Hot 100 Airplay

The Hot 100 Airplay is a chart released weekly by Billboard magazine in the United States. It measures radio airplay, and is one of the three component charts, along with the Hot 100 Singles Sales and the Hot Digital Songs charts, that determine the chart positions of singles on the Billboard Hot 100.

Chart data collection

The Hot 100 Airplay chart is a weekly chart that ranks the 100 songs with the most airplay points (frequently referred to as audience impressions, which is a calculation of the number of times a song is played and the audience size of the station playing the tune). A song can pick up an airplay point every time it is selected to be played on specific radio stations that Billboard monitors. Radio stations across the board are used from Top 40 Mainstream (plays wide variety of music that is generally the most popular songs of the time) to more genre specific radio stations such as urban radio.

Per Billboard (as of October 2005):
"988 stations, comprised of top 40, adult contemporary, R&B/hip-hop, country, rock, gospel, Latin and Christian formats, are electronically monitored 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. This data is used to compile The Billboard Hot 100."

Strength of airplay

Singles usually enter the Hot 100 Airplay chart before any other, because in most cases, they hit the airwaves first before being made commercially available online or in stores. Prior to December 5 1998, the Hot 100 was solely compiled of songs that were commercially available. This means that songs could enter the airplay chart, but would not be eligible for the Hot 100 unless a commercial single in stores was issued. "Don't Speak" by No Doubt, "Lovefool" by The Cardigans, "Torn" by Natalie Imbruglia, and "Basket Case" by Green Day all did well on this chart, but were not allowed to enter the Hot 100, because no commercial single was issued, even though they would have probably been significant hits on the Hot 100 without the need of a commercial single.

Due to circumstances like this becoming a growing trend with major record labels to release singles only to radio (as they felt commercial releases were a factor in decreasing album sales) many in the music industry requested that Billboard rethink its long-standing rule of "singles only" on the Hot 100. Billboard carefully weighed the pros and cons of this type of change and conducted extensive research and polls of music and recording industry insiders to assess the need for such a revamp of the chart. It was concluded that allowing airplay-only singles into the Hot 100 was the most logical choice, as the chart has always been a reflection of what songs are most popular in the United States and this new rule would present an accurate tool for those in the music industry to gauge the popularity of their "product" and to analyze marketing strategies, etc.

Album cut implementation

After December 5, 1998, songs could chart on the Hot 100 with just airplay points. However, before they were allowed onto the Hot 100, they had to make the Top 75 on the Hot 100 Airplay chart. Songs that charted on the Hot 100, without being issued with a commercial single release were known as album cuts. These album cuts however, were not very strong initially and did not usually chart very high; the first airplay-only single to hit number one came in June 2000 when Aaliyah's "Try Again" spent one week at the top.

This implementation was solely responsible for the end of number one debuts. In the mid 90s, many songs were commercially released as singles after airplay was given a chance to grow to its maximum potential. This allowed songs to enter the Hot 100 at the top, a feat unheard of before 1995. Ten songs were able to do this, but after this change to the Hot 100, only four singles (all American Idol participants) were able to debut at number one and only because airplay of their singles was too insignificant to allow them to enter the Hot 100 otherwise.

Criticisms

The Hot 100 is often criticised for weighing airplay more than sales. In a market where many believe sales to reflect music popularity more than airplay, this can be considered unfair. Billboard, however, has adjusted the ratio given to sales and airplay ever since the Hot 100's inception in 1958. During periods in which singles were the main format in which people bought popular music (the 1950s and 1960s, for example), sales points were given more "weight" in Hot 100 calculation. As the singles market dwindled in the United States, it was necessary for Billboard to adjust the sales/airplay ratio to favor airplay points, as a song that topped the Hot 100 Sales chart would sell only a few thousand copies in a week.

Records

Highest debut

Madonna set a record in 1992 when the lead single and title track from her fifth studio album Erotica debuted at #2 on the Hot 100 Airplay Chart.

Most weeks at number one

"Iris" by the Goo Goo Dolls topped the Hot 100 Airplay Chart for 18 weeks in 1998. The record was previously held by No Doubt for the track "Don't Speak" in 1996.

Most impressions in a week

"We Belong Together" by Mariah Carey scored 223 million impressions in the week ending July 15 2005.

Most impressions in a day

"We Belong Together" by Mariah Carey scored 32.8 million impressions.

Most cumulative weeks at number one

Mariah Carey holds the record for the most weeks at number one in total with 91 weeks atop the chart. Boyz II Men has second place with 50 weeks atop the chart.

