HMNB Clyde

"Faslane" redirects here, for other meanings, see Faslane (disambiguation).
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Location of Faslane and RNAD Coulport
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Faslane Naval Base, HMNB Clyde


Her Majesty's Naval Base (HMNB) Clyde (HMS Neptune), is one of three operating bases for the Royal Navy (the others being HMNB Devonport and HMNB Portsmouth). HMNB Clyde is located on the eastern shore of Gare Loch in Argyll and Bute, Scotland, situated to the north of the Firth of Clyde and 25 miles west of the city of Glasgow. It is the headquarters of the Royal Navy in Scotland and is best known as the home of the United Kingdom's Trident submarine force. The base encompasses a number of separate sites, the primary two being: Faslane is also a Defence Equipment and Support site, operated in dual site organisation with Great Harbour, Greenock, by Serco Denholm.[1]

In 2006 the Ministry of Defence announced that a review would be undertaken to examine the future of the three naval bases. The Naval Base Review is seeking to examine the long term future needs of the Royal Navy, with the most likely outcome being either retaining the three current naval bases, but with reduced capacity in each, or closing one of the two on the south coast of England. The results of the review, released in 2007, have stipulated no base closures.

Faslane Naval Base



Faslane Naval Base, situated on the Gare Loch, and the RN Armaments Depot Coulport on Loch Long, are the primary components of HM Naval Base Clyde. The Naval shore establishment at Faslane is HMS Neptune, Naval personnel appointed to the base who do not belong to a sea-going vessel make up Ship's Company. Both the Gareloch and Loch Long are sea lochs extending northwards from the Firth of Clyde. The base serves as home base to the United Kingdom's fleet of Vanguard class nuclear powered and nuclear armed submarines, as well as conventionally-armed nuclear powered submarines, supported by the Fleet Protection Group Royal Marines. In charge of HMNB Clyde is Naval Base Commander (Clyde), currently Commodore C J Stait OBE ADC Royal Navy. The base is home to a number of lodger units including Flag Officer Scotland, Northern England and Northern Ireland (FOSNNI) (who is also Flag Officer Reserves (FORes)), the Northern Diving Group and the Scottish Headquarters of the Ministry of Defence Police and Guarding Agency. It is base to 3,000 service personnel, 800 of their families and 4,000 civilian workers.

Faslane was first constructed and used as a base in World War II. During the 1960s, the United Kingdom began negotiations with the United States of America regarding the purchase of a Polaris nuclear missile system to be fired from 5 specially constructed submarines. In the end, only four were constructed; Resolution, Repulse, Renown and Revenge. These four submarines were permanently based at Faslane. One boat was always on patrol at any given time. In times of political instability, sometimes two boats would be deployed at sea.

Vanguard class SSBNs

In the 1980s, the British Government announced plans to replace the Polaris submarines with the newly developed Trident missile system, also to be based at Faslane. These submarines were named:

Swiftsure class SSNs

Faslane is also home to the Swiftsure class of fleet submarines (S). The Swiftsure class is the older of the two fleet submarines of the Royal Navy and is due to be replaced by the Astute class submarines.

Other vessels

The Royal Navy has announced that the Astute-class SSN will also be based at Faslane. Also based there are the Mine countermeasure vessels of the 1st MCM Squadron. The patrol vessels of the Northern Ireland Squadron were based at Faslane from 1993 until the squadron was decommissioned in July 2005.

Anti-nuclear demonstrations

Given the presence of these nuclear capable missiles, Faslane has attracted demonstrations by Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament and other Scottish pressure groups, including Trident Ploughshares. A permanent peace camp is outside the base gates, and there are frequent demonstrations at the base gates. The presence of Faslane is also an issue in Scottish politics. The Scottish National Party, the Scottish Socialist Party, Saor Alba and the Scottish Green Party all oppose the deployment of nuclear weapons, although the Scottish National Party have made assurances that they would retain the base for the servicing of conventionally-armed and -powered naval units. It is not unusual for members of these parties, and indeed some from the Labour Party to be present. Also, some independents, such as George Galloway attend rallies outside Faslane. Such events aim to keep the base closed for as long as possible by preventing its staff from arriving for work, and usually involve large numbers of protesters being arrested for non-violent civil disobedience.

