Haplogroup JT (mtDNA)

Haplogroup JT
Time of origin
Place of origin
Ancestral haplogrouppre-JT
Characteristic mutations16126. (CR) 4216C, 11251G, 15452A.


Haplogroup JT is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.

A descendant of the macro-haplogroup R, Haplogroup JT is the ancestral haplogroup to mitochondrial haplogroups J and T.

See also

Human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups
 most recent common mt-ancestor  
L0 L1 
L2L3 L4L5L6L7
 MN 
CZDEGQ AIO R SWXY
CZBFpre-HV pre-JTP UK
HVJTUK
HVJT
In human genetics, Haplogroup pre-JT is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.

See also

  • Human mitochondrial genetics

Human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups
  most recent common mt-ancestor    
L0   L1  
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The coding region of a gene is the portion of DNA that is transcribed into mRNA and translated into proteins. This does not include such regions as a recognition site, initiator sequence, or termination sequence, only the region that will directly code for amino acid linkage.
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Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is the DNA located in organelles called mitochondria. Most other DNA present in eukaryotic organisms is found in the cell nucleus. Nuclear and mitochondrial DNA are thought to be of separate evolutionary origin, with the mtDNA being derived from the
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In the study of molecular evolution, a haplogroup is a large group of haplotypes, which are series of alleles at specific locations on a chromosome.

In human genetics, the haplogroups most commonly studied are Y-chromosome (Y-DNA) haplogroups and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)
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Haplogroup R
Time of origin before 55000 years before present
Place of origin Near East
Ancestral haplogroup N

Descendant haplogroups B, F, pre-HV, pre-JT, P, UK Characteristic mutations 73, 7028, 11719, 14766
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Haplogroup J
Time of origin 45000 years before present
Place of origin Western Asia
Ancestral haplogroup JT
Characteristic mutations J* = 16069. (CR) 10398G, 12612G, 13708A. J1* = 16261. J1a = 16222, 16172. J2 = 16193.
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Haplogroup T is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup. Haplogroup T derives from the haplogroup JT, which also gave rise to Haplogroup J. Haplogroup T is believed to have originated in Mesopotamia or Anatolia approximately 10,000 years before present, and to have moved
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Mitochondrial genetics is the study of the genetics of the DNA contained in mitochondria. Mitochondria are small structures in cells that generate energy for the cell to use, and are hence referred to as the "powerhouses" of the cell.
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human mitochondrial DNA haplogroup is a haplogroup defined by differences in human mitochondrial DNA. These haplogroups have led some researchers to trace the matrilineal inheritance of modern humans back to human origins in Africa and the subsequent spread across the globe.
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Mitochondrial Eve (mt-mrca) is the name given by researchers to the woman who is defined as the matrilineal most recent common ancestor (MRCA) for all living humans.
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In human genetics, Haplogroup L0 is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.

Confusingly, some scientists use L0 to refer to an extinct haplogroup, while other scientists have identified haplogroups L0-L6 as existing in living humans[1].
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In human genetics, Haplogroup L1 is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.

Haplogroup L1 is found in West and Central sub-Saharan Africa. Some of its branches (L1d, L1k, L1a, L1f) were recently re-classified into haplogroup L0 as L0d, L0k, L0a and L0f.
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In human genetics, Haplogroup L2 is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.

Haplogroup L2 is native to sub-Saharan Africa, where it is present in approximately one third of all people.
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Haplogroup L3
Time of origin 80000 years ago
Place of origin Africa
Ancestral haplogroup L2

Descendant haplogroups L3a, L3b, L3c, L3d, L3e, L3f, M, N Characteristic mutations 73, 7028, 10873, 11719, 12705, 14766, 16223
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In human genetics, Haplogroup L4 is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup. It is a small African haplogroup[1].

References

1. ^ Haplogroups L4.

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In human genetics, Haplogroup L5 is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup. It is a small African haplogroup[1].

References

1. ^ Haplogroups L5.

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In human genetics, Haplogroup L6 is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup. It is a small African haplogroup[1].

References

1. ^ Haplogroups L6.

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In human genetics, Haplogroup L7 is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup. It is a small African haplogroup[1].

References

1. ^ Haplogroups L7.

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In human genetics, Haplogroup M is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.

An enormous haplogroup spanning many continents, the macro-haplogroup M is a branch of the African haplogroup L3, and is believed to have originated in Africa some 60 to 80,000 years before
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Haplogroup N
Time of origin unknown, approx. 80000 years ago
Place of origin Africa
Ancestral haplogroup L3

Descendant haplogroups N1, A, I, W, R, X Characteristic mutations
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In human mitochondrial genetics, Haplogroup CZ is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup. Today CZ is found in Eurasian populations.[1]

Relationship to other haplogroups

Haplogroup CZ is a descendant of haplogroup M and is a parent to haplogroups C and Z.
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In human genetics, Haplogroup D is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.

Haplogroup D is believed to have arisen in Asia some 60,000 years before present. It is a descendant haplogroup of haplogroup M.
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In human mitochondrial genetics, Haplogroup E is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup which can be used to define genetic populations. It is a subgroup of M.

Haplogroup E has a southern Asia distribution.
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In human mitochondrial genetics, Haplogroup G is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.

It is an East Asian haplogroup[1]. Today G is found in northeastern Siberia.
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In human mitochondrial genetics, Haplogroup Q is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.

Today, mitochondrial DNA Haplogroup Q is found in the southern Pacific region, especially in New Guinea and Melanesia.
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In human genetics, Haplogroup A is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.

Haplogroup A is believed to have arisen in Asia some 60,000 years before present. Its ancestral haplogroup was Haplogroup N.

Haplogroup A is found throughout modern Asia.
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In human genetics, Haplogroup I is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.

Haplogroup I is found throughout Europe, and also in Near East. It is believed to have arisen somewhere in Eurasia some 30,000 years before present, and been one of the first haplogroups to move
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In human genetics, Haplogroup O is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.

References

See also

  • Human mitochondrial genetics

Human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups
  most recent common mt-ancestor    
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Haplogroup R
Time of origin before 55000 years before present
Place of origin Near East
Ancestral haplogroup N

Descendant haplogroups B, F, pre-HV, pre-JT, P, UK Characteristic mutations 73, 7028, 11719, 14766
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