Graham Hill

Graham Hill
At German GP in 1968
NationalityBritish

Formula One World Championship career
Active years1958 - 1975
TeamsLotus, BRM, Brabham, Hill
Races178 (175 starts)
Championships2 (1962, 1968)
Wins14
Podium finishes   36
Career points270 (289)[1]
Pole positions13
Fastest laps10
First race1958 Monaco Grand Prix
First win1962 Dutch Grand Prix
Last win1969 Monaco Grand Prix
Last race1975 Monaco Grand Prix
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24 Hours of Le Mans career
Participating years1958-1966, 1972
TeamsTeam Lotus
Porsche AG
NART/Rob Walker
Aston Martin
BRM
Maranello Concessionaires
Alan Mann Racing Ltd
Equipe Matra-Simca Shell
Best finish1st (1972)
Class wins1 (1972)
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Enlarge picture
Graham Hill driving a Lotus 49 at the Nürburgring in 1969
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''Template {{}} needs its first parameter as beg[in], mid[dle], or end. Norman Graham Hill (February 15, 1929November 29, 1975) was an English racing driver and two-time Formula One World Champion. He was born in Hampstead, London.

Graham Hill is the only driver to win the so-called Triple Crown of Motorsport:

Biography

Professional history

After serving in the military, Hill became a mechanic at Smiths Instruments, and then joined Team Lotus as a mechanic in the mid 1950s. At the unusually late age of nearly 30, he started racing, and due to Lotus' presence in Formula One, he quickly got a chance to race there, debuting at the 1958 Monaco Grand Prix, retiring with a halfshaft failure.

In 1960, Hill joined BRM, and won the world championship with them in 1962. Hill was also part of the so-called 'British invasion' of drivers in the Indianapolis 500 during the mid-1960s, triumphing there in 1966 in a Lola-Ford.

In 1967, back at Lotus, Hill helped developing the Lotus 49 with the new Cosworth-V8 engine. After team mates Jim Clark and Mike Spence were killed in early 1968, Hill led the team, and won his second world championship in 1968 . The Lotus had a reputation of being very fragile and dangerous at that time, especially with the new aerodynamic aids which caused similar crashes of Hill and Jochen Rindt at the 1969 Spanish Grand Prix. A crash at the 1969 United States Grand Prix broke his legs and interrupted his career.

At age 41, he did not retire, but continued to race in F1 for several more years, with little success. His last win in Formula One was in the non-Championship International Trophy at Silverstone in 1971 with the "lobster claw" Brabham BT34. Hill was known during the latter part of his career for his wit and endurance. With Henri Pescarolo he won the 1972 24 Hours of Le Mans for Matra. This victory completed the so-called Triple Crown of motorsport: winning the Indy 500, the Monaco Grand Prix, and the Le Mans 24 Hours. Hill is still the only person ever to have accomplished this.

After failing to qualify for the 1975 Monaco Grand Prix, where he had won five times, Hill retired to concentrate on running his team. With sponsorship from Embassy, Hill set up his own racing team in 1973: Embassy Hill. The team used chassis from Shadow and Lola before introducing its own design in 1975.

Family

Hill married Bette, in 1955. They had two daughters, Brigitte and Samantha, and a son, Damon who later became Formula One World Champion, the only son of a former champion to do so.

Death

In November 1975, Graham was killed when his Piper Aztec aeroplane (which he was piloting at the time) crashed in foggy conditions over Arkley Golf Course in North London. Five members of the Embassy Hill team, including up-and-coming driver Tony Brise, also died in the accident. As Hill was uninsured his wife was prosecuted by the families of the other victims. Settling the claims wiped out Hill's estate.

Rowing

Enlarge picture
Hill at the 1971 Race of Champions.
Before taking up motor racing, Hill spent several years actively involved in rowing. Initially, he rowed at Southsea Rowing Club, while stationed in Portsmouth with the Royal Navy and at Auriol Rowing Club in Hammersmith. He met Bette at a Boxing Day party at Auriol and, while courting her, he also coached her clubmates at Stuart Ladies' Rowing Club on the River Lea.

In 1952 he joined London Rowing Club, then as now one of the largest and most successful clubs in Great Britain. From 1952 to 1954, Hill rowed in twenty finals with London, usually as stroke of the crew, eight of which resulted in wins. He also stroked the London eight in the highly prestigious Grand Challenge Cup at Henley Royal Regatta, losing a semi-final to Union Sportif Metropolitaine des Transports, France by a length.

Through his racing career he continued to support rowing and London. In 1968 when the club began a financial appeal to modernise its clubhouse, Hill launched proceedings by driving an old Morris Oxford, which had been obtained for £5, head-on into a boundary wall. Hill made three runs to reduce the wall to rubble, and the car was subsequently sold for £15.

