Fort Lauderdale" were constructed; the first was at the fork of the New River, the second at Tarpon Bend, in what is now known as the Sailboat Bend neighborhood, and the third near the site of the Bahia Mar Marina.[6] The forts took their name from Major William Lauderdale, who was the commander of the detachment of soldiers who built the first fort.[6]


The area in which the city of Fort Lauderdale would later be founded was inhabited for more than a thousand years by the Tequesta Indians.[7] Contact with Spanish explorers in the 16th century proved disastrous for the Tequesta, as the Europeans unwittingly brought with them diseases to which the native populations possessed no resistance, such as smallpox. For the Tequesta, disease, coupled with continuing conflict with their Calusa neighbors, contributed greatly to their decline over the next two centuries.[8] By 1763, there were only a few Tequesta left in Florida, and most of them were evacuated to Cuba when the Spanish ceded Florida to the British in 1763, under the terms of the Treaty of Paris (1763), which ended the Seven Years' War.[8] Although control of the area changed between Spain, England, the United States, and the Confederated States of America, it remained largely undeveloped until the 20th century.

The Fort Lauderdale area was known as the "New River Settlement" before the 20th century. In the 1830's there were approximately 70 settlers living along the New River. William Cooley, the local Justice of the Peace, was a farmer and wrecker, who traded with the Seminole Indians. On January 6, 1836, while Cooley was leading an attempt to salvage a wrecked ship, a band of Seminoles attacked his farm, killing his wife and children, and the children's tutor. The other farms in the settlement were not attacked, but all the white residents in the area abandoned the settlement, fleeing first to the Cape Florida Lighthouse on Key Biscayne, and then to Key West.[9] The first United States stockade named Fort Lauderdale was built in 1838,[10] and subsequently was a site of fighting during the Second Seminole War. The fort was abandoned in 1842, after the end of the war, and the area remained virtually unpopulated until the 1890s. It was not until Frank Stranahan arrived in the area in 1893 to operate a ferry across the New River, and the Florida East Coast Railroad's completion of a route through the area in 1896, that any organized development began. The city was incorporated in 1911, and in 1915 was designated the county seat of newly formed Broward County.[11]

Fort Lauderdale's first major development began in the 1920s, during the Florida land boom of the 1920s.[12] The 1926 Miami Hurricane[13] and the Great Depression of the 1930s caused a great deal of economic dislocation. When World War II began, Fort Lauderdale became a major US Navy base, with a Naval Air Station to train pilots, radar and fire control operator training schools, and a Coast Guard base at Port Everglades.[14]

After the war ended, service members returned to the area, spurring an enormous population explosion which dwarfed the 1920s boom.[8] The 1960 Census counted 83,648 people in the city, about 230% of the 1950 figure.[15] A 1967 report estimated that the city was approximately 85% developed,[16] and the 1970 population figure was 139,590[17] After 1970, as Fort Lauderdale became essentially built out, growth in the area shifted to suburbs to the west. As cities such as Coral Springs, Miramar, and Pembroke Pines experienced explosive growth, Fort Lauderdale's population stagnated, and the city actually shrank by almost 4,000 people between 1980, when the city had 153,279 people,[18] and 1990, when the population was 149,377.[19] A slight rebound brought the population back up to 152,397 at the 2000 census.[20] Since 2000, Fort Lauderdale has gained slightly over 18,000 residents through annexation of seven neighborhoods in unincorporated Broward County.[21] Today, Fort Lauderdale is a major yachting center,[5] one of the nation's largest tourist destinations,[5] and the center of a metropolitan division with 1.8 million people.[4]

Geography and climate


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A1A, north of Sunrise Blvd
Fort Lauderdale is located at (26.135763, -80.141810).GR1

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 36.0 mi² (93.3 km²), 31.7 square miles (82 km) of which is land and 4.3 square miles (11 km) of which is water (11.91%). Fort Lauderdale is known for its extensive network of canals; there are 165 miles (266 km) of waterways within the city limits.[22]

The city of Fort Lauderdale is adjacent to the Atlantic Ocean, includes 7 miles (11 km) of beaches,[23] and borders the following municipalities:

On its east: On its south: On its southwest:
On its west: On its northwest: On its north:
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Fort Lauderdale Beach
The northwestern section of Fort Lauderdale is separate from the remainder of the city, connected only by the Cypress Creek Canal as it flows under I-95. This section of Fort Lauderdale borders the cities of Tamarac and Oakland Park on its south side. Oakland Park also borders Fort Lauderdale on the west side of its northeastern portion. The greater portion of Fort Lauderdale in the south is bordered, along its north side by Wilton Manors.