Faslane Peace Camp

Faslane Peace Camp is a permanent camp outside the base. It has been occupied continuously since 1982.

Big Blockades

The Big Blockade at Faslane Naval Base is an annual event held since 1999 usually in the 2nd week of February, aiming to close the base for 24 hours (although never successfully). The event attracts thousands of peace activists and has on occasion resulted in more than 350 arrests

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Police dismantling a blockade of protestors from York at the South gate of the Faslane base.

Faslane 365

The Faslane 365 campaign was a one-year protest at the base for a 365 day period. It was an audacious civil resistance initiative to apply critical public pressure for the disarmament of Britain's nuclear weapons.[2]

The campaign was launched in September 2006 with the first protest action commencing on 1 October 2006 carried out by a campaigning group of women associated with protests at Greenham Common It formally ended with a Big Blockade on 1 October 2007. However, groups are continuing to take direct action at both Faslane and Coulport.

131 blockading groups took part in Faslane 365 and 1150 arrests were made.[3]

RNAD Coulport

The Royal Naval Armament Depot (RNAD) at Coulport, Loch Long is the other major part of HMNB Clyde. RNAD Coulport stores conventional armaments for Royal Navy vessels but is best known for its role in the Trident missile system.

Nuclear weapon storage bunkers have been excavated from a ridge. From here British-designed and built nuclear warheads can be fitted to the Trident missiles (built by Lockheed Martin). Whilst the warheads themselves are British-owned and built, the delivery system is not actually owned by the United Kingdom and instead it has ownership rights to some 58 missiles from a "pool" shared with the U.S. Navy, this is a necessary capability. Whole missiles can be lifted out of or into a submarine, however the missiles are normally serviced at the U.S. Navy facility at Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay in Georgia.

Initial construction took place between 1963, when Faslane was chosen as the new Polaris base, and 1968, when the first Polaris boat began its patrol. Safety considerations required that the armament maintenance and storage facility have its own berth and be at least 4,400 feet from the main facility, whilst operational considerations dictated that the two facilities should be within an hour's sailing time. Coulport, on the opposite peninsula, met both of these requirements.[4] Additional construction took place during the 80s to support the Trident missile programme.

Notes and references

1. ^ Marine Services Planning Agreement
2. ^ Faslane365 accessed 1 October 2007
3. ^ Faslane365 accessed 3 October 2007
4. ^ The United Kingdom, Nuclear Weapons, and the Scottish Question, Malcom Chalmers, William Walker
Coordinates:

Faslane (Her Majesty's Naval Base Clyde) is a Royal Navy base on the Gare Loch, Argyll and Bute, Scotland.

Faslane can also refer to:
  • Faslane (bay) , the geographical bay where the naval base has been built

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Nine ships of the Royal Navy have been named HMS Neptune after the Roman god of the ocean.
  • Neptune, launched in 1683, was a 2nd rate of 90 guns that was twice rebuilt before being renamed Torbay in her new incarnation as a 3rd rate in 1750.

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Naval Service

Components
Royal Navy
  • Surface Fleet
  • Fleet Air Arm
  • Submarine Service
  • Royal Navy Regulating Branch
  • Royal Naval Reserve
  • Queen Alexandra's Royal Naval Nursing Service
Royal Marines
  • (includes Royal Marines Reserve)

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Her Majesty's Naval Base (HMNB) Devonport (HMS Drake), is one of three operating bases for the Royal Navy (the others being HMNB Clyde and HMNB Portsmouth). HMNB Devonport is located in Devonport, in the west of the city of Plymouth in Devon.
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Her Majesty's Naval Base (HMNB) Portsmouth (HMS Nelson), is one of three operating bases for the Royal Navy (the others being HMNB Clyde and HMNB Devonport).
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Gare Loch or Gareloch (Gaelic: An Gearr Loch) is a sea loch in Argyll and Bute, Scotland.

A sea loch aligned north-south, Gare Loch is 10 kilometres long with an average width of 1.5 kilometres.
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Argyll and Bute Council
Earra-Ghaidheal agus Bòd



Logo Coat of arms
Location

Geography

Area Ranked 2nd
 - Total 6,909 km²
 - % Water ?
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Motto
Nemo me impune lacessit   (Latin)
"No one provokes me with impunity"
"Cha togar m'fhearg gun dioladh"   
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Firth of Clyde forms a large area of coastal water, sheltered from the Atlantic ocean by the Kintyre peninsula which encloses the outer firth in Argyll and Ayrshire, Scotland.

