Galena & Chicago Union Railroad

Galena and Chicago Union Railroad
Localenorthern Illinois
Dates of operation18361864
Track gaugeftin (1435 mm) (standard gauge)
The Galena and Chicago Union Railroad (G&CU) was a railroad running west from Chicago to Clinton, Iowa and Freeport, Illinois, never reaching Galena, Illinois. Incorporated in 1836, the G&CU became the first railroad built to Chicago.
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1862 map

History

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Original plan from Chicago to Galena
The first railroad constructed out of Chicago, the Galena and Chicago Union, was chartered January 16, 1836, to connect Chicago with the lead mines at Galena. "The Pioneer," the first locomotive on the road, arrived at Chicago on October 10, 1848, nearly thirteen years after the charter was granted. In 1850 the Galena and Chicago Union Railroad was completed as far as Elgin. The railroad and the canal were vital in the development of Chicago and the population of the city tripled in the six years after the opening of the canal. Eventually other railroads were built and Chicago became the largest railroad center in the world.

Construction

The railroad was constructed starting in March 1848 and was completed in 1853. The first westbound train out of Chicago departed on October 25, 1848, pulled by a used Baldwin-built locomotive named Pioneer.[1][2] In 1862 it leased in perpetuity the Cedar Rapids and Missouri Railroad which was to be the first railroad to reach Council Bluffs, Iowa and the First Transcontinental Railroad. The G&CU consolidated with the Chicago and North Western Railway in 1864.

References

  • Cronon, William (1992 [reprint]). Nature's metropolis: Chicago and the great west. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-30873-1.  examines the economic effects of the railroad (among other things).
A Chronological History of Chicago: 1673- Compiled by Chicago Municipal Reference Library, City of Chicago Updated by Municipal Reference Collection, Chicago Public Library

Notes

1. ^ Rivanna Chapter, National Railway Historical Society (2005), This Month in Railroad History - October. Retrieved October 25 2005.
2. ^ Chicago Historical Society, History Lab Collections - Riding the Rails. Retrieved October 25 2005.
State of Illinois

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Nickname(s): Land of Lincoln; The Prairie State
Motto(s): State sovereignty, national union

Official language(s) English[1]

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standard gauge of 1,435 mm (4 ft 8½ in), allowing inter-connectivity and the inter-operability of trains. Currently 60% of the world's railway lines are built to this gauge. It is also named Stephenson gauge after George Stephenson.
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Rail transport is the transport of passengers and goods by means of wheeled vehicles specially designed to run along railways or railroads. Rail transport is part of the logistics chain, which facilitates the international trading and economic growth in most countries.
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City of Chicago

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Clinton

Location in the State of Iowa
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State Iowa
County Clinton
Incorporated 1836
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title="State/States in which the site lies" State Illinois

title="Regions in which the site lies" Region Stephenson

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Galena, Illinois

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State Illinois
Counties Jo Daviess
Settled 1690s (French)[1]
Founded 1826
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January 16 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

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The Baldwin Locomotive Works was an American builder of railroad locomotives. It was located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania originally, and later in nearby Eddystone, Pennsylvania.

History

The Baldwin Locomotive Works had a humble beginning. Matthias W.
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Pioneer is the name of the first railroad locomotive to operate in Chicago, Illinois. It was built in 1837 by Baldwin Locomotive Works for the Utica and Schenectady Railroad (U&S) in New York, then purchased used by William B.
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The Cedar Rapids and Missouri Railroad was a railroad chartered to run from Cedar Rapids, Iowa to Council Bluffs, Iowa on the Missouri River.

It was the first railroad to reach Council Bluffs, Iowa, the eastern terminus of the First Transcontinental Railroad.
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Council Bluffs, Iowa
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State Iowa
County Pottawattamie
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Chicago and North Western Railway

Map of the Chicago and North Western Railway. Black lines are trackage now owned by Union Pacific; green lines are trackage now owned by Dakota, Minnesota and Eastern Railroad; blue lines are now owned by other railroads; dotted lines are
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