genius (mythology)

Topics in Roman mythology
Important Gods:
JupiterMinerva
MarsMercury
QuirinusVulcan
VestaCeres
JunoVenus
FortunaLares
Topics
Legendary History
Roman religion
The Flamens
Greek/Roman myth compared
Other minor Roman deities:
PenatesLarvae
GeniusManes
LemuresTerminus
In Roman mythology, every man had a genius and every woman a juno (Juno was also the name of the queen of the gods).

Enlarge picture
This aureus of Hadrian shows the Genius of the circus.


Originally, the genii and junones were ancestors who guarded over their descendants. Over time, they turned into personal guardian spirits, granting intellectual prowess. Sacrifices were made to one's genius or juno on one's birthday.

The juno was worshipped under many titles:
  • Iugalis - protected marriage
  • Matronalis - protected married women
  • Pronuba - protected the bride
  • Virginalis - protected virginity
In addition to the genius or juno of each individual, regions, families, households and cities had a genius. The genius of the Romans was a winged, naked youth. The genii dedicated to places were usually depicted as snakes.

See also

Roman mythology, the mythological beliefs of the people of Ancient Rome, can be considered as having two parts. One part, largely later and literary, consists of whole-cloth borrowings from Greek mythology.
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Jupiter (Iuppiter in Latin) held the same role as Zeus in the Greek pantheon. He was called Juppiter Optimus Maximus Soter (Jupiter Best, Greatest, Savior); as the patron deity of the Roman state, he ruled over laws and social order.
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Minerva was a Roman goddess of crafts, poetry and wisdom, and is known as the inventor of music.

This article focuses on Minerva in early Rome and in cultic practice.
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For the fourth planet from the sun, see Mars.


Mars was the Roman god of war, the son of Juno and either Jupiter or a magical flower. As the word Mars
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Mercury (IPA: /ˈmɜːkjəri/, Latin: Mercurius listen  
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Quirinus was an early god of the Roman state. In Augustan Rome, Quirinus was also an epithet of Janus, as Janus Quirinus.[1]

History

Quirinus was originally most likely a Sabine god.
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Vulcan is the god of beneficial and hindering fire,[1] including the fire of volcanoes. He is also called Mulciber ("softener") in Roman mythology and Sethlans in Etruscan mythology.
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Vesta was the virgin goddess of the hearth, home, and family in Roman mythology. Though she is often mistaken as analogous to Hestia in Greek mythology; she had a large, albeit mysterious role in Roman religion long before she appeared in Greece.
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Ceres was the goddess of growing plants (particularly cereals) and of motherly love. Her name derives from the Proto-Indo-European root "ker", meaning "to grow", which is also the root for the words "create" and "increase".
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Venus was a major Roman goddess principally associated with love and beauty and fertility, the equivalent of the Greek goddess Aphrodite. She was the consort of Vulcan. She was considered the ancestor of the Roman people by way of its legendary founder, Aeneas, and played a key
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Fortuna (equivalent to the Greek goddess Tyche) goddess of fortune, was the personification of luck, hopefully of good luck, but she could be represented veiled and blind, as modern depictions of Justice are seen, and came to represent the capriciousness of life.
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Lares (pl.) (also called Genii loci or, more archaically, Lases) were ancient Roman deities protecting the house and the family - household gods. See also Genius, Larvae, Di Penates, Manes.
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Please [ edit this article], according to the fiction guidelines, to meet Wikipedia's . (talk, )

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Ancient Roman religion combined several different cult practices and embraced more than a single set of beliefs. The Romans originally followed a rural animistic tradition, in which many spirits were each responsible for specific, limited aspects of the cosmos and human activities,
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flamen was a name given to a priest assigned to a state-supported god or goddess in Roman religion. There were fifteen flamines in the Roman Republic. The most important three were the flamines maiores
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Roman mythology was strongly influenced by Greek mythology and Etruscan mythology. The following is a list of most credited cult equivalences between the respective systems. Note however that many mythographers dismiss both the equivalences made in ancient times and those proposed by
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In Roman mythology, the Di Penates or briefly Penates were originally patron gods (really geniuses) of the storeroom, later becoming household gods guarding the entire household. They were related to the Lares, Genii and Larvae. Penates are referred to in Propertius (iv.i).
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larvae or lemures (singular lemur) were the spectres or spirits of the dead; they were the malignant version of the lares. Some Roman writers describe lemures
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Dis Manibus.]] In Roman mythology, the Manes were the souls of deceased loved ones. As minor spirits, they were similar to the Lares, Genii and Di Penates. They were honored during the Parentalia and Feralia in February.
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larvae or lemures (singular lemur) were the spectres or spirits of the dead; they were the malignant version of the lares. Some Roman writers describe lemures
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In Roman religion, Terminus was the god who protected boundary markers; his name was the Latin word for such a marker. Sacrifices were performed to sanctify each boundary stone, and landowners celebrated a festival called the Terminalia
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Roman mythology, the mythological beliefs of the people of Ancient Rome, can be considered as having two parts. One part, largely later and literary, consists of whole-cloth borrowings from Greek mythology.
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Juno (Latin: IVNO ) was a major Roman goddess, called Hera by the Greeks. She was queen of the gods. An ancient and central deity in Roman religion, Juno was the sister and wife of the ruler of the gods, Jupiter, and the mother of Hebe, Vulcan and Mars, one of the most important
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The Roman Empire is the name given to both the imperial domain developed by the city-state of Rome and also the corresponding phase of that civilization, characterized by an autocratic form of government. This article however is about the latter.
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Serpentes
Linnaeus, 1758

Infraorders and Families
  • Alethinophidia - Nopcsa, 1923
  • Acrochordidae- Bonaparte, 1831

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Lares (pl.) (also called Genii loci or, more archaically, Lases) were ancient Roman deities protecting the house and the family - household gods. See also Genius, Larvae, Di Penates, Manes.
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In Roman mythology, the Di Penates or briefly Penates were originally patron gods (really geniuses) of the storeroom, later becoming household gods guarding the entire household. They were related to the Lares, Genii and Larvae. Penates are referred to in Propertius (iv.i).
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In Roman mythology a genius loci was the protective spirit of a place. It was often depicted as a snake. In contemporary usage, "genius loci" usually refers to a location's distinctive atmosphere, or a "spirit of place", rather than necessarily a guardian spirit.
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One Thousand and One Nights (Arabic: كتاب ألف ليلة وليلة Kitāb 'Alf Laylah wa-Laylah, Persian:
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GEnie was an online service created by a General Electric business - GEIS (now GXS) that ran from 1985 through the end of 1999. At its peak in 1991, GEnie claimed around 400,000 users. Peak simultaneous usage was around 10,000 users.
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