At its entrance the firth is some 26 miles (42 km) wide.
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Glasgow
Gaelic - Glaschu
Scots - Glesca, Glesga


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Naval Service

Components
Royal Navy
  • Surface Fleet
  • Fleet Air Arm
  • Submarine Service
  • Royal Navy Regulating Branch
  • Royal Naval Reserve
  • Queen Alexandra's Royal Naval Nursing Service
Royal Marines
  • (includes Royal Marines Reserve)

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Motto
"Dieu et mon droit" [2]   (French)
"God and my right"
Anthem
"God Save the Queen" [3]
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UK Trident programme is the United Kingdom's Trident missile-based nuclear weapons programme. Under the programme, the UK's Royal Navy operates around 50 nuclear-armed Trident II D-5 submarine-launched ballistic missiles and four Vanguard-class ballistic missile submarines from
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1 mile =
SI units
0 m 0 km
US customary / Imperial units
0 ft 0 yd

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Glasgow
Gaelic - Glaschu
Scots - Glesca, Glesga


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1 mile =
SI units
0 m 0 km
US customary / Imperial units
0 ft 0 yd

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Loch Long (Loch Long in Gaelic) is a body of water in Argyll and Bute, Scotland. The sea loch extends from the Firth of Clyde at its southwestern end. It measures approximately 20 miles in length, with a width of between one and two miles.
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Defence Equipment and Support (DE&S) is the name of the merged procurement and support organisation within the UK Ministry of Defence. It came into being on 2 April 2007, bringing together the MoD's Defence Procurement Agency and the Defence Logistics Organisation under the
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Greenock
Gaelic - Grianaig
Scots - Greenock

View west over Greenock with the Golden Princess at Clydeport Ocean Terminal

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Serco Group plc

Public (LSE:  SRP )
Founded 1929
Headquarters Hook, North Hampshire

Key people Kevin Beeston, Chairman
Christopher Hyman, CEO
Industry Business Services
Revenue £2,548.2 million (2006)
Operating income £112.
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Ministry of Defence (MOD) is the United Kingdom government department responsible for implementation of government defence policy and is the headquarters of the British Armed Forces.
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Naval Service

Components
Royal Navy
  • Surface Fleet
  • Fleet Air Arm
  • Submarine Service
  • Royal Navy Regulating Branch
  • Royal Naval Reserve
  • Queen Alexandra's Royal Naval Nursing Service
Royal Marines
  • (includes Royal Marines Reserve)

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Motto
Dieu et mon droit   (French)
"God and my right"
Anthem
No official anthem specific to England — the anthem of the United Kingdom is "God Save the Queen".
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Gare Loch or Gareloch (Gaelic: An Gearr Loch) is a sea loch in Argyll and Bute, Scotland.

A sea loch aligned north-south, Gare Loch is 10 kilometres long with an average width of 1.5 kilometres.
..... Click the link for more information.
Nine ships of the Royal Navy have been named HMS Neptune after the Roman god of the ocean.
  • Neptune, launched in 1683, was a 2nd rate of 90 guns that was twice rebuilt before being renamed Torbay in her new incarnation as a 3rd rate in 1750.

..... Click the link for more information.
loch (usually Lough as a name element outside Scotland) is a body of water which is either:
  • a lake or;
  • a sea inlet, which may be also a firth, fjord, estuary or bay.
Sea-inlet lochs are often called sea lochs.
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Firth of Clyde forms a large area of coastal water, sheltered from the Atlantic ocean by the Kintyre peninsula which encloses the outer firth in Argyll and Ayrshire, Scotland.

At its entrance the firth is some 26 miles (42 km) wide.
..... Click the link for more information.
Vanguard class are the Royal Navy's current nuclear ballistic missile submarines (Ship Submersible Ballistic Nuclear: SSBN), each armed with up to 16 Trident II SLBMs. The class was introduced in 1994 as part of the UK government's Trident nuclear weapons programme.
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SSN is a three-letter abbreviation which may refer to:
  • Social Security number, an identification number used by the U.S. Social Security Administration.
  • SSN, the United States Navy's hull classification symbol meaning "fast attack submarine," one that is propelled by

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