Hellerau

Hellerau is a district in the City of Dresden, Germany. It was the first garden city in Germany.

Based on the ideas of Ebenezer Howard, businessman Karl Schmidt-Hellerau founded Hellerau near Dresden in 1909. The idea was to create an organic, planned community. Several well-known architects participated in its construction, including Richard Riemerschmid, Heinrich Tessenow, Hermann Muthesius, Kurt Frick, Georg Metzendorf, Wilhelm Kreis and Bruno Paul.

Hellerau attracted cultural visionaries from all over Europe. Among them were Émile Jaques-Dalcroze, composer, and Gret Palucca and Mary Wigman, choreographers. Until the start of World War I, annual festivals attracted further members of the progressive elite of the time. In 1921, educator A. S. Neill founded his Summerhill School here. With the establishment of the National Socialist government in Germany in 1933, the progressive community at Hellerau ended.

See Also

Festspielhaus Hellerau

References

  • Clemens Galonska, Frank Elstner: Gartenstadt Hellerau / Garden City of Hellerau. Palisander Verlag, 2007, ISBN 978-3-938305-04-1. Copiously illustrated book on Dresden-Hellerau, including a detailed account on the history of Germany's first garden city (German/English).
Coordinates:
Dresden

Coat of arms Location

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garden city movement is an approach to urban planning that was founded in 1898 by Ebenezer Howard in England. Garden cities were to be planned, self-contained communities surrounded by greenbelts, and containing carefully balanced areas of residences, industry, and agriculture.
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Ebenezer Howard (29 January 1850 [1]–May 1 1928[2]) was a prominent British urban planner.

Early life

Howard travelled to America from England at the age of 21, moved to Nebraska, and soon discovered that he was not meant to be a farmer.
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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1870s  1880s  1890s  - 1900s -  1910s  1920s  1930s
1906 1907 1908 - 1909 - 1910 1911 1912

Year 1909 (MCMIX
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New Town may refer to:
  • New town, a generic name for a planned city development or expansion
  • In the United Kingdom, any of a specific set of towns created under various Acts of Parliament for population moved out of London.

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Heinrich Tessenow (April 7, 1876 in Rostock, Germany - November 1, 1950 in Berlin, Germany) was a German architect, professor, and urban planner active in the Weimar era.

Biography


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Adam Gottlieb Hermann Muthesius (April 20, 1861 - October 29, 1927), known as Hermann Muthesius, was a German architect, author and diplomat, perhaps best known for promoting many of the ideas of the English Arts and Crafts movement within Germany and for his subsequent
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Wilhelm Kreis (March 17, 1873 - August 13, 1955) was a prominent German architect and professor of architecture, active through four political systems in German history: the Kaiser era, the Weimar Republic, the Third Reich, and the foundation of the Federal Republic.
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Bruno Paul (January 19, 1874—August 17, 1968) was a German architect, interior designer, and furniture designer.

Bruno Paul was born in Seifhennersdorf, a village in rural Saxony, in 1874.
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Émile Jaques-Dalcroze (July 6, 1865 – July 1, 1950), was a Swiss musician and music educator who developed eurhythmics, a method of learning and experiencing music through movement.
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Gret Palucca (8 January 1902 in Munich; † 22 March 1993 in Dresden) was a German dancer and teacher. Shortly after birth, her family moved to San Francisco, returning with her mother to Dresden in 1909. There she received ballet lessons with Heinrich Kröller from 1914 to 1916.
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Mary Wigman (1886-1973), born Karoline Sophie Marie Wiegmann, was a German dancer, choreographer, and instructor of dance. Credited for innovation of expressionist dance, and pioneer of modern dance in Germany.
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Clockwise from top: Trenches on the Western Front; a British Mark IV tank crossing a trench; Royal Navy battleship HMS Irresistible sinking after striking a mine at the Battle of the Dardanelles; a Vickers machine gun crew with gas masks, and German Albatros D.
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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1890s  1900s  1910s  - 1920s -  1930s  1940s  1950s
1918 1919 1920 - 1921 - 1922 1923 1924

Year 1921 (MCMXXI
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Alexander Sutherland Neill (October 17, 1883 - September 23, 1973) was a Scottish progressive educator, author and founder of Summerhill school, which remains open and continues to follow his educational philosophy to this day.
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Summerhill School

Established 1921

Type Independent Boarding School

Principal Zoë Neill Readhead

Founder Alexander Sutherland Neill

Location Westward Ho
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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1900s  1910s  1920s  - 1930s -  1940s  1950s  1960s
1930 1931 1932 - 1933 - 1934 1935 1936

Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII
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Festspielhaus Hellerau (English: Hellerau Festival House or Hellerau Theatre) is a theatre/studio building/classroom building located in Hellerau, the famous garden city district of Dresden, Germany.
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geographic coordinate system enables every location on the earth to be specified by the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system aligned with the spin axis of the Earth.
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