Greeks in Ukraine

Greeks established colonies on the Ukrainian shores of the Black Sea as early as 6th century B.C. The Greek colonies traded with various ancient nations around the Black sea: Scythians, Maeotae, Cimmerians, Goths, proto-Slavs. After Polovtsy, Mongol-Tatar invasion of steppes to the north of Black Sea Greeks remained only in towns beyond Crimean Mountains, on its Southern slopes.

They lived among Crimean Tatars till the conquest of Crimea by the Russian Empire and Tsar Ekaterina II's design to relocate Greeks from Crimea to Northern shores of Azov sea. New territory was assigned for Greek is between today's Mariupol and Donetsk cities and basically presents all the southern portion of Donetsk Oblast of Ukraine. Among Greeks were settled Ukrainian and Germans: and afterward Russians. Ukrainians mostly settled villages and partly towns in this area, unlike Greeks, who rebuilt their towns, even giving them original Crimean names. Since this time in Ukraine names of settlements in Crimea matches names of places in southern Donetsk Oblast: Yalta-Yalta, Gurzuf-Gurzuf, etc.

During the Soviet era, Crimean Greeks were extradited after the Second World War.

By the 2001 census there were 91,500 Greeks. But there have also been estimates as great as 300,000-500,000. The higher estimate has been explained by intensive assimilation enacted by the Soviet government. Thus many Greeks were intended to change to the more prestigious Russian nationality.

Other concentrations of Greeks are in Odesa and other major cities.

References

17,000,000
Regions with significant populations
 Greece [1]
 United States
 Cyprus
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Ukrainian can mean:
  • Ukrainians, an ethnic group
  • Ukrainian language
  • An adjective for Ukraine
  • A citizen of Ukraine

See also

  • Name of Ukraine

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Scythians (/'sɪθɪən/, also /'sɪðɪən/) or Scyths (/'sɪθs/
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Maeotae or Mæotæ or Maeotici (Greek: Μαιῶται) were an ancient people dwelling along the Palus Maeotis (to which they lent their name) in antiquity.
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Cimmerians (Greek: Κιμμέριοι, Kimmerioi) were ancient equestrian nomads who, according to Herodotus, originally inhabited the region north of the Caucasus and the Black Sea, in what is now
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Goths (Gothic: , Gutans) were East Germanic tribes who, in the 3rd and 4th centuries, harried the Roman Empire and later adopted Arianism (a form of Christianity). In the 5th and 6th centuries.
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Cuman, also called Polovtsy, Polovtsian, or the Anglicized Polovzian (Russian: Половцы Polovcy, Ukrainian: Половцi
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Crimean Mountains (Crimean Tatar: Qırım dağları; Ukrainian: Кримскі Гори, translit.
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Crimean Tatars (sg. Qırımtatar, pl. Qırımtatarlar) or Crimeans (sg. Qırım, Qırımlı, pl.
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Catherine the Great
Empress and Autocrat of All the Russias
Catherine II of Russia
Reign June 28, 1762 – 15 November, 1796
Full name Sophie Friederike Auguste von Anhalt-Zerbst
Born May 2 1729
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Motto
Процветание в единстве   (Russian)
Protsvetanie v edinstve
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Sea of Azov (Russian: Азо́вское мо́ре - Azovskoye more; Ukrainian:
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Mariupol
Маріупол?

Flag Coat of arms
Location
Map of Ukraine with Mariupol highlighted.
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Donets’k
Донець?

Panorama of the city at night.

Flag
Coat of arms
Map of Ukraine with Donetsk highlighted.
Map of Donetsk's city centre.
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Donetsk Oblast
Донецька область
Donets’ka oblast’


Flag Coat of arms

Location of Donetsk Oblast (red) on the map of Ukraine (blue).
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Yalta (Ukrainian: Ялта, Russian: Ялта, Crimean Tatar: Yalta
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Gurzuf (Ukrainian: Гурзуф, Russian: Гурзуф, Crimean Tatar: Gurzuf
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The ODESSA, which stands for the German phrase Organisation der ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen, which phrase in turn translates as “Organization of Former Members of the SS,” is the name commonly given to an international Nazi
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