Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon

Henry of Scotland (Eanric mac Dabíd, b. 1114; d. 1152) was a Prince of Scotland, heir to the Kingdom of Alba. He was also Earl of Northumberland and Earl of the Honour of Huntingdon and Northamption.

He was the son of King David I of Scotland and Maud, 2nd Countess of Huntingdon. His maternal grandparents were Waltheof, Earl of Northumbria and Huntingdon, (beheaded 1075) and his spouse Judith of Lens.

Henry was named after his uncle, King Henry I of England. He had three sons, two of whom became King of Scotland, and a third whose descendants were to prove critical in the later days of the Scottish royal house. He also had three daughters.

His eldest son became King of Scots as Malcolm IV in 1153. Henry's second son became king in 1165 on the death of his brother, reigning as William I. Both in their turn inherited the title of Earl of Huntingdon. His third son, David also became Earl of Huntingdon. It is from the 8th Earl that all Kings of Scotland after Margaret, Maid of Norway claim descent.

On Henry's death his title passed to his half-brother Simon II de Senlis.

Family

Henry married Ada de Warenne, the daughter of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey (d.1138), and Elizabeth of Vermandois, daughter of Hugh of Vermandois, The Great.

References

  • Barlow, Professor Frank, The Feudal Kingdom of England 1012 - 1216, London,1955, tree opposite p.288.
  • Burke, John & John Bernard, The Royal Families of England, Scotland, and Wales, with their Descendants, Sovereigns and Subjects, London, 1851, vol.2, page xlvii and pedigree XXIX.
  • Dunbar, Sir Archibald H., Bt., Scottish Kings, a Revised Chronology of Scottish History, 1005 - 1625, Edinburgh, 1899, p.64-65.
  • Howard, Joseph Jackson, LL.D., F.S.A., Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica, New Series, volume I, London, 1874, p.337.
  • Stringer, Keith, "Senlis, Simon (II) de, earl of Northampton and earl of Huntingdon (d. 1153)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 20 May 2007
Preceded by
Maud
Earl for Honour of Huntingdon-Northampton
11301138
Succeeded by
Simon de Senlis
Preceded by
Simon de Senlis
Earl for Honour of Huntingdon-Northampton
1138-1141
Succeeded by
Simon de Senlis
Preceded by
Vacant
Last held by:
Robert de Mowbray
Earl of Northumbria
1139-1152
Succeeded by
William fitz Henry





11st century - 12nd century - 13rd century
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1111 1112 1113 - 1114 - 1115 1116 1117

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1149 1150 1151 - 1152 - 1153 1154 1155

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prince, from the Latin root princeps, is used for a member of the highest ranks of the aristocracy or the nobility.

The title is given only to males and has several fundamentally different meanings, of which one is generic to the word, and several types of titles.
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Motto
Nemo me impune lacessit   (Latin)
"No one provokes me with impunity"
"Cha togar m'fhearg gun dioladh"   
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The Kingdom of Alba (Gaelic : Rìoghachd na h-Alba) pertains to the Kingdom of Scotland between the death of Domnall II in 900, and the death of Alexander III in 1286 which then led indirectly to the Scottish Wars of Independence.
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Earl of Northumbria was a title in the Anglo-Danish, late Anglo-Saxon, and early Anglo-Norman period in England. The earldom of Northumbria was the successor of the ealdormanry of Bamburgh, itself the successor of an independent Bernicia.
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Earl of Huntingdon is a title which has been created several times in the Peerage of England. The Earl possesses no subsidiary titles, but his eldest son uses the invented title Viscount Hastings to avoid confusion, there already being a Baron Hastings.
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David I
Dabíd mac Maíl Choluim

King of Scotland (Rí Alban)
King of the Scots (rex Scotorum)

Reign April or May 1124–May 24, 1153
Coronation Scone, in April or May 1124
Titles King of the Scots
Earl (
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Maud of Northumbria (1074-1130), countess for the Honour of Huntingdon, was the daughter of Waltheof II, Earl of Northumbria and Judith of Lens, the last of the major Anglo-Saxon earls to remain powerful after the Norman conquest of England in 1066.
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Waltheof (1050-31 May 1076), Earl of Northumbria and last of the Anglo-Saxon earls. He was the only English aristocrat to be formally executed during the reign of William I. He was reputed for his physical strength but was weak and unreliable in character.
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Huntingdon