Off the coast of Fort Lauderdale is the Osborne Reef, an artificial reef made of discarded tires that has proven to be an ecological disaster.[24] The dumping began in the 1960s, with the intent to provide habitat for fish while disposing of trash from the land. However, in the rugged and corrosive environment of the ocean, nylon straps used to secure the tires wore out, cables rusted, and tires broke free. The tires posed a particular threat after breaking free from their restraints. The tires then migrated shoreward and ran into a living reef tract, climbed up its slope and killed everything in their path. In recent years, thousands of tires have also washed up on nearby beaches, especially during hurricanes. Local authorities are now working to remove the 700,000 tires, in cooperation with the U.S. Army, Navy and Coast Guard.[25]


Fort Lauderdale, unlike many cities, has an official program for designating and recognizing neighborhoods. Under the Neighborhood Organization Recognition Program,[26] more than 60 distinct neighborhoods have received official recognition from the city. An additional 25–30 neighborhoods exist without official recognition, although the city's neighborhood map displays them as well.[27]


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Sunrise at Fort Lauderdale Beach
Fort Lauderdale lies on the border between the Humid subtropical climate (Cfa) zone and the tropical savannah climate (Aw) zone, with hot, humid summers and mild winters. It has a two season wet-dry climate with hot, wet summers and cooler, dry winters.[28] 69% of the city's annual rainfall occurs during the five month summer period.[28] The hurricane season is between 1 June and 30 November,[29] with major hurricanes most likely to affect Florida in September and October[30] The most recent storms to directly affect the city were Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane Wilma, both of which struck the city in 2005; other direct hits were Hurricane Cleo in 1965, Hurricane King in 1950 and the 1947 Fort Lauderdale Hurricane.

Weather averages for Fort Lauderdale, Florida
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average high F (C)
Average low F (C)
Precipitation inch (cm)
Source: The Weather Channel [31] 2007-07-21


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As space becomes increasingly scarce in and around Fort Lauderdale, high-rises are springing up in formerly single family and light industrial areas.
As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 152,397 people, 68,468 households, and 33,001 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,803.1/mi² (1,854.4/km²). There were 80,862 housing units at an average density of 2,548.5/mi² (984.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 64.27% White, 28.88% African American, 0.23% Native American, 1.03% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.76% from other races, and 3.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.45% of the population.

There were 68,468 households out of which 19.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.2% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 51.8% were non-families. 40.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.97. Of the total, 19.4% were under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 32.8% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% were 65 or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 110.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,887, and the median income for a family was $46,175. Males had a median income of $34,478 versus $27,230 for females. The per capita income for the city was $27,798. About 13.8% of families and 17.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.0% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those aged 65 or over.

Like many cities in South Florida, Fort Lauderdale has a large population of people who do not speak English as their first language at home, although not as high as the county average.[32] As of 2000, 75.63% of the population spoke English as their first language, followed by Spanish at 9.42%, French Creole 7.52%, French 2.04%, and Portuguese at 1.02%.[33]

As of 2007, the Fort Lauderdale metropolitan area has the second highest AIDS rate in the nation at 45.8, just ahead of the New York City metropolitan area at 45.4 Of the reported Fort Lauderdale HIV cases among men, 74% are cases due to men having sex with men, or MSM.[34]