Hill felt that the experience gained in rowing helped him in his motor-racing. He wrote in his autobiography:

"I really enjoyed my rowing. It really taught me a lot about myself, and I also think it is a great character-building sport...The self discipline required for rowing and the 'never say die' attitude obviously helped me through the difficult years that lay ahead."

Famously, Hill adopted the colours and cap design of London RC for his racing helmet - dark blue with white oar-shaped tabs. Damon Hill later adopted these same colours.[2]

Race results

Formula One World Championship results

() (Races in bold indicate pole position)
Year Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Team WDC Points[1]
1958LotusARG
MON
Ret
NED
Ret
500
BEL
Ret
FRA
Ret
GBR
Ret
GER*
Ret
POR
Ret
ITA
6
MOR
16
Lotus - 0
1959Lotus MON
Ret
500
NED
7
FRA
Ret
GBR
9
GER
Ret
POR
Ret
ITA
Ret
USA
Lotus - 0
1960BRM ARG
Ret
MON
7
500
NED
3
BEL
Ret
FRA
Ret
GBR
Ret
POR
Ret
ITA
USA
Ret
BRM 15th 4
1961BRM MON
Ret
NED
8
BEL
Ret
FRA
6
GBR
Ret
GER
Ret
ITA
Ret
USA
5
BRM 16th 3
1962BRM NED
1
MON
6
BEL
2
FRA
9
GBR
4
GER
1
ITA
1
USA
2
RSA
1
BRM 1st42 (52)
1963BRM MON
1
BEL
Ret
NED
Ret
FRA
3
GBR
3
GER
Ret
ITA
16
USA
1
MEX
4
RSA
3
BRM 2nd29
1964BRM MON
1
NED
4
BEL
5
FRA
2
GBR
2
GER
2
AUT
Ret
ITA
Ret
USA
1
MEX
11
BRM 2nd39 (41)
1965BRM RSA
3
MON
1
BEL
5
FRA
5
GBR
2
NED
4
GER
2
ITA
2
USA
1
MEX
Ret
BRM 2nd40 (47)
1966BRM MON
3
BEL
Ret
FRA
Ret
GBR
3
NED
2
GER
4
ITA
Ret
USA
Ret
MEX
Ret
BRM 5th 17
1967Lotus RSA
Ret
MON
2
NED
Ret
BEL
Ret
FRA
Ret
GBR
Ret
GER
Ret
CAN
4
ITA
Ret
USA
2
MEX
Ret
Lotus 7th 15
1968Lotus RSA
2
ESP
1
MON
1
BEL
Ret
NED
9
FRA
Ret
GBR
Ret
GER
2
ITA
Ret
CAN
4
USA
2
MEX
1
Lotus 1st48
1969Lotus RSA
2
ESP
Ret
MON
1
NED
7
FRA
6
GBR
7
GER
4
ITA
9
CAN
Ret
USA
Ret
MEX
Lotus 7th 19
1970Lotus RSA
6
ESP
4
MON
5
BEL
Ret
NED
NC
FRA
10
GBR
6
GER
Ret
AUT
ITA
DNS
CAN
NC
USA
Ret
MEX
Ret
Lotus 13th 7
1971Brabham RSA
9
ESP
Ret
MON
Ret
NED
10
FRA
Ret
GBR
Ret
GER
9
AUT
5
ITA
Ret
CAN
Ret
USA
7
Brabham 21st 2
1972Brabham ARG
Ret
RSA
6
ESP
10
MON
12
BEL
Ret
FRA
10
GBR
Ret
GER
6
AUT
Ret
ITA
5
CAN
8
USA
11
Brabham 15th 4
1973ShadowARG
BRA
RSA
ESP
Ret
BEL
9
MON
Ret
SWE
Ret
FRA
10
GBR
Ret
NED
NC
GER
13
AUT
Ret
ITA
14
CAN
16
USA
13
Shadow - 0
1974Lola ARG
Ret
BRA
11
RSA
12
ESP
Ret
BEL
8
MON
7
SWE
6
NED
Ret
FRA
13
GBR
13
GER
9
AUT
12
ITA
8
CAN
14
USA
8
Lola 18th 1
1975Lola ARG
10
BRA
12
RSA
DNQ
ESP
MON
DNQ
BEL
SWE
NED
FRA
GBR
GER
AUT
ITA
USA
Hill - 0

Indy 500 results

Year[3]Car
number
StartQual.
speed
Speed
rank
FinishLaps
completed
Laps
led
Race
status
Chassis
19662415159.24323120010RunningLola-Ford
19678131163.3172132230PistonLotus-Ford 42/B1
1968702171.2082191100Crash T2Lotus - Pratt&Whitney 56/3
Starts3
Poles0
Front Row1
Wins1
Top 51
Top 101
Retired2
  • Hill's 1966 victory marked the first win by a rookie driver since Frank Lockhart's 1927 win and the last until Juan Montoya's visit to Victory Lane in 2000.
  • Hill's three race Indianapolis career ranks 940th on the list of career 3-race Indianapolis starting streaks, and 988th on the list of career 3-race Indianapolis finishing streaks.
  • Hill entered the 1969 Indianapolis 500, but his car (Lotus-Ford Chassis 64/2) was withdrawn during practice along with those of Mario Andretti and Jochen Rindt due to delays rectifying problems associated with hub failure on Andretti's car.

