Gilgit

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Gilgit Valle,By Rakaposhi Hiking Club Nawabshah
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Budha's Picture at Kargah,By Rakaposhi Hiking Club Nawabshah
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Manuscript of the Buddhist Jyotiṣkāvadāna text written in the Brahmi script, from Gilgit.
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Overview of the Karakoram Highway
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A PIA F27 that flies to Northern Areas regularly
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A Dance at Gilgit by G. W. Leitner, 1893
Gilgit (Urdu: گلگت) is the capital city of the Northern Areas, Pakistan. Its ancient name was Sargin which later on came to be known as Gilit and it is still called Gilit or Sargin-Gilit by local people.In Brushaski,it is named Geelt. Sikh and Dogra conquerors gave it name of Gilgit. Ghallata is considered its name in ancient Sanskrit literature. It is the headquarter of Gilgit District. Gilgit city is one of the two major hubs on the Northern Areas for all mountaineering expeditions of Karakoram to Himalaya peaks, the other hub being Skardu.

Gilgit has an area of 14,680 mi² (38,021 km²). The region is significantly mountainous, lying on the foothills of the Karakoram mountains, and has an average altitude of 1,500 m (5,000 ft). It is drained by the Indus River, which rises in the neighbouring regions of Ladakh and Baltistan.

History

Gilgit was an important city on the Silk Road through which Buddhism was spread from India to the rest of Asia. A large number of Buddhist Sanskrit texts, included the long version of the Heart Sutra have been unearthed in Gilgit. The Dards and Cizinas also appear in many of the old Pauranic lists of peoples with the former finding mention in Ptolemy's accounts of the region. Two famous travellers, Faxian, and Hsuan Tsang are known to have traversed Gilgit as per their accounts. Gilgit was ruled for centuries by the local Trakane Dynasty, which came to an end in about 1810. The area descended into internecine turmoil before being occupied by the Sikhs in 1842. It was ceded to Jammu in 1846. Gilgit's inhabitants drove their new rulers out in an uprising in 1852. The Khushwakhte Dynasty of Yasin and gulapure led the people of Gilgit to drive out the Dogras. After Yasin was conquered by the Katur Dynasty of Chitral the power of the Khushwakhte was crushed. The rule of Jammu was restored in 1860. Gilgit came under British rule in 1889, when it was unified with neighboring Nagar and Hunza in the Gilgit Agency. When British rule came to an end in 1947, the region was handed over to Kashmir and it has been subsequently claimed by and controlled by Pakistan. India claims Gilgit and the entire Northern Areas as part of the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir.

Geography

Only a part of the basin of the river Gilgit is included within its political boundaries. There is an intervening width of mountainous country, represented chiefly by glaciers and ice-fields, and intersected by narrow sterile valleys, measuring some 100 to 150 m. in width, to the north and north-east, which separates the province of Gilgit from the Chinese frontier beyond the Muztagh and Karakoram.

Tourism and transport

Gilgit city is one of the two major hubs for all mountaineering expeditions in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. Almost all tourists headed for treks in Karakoram or Himalaya ranges arrive at Gilgit first. Many tourists choose to travel to Gilgit by air since the road travel between Islamabad and Gilgit by Karakoram Highway takes nearly 24 hours, whereas the air travel takes a mere 45-50 minutes.

Road transport

Gilgit lies about 10 km off the Karakoram Highway. The KKH connects it to Chilas, Dasu, Besham, Mansehra, Abbottabad and Islamabad on the South. In the North it is connected to Karimabad (Hunza) and Sust in the Northern Areas and to the Chinese cities of Tashkurgan, Upal and Kashgar in Xinjiang.

Northern Areas Transport Corporation (NATCO) offers passenger road service between Islamabad, Gilgit, Sost and Tashkurgan, and road service between Kashgar and Gilgit (via Tashkurgan and Sust) starts in summer 2006. However, the border crossing between China and Pakistan at Khunjerab Pass (the highest border of the world) is open only between May 1 and October 15 of every year. During winter, the roads are blocked by snow. Even during the Monsoon season in summer, the roads are often blocked due to landslides. The best time to travel on Karakoram Highway is Spring or early Summer.