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Fort Lauderdale skyline, featuring Las Olas River House, completed in 2004
Fort Lauderdale's economy is heavily reliant on tourism. During the 1970s, the city was known as a spring break destination for college students. Cruise ships and nautical recreation provide the basis for much of the revenue raised by tourism. Fort Lauderdale now attracts a more sophisticated and affluent tourist, while largely ignoring the dwindling college crowd.[35] There is a convention center located west of the beach and southeast of downtown, with 600,000 square feet (55742 m) of space, including a 200,000 square foot (18581 m) main exhibit hall.[36] Approximately 30% of the city's 10 million annual visitors attend conventions at the center.[37]

The downtown area, especially around Las Olas Boulevard, has seen dramatic growth in the past decade, and now hosts many new hotels and high-rise condominium developments. The downtown area is the largest in Broward County, although there are other smaller cities in the county with commercial centers. Other improvements include a wide array of new boutiques, art galleries, and restaurants.

Fort Lauderdale is a major manufacturing and maintenance center for yachts. The boating industry is responsible for over 108,000 jobs in the county.[38] With its many canals, and proximity to the Bahamas and Caribbean, it is also a popular yachting vacation stop, and home port for 42,000 boats, and approximately 100 marinas and boatyards.[38] Additionally, the annual Fort Lauderdale International Boat Show, the world's largest boat show, brings over 125,000 people to the city each year.[39]

Companies based in the Fort Lauderdale area include AutoNation, Citrix Systems, DHL Express, Spirit Airlines, and National Beverage Corporation. The largest employers in the county are Tenet Healthcare, which employs 5,000 people; American Express, which employs 4,200; The Continental Group, which employs 3,900; Motorola, which employs 3,000, and Maxim Integrated Products, which employs 2,000.[40]


Fort Lauderdale has a Commission-Manager form of government. City policy is set by a city commission of five elected members: the mayor and four district commission members. The mayor of Fort Lauderdale serves a three-year term and cannot serve more than three consecutive terms.[41] The current and longest serving mayor, Jim Naugle, was first elected in 1991 and is now serving his sixth consecutive term.[42] Naugle's first three terms were not affected by the municipal code, which was amended in 1998; the limitation went into effect in March of 2000. Administrative functions are performed by a city manager, who is appointed by the city commission. Fort Lauderdale Fire-Rescue Department provides Fire and Emergency Medical Services.


According to 2000 census data, 79.0% of the city's population aged 25 or older were high school graduates, slightly below the national figure of 80.4%. 27.9% held at least a baccalaureate, slightly higher than the national figure of 24.4%.[43] Broward County Public Schools operates 23 public schools in Fort Lauderdale. 2007 Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (FCAT) results for Fort Lauderdale's public schools were mixed; while ten (of sixteen) elementary schools and one (of four) middle schools received "A" or "B" grades, Sunland Park Elementary School[44] and Arthur Ashe Middle School[45] received failing grades. Boyd Anderson High School, which is located in Lauderdale Lakes but whose attendance zone includes part of Fort Lauderdale, also received a failing grade.[46] None of the three failing schools have failed twice in a four-year period, thus triggering the "Opportunity Scholarship Program" school choice provisions of the Florida's education plan.[47]

Five institutions of higher learning have main or satellite campuses in the city:


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Interstate 95 as it goes through Fort Lauderdale
Local bus transportation is provided by Broward County Transit (BCT), the county bus system. BCT provides for connections with the bus systems in other parts of the metropolitan area: Metrobus in Miami-Dade County and Palm Tran in Palm Beach County. Tri-Rail, a commuter rail system, connects the major cities and airports of South Florida. In November 2006, Broward County voters rejected[48] a one-cent-per-hundred sales tax increase intended to fund transportation projects such as light rail and expansion of the bus system.[49]

Four railroads serve Fort Lauderdale. Florida East Coast Railroad (FEC) and CSX Transportation are freight lines, Amtrak provides passenger service to other cities on the Atlantic coast, and Tri-Rail provides commuter service between Palm Beach County, Broward County (including two stations in Fort Lauderdale), and Miami-Dade County.

Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport, in neighboring Dania Beach, Florida, is the city's main airport and is the fastest-growing majorairport in the country.[50] This is, in part, attributable to service by low-cost carriers such as Spirit Airlines, JetBlue and Southwest Airlines, resulting in lower airfares than nearby Miami International Airport.[51] Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood is an emerging international gateway for the Caribbean and Latin America. Miami International Airport and Palm Beach International Airport also serve the city.