Quotation

"I'm an artist, the track is my canvas, and the car is my brush."

"Time is of the essence and I don't have much essence left." [Quote from his biography published after his death]

Credits

Hill's easy wit and charm helped him become a television personality, notably on the BBC show Call My Bluff with Patrick Campbell and Frank Muir. For a number of years in the early 1970s he appeared as one half of a double act, with Jackie Stewart, as an insert within the BBC Sports Personality of the Year show.

In 1990, Hill was inducted into the International Motorsports Hall of Fame.

Trivia

  • Hill got irreverently immortalized on a Monty Python episode ("It's the Arts (or: Intermission)" sketch called "Historical Impersonations"), in which a Gumby appears asking to "see John the Baptist's impersonation of Graham Hill." The head of St. John the Baptist appears on a silver platter, which runs around the floor making putt-putt noises of a race car engine.
  • Silverstone village, home to the track of the same name, has a road Graham Hill named for him.
  • Graham Hill bend at Brands Hatch is named in his honour.
  • Hill was involved with four films between 1966 and 1974, including appearances in Grand Prix and Caravan to Vaccarès, in which he appeared as a helicopter pilot.[4]

References

1. ^ Up until 1990, not all points scored by a driver contributed to their final World Championship tally (see list of pointscoring systems for more information). Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.
2. ^ Dodd, Christopher (2006). Water Boiling Aft: London Rowing Club The First 150 Years 1856-2006. The London Rowing Club. ISBN 0 9552938 0 4. 
3. ^ Graham Hill Indy 500 Race Stats [1]
4. ^ Caravan to Vaccarès: Cast & Crew movies.msn.com. Retrieved on July 14 2007.

External links

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Stirling Moss
BRDC International Trophy winner
1962
Succeeded by
Jim Clark
Preceded by
Phil Hill
Formula One World Champion
1962
Succeeded by
Jim Clark
Preceded by
Jim Clark
Indianapolis 500 Winner
1966
Succeeded by
A. J. Foyt
Preceded by
Denny Hulme
Formula One World Champion
1968
Succeeded by
Jackie Stewart
Preceded by
Chris Amon
BRDC International Trophy winner
1971
Succeeded by
Emerson Fittipaldi
Preceded by
Helmut Marko
Gijs van Lennep
Winner of the 24 Hours of Le Mans
1972 with:
Henri Pescarolo
Succeeded by
Henri Pescarolo
Gérard Larrousse
Records
Preceded by
Jack Brabham
128 entries, 126 starts
(1955 - 1970)
Most Grand Prix entries
178 entries, 175 starts
(1958 - 1975),
129th at the 1971 Dutch GP
Succeeded by
Jacques Laffite
180 entries
(177 starts),
179th at the 1986 French GP
Awards
Preceded by
Stirling Moss
Hawthorn Memorial Trophy
1962
Succeeded by
Jim Clark
Preceded by
Denny Hulme
Hawthorn Memorial Trophy
1968
Succeeded by
Jackie Stewart


Results from the 1968 Formula One German Grand Prix held at Nürburgring on August 4, 1968. The race was held in extremely wet conditions. Stewart's winning drive during the rain and fog of the 1968 German Grand Prix at the Nürburgring, where he won by a margin of four minutes, is
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The FIA Super Licence is a qualification allowing the licence holder to take part in Formula One grand prix as a driver. The licence is issued by the FIA upon request.
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Motto
"Dieu et mon droit" [2]   (French)
"God and my right"
Anthem
"God Save the Queen" [3]
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Category Single seaters
Country or region International
Inaugural season 1950[1]
Drivers 22
Teams 11
Engine suppliers 6
Drivers' champion Fernando Alonso
Official website formula1.
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The 1958 Formula One season was the 9th FIA Formula One World Championship season. It commenced on January 19, 1958, and ended on October 19 after eleven races. It was one of the most important and tragic seasons in Formula One's history.
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The 1975 Formula One season was the 26th FIA Formula One World Championship season. It commenced on January 12, 1975, and ended on October 5 after fourteen races.

