Hamo Thornycroft

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Sir (William) Hamo Thornycroft RA (March 9, 1850December 18, 1925) was a British sculptor, responsible for several London landmarks.

Hamo Thornycroft belonged to a family of sculptors. His father, Thomas and mother Mary and grandfather John Francis were all distinguished sculptors. He was born in London. His brother, John Isaac Thornycroft, became a successful naval engineer, and their sister, Theresa, was the mother of the poet Siegfried Sassoon. Hamo's early training was with his parents and he developed a passionate and precocious attachment to Classical sculpture. He subsequently studied at the Royal Academy of Arts, where his primary influence was the painter-sculptor Frederic Leighton. Hamo won the Gold Medal of the Royal Academy in 1876, with the statue Warrior Bearing a Wounded Youth. He was the leading figure in the movement known as the New Sculpture. His close personal friend, the critic Edmund Gosse, coined the term "The New Sculpture" in 1894 and formulated its early principles from his relationship with Thornycroft. Thornycroft created a series of statues in the ideal genre in the late 1870s and early 1880s that sought to reanimate the format of the classical statue. These included Lot's Wife (1878), Artemis and her Hound (1880 plaster, 1882 marble), the Homeric bowman Teucer (1881 plaster, 1882 bronze), and the Mower (1884 plaster, 1894 bronze), arguably the first life-size freestanding statue of a contemporary laborer in nineteenth-century sculpture. Thornycroft was one of the youngest artists to be elected to the Royal Academy, in 1882, the same year the bronze cast of Teucer was purchased for the British nation under the auspices of the Chantrey Bequest. After 1884, Thornycroft's reputation was secure and he received commissions for a number of major monuments, most notably the innovative General Gordon. Thornycroft continued to be a central member of the sculptural establishment and the Royal Academy into the twentieth century. He was knighted in 1917. He increasingly became reactionary and resistant to the new developments in sculpture, even though it was his work of the early 1880s that helped catalyze sculpture in the United Kingdom toward developing new directions. In sum, he provided an important transition between the neoclassical and academic styles of the nineteenth century and its fin-de-siècle and modernist departures.

Bibliography

  • Beattie, Susan. The New Sculpture. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1983.
  • Friedman, Terry, ed. The Alliance of Sculpture and Architecture. Leeds: Henry Moore Institute, 1993.
  • Getsy, David. Body Doubles: Sculpture in Britain, 1877-1905. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2004.
  • Gosse, Edmund. "Our Living Artists: Hamo Thornycroft, A.R.A." Magazine of Art 4 (1881).
  • Manning, Elfrida. Marble and Bronze: The Art and Life of Hamo Thornycroft. London: Trefoil Books, 1982.
  • Read, Benedict. Victorian Sculpture. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1982.
  • White, Adam. Hamo Thornycroft and the Martyr General. Leeds: Henry Moore Institute, 1991.

Public Statues

Architectural

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This article refers to an art institution in London. For other meanings of Royal Academy see Royal Academy (disambiguation).


Royal Academy of Arts

Established 1768
Location Piccadilly, London W1, England
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  • 590 - Bahram Chobin is crowned as king Barham VI of Persia.

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December 18 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

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Motto
"Dieu et mon droit" [2]   (French)
"God and my right"
Anthem
"God Save the Queen" [3]
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sculpture is a man-made three-dimensional object intended for special recognition as art. A person that creates sculptures is called a sculptor.

Materials of sculpture through history


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London
Canary Wharf is the centre of London's modern office towers
London shown within England
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Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
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Thomas Thornycroft (1815—1885) was a British engineer and sculptor. His works include a statue of Queen Victoria on horseback and a statue of Queen Boadicea in a chariot with her two daughters located at Westminster Bridge in London.
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Mary Thornycroft (née Francis) (1814-1895) was a British sculptor.

The daughter of sculptor John Francis, Mary married, in 1840, Thomas Thornycroft, who was also a sculptor. Several of their children took up the same profession, notably Sir Hamo Thornycroft.
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John Francis may refer to:
  • John Francis, folk-rock-Americana singer-songwriter.
  • John Francis, an English cricket player
  • John Francis, an American environmentalist
  • John Brown Francis, a United States Senator from Rhode Island

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Sir John Isaac Thornycroft (1843–1928) was the founder of the Thornycroft shipbuilding company. He was the son of Mary Thornycroft, the sculptress.

He established a shipbuilding yard on the River Thames at Chiswick in 1864.
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Siegfried Sassoon

Siegfried Sassoon, 1916
Born: 8 September 1886(1886--)
Matfield, Kent, England
Died: 1 September 1967 (aged 82)

Occupation: Poet, Diarist, Memoirist
Nationality: British
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Classical sculpture refers to the forms of sculpture from Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome and the Hellenized, and Romanized civilizations under their rule or influence from about 500B.C. to fall of Rome in AD 476.
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This article refers to an art institution in London. For other meanings of Royal Academy see Royal Academy (disambiguation).


Royal Academy of Arts

Established 1768
Location Piccadilly, London W1, England
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Frederic Leighton, 1st Baron Leighton

Frederic Leighton, 1st Baron Leighton, self portrait 1880
3 November 1830(1830--)
Scarborough, England
25 January 1896 (aged 67)
London, England
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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1840s  1850s  1860s  - 1870s -  1880s  1890s  1900s
1873 1874 1875 - 1876 - 1877 1878 1879

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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The New Sculpture refers to a movement in late-nineteenth century British sculpture.

After a protracted period of a stylized neoclassicism, sculpture in the last quarter of the century began to explore a greater degree of naturalism and wider range of subject matter.
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Edmund William Gosse (September 21, 1849 – May 16, 1928) was an English poet, author and critic, the son of Philip Henry Gosse and Emily Bowes.[1]

Career


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According to the Bible and the Quran, Lot (Hebrew: לוֹט, Standard  
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Artemis (Greek: (nominative) Ἄρτεμις, (genitive) Ἀρτέμιδος
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Teucer, also Teucrus or Teucris from Greek Τεῦκρος, was the son of King Telamon of Salamis and his second wife Hesione, daughter of King Laomedon of Troy.
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Charles George Gordon, CB (28 January 1833 – 26 January 1885), known as Chinese Gordon, Gordon Pasha, and Gordon of Khartoum, was a British army officer and administrator. He is remembered for his campaigns in China and northern Africa.
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Alfred (also Ælfred from the Old English: Ælfrēd /'æl.freːd/) (c. 849 – 26 October 899) was king of the southern Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Wessex from 871 to 899.
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Winchester

Winchester ()
|240px|Winchester (

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William Ewart Gladstone (29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898) was a British Liberal Party statesman and Prime Minister (1868–74, 1880–85, 1886 and 1892–94).
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Glasgow
Gaelic - Glaschu
Scots - Glesca, Glesga


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Oliver Cromwell (25 April 1599 – 3 September 1658) was an English military and political leader best known for his involvement in making England, Scotland and Ireland into a republican Commonwealth and for his brutal conquest of Ireland.
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State Party United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Type Cultural
Criteria i, ii, iv
Reference 426
Region Europe and North America

Inscription History
Inscription
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Charles George Gordon, CB (28 January 1833 – 26 January 1885), known as Chinese Gordon, Gordon Pasha, and Gordon of Khartoum, was a British army officer and administrator. He is remembered for his campaigns in China and northern Africa.
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