Fort Lauderdale is home to Port Everglades, the nation's third busiest cruise port.[52] It is Florida's deepest port, and is an integral petroleum receiving point.[53] Broward County is served by three major Interstates (I-75, I-95, I-595) and U.S. Highways such as U.S. Route 1, US 27 and US 441. It is also served by Florida's Turnpike and State Highway 869, also known as the Sawgrass Expressway.


Fort Lauderdale is served by Broward General Medical Center and Imperial Point Medical Center, which are operated by the North Broward Hospital District, the third largest hospital consortium in the United States. Broward General is a 716-bed[54] acute care facility which is designated as a Level I trauma center.[55] It is also home to Chris Evert Children's Hospital and a Heart Center of Excellence. The hospital serves as a major training site for medical students from Nova Southeastern University's College of Osteopathic Medicine, as well as nursing and paramedic programs from throughout the area. Imperial Point Medical Center is a 204-bed facility[54] with a hyperbaric medicine program.[56] Holy Cross Hospital, a 571-bed[57] hospital operated by the Sisters of Mercy, was named by HealthGrades, Inc. as one of the 50 best hospitals in the country for 2007.[58]

Lifestyle, media, and culture


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Intersection of Las Olas Boulevard and A1A, Fort Lauderdale beach.
According to the Greater Fort Lauderdale Convention and Visitors Bureau, Fort Lauderdale is "America's top gay resort area." In 2006, members of gay-interest site, PlanetOut, named the city as the "best gay resort town";[59] the city actively pursues gay and lesbian tourists.[60] The city is also home to a large year-round population of gay residents.[61][62] The city's Stonewall Library & Archives is the largest-circulation LGBT library in the southeastern United States.[63] Neighboring Wilton Manors was the second city in the country (after West Hollywood, California) to elect a gay-majority city council.[64]

As is true of many parts of Florida, the city's population has a strong seasonal variation, as snowbirds from the north spend the winter and early spring in Florida.[65] The city is also sometimes referred to as "Fort Liquordale" because of its beaches, bars, nightclubs, and history as a spring break mecca for hundreds of thousands of college students.[66] However, the city has actively discouraged college students from visiting the area since the mid-1980's, passing strict laws aimed at preventing the mayhem that regularly occurred each year. The city had an estimated 350,000 college visitors for spring break 1985;[67] by 2006, that number had declined to about 10,000.[68]


Fort Lauderdale is served by English-language newspapers South Florida-Sun Sentinel and The Miami Herald, as well as Spanish-language newspapers El Sentinel and El Nuevo Herald. The city is also home to alternative newspapers City Link and New Times Broward-Palm Beach, monthly magazine HOME Fort Lauderdale and gay-interest publications Express Gay News, The 411 Magazine, and HOTspots! magazine.


Fort Lauderdale's arts and entertainment district runs east-west along Las Olas Boulevard, from the beach to the heart of downtown. The district is anchored in the West by the Broward Center for the Performing Arts, and runs through the city to the intersection of Las Olas and A1A. This intersection is the "ground zero" of Fort Lauderdale Beach, and is the site of the "Elbo Room" bar featured in the 1960 film Where the Boys Are, which led in large measure to the city's former reputation as a spring break mecca. The city and its suburbs host over 4,100 restaurants and over 120 nightclubs, many of them in the arts and entertainment district.[38] The city is also the setting for the 1986 movie Flight of the Navigator, and host of Langerado, an annual music festival.


Fort Lauderdale does not host any professional sports teams, but the Florida Panthers of the National Hockey League play at BankAtlantic Center in suburban Sunrise[69]. Major League Baseball's Florida Marlins,[70] the National Football League's Miami Dolphins[71] and the Miami Heat of the National Basketball Association all play in neighboring Miami-Dade County.

