Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester

English Royalty
House of Lancaster

Armorial of Plantagenet
Henry IV
   Henry V
   John, Duke of Bedford
   Thomas, Duke of Clarence
   Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester


Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (3 October 1390February 23, 1447) was the fourth son of King Henry IV of England by his first wife, Mary de Bohun.

Birth

The place of his birth is unknown, but he was named after his maternal grandfather, Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford.

Titles

He was created Duke of Gloucester in 1414, and upon the death of his brother, King Henry V of England in 1422, became regent of the Kingdom and Protector to his young nephew, the heir to the throne, King Henry VI.

Marriages

In about 1422 he married Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut and Holland, daughter of William VI. Through this marriage Gloucester assumed the title "Count of Holland, Zeeland and Hainault", and briefly fought to retain these titles when they were contested by Jacqueline's cousin Philip III, Duke of Burgundy (see: War of Succession in Holland). They had a stillborn child in 1424.

The marriage was annulled in 1428, and Jacqueline died (disinherited) in 1436.

Remarriage

Meanwhile, Gloucester remarried, his second wife being his former mistress, Eleanor Cobham. In 1441, Eleanor was tried and convicted of practising witchcraft against the King in an attempt to retain power for her husband. She died in prison.

Children

The children of Humphrey and Eleanor Cobham:
  • Arthur d.1447
  • Antigone who married Henry Grey, 2nd Earl of Tankerville, Lord of Powys (c. 1419-1450) and then John d'Amancier.

Charge of Treason, Assassination & Death

Following his wife's conviction, Gloucester himself was arrested on a charge of treason. He died at Bury St Edmunds in Suffolk, a few days later. At the time, some suspected that he had been assasinated, though it is more probable that he died of a stroke.

Greenwich

After inheriting the manor of Greenwich, Duke Humphrey enclosed Greenwich Park and from 1428 had a palace built there on the banks of the Thames, known as Bella Court and later as the Palace of Placentia. The Duke Humphrey Tower surmounting Greenwich Park was demolished in the 1660s and the site was chosen for building the Royal Observatory.[1] His name lives on in "Duke Humfrey's Library", part of the Bodleian Library in Oxford, to which the Duke donated the nucleus of its collection. He was also a patron of literature, notably of the poet John Lydgate.

Ancestors

Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester's ancestors in three generations
Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester
Father:
Henry IV of England
Paternal grandfather:
John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster
Paternal great-grandfather:
Edward III of England
Paternal great-grandmother:
Philippa of Hainault
Paternal grandmother:
Blanche of Lancaster
Paternal great-grandfather:
Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster
Paternal great-grandmother:
Isabel de Beaumont
Mother:
Mary de Bohun
Maternal grandfather:
Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford
Maternal great-grandfather:
William de Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton
Maternal great-grandmother:
Elizabeth Badlesmere
Maternal grandmother:
Joan FitzAlan
Maternal great-grandfather:
Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel
Maternal great-grandmother:
Eleanor of Lancaster

References

1. ^ Jennings, C. (2001). Greenwich: the place where days begin and end, Abacus. ISBN 0349112304. pp. 8-9; 171


Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Arundel and Surrey
Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
1415–1447
Succeeded by
The Lord Saye and Sele
Legal offices
Preceded by
The Duke of York
Justice in Eyre
south of the Trent

1415–1447
Succeeded by
The Duke of York
Peerage of England
Preceded by
New Creation
Duke of Gloucester
1414–1447
Succeeded by
Extinct
British monarchy is a system of government in which a hereditary monarch is the sovereign of the United Kingdom and its overseas territories, and holds the now constitutional position of head of state.
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The House of Lancaster was a branch of the English royal House of Plantagenet. It was one of the opposing factions involved in the Wars of the Roses, an intermittent civil war which affected England and Wales during the 15th century.
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Geoffrey V (1113 † 1151), Count of Anjou

Azure, six lions or
Henry II (1133 † 1189), son of previous, king of England, duke of Normandy, count of Anjou

gules, two leopards or
Richard I the Lionheart
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Henry IV
By the Grace of God, King of England
and France and Lord of Ireland


Reign 30 September 1399 - 20 March 1413
Coronation 13 October 1399
Born 3 March 1367(1367--)
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John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford (20 June 1389 – 14 September 1435), also known as John Plantagenet, was the third surviving son of King Henry IV of England by Mary de Bohun, and acted as Regent of France for his nephew, King Henry VI.
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Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence (29 September 1388 Kenilworth Castle Р22 March 1421 Battle of Baug̩) was the second son of King Henry IV of England and his first wife, Mary de Bohun.
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October 3 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events


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13rd century - 14th century - 15th century
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February 23 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

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Henry IV
By the Grace of God, King of England
and France and Lord of Ireland


Reign 30 September 1399 - 20 March 1413
Coronation 13 October 1399
Born 3 March 1367(1367--)
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Mary de Bohun (c. 1369 – June 4, 1394 Peterborough Castle, Peterborough) was the first wife of King Henry IV of England and the mother of King Henry V, but was never queen, dying too early.
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Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford, 6th Earl of Essex and 2nd Earl of Northampton (1342 – 1373) was an important medieval English noble during the reign of King Edward III of England.
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Duke of Gloucester (IPA: /ˈdjuːk əv ˈglɒstɚ/) is a British royal title (after Gloucester), often conferred on one of the sons of the reigning monarch.
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A Regent, from the Latin regens "who reigns" , is a person selected to act as Head of state (ruling or not) because the ruler is a minor, not present or debilitated. Thus, the common use is for an acting deputy governor.
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Henry VI of England

Reign 31 August 1422 - 4 March 1461
and 31 October 1470 - 11 April 1471
Coronation 6 November 1429
Born 6 November 1421(1421--)
Windsor Castle
Died
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14th century - 15th century - 16th century
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Jacoba of Bavaria or Jacqueline of Wittelsbach (1401 Р8 October 1436, Dutch: Jacoba van Beieren, French: Jacqueline de Bavi̬re) was Duchess of Bavaria-Straubing, Countess of Hainaut and Holland from 1417 to 1432.
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The Counts of Holland ruled over the county of Holland in the Low Countries between the 10th and the 16th century.

Gerulfingians or House of Holland

The first count of Holland, Dirk I, was probably the son of Count Gerulf II of Frisia.
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counts of Hainaut were the rulers of the county of Hainaut, a historical region in the Low Countries.

List of counts of Hainaut

House of Reginar

  • Reginar I (r. ?-898)
  • Sigard (r. 898-908, m. 920)
  • Hagano (m. 921)
  • Reginar I (r.

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Philip the Good
Duke of Burgundy, Brabant, Limburg, Lothier and Luxembourg, Margrave of Namur, Count of Artois, Flanders, Hainault, Holland and Zeeland, Count Palatine of Burgundy

Philip the Good, after a Roger van der Weyden of c.
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The Hook and Cod wars (Dutch: Hoekse en Kabeljauwse twisten) comprise a series of wars and battles in Holland between 1350 and 1490. Most of these wars were fought over the title of count of Holland, but the underlying reason was the power struggle of the bourgeois in the
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Annulment is a legal procedure for declaring a marriage null and void. Unlike divorce, it is retroactive: an annulled marriage is considered never to have existed.

In strict legal terminology, annulment refers only to making a voidable
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