Gedera

Gedera
גדר?
Gedera
Country Israel
District Center
Founded 1884
Area
 - Local council 14500 dunams (14.5 km / 0 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 - Local council 12,500
Time zone IST (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) IDT (UTC+3)
Website: Town's community website (Hebrew)


Gedera, or Gdera (Hebrew: גדרה‎) is a town (local council) in the Center District of Israel. It is located between the cities of Rehovot to the north, Ashdod to the west, and borders the moshav Kidron.

History

Gedera was founded in 1884 by members of the Bilu group, near the ruins of a biblical Israelite city with a similar name.

Name origin

The Bilu settlers settled near a village called Qatra, which was built by the Arabs over the ruins of an ancient Israelite city.

Those ruins were thought to have been the ruins of a biblical city called HaGdera (The fenced city) or another biblical city called Gderot (fences), and therefore the name Gedera (Fenced city) was chosen.

Today, it is believed that Ha'Gdera and Gderot were further to the east, near the slopes of the Judean mountains, and that the ruins that Qatra was built on were the ruins of an even greater biblical city, Ekron.

Geography and demographics

Gedera is built on 7 hills, which rise to the height of 80 meters above sea level. It has an area of 14,500 dunams (14.5 km²) and a population of 13,600 (end of 2004 estimate). Gedera's Per Capita GDP as of a 2004 survey by Haaretz was 46,744 NIS, or around $11,000 US Dollars.

It is famous for its pastoral countryside view. Surrounded by green hills and agricultural lands, on the west it is possible to see all the way to the coastal city of Ashdod, and on the east there is a clear view of the Judean Mountains and Jerusalem Mountains.

Gedera is often considered to be the southern edge of central Israel, while Hadera is considered the northern edge, hence the Israeli expression "from Hadera to Gedera" to describe the most populated area in Israel.

Over the past 15 years, Ethiopian Jews have steadily moved to Gedera, now making up a substantial part of the population.

Recent expansion and development

Gedera's position near the large south-central cities of Israel (Rehovot, Ashdod and Kiryat Gat), low prices for private homes and the fact that it's a green and quiet town yet it's in the central district near Tel-Aviv and Jerusalem make it very attractive to Israelis. Gedera is one of the faster-growing towns in Israel, with a 7.9% growth rate. Recently, major developments have taken place in one section, creating a housing development for well-to-do and middle class residents, which has been nicknamed 'New Gedera'.

This major development, funded and built by the Azorim Company, is a large agglomeration of new neighborhoods and low-rise apartment buildings. The development has expanded inhabited Gedera by over 10 kilometers and established a new downtown zone that will contain the new Gedera Mall by 2010. In total, the development is three-quarters completed, and of the completed sections, 70% inhabited. Once completed, the new section will contain 8,000 homes, and Gedera's population will stand at an estimated 40,000 people.

The major road Highway Highway 7 was recently constructed alongside the border of Gedera, and so its presence next to Gedera will soon link the town directly to Israel's under-construction cross-country highway, Highway 6.

External links

Anthem
Hatikvah
The Hope


Capital
(and largest city) Jerusalem

Official languages Hebrew, Arabic
Demonym Israeli
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districts of Israel, known in Hebrew as mehozot (מחוזות; singular: mahoz) and fifteen sub-districts known as nafot (נפות; singular: nafa).
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Center District (Hebrew: מחוז המרכז‎, Meḥoz haMerkaz) of Israel is one of six administrative districts, including most of the Sharon region.
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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
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Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. The term Surface area is the summation of the areas of the exposed sides of an object.

Units

Units for measuring surface area include:
square metre = SI derived unit

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Israel

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A dunam or dönüm, dunum, donum is a unit of area used in the Ottoman Empire and still used, in various standardized versions, in many countries formerly part of the Ottoman Empire.
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Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of surface area, the square metre, one of the SI derived units. 1 km² is equal to:
  • 1,000,000 m²
  • 100 ha (hectare)
Conversely:
  • 1 m² = 0.

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square mile is an imperial and US unit of area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. It should not be confused with the archaic miles square, which refers to the number of miles on each side squared.
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Israel

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Politics of Israel


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time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. Most adjacent time zones are exactly one hour apart, and by convention compute their local time as an offset from UTC (see also Greenwich Mean Time).
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Israel Standard Time (IST, he: sh'on isra'el) is the standard time zone in Israel. It is two hours ahead of UTC (UTC+2).
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UTC+2 corresponds to the following time zones:
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UTC+3 is used in the following locations:
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Hebrew}}} 
Writing system: Alefbet Ivri abjad 
Official status
Official language of:  Israel
Regulated by: Academy of the Hebrew Language

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Israel

This article is part of the series:
Politics of Israel


  • Basic Laws
  • Jerusalem Law
  • Law of Return
  • President of Israel
  • Shimon Peres

..... Click the link for more information.
Center District (Hebrew: מחוז המרכז‎, Meḥoz haMerkaz) of Israel is one of six administrative districts, including most of the Sharon region.
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Anthem
Hatikvah
The Hope


Capital
(and largest city) Jerusalem

Official languages Hebrew, Arabic
Demonym Israeli
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Rehovot (Hebrew: רְחוֹבוֹת‎, Reḥovot
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Ashdod (Hebrew: אַשְׁדּוֹד‎; Arabic: إسدود
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Moshav (Hebrew: מושב Translit.: moshav
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Bilu (Hebrew: ביל"ו‎; acronym based on a verse from the Book of Isaiah (2:5) "בית יעקב לכו ונלכה" "
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Israelites were the dominant cultural and ethnic group living in Canaan in Biblical times, composing the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah. Modern Jewish people claim to be descended from the Tribes of Israel.
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Ekron (Hebrew עֶקְרוֹן, also transliterated Accaron) was one of the five cities of the famed Philistine 'pentapolis,' located in southwestern Canaan.
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A dunam or dönüm, dunum, donum is a unit of area used in the Ottoman Empire and still used, in various standardized versions, in many countries formerly part of the Ottoman Empire.
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Haaretz

Haaretz newspaper, front page of Hebrew and English editions
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Format Berliner


Owner Schocken Family
Editor David Landau
Associate Editor Tami Litani
Founded 1919
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Israeli new sheqel
שקל חדש (Hebrew)
شيقل جديد

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Rural areas (also referred to as "the country", countryside) are sparsely settled places away from the influence of large cities. Such areas are distinct from more intensively settled urban and suburban areas, and also from unsettled lands such as outback, American Old West
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