Lockhart Stadium in Fort Lauderdale was the home of the defunct Fort Lauderdale Strikers of the North American Soccer League from 1977 to 1983, and the Miami Fusion of Major League Soccer from 1998 to 2001. Lockhart Stadium is the current home of the Florida Atlantic University Owls football team.[72]

The Baltimore Orioles conduct spring training in the city at Fort Lauderdale Stadium,[73] and NCAA Division I college sports teams of Florida International University and University of Miami play in Miami-Dade County. Florida Atlantic University's athletic programs (other than football) are played in neighboring Palm Beach County.

Sites of interest

In addition to its museums, beaches, and nightlife, Fort Lauderdale is home to the Fort Lauderdale Swap Shop, a large indoor/outdoor flea market and the site of the world's largest drive-in movie theater, with 13 screens.[74] The International Swimming Hall of Fame is located on Fort Lauderdale beach, and houses a large aquatic complex as well as a museum, theater, and research library.[75] Hugh Taylor Birch State Park is a 180 acre park along the beach, with nature trails, camping and picnicking areas, canoeing, and features the Terramar Visitor Center, with exhibits about the ecosystem of the park[76]. The Henry E. Kinney Tunnel on US Route 1 is the only tunnel on public land in the state of Florida.[77] It was constructed in 1960, and its 864 foot (263 m) length travels underneath the New River and Las Olas Boulevard.

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Fort Lauderdale contains 127 high rise towers,[78] or 1 for every 1,317 people.[79]

