Gungnir

In Norse mythology, Gungnir (also Gungni, Gungner, or Gungrir) was the name of Odin's javelin. The javelin's name means "Unwavering One" for it always hit its mark. According to Snorri Sturluson's Skáldskaparmál the javelin was fashioned by those dwarves known as the Sons of Ivaldi under the mastery of the blacksmith dwarf Dvalin . It was obtained from the dwarves by Loki as a partial reparation for his theft of Sif's hair. It has the practical characteristic of always hitting the target it was hurled against. The war between the Aesir and the Vanir officially started when Odin threw a javelin over the heads of an assembly of Vanir gods. Whether or not this was Gungnir is unclear. This magical weapon symbolizes the importance of the javelin in the world view of the Norsemen (see more at Javelin in the Norsemen societies).

See also

Norse, Viking or Scandinavian mythology comprises the indigenous pre-Christian religion, beliefs and legends of the Scandinavian peoples, including those who settled on Iceland, where most of the written sources for Norse mythology were assembled.
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Odin series
Origins
  • Wōdanaz
Regional traditions
  • Odin
  • Woden
Other
  • Odin's names
  • Odin's sons

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For other uses see Javelin (disambiguation)


Javelin (Greek: ακόντιο, Latin: verutum, German: Wurfspeer, French: javelot, Spanish: jabalina, Dutch: werpspeer, Italian: giavellotto, Hindi: bhala) is the name of a
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Snorri Sturluson[1] (1178 – September 23, 1241) was an Icelandic historian, poet and politician. He was twice lawspeaker at the Icelandic parliament, the Althing.
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The second part of Snorri Sturluson's Prose Edda the Skáldskaparmál or "language of poetry" (c. 50,000 words) is effectively a dialogue between the Norse god of the sea, Ægir and Bragi, the god of poetry, in which both Norse mythology and discourse on the nature of
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dwarves (Old Norse: dvergar, sing. dvergr) are highly significant entities associated with stones, the underground and forging. Apart from the Eddas, they notably appear in the fornaldarsagas.
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In Norse mythology, the sons of Ivaldi were a group of dwarves who fashioned the ship of Freyr (Skidbladnir) and the spear of Odin (Gungnir) as well as the golden hair of Sif to replace that which was mischievously cut off by Loki.
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In Norse mythology, Dvalin is a dwarf who appears in several Old Norse tales and kennings. The name translates as "the dormant one" or "the one slumbering" (akin to the Old Swedish "dvale", meaning "sleep", "unconscious condition").
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In cryptography, LOKI89 and LOKI91 are block ciphers designed as possible replacements for the Data Encryption Standard (DES). The ciphers were developed based on a body of work analysing DES, and are very similar to DES in structure.
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Sif ("relative") is, in Norse mythology, a goddess of the Æsir, wife of Thor (Şórr) and mother of Thrud (Şrúğr), Ullr (Ull) and Modi (Móği). Thor is not the father of Ullr. Sif was not the mother of Magni; this was Thor's son with Járnsaxa.
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Norsemen is used to refer to the group of people as a whole who speak one of the North Germanic languages as their native language. ("Norse", in particular, refers to the Old Norse language belonging to the North Germanic branch of Indo-European languages, especially Danish,
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thunderbolt is a traditional expression for a discharge of lightning or a symbolic representation thereof. In its original usage the word may also have been a description of meteors[1], although this is not currently the case.
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Mjolnir (also spelled Mjölnir, Mjöllnir, Mjollner, Mjølnir, Mjølner, or Mjölner) (IPA pronunciation: [mjolnər]) is the hammer of Thor.

Etymology

"Mjolnir" simply means "mealer" referring to its pulverizing effect.
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Norse, Viking or Scandinavian mythology comprises the indigenous pre-Christian religion, beliefs and legends of the Scandinavian peoples, including those who settled on Iceland, where most of the written sources for Norse mythology were assembled.
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Gylfaginning (20-34)
  • Óğinn
  • Şórr god of thunder
  • Baldr
  • Njörğr
  • Freyr
  • Tır
  • Bragi
  • Heimdall
  • Höğr
  • Víğar
  • Áli or Váli
  • Ullr
  • Forseti
  • Loki
Skáldskaparmál (1)
  • Óğinn
  • Şórr
  • Njörğr

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The initials SIR may stand for:
  • Sampling Importance Resampling
  • Serial Infrared
  • Singapore Infantry Regiment
  • Surrey Iron Railway
  • Staten Island Railway
  • Statutory Invention Registration
  • Standard Information Retrieval a robot from the Invader Zim series.

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Jotun, in Norse mythology, is a giant, one of a mythological race with superhuman strength, described as standing in opposition to the gods, although they frequently mingled with or were even married to these, both Æsir and Vanir.
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elf is a creature of Germanic mythology which still survives in northern Europe. The elves were originally a race of minor nature and fertility gods, who are often pictured as youthful-seeming men and women of great beauty living in forests and underground places and caves, or in
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dwarves (Old Norse: dvergar, sing. dvergr) are highly significant entities associated with stones, the underground and forging. Apart from the Eddas, they notably appear in the fornaldarsagas.
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A troll is a fearsome member of a mythical anthropomorph race from Norse mythology. Originally more or less the nordic equivalents of giants, although often smaller in size, the different depictions have come to range from the fiendish giants – similar to the ogres of
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valkyries (Old Norse Valkyrja "Choosers of the Slain") are dísir, minor female deities, who served Odin. The valkyries' purpose was to choose the most heroic of those who had died in battle and to carry them off to Valhalla where they became einherjar.
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In Norse religion the einherjar or einheriar were spirits of warriors who had died bravely in battle. The name is Old Norse for "one-army-ers". It is often interpreted as "outstanding fighter", but might also signify "those who are all [now] in one army", because when alive
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norns (Old Norse: norn, plural: nornir) are a kind of dísir,[1] numerous female beings who rule the fates of the various races of Norse mythology (The Fates).
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Odin series
Origins
  • Wōdanaz
Regional traditions
  • Odin
  • Woden
Other
  • Odin's names
  • Odin's sons

..... Click the link for more information.
  • THOR (Tracing Habitability, Organics, and Resources) is a proposal by researchers at Arizona State University to drop a copper ball from orbit onto the surface of Mars in order to study the composition of the first few meters of the surface. http://www.newscientistspace.

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Freyr (sometimes anglicized Frey)[1] is one of the most important deities in Norse paganism and Norse mythology. Worshipped as a phallic fertility god, Freyr "bestows peace and pleasure on mortals".
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Freyja (sometimes anglicized as Freya) is a major goddess, sister of the fertility god Freyr and daughter of the sea god Njörğr. She is described as the fairest of all goddesses,[1] and often seen as a Norse fertility goddess.
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In cryptography, LOKI89 and LOKI91 are block ciphers designed as possible replacements for the Data Encryption Standard (DES). The ciphers were developed based on a body of work analysing DES, and are very similar to DES in structure.
..... Click the link for more information.
Baldr (modern Icelandic and Faroese Baldur, Balder is the name in modern Norwegian, Swedish and Danish and sometimes an anglicized form) is, in Norse Mythology, the god of innocence, beauty, joy, purity, and peace, and is Odin's second son.
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