See also

External links

Billboard charts
Albums
Billboard 200 | Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums | Top Electronic Albums | Top Pop Catalog Albums | Billboard Comprehensive Albums | Top Heatseekers
Singles and tracks
Hot 100 | Hot 100 Airplay | Hot 100 Singles Sales | Hot 100 Singles Recurrents | Bubbling Under Hot 100 Singles | Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs | Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Airplay | Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles Sales | Bubbling Under R&B/Hip-Hop Singles | Hot Rap Tracks | Pop 100 | Pop 100 Airplay | Hot Digital Songs | Hot Digital Tracks | Top 40 Tracks (defunct) | Top 40 Mainstream | Rhythmic Top 40 | Hot Adult Top 40 Tracks | Hot Adult Contemporary Tracks | Latin Rhythm Tracks | Modern Rock Tracks | Mainstream Rock Tracks | Hot Country Songs | Hot Dance Club Play | Hot Dance Airplay | Hot Dance Singles Sales | Hot Latin Tracks | Hot Christian Songs | Hot Ringtones | Hot RingMasters | Canadian Hot 100
Lists of number-ones
Billboard 200 | Hot 100 (Motown; by artist nationality: Australian, British, Canadian, European | Hot Dance Club Play | Modern Rock Tracks | Mainstream Rock Tracks | Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs
Lists of artists who reached number-one
Hot 100 (by total number; simultaneous U.S. and UK hits) | Hot Dance Club Play | Modern Rock Tracks | Mainstream Rock Tracks | Hot Adult Contemporary Tracks | Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs
See also
Billboard Radio Monitor (defunct) | Billboard Year-End | Hot 100 achievements (most hit singles from an album) |
Hot Country Songs achievements | Pop 100 achievements | R&R
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Billboard is a weekly American magazine devoted to the music industry. It maintains several internationally recognized music charts that track the most popular songs and albums in various categories on a weekly basis.
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The Hot 100 Singles Sales (also known as Singles Sales) is a chart released weekly by Billboard magazine in the United States. It measures sales of commercial singles and is one of three component charts, along with the Hot 100 Airplay and the Hot Digital Songs,
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The Hot Digital Songs chart ranks the best-selling digital singles in the United States, according to Billboard.

Beginning in February 2005, digital sales have been incorporated into many of Billboard's music single charts.
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The Billboard Hot 100 is the United States music industry standard singles popularity chart issued weekly by Billboard magazine. Chart rankings are based on airplay and sales; the tracking-week for sales begins on Monday and ends on Sunday; while the airplay
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Released 1996 (North America) , 1997 (Australia and Europe)
Format Airplay only
Genre Pop rock, Ballad
Length 4:23
Label Interscope
Writer(s) Gwen Stefani
Eric Stefani
Producer(s) Matthew Wilder
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No Doubt is a third wave ska band from Anaheim, California, United States. The group was founded in 1986, and the ska-pop sound of its 1992 debut album failed to make waves due to the popularity of the grunge movement at the time.
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Released 1996
Genre Pop
Length 3:21
Label Stockholm
Writer(s) Peter Svensson
Nina Persson
Producer(s) Tore Johansson
Peak chart positions
  • #2 (UK)
  • #31 (France)


Re-issue cover

"Lovefool
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The Cardigans are a Swedish band formed in the town of Jönköping in 1992. The band's musical style has varied greatly from album to album and encompasses their early indie leanings passing through '60s-inspired pop and more band-based rock.
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"Torn" is a song by the band Ednaswap from their debut album Ednaswap (1995). It was written by Scott Cutler, Anne Preven and Phil Thornalley during a demo session in 1991 before Ednaswap was even formed.
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Natalie Jane Imbruglia (IPA: [ɪm'bɹʉːlɪə]) (born February 4, 1975) is an Australian singer-songwriter, model and actress.
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Released 1994/1995
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Recorded 1993
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Writer(s) Green Day
Billie Joe Armstrong
Producer(s) Green Day
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Aaliyah Dana Haughton<ref name="Aaliyah NNDB Profile" /> (January 16, 1979 – August 25, 2001), best known as Aaliyah, was an American singer, dancer, actress, and model. Introduced to audiences by R&B singer R.
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B-side(s) "Erotica" (Instrumental)
Released September 29, 1992
Format CD, 7", cassette
Recorded 1992
Genre Dance
Length 5:17
Label Maverick, Sire,
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Erotica
(1992) Bedtime Stories
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Erotica is the fifth studio album by pop singer Madonna, released on October 20, 1992 by Maverick Records.
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Released 1998
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Genre Alternative rock
Length 4:49 (or 3:33 in the short version)
Label Warner Bros. Records
Writer(s) John Rzeznik
Producer(s) Goo Goo Dolls
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The Goo Goo Dolls, also known as GGD or just Goo, are a pop rock band formed in 1986 in Buffalo, New York by John Rzeznik and Robby Takac.

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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
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No Doubt is a third wave ska band from Anaheim, California, United States. The group was founded in 1986, and the ska-pop sound of its 1992 debut album failed to make waves due to the popularity of the grunge movement at the time.
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Released 1996 (North America) , 1997 (Australia and Europe)
Format Airplay only
Genre Pop rock, Ballad
Length 4:23
Label Interscope
Writer(s) Gwen Stefani
Eric Stefani
Producer(s) Matthew Wilder
Certification
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