See also


1. ^ Florida by Place. Population, Housing, Area, and Density: 2000. US Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2007-09-23.
2. ^ Fort Lauderdale, United States Page. Falling Rain Genomics. Retrieved on 2007-09-23.
3. ^ Annual Estimates of the population for the Incorporated Places of Florida (XLS). US Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2007-09-25.
4. ^ Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006 (XLS). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2007-07-17.
5. ^ Greater Fort Lauderdale Convention and Visitors Bureau (March 2007). Greater Fort Lauderdale 2006 Statistics. Press release. Retrieved on 2007-07-18.
6. ^ Old Fort Lauderdale Museum-Sneak Preview. Fort Lauderdale Historical Society. Retrieved on 2007-07-17.
7. ^ Hughes, Kenneth J (1993), "Three Tequesta and Seminole hunting camps on the edge of the Everglades", Broward Legacy (Broward County Historical Commission). 16 (3 and 4): 31-42, <[2] (retrieved on 2007-07-01.)
8. ^ McGoun, Bill (1978), "A History of Broward County", Broward Legacy (Broward County Historical Commission) 2: 15-22, <[3] (retrieved on 2007-07-03)
9. ^ Coastal History - The Seminole War Period. Vone Research. Retrieved on 2007-07-21.
10. ^ Butler, Stuart (1981), "Records in the Military Archives Division Which Relate to South Florida", Broward Legacy (Broward County Historical Commission). 4 (1 and 2): 11-20, <[4] (retrieved on 2007-07-15.)
11. ^ "The Creation of Broward County: Victory in Tallahassee", Broward Legacy (Broward County Historical Commission) 11 (3 and 4): 6-8, 1988, <[5] (retrieved on 2007-07-02.)
12. ^ Kirk, Cooper (1985), "Foundations of Broward County Waterways", Broward Legacy (Broward County Historical Commission). 8 (1 and 2): 2-18, <[6] (retrieved on 2007-07-14.)
13. ^ Top 10 Weather Events-Broward County. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved on 2007-07-01.
14. ^ George, Paul S. (1991), "Submarines and Soldiers: Fort Lauderdale in World War II", Broward Legacy (Broward County Historical Commission) 14 (1 and 2): 2-14, <[7] (retrieved on 2007-07-05.)
15. ^ Census of Population:1960 Florida-Volume I Part 11. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2007-07-01.
16. ^ George, Paul S. (1991), "Downtown Fort Lauderdale: Its Demise and Renaissance in the Post-War Era", Broward Legacy (Broward County Historical Commission) 14 (3 and 4): 9-19, <[8] (retrieved on 2007-07-17)
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21. ^ Broward by the Numbers:Unincorporated Broward (PDF). Broward County Planning Services Division (December 2005). Retrieved on 2007-07-15.
22. ^ About Fort Lauderdale. City of Fort Lauderdale. Retrieved on 2007-07-17.
23. ^ Fort Lauderdale Beach. City of Fort Lauderdale. Retrieved on 2007-07-17.
24. ^ Tire reef off Florida proves a disaster. Associated Press (16 February 2007). Retrieved on 2007-06-21.
25. ^ Loney, Jim (9 July 2007). Florida Raises Ill-Fated Artificial Reefs. Reuters. Retrieved on 2007-07-10.
26. ^ Neighborhood Organization Recognition Program. City of Fort Lauderdale. Retrieved on 2007-07-17.
27. ^ Neighborhood Associations (PDF). City of Fort Lauderdale. Retrieved on 2007-06-21.
28. ^ Beidlinger, Raymond E.; Lushine, James B. Duration of summer season in South Florida. National Weather Service. Retrieved on 2007-07-21.
29. ^ Frequently Asked Questions-When is hurricane season?. Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory. Retrieved on 2007-07-21.
30. ^ Frequently Asked Questions- When are major hurricanes likely to strike different states?. Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory. Retrieved on 2007-07-21.
31. ^ Fort Lauderdale Weather. The Weather Channel. Retrieved on 2007-07-21.
32. ^ Modern Language Association Data Center Results of Broward County, Florida. Modern Language Association. Retrieved on 2007-06-21.
33. ^ Modern Language Association Data Center Results, Fort Lauderdale, Florida. Modern Language Association. Retrieved on 2007-06-21.
34. ^ Fact and Findings from Care Resource. Care Resource. Retrieved on 2007-07-24.
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38. ^ Cantanese Center for Urban and Environmental Studies (January 2005). "Interim Boat Facility Siting Plan" (PDF). Draft. Broward County Environmental Protection Department.
39. ^ 47th Annual Fort Lauderdale International Boat Show. City of Fort Lauderdale. Retrieved on 2007-07-22.
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41. ^ Fort Lauderdale Municipal Code Sec. 3.02. Creation, composition and term of commission. Municipal Code Corporation. Retrieved on 2007-07-23.
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48. ^ 2006 Elections-Funding for county-wide transportation improvements. Broward County Supervisor of Elections. Retrieved on 2007-07-21.
49. ^ Fierro, David (10 October 2006). Broward county voters will vote on transit tax Nov. 7. Florida Transportation Monthly. Retrieved on 2007-07-21.
50. ^ "Orlando surpasses Miami as Florida's busiest airport", Associated Press, 15 February 2005. Retrieved on 2007-10-20.2005"> 
51. ^ Maynard, Micheline (2 January 2005). Lower fares shift traffic to less-used airports. The New York Times. Retrieved on 2007-06-20.
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55. ^ BGMC Services. North Broward Hospital District. Retrieved on 2007-07-20.
56. ^ Center for Wound Care & Hyperbaric Medicine. North Broward Hospital District. Retrieved on 2007-07-21.
57. ^ History of Holy Cross Hospital. Holy Cross Hospital. Retrieved on 2007-07-21.
58. ^ HealthGrades-America's 50 Best Hospitals. HealthGrades, Inc.. Retrieved on 2007-07-21.
59. ^ PlanetOut Travel Awards Members' Choice. PlanetOut Inc.. Retrieved on 2007-07-16.
60. ^ Greater Fort Lauderdale Convention and Visitors Bureau (17 October 2006). Greater Fort Lauderdale best of the best for gay and lesbian travelers. Press release. Retrieved on 2007-07-16.
61. ^ Fact and Findings from The Gay and Lesbian Atlas. Urban Institute. Retrieved on 2007-07-16.
62. ^ Lee, Gary. "Where the Boys Are, Part 2", The Washington Post, 15 May 2005. Retrieved on 2007-07-16.2005"> 
63. ^ "So. Fla. gay library moving", United Press International, 9 June 2007. Retrieved on 2007-07-20.2007"> 
64. ^ Ayers, B. Drummond Jr.. "Florida City Council has a Gay Majority", The New York Times, 19 March 2000. Retrieved on 2007-07-16.2000"> 
65. ^ Lawlor, Julia. "Snowbirds Flock Together for Winter", The New York Times, 2 February 2007. Retrieved on 2007-07-16.2007"> 
66. ^ Marsh, Bill (19 March 2006). The Innocent Birth of the Spring Bacchanal. The New York Times. Retrieved on 2007-05-13.
67. ^ Weber, Janelle. "Fort Lauderdale says goodbye to wild, youthful spring breaks", Associated Press, 30 March 2001. Retrieved on 2007-07-15.2001"> 
68. ^ Malernee, Jamie. "Rising Cost of Hotels, Food a Buzz Kill for Spring Breakers", South Florida Sun-Sentinel, 5 March 2006. Retrieved on 2007-07-15.2006"> 
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73. ^ Spring Training:Ballpark Information. Baltimore Orioles/Major League Baseball. Retrieved on 2007-10-20.
74. ^ Rowe, Sean. "The Sultan of Swap", Miami New Times, 5 November 1998. Retrieved on 2007-07-23.1998"> 
75. ^ ISHOF Museum. International Swimming Hall of Fame. Retrieved on 2007-07-23.
76. ^ Florida State Parks—Hugh Taylor Birch State Recreation Area. Florida Division of Recreation and Parks. Retrieved on 2007-07-23.
77. ^ KidZone=Henry E. Kinney Tunnel. Florida State Department of Transportation. Retrieved on 2007-07-23.
78. ^ Skyscrapers of Fort Lauderdale. Emporis. Retrieved on 2007-07-16.
79. ^ Most Active Cities in Terms of High-rise Construction. Emporis. Retrieved on 2007-07-16.

