Herborn

Herborn
Coat of armsLocation
Enlarge picture
Herborn (Germany)

Administration
CountryGermany
StateEnter Bundesland
DistrictEnter Kreis
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Coordinates:
Enlarge picture
The town hall (Rathaus) of Herborn, seen in 2003.
Enlarge picture
A view of Herborn from the east


Herborn is a historic town on the Dill in the Lahn-Dill district of Hesse in Germany. Before World War I, it was granted its own title as Nassauisches Rothenburg. Scenic attractions include its half-timbered houses. The symbol or mascot of this town is a bear.

Geography

The town can be located at these coordinates: . It has an area of 63.82 km² (24.339 mi²), of which 28.0122 km² (10.816 mi²) is forest. It is connected by the A45 motorway (E40/E41) with Siegen, Wetzlar, and Gießen.

Neighbouring communities

Herborn is bordered on the north by the town of Dillenburg, on the northeast by the community of Siegbach, on the east by the community of Mittenaar, on the southeast by the community of Sinn, on the south by the community of Greifenstein, and on the west by the communities of Driedorf and Breitscheid (all in the Lahn-Dill-Kreis).

Constituent communities

Herborn is divided into the communities of Amdorf, Burg, Guntersdorf, Hirschberg, Hörbach, Merkenbach, Schönbach, Seelbach and Uckersdorf as well as the main town of Herborn.

Population

(in each case on 31 December)

History

Herborn had its first documentary mention in 1048 and was granted town rights in 1251 by the Counts of Nassau.

In 1584, Herborn received a "High School", founded by John VI of Nassau-Dillenburg, William the Silent's younger brother, and namesake of today's Gymnasium Johanneum.

In Herborn, as of 1602, the Reformed Church's first translation of the Bible was done by Johannes Piscator. This work has had a decisive effect in shaping church life among followers of the Reformed movement in Germany, the Netherlands, Switzerland and the United States. It was printed in the akademische Druckerei von Corvinus, known today as the Corvinsche Druckerei or Paul's Hof, after the family Paul who own it.

In 1626, the town lost 214 houses in a fire started by accident in soldiers' quarters. Not long after this, Herborn and the surrounding area were the scene of a wave of witch trials.

Towards the end of the Thirty Years' War, the townsfolk were looking after 50 Swedish soldiers, which brought them protection by the Swedish Army, and thereby also a reputation as a "field hospital town" ("Lazarettstadt") that lasted until the end of the Second World War.

After the Congress of Vienna, Herborn ended up in a border area next to Prussia and its economy suffered as a result of import tariffs. Only in 1836 did Hesse-Nassau join the Zollverein (Customs Union), and in 1866 it was wholly annexed by Prussia.

In the Second World War, Herborn was mostly spared by the bombers, but its Jewish community was obliterated in 1942, and many of the patients at the psychiatric clinic were deported and murdered.

The town became nationally known for a truck disaster that happened on 7 July 1987. After losing control because of faulty brakes, a tanker truck carrying about 34 000 L of fuel ran into a house containing an ice cream parlour and a pizzeria. The escaping fuel flowed into the sewers and exploded, setting several houses on fire. All together, six people lost their lives, and 40 were injured.

Politics

Town council

The municipal elections on 26 March 2006 yielded the following results:
CDU14 seats
SPD14 seats
FWG3 seats
FDP2 seats
Greens3 seats
WASG1 seat


Note: FWG is a citizens' coalition.

Town partnerships

Herborn maintains partnerships with the following towns:

Culture and sightseeing

Museums

  • Museum Herborn in der Hohen Schule (Herborn Museum in the "High School")
  • Heimatmuseum Herborn-Seelbach (local history)
  • Heimat- und Industriemuseum Burg (local history and industry)
  • Heimatstube Hörbach (local history)
  • Infozentrum der EAM (information centre)

Buildings

Town hall

Enlarge picture
Town hall with arms frieze
This was built in the 16th century and built anew after a fire in the 17th century. Particularly worthy of note is the frieze around the building showing local family coats of arms.

Other buildings

  • Evangelical town church from the years 1598-1609
  • Many half-timbered houses from the 17th and 18th century.
  • Market fountain from 1730
  • Paulshof from 1606
  • The "High School" (with the local history museum) from the years 1591-1599, remodelled in 1645
  • Town wall with some preserved towers
  • The stately home (Schloss)

Parks

The constituent community of Uckersdorf has a widely known attraction with its bird park.

Natural monuments

The Old Town is not the only attraction in Herborn. The surrounding countryside features the low mountains of the Westerwald range.

Regular events

  • Sommerfest (summer festival), July
  • Bärenkirmes ("bear fair"), August
  • Martinimarkt (market), November
  • Ponyfest in Herborn/Schönbach (May/June)

Holiday roads

Herborn lies on the Deutsche Fachwerkstraße, featuring many places with many half-timbered houses, and on the Solmser Straße, a scenic road leading through many historic and artistically important places in Hesse.

External links

Herborn is a municipality in the district of Birkenfeld, in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.