Air transport

Pakistan International Airlines flies brand new ATR42-500 flights twice daily between Gilgit Airport and Islamabad International Airport and the journey offers one of the most scenic areal views (especially from the cockpit) of the world as it passes close to Nanga Parbat and the mountain peaks are higher than the aircraft's cruising altitude. There are two routes that the aircraft takes one is the direct route from the capital Islamabad that takes it over the Margalla hill then over the town of Haripur direct over Kaghan valley from where it heads towards Nanga Parbat and finally abeam the mountain the descent starts into the Indus valley. The other route that it flies is all along the Indus valley which is also scenic but a little longer. The landing into Gilgit airport is pretty amazing and nerve wrecking for the faint hearted, but a must do for the adrenalin junkie provided you are allowed into the cockpit. These flights, however, are subject to the clearance of weather and in winters, flights are often delayed by several days.

Hospitals

There are two major hospitals in Gilgit proper. The first is the DHQ or District Head Quarters which is the general hospital for the city. The Aga Khan Health Services Hospital is the other major health system including Emergency, Medicine, Pediatrics and Gynecology Ops. It was started by Aga Khan in 1981 under the umberela organization called (AKDN) (Aga Khan Development Network). It is generally considered the best hospital system in the entire Northern Areas.

External Links

References

  • "The Gilgit Game" by John Keay (1985) ISBN 0-19-577466-3
  • Drew, Frederic. Date unknown. The Northern Barrier of India: a popular account of the Jammoo and Kashmir Territories with Illustrations. Reprint: Light & Life Publishers, Jammu. 1971.
  • Jettmar, Karl, 1980. Bolor & Dardistan. National Institute of Folk Heritage, Islamabad.
  • Knight, E. F. 1893. Where Three Empires Meet: A Narrative of Recent Travel in: Kashmir, Western Tibet, Gilgit, and the adjoining countries. Longmans, Green, and Co., London. Reprint: Ch'eng Wen Publishing Company, Taipei. 1971.
  • Leitner, G. W. 1893. Dardistan in 1866, 1886 and 1893: Being An Account of the History, Religions, Customs, Legends, Fables and Songs of Gilgit, Chilas, Kandia (Gabrial) Yasin, Chitral, Hunza, Nagyr and other parts of the Hindukush, as also a supplement to the second edition of The Hunza and Nagyr Handbook. And An Epitome of Part III of the author's “The Languages and Races of Dardistan. First Reprint 1978. Manjusri Publishing House, New Delhi.
  • Muhammad, Gulam. 1980. Festivals and Folklore of Gilgit. National Institute of Folk Heritage, Islamabad.

Notable people

  • late ghulam nabi baraat,a great social worker
  • wajahat hasan khan,custorian of independence hero col. hasan khan
  • sher wali khan, renowed advocate and noble person
  • Dr.Sher Wali Khan, Ex Director Health Services, NAs.
  • Sher Jehan Mir, President/CEO Karakurum bank NAs
  • Sardar Rasool Mir,Former MNA & Chief of Mir tribe
  • Afzal Ali Shigri, Ex Secretary Health & IG Sindh
  • Late Mir Shukat Ali Khan, Mir of Nager
  • Major Abdul Haq, Great warior
  • Mir Tazeem Akhtar,Director Finance KIU Gilgit.
  • Late Raja Muhammad Iqbal,Ex-Deputy Superintendent Of Police Gilgit.

Picture Gallery


Danyor Tanel

Gilgit Valley

Gilgit Valley from Sonikot

Broad View Of Gilgit Valley





Provincial and Territorial Capitals of Pakistan
Sindh: Karachi | Punjab: Lahore | NWFP: Peshawar | Balochistan: Quetta
Northern Areas: Gilgit | Federally Administered Tribal Areas: Peshawar | Azad Kashmir: Muzaffarabad
Federal Capital: Islamabad