External links

    [ e]
South Florida metropolitan area
Counties Miami-Dade County | Broward County | Palm Beach County
200,000–500,000 Miami | Hialeah
100,000–200,000 Fort Lauderdale | Pembroke Pines | Hollywood | Coral Springs | West Palm Beach | Miramar | Miami Gardens | Pompano Beach
50,000–100,000 Sunrise | Miami Beach | Boca Raton | Plantation | Davie | Kendall | Deerfield Beach | Boynton Beach | Delray Beach | Weston | Fountainbleau | Lauderhill | Tamarac | North Miami | Kendale Lakes | Wellington | Margate | Tamiami | Jupiter
10,000–50,000 Aventura | Belle Glade | Boca Del Mar | Brownsville | Coconut Creek | Cooper City | Coral Gables | Coral Terrace | Country Club | Country Walk | Dania Beach | Doral | Gladeview | Glenvar Heights | Greenacres | Hallandale Beach | Hamptons at Boca Raton | Homestead | Ives Estates | Kendall West | Key Biscayne | Kings Point | Lake Worth | Lake Worth Corridor | Lauderdale Lakes | Leisure City | Lighthouse Point | Miami Lakes | Miami Springs | North Lauderdale | North Palm Beach | Oakland Park |Olympia Heights | Opa-Locka | Ojus | Palm Beach Gardens | Palmetto Bay | Palm Springs |Palmetto Estates | Parkland | Pinecrest | Pinewood | Princeton | Richmond West | Riviera Beach | Royal Palm Beach | Sandalfoot Cove | South Miami | South Miami Heights | Sunny Isles Beach | Sunset | Sweetwater | The Crossings | The Hammocks | University Park | West Little River | Westchester | West Park, Florida | Westwood Lakes | Wilton Manors
Sports Florida Marlins (baseball) | Miami Heat (basketball) | Miami Dolphins (football) | Florida Panthers (ice hockey)
Airports Miami International Airport (Miami-Dade) | Kendall-Tamiami Executive Airport (Miami-Dade) | Opa-locka Airport (Miami-Dade) | Homestead General Aviation Airport (Miami-Dade) | Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport (Broward) | Palm Beach International Airport (Palm Beach) | Boca Raton Airport (Palm Beach) | Palm Beach County Park Airport (Palm Beach)
Notes † - County Seat
A list of cities under 10,000 is available here.
country, state, and nation can have various meanings. Therefore, diverse lists of these entities are possible. Wikipedia offers the following lists:

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"In God We Trust"   (since 1956)
"E Pluribus Unum"   ("From Many, One"; Latin, traditional)
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United States of America

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
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Federal government

President Vice President

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The links in the column FIPS County Code are to the Census Bureau Info page for that county.