Season summary


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Team Lotus was the motorsport sister company of English sports car manufacturer Lotus Cars. The team ran cars in many motorsport series including Formula One, Formula Two, Formula Ford, Formula Junior, IndyCar and sports car racing.
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British Racing Motors (generally known as BRM) was a British Formula 1 motor racing team. Founded in 1945, it raced from 1950 to 1977, competing in 197 Grand Prix and winning 17. In 1962, BRM won the Constructors' Title.
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Motor Racing Developments Ltd., commonly known as Brabham (IPA: ['bɹæbəm]), was a British racing car manufacturer and Formula One racing team.
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Hill was a short-lived Formula One team started by the two-time Formula One world-champion Graham Hill, racing as a constructor with its own chassis in 1975. The team debuted in 1973 and had limited success in three seasons of racing, but everything was cut short by the death of
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The Formula One World Drivers' Championship (WDC) is awarded by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) to the most successful Formula One race car driver over a season, as determined by a points system based on Grand Prix results.
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The 1962 Formula One season was the 13th FIA Formula One World Championship season. It commenced on May 20, 1962, and ended on December 29 after nine races.

Season summary


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The 1968 Formula One season was the 19th FIA Formula One World Championship season. It commenced on January 1, 1968, and ended on November 3 after twelve races.

Season summary


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In circuit motorsport, a driver has pole position when he or she starts a race at the front of the grid. The term comes from the horse racing term where the number one starter starts on the inside next to the inside pole.
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In motorsport, the fastest lap is the quickest lap run during a race. Some series, like A1 Grand Prix and the GP2 series, award bonus points to the driver/team with the fastest lap.
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The 1958 Monaco Grand Prix was a Formula One race held on 18 May 1958 at Monaco.

Classification


Pos No Driver Team Laps Time/Retired Grid Points
1 20 Maurice Trintignant Cooper-Climax 100 2:52'27.
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The 1962 Dutch Grand Prix was a Formula One race held on 20 May 1962 at Zandvoort.

Classification


Pos No Driver Team Laps Time/Retired Grid Points
1 17 Graham Hill BRM 80 2:11'02.1 2 9
2 5 Trevor Taylor Lotus-Climax 80 +27.
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Results from the 1969 Formula One Monaco Grand Prix held at Monaco on May 18, 1969

Classification


Pos No Driver Team Laps Time/Retired Grid Points
1 2 Graham Hill Lotus-Ford 80 1:56'59.
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Results from the 1975 Formula One Monaco Grand Prix held at Monaco on May 11, 1975.

Race summary

The future of Grand Prix racing was under scrutiny following the shambolic Spanish race.
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The 24 Hours of Le Mans (24 Heures du Mans) is a sports car endurance race held annually since 1923 near the town of Le Mans, Sarthe, France. Commonly known as the Grand Prix of Endurance
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The 1958 24 Hours of Le Mans was the 26th Grand Prix of Endurance, and took place on June 21 and 22, 1958. It was also the fifth round of the World Sportscar Championship.
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The 1966 24 Hours of Le Mans was the 34th Grand Prix of Endurance, and took place on June 18 and 19, 1966. It was also the seventh round of the World Sportscar Championship.

Pre-race

In 1966, the Ford Mk. II had become reliable.
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The 1972 24 Hours of Le Mans was the 40th Grand Prix of Endurance, and took place on June 10 and 11, 1972. It was the ninth round of the World Sportscar Championship.
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Team Lotus was the motorsport sister company of English sports car manufacturer Lotus Cars. The team ran cars in many motorsport series including Formula One, Formula Two, Formula Ford, Formula Junior, IndyCar and sports car racing.
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Porsche has been successful in many branches of motorsport, scoring a total of more than 28,000 victories. Porsche is currently the world's largest race car manufacturer.
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The North American Racing Team (also known as NART) was created by Luigi Chinetti to promote the Ferrari marque in America through success in Gran Turismo (endurance) motorsport.
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Rob Walker Racing Team was a privateer team in Formula One during the 1950s and 1960s. Founded by Johnnie Walker heir Rob Walker in 1953, the team became F1's most successful privateer in history, being the first and last entrant to win a Formula One Grand Prix, without
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Aston-Martin Lagonda

Private
Founded 1913
Founder Lionel Martin Robert Bamford
Headquarters Gaydon, Warwickshire, England

Key people Dr. Ulrich Bez ceo, chairman
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British Racing Motors (generally known as BRM) was a British Formula 1 motor racing team. Founded in 1945, it raced from 1950 to 1977, competing in 197 Grand Prix and winning 17. In 1962, BRM won the Constructors' Title.
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Mécanique Avion TRAction or Matra was a French company covering a wide range of activities mainly related to automobile, aeronautics and weaponry which from 1994 was a subsidiary of Lagardère Group and which now operates under that name.
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