Coordinates:
Urdu}}} 
Writing system: Urdu alphabet (Nasta'liq script) 
Official status
Official language of:  Pakistan ;
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Northern Areas (Urdu: , Shumālī Ilāqe Jāt), now known officially as the
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Sanskrit}}}  | style="padding-left: 0.5em;" | Writing system: | colspan="2" style="padding-left: 0.5em;" | Devanāgarī and several other Brāhmī-based scripts  ! colspan="3" style="text-align: center; color: black; background-color: lawngreen;"|Official
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Gilgit District is bounded by Wakhan Corridor (Afghanistan) in the north, Xinjiang (China) in the north / northeast, Skardu District in the south / southeast. The town of Gilgit is the capital of Gilgit District.
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Northern Areas (Urdu: , Shumālī Ilāqe Jāt), now known officially as the
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Karakoram



Countries | Pakistan,China,India
| Gilgit,Ladakh,Baltistan

Highest point | K2
 - coordinates
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Himalayas (also Himalaya, Hindi: हिमालय, IPA pronunciation: [hɪ'mɑlijə], [ˌhɪmə'leɪjə]
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Skardu (Urdu: سکردو) is the principle town and capital of Baltistan district, one of the districts making up Pakistan's Northern Areas (also part of the Pakistani-administered part of Kashmir).
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square mile is an imperial and US unit of area equal the area of a square of one statute mile. It should not be confused with the archaic miles square, which refers to the number of miles on each side squared.
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Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of the SI unit of surface area, the square metre, one of the SI derived units. 1 km² is equal to:
  • 1,000,000 m²
  • 100 ha (hectare)
Conversely:
  • 1 m² = 0.

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Karakoram



Countries | Pakistan,China,India
| Gilgit,Ladakh,Baltistan

Highest point | K2
 - coordinates
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For other uses see Altitude (disambiguation)


Altitude is the elevation of an object from a known level or datum (plural: data). Common data are mean sea level and the surface of the WGS-84 geoid, used by GPS.
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Indus
Sindh, Sindhu, Hindu, Abasin, Sengge Chu
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Ladakh (Tibetan script: ལ་དྭགས་; Wylie: la-dwags, Ladakhi IPA: [lad̪ɑks]
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Baltistan (Urdu: بلتستان) , also known as بلتیول (Baltiyul) in the Balti language, is a region to the north of Kashmir, bordering Xinjiang Autonomous Region of China.
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Silk Road, or Silk Route, is an interconnected series of ancient trade routes through various regions of the Asian continent, mainly connecting Chang'an (today's Xi'an) in China, with Asia Minor and the Mediterranean. It extends over 8,000 km (5,000 miles) on land and sea.
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Buddhism is often described as a religion[1] and a collection of various philosophies, based initially on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, known as Gautama Buddha.
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This page is currently protected from editing until disputes have been resolved.
Protection is not an endorsement of the current [ version] ([ protection log]).
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Asia is the world's largest and most populous continent. It covers 8.6% of the Earth's total surface area (or 29.4% of its land area) and, with almost 4 billion people, it contains more than 60% of the world's current human population.
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Sanskrit}}}  | style="padding-left: 0.5em;" | Writing system: | colspan="2" style="padding-left: 0.5em;" | Devanāgarī and several other Brāhmī-based scripts  ! colspan="3" style="text-align: center; color: black; background-color: lawngreen;"|Official
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The Heart of Perfect Wisdom Sutra or Heart Sutra or Essence of Wisdom Sutra (Sanskrit: प्रज्ञापारमिताहृदयसूत्र
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Claudius Ptolemaeus (Greek: Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος; after 83 – 161 AD), known in English as Ptolemy, was a Greek[1] or Egyptian
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Faxian(Chinese: 法顯; Pinyin: Fǎxiǎn; also romanized as Fa-Hien or Fa-hsien) (ca. 337 - ca.
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This page contains Chinese text.
Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Chinese characters.
See also: Xuanzang (fictional character)

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Spoken & written script of holy Guru Granth Sahib:
Written language of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib is: Gurmukhi, Sahiskriti and Sant Bhasha[19]
Spoken words: Punjabi, Bengali, Brij Bhasha and Persian[20]
Predominant spoken languages:
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Jammu pronunciation   (Hindi: जम्मू, Urdu: جموں) is one of the three regions comprising the disputed state of Jammu
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