Huntingdon (United Kingdom)

Huntingdon shown within the United Kingdom
Population 19,830
OS grid reference TL245725
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Countess Judith (born in Normandy between 1054 and 1055, died after 1086), was a niece of William the Conqueror. She was a daughter of his sister Adelaide of Normandy, Countess of Aumale and Lambert II, Count of Lens.
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Henry I
King of the English, Duke of the Normans (picture can be found in S.S. books)

Reign 3 August 1100–1 December 1135
Coronation 5 August 1100
Born c.
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monarch of Scotland was the head of state of the Kingdom of Scotland. According to tradition, the first King of Scots was Kenneth MacAlpin (Cináed mac Ailpín), who founded the state in 843, although this is no longer taken seriously by historians.
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monarch of Scotland was the head of state of the Kingdom of Scotland. According to tradition, the first King of Scots was Kenneth MacAlpin (Cináed mac Ailpín), who founded the state in 843, although this is no longer taken seriously by historians.
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Malcolm IV
(Máel Coluim mac Eanric)

Malcolum Deo Rectore Rex Scottorum
Malcolm, by God's Rule King of the Scots
Mael Coluim Cennmor, mac Eanric, ardri Alban
Malcolm the Great Chief, son of Henry, High-King of Scotland


Reign
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11st century - 12nd century - 13rd century
1120s  1130s  1140s  - 1150s -  1160s  1170s  1180s
1150 1151 1152 - 1153 - 1154 1155 1156

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11st century - 12nd century - 13rd century
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1162 1163 1164 - 1165 - 1166 1167 1168

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William I
King of Scots

Reign 9 December, 1165 – 4 December, 1214
Born About 1142
Died 4 November 1214
Stirling
Buried Arbroath Abbey
Predecessor Malcolm IV
Successor Alexander II
Consort
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Earl of Huntingdon is a title which has been created several times in the Peerage of England. The Earl possesses no subsidiary titles, but his eldest son uses the invented title Viscount Hastings to avoid confusion, there already being a Baron Hastings.
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David of Scotland (c. 1144 – 17 June 1219) was a Scottish prince and Earl of Huntingdon. He was the youngest surviving son of Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon and Ada de Warenne, a daughter of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey, and Elizabeth de Vermandois.
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Margaret
Queen of Scots (disputed)
Reign 1286-90
Coronation None
Born 1283
Norway
Died 1290
Orkney
Buried Bergen
Predecessor Alexander III of Scotland
Successor John of Scotland
Consort
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Simon II de Senlis (d. 1153) was an Anglo-Norman nobleman. He was the son of Simon I de Senlis, Earl of Huntingdon-Northampton and Maud, Countess of Huntingdon. He married Isabel, daughter of Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester.
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Ada de Warenne or Adeline de Varenne (c. 1120 – 1178) was the Norman-French wife of Henry of Scotland, Earl of Northumbria and Earl of Huntingdon. She was the daughter of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey by Elizabeth of Vermandois, and a great-grandaughter of
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William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey (died 1138), was the son of William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey and his first wife Gundred. He is more often referred to as Earl Warenne or Earl of Warenne than as Earl of Surrey.
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Elizabeth de Vermandois, or Elisabeth or Isabel de Vermandois (c. 1081–13 February 1131), is a fascinating figure about whose descendants and ancestry much is known and about whose character and life relatively little is known.
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Hugh of Vermandois (1053 – October 18, 1101), was son to King Henry I of France and Anne of Kiev, and the younger brother of King Philip I of France. He was in his own right Count of Vermandois.
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11st century - 12nd century - 13rd century
1100s  1110s  1120s  - 1130s -  1140s  1150s  1160s
1136 1137 1138 - 1139 - 1140 1141 1142

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1206 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1206
MCCVI
Ab urbe condita 1959
Armenian calendar 655
ԹՎ ՈԾԵ
Bah' calendar -638 – -637
Buddhist calendar 1750
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Floris III of Holland (1141 – August 1, 1190), Count of Holland from 1157 to 1190. He was a son of Dirk VI and Sophie of Luxemburg, heiress of Bentheim.

Life


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