Franco-Prussian War Order of Battle

This is an order of battle of the French and German Armies at the beginning of the Franco-Prussian War in 1870.

France

Order of battle at the beginning of the war:

Army of the Rhine

  • Imperial Guard Corps (Garde impériale)
  • 1st Infantry Division
  • 2nd Infantry Division
  • Cavalry Division
  • 1st Corps (1er corps)
  • 1st Infantry Division
  • 2nd Infantry Division
  • 3rd Infantry Division
  • 4th Infantry Division
  • Cavalry Division
  • 2nd Corps (2e corps)
  • 1st Infantry Division
  • 2nd Infantry Division
  • 3rd Infantry Division
  • Cavalry Division
  • 3rd Corps (3e corps)
  • 1st Infantry Division
  • 2nd Infantry Division
  • 3rd Infantry Division
  • 4th Infantry Division
  • Cavalry Division
  • 4th Corps (4e corps)
  • 1st Infantry Division
  • 2nd Infantry Division
  • 3rd Infantry Division
  • Cavalry Division
  • 5th Corps (5e corps)
  • 1st Infantry Division
  • 2nd Infantry Division
  • 3rd Infantry Division
  • Cavalry Division
  • 6th Corps (6e corps)
  • 1st Infantry Division
  • 2nd Infantry Division
  • 3rd Infantry Division
  • 4th Infantry Division
  • Cavalry Division
  • 7th Corps (7e corps)
  • 1st Infantry Division
  • 2nd Infantry Division
  • 3rd Infantry Division
  • Cavalry Division
  • Cavalry Reserve Corps (Corps de réserve de cavalerie)
  • 1st Reserve Cavalry Division
  • 2nd Reserve Cavalry Division
  • 3rd Reserve Cavalry Division
French Infantry divisions were square divisions, with two infantry brigades of two infantry regiments each. Generally, one brigade per division also had a light infantry (chasseur) battalion. French cavalry divisions were also generally square, with two brigades of two squadrons each, but the cavalry divisions of the Imperial Guard Corps, the 1st Corps, and the 6th Corps had three brigades.

Germany

Order of battle on August 18, 1870:

1st Army

2nd Army

3rd Army

Reserve

  • General Command over mobile troops in the I, II, IX, and X Corps Areas
  • 17th Infantry Division
  • Guard Landwehr Infantry Division
  • 1st Guard Landwehr Brigade
  • 1st Guard Landwehr Regiment
  • 2nd Guard Landwehr Regiment
  • 2nd Guard Landwehr Brigade
  • 1st Guard Grenadier Landwehr Regiment
  • 2nd Guard Grenadier Landwehr Regiment
  • 1st Landwehr Division
  • 1st Pomeranian Landwehr Brigade
  • 1st Combined Pomeranian Landwehr Regiment
  • 2nd Combined Pomeranian Landwehr Regiment
  • 2nd Pomeranian Landwehr Brigade
  • 3rd Combined Pomeranian Landwehr Regiment
  • 4th Combined Pomeranian Landwehr Regiment
  • 2nd (Brandenburg) Landwehr Division
  • 1st Brandenburg Landwehr Brigade
  • 1st Combined Brandenburg Landwehr Regiment
  • 2nd Combined Brandenburg Landwehr Regiment
  • 2nd Brandenburg Landwehr Brigade
  • 3rd Combined Brandenburg Landwehr Regiment
  • 4th Combined Brandenburg Landwehr Regiment
  • 3rd Combined Landwehr Division
  • West Prussian Landwehr Brigade
  • West Prussian Combined Landwehr Regiment
  • Lower Silesian Combined Landwehr Regiment
  • Posen Landwehr Brigade
  • 1st Combined Posen Landwehr Regiment
  • 2nd Combined Posen Landwehr Regiment
  • 16 Landwehr Cavalry Regiments
  • Reserve Foot Battalions of the Guard and 11 Line Artillery Regiments

Sources

  • A. Niemann, Der französische Feldzug 1870-1871 (Verlag des Bibliographischen Instituts, Hildburghausen, 1871).
Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War, often referred to in France as the 1870 War (19 July 1870-10 May 1871) was a conflict between France and Prussia, which was backed by the North German Confederation and the South German states of Baden, Württemberg and Bavaria.
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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1840s  1850s  1860s  - 1870s -  1880s  1890s  1900s
1867 1868 1869 - 1870 - 1871 1872 1873

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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A square division is a designation given to the way military divisions are organized. In a square organization, the division's main body is composed of four regimental elements.
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Chasseur (a French term for "hunter") is the designation given to certain regiments of French light infantry (Chasseurs à pied) or light cavalry (Chasseurs à cheval) troops, trained for rapid action.
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August 18 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1840s  1850s  1860s  - 1870s -  1880s  1890s  1900s
1867 1868 1869 - 1870 - 1871 1872 1873