..... Click the link for more information.
country, state, and nation can have various meanings. Therefore, diverse lists of these entities are possible. Wikipedia offers the following lists:

..... Click the link for more information.
Anthem
"Das Lied der Deutschen" (third stanza)
also called "Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit"
..... Click the link for more information.
Länder (singular Land). Since Land is the literal German word for "country", the term Bundesländer (federal states; singular Bundesland
..... Click the link for more information.
Germany

This article is part of the series:
Politics of Germany


  • Constitution
  • Federal Council (Bundesrat)
  • Federal Diet (Bundestag)
  • Federal Assembly
    (Bundesversammlung)
  • Constitutional Court

..... Click the link for more information.
time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. Most adjacent time zones are exactly one hour apart, and by convention compute their local time as an offset from UTC (see also Greenwich Mean Time).
..... Click the link for more information.
Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. It is used in most European and some North African countries.

Its time offset is UTC+1. During daylight saving time CEST is used instead (UTC+2).
..... Click the link for more information.
Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. It is used as a summer daylight saving time in most European and some North African countries. During the winter, Central European Time (UTC+1) is used.
..... Click the link for more information.
UTC+1 is used in the following locations:
  • Central European Time
  • West Africa Time
  • Western European Summer Time*
  • British Summer Time*
  • Irish Summer Time*

..... Click the link for more information.
UTC+2 corresponds to the following time zones:
  • Eastern European Time
  • Egypt Standard Time
  • Central Africa Time
  • Israel Standard Time
  • South Africa Standard Time
  • Central European Summer Time
  • West Africa Summer Time

..... Click the link for more information.
geographic coordinate system enables every location on the earth to be specified by the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system aligned with the spin axis of the Earth.
..... Click the link for more information.
The Dill is a 68 km long river in Middle Hesse, Germany. It is a tributary to the Lahn, joining it on the right bank. It rises at about 600 m above sea level north of Haiger-Offdilln on the eastern slope of the Haincher Höhe
..... Click the link for more information.
Lahn-Dill-Kreis

''Map of Hesse highlighting the district of Lahn-Dill-Kreis
State| Hesse
Adm. region| Gießen

Wetzlar
1,066.51 km
263,054 (2002)
Pop.
..... Click the link for more information.
Hessen
Hesse

Flag Coat of arms

Details
Location

Coordinates
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Administration
Country Germany

..... Click the link for more information.
Anthem
"Das Lied der Deutschen" (third stanza)
also called "Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit"
..... Click the link for more information.
Clockwise from top: Trenches on the Western Front; a British Mark IV tank crossing a trench; Royal Navy battleship HMS Irresistible sinking after striking a mine at the Battle of the Dardanelles; a Vickers machine gun crew with gas masks, and German Albatros D.
..... Click the link for more information.
Timber framing is the modern term for the traditional half-timbered construction in which timber provides a visible skeletal frame that supports the whole building. Along with other natural building methods, timber frame building has shown renewed popularity in recent years.
..... Click the link for more information.
Bundesautobahn 45 (translates from German as Federal Motorway 45, short form Autobahn 45, abbreviated as BAB 45 or A 45) is an autobahn in Germany, connecting Dortmund in the west with Hanau in the southwest.
..... Click the link for more information.
European route E40 is the longest European route, about 8000 km long, connecting Calais in France via Belgium, Germany, Poland, Ukraine, Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and Kyrgyzstan, with Ridder in Kazakhstan near the border to China.
..... Click the link for more information.
Siegen

Coat of arms Location

..... Click the link for more information.
Wetzlar
The oldtown and the old Lahnbridge
Coat of arms Location

..... Click the link for more information.
Also spelled "Giessen" (without "ß").


Gießen

Coat of arms Location

..... Click the link for more information.
Dillenburg

Coat of arms Location

..... Click the link for more information.
Siegbach is a community in the Lahn-Dill-Kreis in Hesse, Germany.

Geography

Location

The community of Siegbach lies in the Lahn-Dill Highland in the valley of its namesake brook, the Siegbach, which empties into the Aar to the south at Bischoffen.
..... Click the link for more information.
Mittenaar is a community in the Lahn-Dill-Kreis in Hesse, Germany.

Geography

Location

Mittenaar lies in the Lahn-Dill Highland.

Municipal area's extent

On Mittenaar's 3 518 ha live more than 5,000 people. About 45 km of roads connect the various centres.
..... Click the link for more information.
Sinn is a community in Middle Hesse, Germany, in the Lahn-Dill-Kreis.

Geography

Location

Sinn lies at a height of 185 to 356 m above sea level at the foot of the Westerwald range, 3 km south of Herborn in the Dill valley.
..... Click the link for more information.
Greifenstein is a community in the Lahn-Dill-Kreis in Hesse, Germany. Its administrative seat is Beilstein. Greifenstein covers 67.43 km² on the eastern slope of the Westerwald range.
..... Click the link for more information.
Driedorf is a community in the Lahn-Dill-Kreis in Hesse, Germany.

Geography

Location

Driedorf lies from 416 to 642 m above sea level on a tableland in the high Westerwald.
..... Click the link for more information.
Breitscheid is a community in the Lahn-Dill-Kreis in Hesse, Germany.

Geography

Location

Breitscheid lies from 266 to 600 m above sea level on the eastern slope of the Westerwald range at the point shared by three German states: Hesse, Rhineland-Palatinate and
..... Click the link for more information.
19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1960s  1970s  1980s  - 1990s -  2000s  2010s  2020s
1995 1996 1997 - 1998 - 1999 2000 2001

Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII
..... Click the link for more information.


This article is copied from an article on Wikipedia.org - the free encyclopedia created and edited by online user community. The text was not checked or edited by anyone on our staff. Although the vast majority of the wikipedia encyclopedia articles provide accurate and timely information please do not assume the accuracy of any particular article. This article is distributed under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.