Gold Beach

Gold Beach
Part of World War II

A Cromwell Tank landing on Gold Beach
Date6 June, 1944
LocationArromanches, Le Hamel, La Rivière, in France
ResultBritish victory.
Combatants
United Kingdom Germany
Commanders
Lieutenant-General Miles Dempsey, British 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry DivisionGeneral lieutnant Wilhelm Richter, German 716th Static Infantry Division
Generalleutnant Dietrich Kraiss, German 352nd Static Infantry Division
Strength
24,970Unknown
Casualties
400 altogetherUnknown
For , see .
Gold Beach was the Allied codename for the centre invasion beach during the World War II Allied invasion of Normandy, June 6, 1944. It lay between Omaha Beach and Juno Beach, was 8 km wide and divided into four sectors. From West to East they were How, Item, Jig, and King.

The task of invading Gold Beach was given to the British 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division commanded by Major General D.A.H. Graham, and the British 8th Armoured Brigade of the 2nd Army under Lieutenant General Miles Dempsey. The beach was assaulted in multiple brigades of the 50th Infantry Division; on the West was the 231st Brigade, followed by the 56th Brigade, attached to this was a regiment of DD tanks from the Nottinghamshire Yeomanry, the infantry assault battalions that attacked in the West were; the 1st Battalion Hampshire Regiment, and the 1st Battalion Dorset Regiment. On the East 69th Brigade, followed by 151st Brigade, again a regiment of DD tanks was attached, they were from the 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards, the infantry assault battalions that attacked in the East were; the 5th Battalion East Yorkshire Regiment, and the 6th Battalion The Green Howards. Their primary objective was to seize the town of Bayeux, the Caen-Bayeux road, and the port of Arromanches with the secondary objectives being to make contact with the Americans landing at Omaha Beach to the West and the Canadians landing at Juno Beach to the East. The German 716th Division commanded by Generalleutnant Wilhelm Richter, and elements of the 1st Battalion of the 352nd Division commanded by Generalleutnant Dietrich Kraiss, defended the Channel coast for the Germans.

H-Hour for the Gold beach landing was set for 07:25 and heavy initial resistance was reported. However after the British broke through the German lines, casualties began to drop off leaving the final toll at 400, mercifully fewer than those suffered at the bloody Omaha Beach.

By midnight on the evening of June 6, 1944 the British forces had landed 24,970 men on Gold Beach, and had penetrated six miles into occupied France. They fulfilled one of their secondary objectives by meeting up with the Canadians who had landed at Juno Beach but failed in their primary objective of reaching the Caen-Bayeux road and in their secondary objective of meeting the Americans from Omaha Beach. However they had established a foothold into fortress Europa that would ultimately be a stepping stone to victory.

The beaches of D-Day are still known by their invasion codenames today.

Additional Images

Some pictures of modern day Arromanches-les-Bains (Gold Beach) taken June 21, 2005.



See also


     [ e] 
Main articles on Battle of Normandy, Western Front, World War II
OperationsKey locationsSee also
Landing Points:
*Pointe du Hoc (US)
Other:
More information on Battle of Normandy: from Wiktionary
from Wikibooks
from Wikiquote
from Wikisource
from Commons
from Wikinews

Sources

Coordinates:



ééit:Gold Beach]]
Allied powers:
 Soviet Union
 United States
 United Kingdom
 China
 France
...et al. Axis powers:
 Germany
 Japan
 Italy
...et al.
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June 6 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1910s  1920s  1930s  - 1940s -  1950s  1960s  1970s
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Year 1944 (MCMXLIV
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Arromanches-les-Bains or simply Arromanches is a town in Normandy, France, located on the coast in the heart of the area where the Normandy landings took place on D-Day, on June 6, 1944.
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Rivière, La Rivière, Rivières and Les Rivières (French for "River") is the name or part of the name of several communes in France:
  • Rivière, in the Indre-et-Loire département
  • Rivière, in the Pas-de-Calais département

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Motto
Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem
"La Marseillaise"