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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1st Division (1. Division) was a unit of the Prussian/German Army.[1] It was formed in Königsberg in March 1816 as a Troop Brigade (Truppen-Brigade).[2][3] It became the 1st Division on September 5, 1818.
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2nd Division (2. Division) was a unit of the Prussian/German Army.[1] It was formed in Danzig (now Gdańsk, Poland) in March 1816 as a Troop Brigade (Truppen-Brigade).[2] It became the 2nd Division on September 5 1818.
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13th Division (13. Division) was a unit of the Prussian/German Army.[1] It was formed in November 1816 in Münster in Westphalia as a troop brigade and became the 13th Division on September 5 1818.
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14th Division (14. Division) was a unit of the Prussian/German Army.[1] It was formed in November 1816 in Trier as a troop brigade and became the 14th Division on September 5 1818, also relocating its headquarters to Düsseldorf.
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15th Division (15. Division) was a unit of the Prussian/German Army.[1] It was formed as the 16th Division on September 5 1818 in Cologne from the 4th Brigade of the Army Corps in France.[2] It became the 15th Division on December 14 1818.
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16th Division (16. Division) was a unit of the Prussian/German Army.[1] It was formed as the 15th Division on September 5 1818 in Koblenz from a troop brigade.[2] It became the 16th Division on December 14 1818 and moved its headquarters to Trier.
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The 1st Guard Infantry Division (German: 1. Garde-Infanterie-Division) was a unit of the Prussian (and later) Imperial German Army and was stationed in Berlin.

Lineage


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The 2nd Guard Infantry Division (German: 2. Garde-Infanterie-Division) was a unit in the Guard Corps of the Imperial German Army during the First World War. At the outbreak of war it was commanded by Gen-Lt. von Winkler.
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The Guards Cavalry Division (Garde-Kavallerie-Division) was a unit of the German army that was stationed in Berlin. The division was a part of the Guards Corps (Gardekorps).
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3rd Division (3. Division) was a unit of the Prussian/German Army.[1] It was formed in Stettin (now Szczecin, Poland) in May 1816 as a Troop Brigade (Truppen-Brigade).[2] It became the 3rd Division on September 5 1818.
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4th Division (4. Division) was a unit of the Prussian/German Army.[1] It was formed in Torgau on September 5 1818.[2] The headquarters moved to Stargard (now Stargard Szczeciński, Poland) in 1820, where it stayed until 1852.
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5th Division (5. Division) was a unit of the Prussian/German Army.[1] It was formed in Crossen in 1816 as a brigade, moved to Frankfurt an der Oder in 1817, and became the 5th Division on September 5, 1818.
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6th Division (6. Division) was a unit of the Prussian/German Army.[1] It was formed in Düsseldorf in 1816 as a brigade and became the 6th Division on September 5 1818.[2] The headquarters moved to Torgau in 1820 and then to Brandenburg in 1850.
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7th Division (7. Division) was a unit of the Prussian/German Army.[1] It was formed in Magdeburg in November 1816 as a brigade and became a division on September 5, 1818.[2] The division was subordinated in peacetime to the IV Army Corps (IV.
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8th Division (8. Division) was a unit of the Prussian/German Army.[1] It was formed in Erfurt in November 1816 as a brigade and became a division on September 5 1818.[2] The division was subordinated in peacetime to the IV Army Corps (IV.
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18th Division (18. Division) was a unit of the Prussian/German Army.[1] It was formed on October 11 1866 and was headquartered in Flensburg.[2] The division was subordinated in peacetime to the IX Army Corps (IX. Armeekorps).
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25th Division (25. Division), officially the Grand Ducal Hessian (25th) Division (Großherzoglich Hessische (25.) Division), was a unit of the Prussian/German Army.[1] It was headquartered in Darmstadt, the capital of the Grand Duchy of Hesse.
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19th Division (19. Division) was a unit of the Prussian/German Army.[1] It was formed on October 11 1866 and was headquartered in Hannover.[2] The division was subordinated in peacetime to the X Army Corps (X. Armeekorps).
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20th Division (20. Division) was a unit of the Prussian/German Army.[1] It was formed on October 11 1866 and was headquartered in Hannover.[2] The division was subordinated in peacetime to the X Army Corps (X. Armeekorps).
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23rd Division (23. Division), also known as the 1st Division No. 23 (1. Division Nr. 23) was a unit of the Saxon and then Imperial German Army.[1] The division was headquartered in Dresden.
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24th Division (24. Division), also known as the 2nd Division No. 24 (2. Division Nr. 24) was a unit of the Saxon and then Imperial German Army.[1] The division was headquartered in Leipzig.
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9th Division (9. Division) was a unit of the Prussian/German Army.[1] It was formed in Glogau (now Głogów, Poland) in November 1816 as a brigade, became the 10th Division on September 5 1818, and was renumbered the 9th Division on February 28 1820.
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10th Division (10. Division) was a unit of the Prussian/German Army.[1] It was formed in Posen (now Poznań, Poland) in November 1816 as a brigade, became the 9th Division on September 5 1818, and was renumbered the 10th Division on February 28 1820.
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11th Division (11. Division) was a unit of the Prussian/German Army.[1] It was formed in Breslau (now Wrocław, Poland) in November 1816 as a brigade, and became the 11th Division on September 5 1818.
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