List of 67 counties in the U.S. state of Florida:

Abbr. FIPS
State Code State
FL 12 Florida
Index # on Map FIPS County Code County Name
1 001 Alachua County
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Broward County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. As of 2000, the population is 1,623,018; this makes it the second most populated county in the state. According to 2006 U.S. Census estimates, its population had grown to 1,787,636 [1] .
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March 27 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.


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20th century - 21st century
1880s  1890s  1900s  - 1910s -  1920s  1930s  1940s
1908 1909 1910 - 1911 - 1912 1913 1914

Year 1911 (MCMXI
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The council-manager government is one of two main variations of representative municipal government in the United States. This system of government is used in the majority of American cities with populations over 12,000. (for contrast, see Mayor-Council government).
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A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning "larger", "greater") is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer.

In many systems, the mayor is an elected politician who serves as chief executive and/or ceremonial official of many types of
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James T. Naugle (born 1954)[0] is an American real estate broker, currently serving as the Mayor of Fort Lauderdale, Florida. Although a lifelong Democrat,[0] he frequently votes for and supports Republican candidates.
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Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. The term Surface area is the summation of the areas of the exposed sides of an object.


Units for measuring surface area include:
square metre = SI derived unit

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city is an urban settlement with a particularly important status which differentiates it from a town.

City is primarily used to designate an urban settlement with a large population. However, city may also indicate a special administrative, legal, or historical status.
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square mile is an imperial and US unit of area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. It should not be confused with the archaic miles square, which refers to the number of miles on each side squared.
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Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of surface area, the square metre, one of the SI derived units. 1 km² is equal to:
  • 1,000,000 m²
  • 100 ha (hectare)
  • 1 m² = 0.

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elevation of a geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point, often the mean sea level. Elevation, or geometric height, is mainly used when referring to points on the Earth's surface, while altitude or geopotential height
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1 foot =
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0 m 0 mm
US customary / Imperial units
0 yd 0 in
A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes,
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1 metre =
SI units
1000 mm 0 cm
US customary / Imperial units
0 ft 0 in
The metre or meter[1](symbol: m) is the fundamental unit of length in the International System of Units (SI).
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July 1 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining. The end of this day marks the halfway point of a leap year.
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20th century - 21st century - 22nd century
1970s  1980s  1990s  - 2000s -  2010s  2020s  2030s
2003 2004 2005 - 2006 - 2007 2008 2009

2006 by topic:
News by month
Jan - Feb - Mar - Apr - May - Jun
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city is an urban settlement with a particularly important status which differentiates it from a town.

City is primarily used to designate an urban settlement with a large population. However, city may also indicate a special administrative, legal, or historical status.
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Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, humans in particular.

Biological population densities

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metropolitan area is a large population centre consisting of a large metropolis and its adjacent zone of influence, or of more than one closely adjoining neighboring central cities and their zone of influence.
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time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. Most adjacent time zones are exactly one hour apart, and by convention compute their local time as an offset from UTC (see also Greenwich Mean Time).
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UTC−5 is the time offset used in the North American Central Time Zone during Daylight Saving Time.

For North America see also Eastern Standard Time and Central Daylight Time.
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Daylight saving time (DST; also summer time in British English) is the convention of advancing clocks so that afternoons have more daylight and mornings have less.
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UTC−4 is the time offset used in the Atlantic Standard Time Zone in Canada in winter and the North American Eastern Time Zone during daylight saving time (DST), as well as other countries.
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Area code 754 is the second area code for Broward County, Florida. In November 2000, the Florida Public Service Commission approved the use of an overlay area code to service Broward County, after a telecommunications industry group sought alternatives to relieve the strain on the
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Area code 954 went into service on September 11, 1995, for all telephones within Broward County, Florida. The area code was split from Area code 305, which had been used since the introduction of the area code system in 1947.
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Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the United States Federal government for use by all non-military government agencies and by government contractors.
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