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Motto
"Dieu et mon droit" [2]   (French)
"God and my right"
Anthem
"God Save the Queen" [3]
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Motto
"Dieu et mon droit" [2]   (French)
"God and my right"
Anthem
"God Save the Queen" [3]
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This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling.
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This article has been tagged since August 2007.
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World War I
World War II
Awards GBE (2 Jan 1956)
KBE (5 Jul 1945)
KCB (29 Jun 1944
CB (14 Oct 1943)
DSO (11 Jul 1940)
MC (3 Jun 1919)
LM (12 April 1945)
DSM (16 Jan 1948)
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50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division was a 1st Line Territorial Army division during the Second World War. Its unit badge had two Ts, to represent the two boundaries to its recruitment area, the rivers Tyne and Tees.
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716th Static Infantry Division
716th Volksgrenadier Division

The 716th Static Infantry Division was raised in May 1941 for occupation duties in France.
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Dietrich Kraiss (November 16, 1889 – August 6, 1944) was a German Generalleutnant during World War II, awarded the German Cross in Gold and the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves.

Kraiss was born in Stuttgart.
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The 352nd Infantry Division (352. Infanterie-Division) was an infantry division of the German Wehrmacht during World War II. A western front unit, the 352nd became notable for its tenacious defense of Omaha Beach on D-Day, 6 June 1944.
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United States: 29,000 dead, 106,000 wounded and missing;
United Kingdom: 11,000 dead, 54,000 wounded and missing;
Canada: 5,000 dead; 13,000 wounded and missing;
France: 12,200 civilian dead and missing 23,019 KIA ,
67,060 wounded,
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Operation Neptune was the assault landing operation of Operation Overlord, the precursor to the Battle of Normandy during World War II. D-Day for the operation, postponed 24 hours, became June 6, 1944.
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American airborne landings in Normandy were the first United States combat operations of Operation Overlord, the invasion of Normandy by the Western Allies on June 6, 1944. 13,100 paratroopers of the U.S.
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Operation Tonga was the codename given to the landing of the British 6th Airborne Division on the eastern flank of the invasion area during the Battle of Normandy on the night of the 5/6 June 1944, and was part of Operation Neptune, the assault portion of Operation Overlord.
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Pegasus Bridge is a bascule bridge over the Caen Canal, near Ouistreham, France. The bridge, also known as the Bénouville Bridge after the neighbouring village, was a major objective of Operation Tonga.
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Mission Albany was a parachute combat assault at night by the U.S. 101st Airborne Division on June 6, 1944, part of the American airborne landings in Normandy. It was the opening step of Operation Neptune, the assault portion of the Allied invasion of France, Operation Overlord.
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Mission Boston was a parachute combat assault at night by the U.S. 82nd Airborne Division on June 6, 1944, part of the American airborne landings in Normandy. Boston was a component of Operation Neptune, the assault portion of the Allied invasion of France, Operation
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Mission Chicago was a pre-dawn glider-borne combat assault in the American airborne landings in Normandy, made by elements of the U.S. 101st Airborne Division on the early morning of June 6, 1944.
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Mission Detroit was a pre-dawn glider-borne combat assault in the American airborne landings in Normandy, made by elements of the U.S. 82nd Airborne Division on the early morning of June 6, 1944.
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During World War II, mission Elmira was the landing of a significant part of the 82nd Airborne Division’s glider train in Normandy on the evening of 6 June, 1944 as part of Operation Neptune, the assault phase of Operation Overlord.
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Sword Beach was the codename of one of the five main landing beaches in Operation Neptune, the initial assault phase of Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion of Normandy on 6 June 1944.
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Juno Beach was one of the landing sites for Allied invaders on the coast of Normandy during D-Day. It was situated between Sword Beach and Gold Beach. It is also known as the Canadian beach, as it was assigned to the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division (with the 2nd Canadian Armoured
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Omaha Beach was the code name for one of the principal landing points of the Allied invasion of German-occupied France in the Normandy landings on June 6 1944, during World War II.
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Utah Beach was the codename for one of the Allied landing beaches during the D-Day invasion of Normandy, as part of Operation Overlord on 6 June, 1944. Utah was added to the invasion plan toward the end of the planning stages, when more landing craft became available.
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Pointe du Hoc (IPA: [pwε̃t dy ɔk]) is a clifftop location on the coast of Normandy in northern France. It lies 4 miles (6.4 km) west of Omaha Beach, and stands on 100 ft (30 m) tall cliffs overlooking the sea.
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Attack on Panzer Group West's headquarters at La Caine in Normandy was carried out by aircraft of the RAF's Second Tactical Air Force on 10 June 1944.

During the Battle of Normandy, the headquarters of Panzer Group West was established in the Chateau at La Caine.
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