Horden

Horden is a village in County Durham, England. It is situated on the North Sea coast, to the east of Peterlee, approximately 12 miles south of Sunderland. Horden was a mining village until the closure of the coal mine in 1987. Main features include the Welfare and Memorial Parks and St Mary's church. It is connected to the village of Blackhall to its south by a spectacular rail viaduct which spans Castle Eden Dene near Denemouth. Horden Dene provides Horden's northern boundary with Easington Colliery. The A1086 road is the main road through the village linking with Easington and the A19 to Sunderland in the north and Blackhall and the A179 to Hartlepool in the south, the B1320 links the village to Peterlee and Shotton in the West.

History

The local manor house, Horden Hall, was built in the early 17th century, but Horden did not really begin to develop beyond a few farmhouses until the construction began of Horden Colliery in 1900. Pitmen’s homes were built, initially in rows of houses named First to Thirteenth Streets.

The first church in the village, St Hilda’s – now the church hall, was opened in 1904 and in 1913 St Mary’s church, built by local landowner Colonel Burdon, was consecrated. The village continued to grow strongly, reaching a peak population of 15,000 in 1951.[1]

Since closure of the mine in 1987 Horden’s population has fallen to around 8,500 (2001 census) and it now suffers high unemployment, higher than average health issues and problems with poor housing stock.[2] In addition, Horden has gradually lost most of its services and amenities including Police and Fire Stations, secondary school, many local shops, cinemas, and its railway station.

Primary and nursery schools remain, including Horden Nursery School, Cotsford Infant School, Cotsford Junior School, Yohden Primary School and Our Lady Star of the Sea Primary School.

Mining

Horden Colliery was one of the biggest mines in the country. From the beginning of construction in 1900 to nationalisation in 1947 it was owned and operated by Horden Collieries Ltd, who also operated mines at Blackhall, Castle Eden and Shotton. Following nationalisation the mine was operated by the National Coal Board.

The mine was operated mainly for the purpose of working undersea coal, and had three shafts. At the height of operating in the 1930s it employed over 4000 men and produced over 1.5million tonnes of coal a year.[3]

Large volumes of water and other geological issues meant that Horden Colliery failed to make a profit from the later-1970s onwards, and was finally closed in 1987.

Rising minewater following the closure led to fears of contamination of drinking water. A minewater treatment plant was installed in 2004 by the Coal Authority to remove the majority of the iron and raise the pH level of the water. This is a temporary measure, prior to a permanent solution being installed.[4]

Regeneration

In recent years Horden has benefited from the removal of mining spoil heaps and the redevelopment of its Welfare Park (which houses Horden's rugby, cricket and football teams). The Durham Heritage Coast Partnership (previously the lottery funded Turning the Tide programme) is committed to the conservation, protection and enhancement of the coastline, which is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna.

For such a small village Horden bosts quite a nightlife especially at weekends with sereral clubs bringing people from nearby villages. The most popular pubs and clubs in Horden include; Horden Comrades, Horden Catholic Club, The Bell, Horden Cricket Club and most popular at weekends with 18 - 25 generations is Horden Big Club, although horden big club has now closed and houses will be built on the site, horden catholic club seems to be the place to be on a friday and saturday night with karaoke on a friday night and artists on a saturday and sunday nights with no cover charge and a vry friendly atmosphere.

Local Councillors

Horden's two wards fall within the District of Easington

Horden North Horden South
Cllr Derek Armstrong IndependentCllr Colin Reynolds Labour
Cllr Edna Mary Connor LabourCllr Paul Stradling Labour
Cllr George Patterson Labour

References

External links

Coordinates:



Horden Rulez
County Durham

Geography
Status Ceremonial and (smaller) Non-metropolitan county
Origin Historic
Region North East England
Area
- Total
- Admin. council
- Admin.
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Motto
Dieu et mon droit   (French)
"God and my right"
Anthem
No official anthem specific to England — the anthem of the United Kingdom is "God Save the Queen".
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The North Sea is marginal, epeiric sea of the Atlantic Ocean on the European continental shelf between Norway and Denmark in the east, Scotland and England in the west, and Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium and France in the south.
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Sunderland

Sunderland ()
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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1950s  1960s  1970s  - 1980s -  1990s  2000s  2010s
1984 1985 1986 - 1987 - 1988 1989 1990

Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII
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Blackhall can refer to
  • two adjoining villages in County Durham, in England:
  • Blackhall Colliery
  • Blackhall Rocks
  • Blackhall Gaels

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Castle Eden Dene is a dene in County Durham, south of Peterlee and north of Castle Eden. It is a National Nature Reserve which cuts through the magnesian limestone of east Durham from Wingate down to the coast between Horden and Blackhall.
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The A1086 is a road in County Durham, north-east England.

The route of the A1086 starts from the A19 junction in Easington and runs to the A179 junction in Hartlepool via Horden, Blackhall Colliery, Blackhall Rocks and Crimdon.
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19th century - 20th century
1870s  1880s  1890s  - 1900s -  1910s  1920s  1930s
1897 1898 1899 - 1900 - 1901 1902 1903

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Year 1947 (MCMXLVII
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Blackhall can refer to
  • two adjoining villages in County Durham, in England:
  • Blackhall Colliery
  • Blackhall Rocks
  • Blackhall Gaels

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Castle Eden is a village in County Durham, in England. It is situated a short distance to the south of Peterlee, Wingate, the A19 and Castle Eden Dene. The village is famous for the former Castle Eden Brewery which was home of the famous Castle Eden Ale, most of it was demolished
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Shotton is a placename with several meanings:
  • Shotton, Peterlee, a village in County Durham, in north-east England
  • Shotton, Sedgefield, a village in County Durham, in England
  • Shotton, Northumberland, Northumberland, England, United Kingdom

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The National Coal Board (NCB) was the Statutory Corporation created to run the nationalised coal mining industry in Britain. It was created in 1947 as part of Clement Attlee's Labour nationalisation of industries.
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1930 1931 1932 1933 1934
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    pH is a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution. Aqueous solutions at 25 ℃ with a pH less than seven are considered acidic, while those with a pH greater than seven are considered basic (alkaline). The pH of 7.
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    ward is an electoral district within a municipality used in local politics. An example is The ward of Middleton St George in Northern England.
  • The Hoddle Grid area of Melbourne in the nineteenth century was divided into four wards: Bourke, Gipps, La Trobe and Lonsdale.
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  • Easington is a local government district and in eastern County Durham, England. It contains the settlements of Easington, Seaham, Peterlee, Murton, Horden, Blackhall, Wingate and Castle Eden.
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    geographic coordinate system enables every location on the earth to be specified by the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system aligned with the spin axis of the Earth.
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