Jackson, Mississippi

City of Jackson
Jackson, Mississippi at dusk

Flag

Seal
Nickname: Crossroads of the South
Motto: The city of Grace and Benevolence
Location in Hinds County, Mississippi
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Hinds
Founded 1822
Incorporation 1822
Government
 - Type Strong Mayor-Council
 - Mayor Frank Melton (R)
 - City Council Jeff Weill, Leslie B. McLemore,
Kenneth I. Stokes, Frank Bluntson,
Charles Tillman, Marshand K. Crisler,
Margaret C. Barrett-Simon
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-6)
Area code(s) 601, 769
FIPS code
GNIS feature ID
For additional city data see City-Data
Website: [1]


Jackson is the capital and the most populous city of the U.S. State of Mississippi. It is one of the county seats of Hinds County; Raymond is the other county seat. As of the 2000 census Jackson's population was 184,256. According to July 1, 2006 estimates, the city's population was 176,614 and its five-county metropolitan area had a population of 529,456.[1][2] The Jackson-Yazoo City combined statistical area, consisting of the Jackson metropolitan area and Yazoo City micropolitan area, had a population of 557,385.[3]

The current slogan for the city is Jackson, Mississippi: City with Soul.

History

Founding and antebellum period (to 1860)

The area that is now Jackson was initially referred to as Parker'ville[4] and was settled by Louis LeFleur, a French Canadian trader along the historic Natchez Trace trade route.

The city was founded based on the need for a centrally located capital for the state of Mississippi. In 1821, the Mississippi General Assembly, meeting in the then-capital of Natchez, had sent Thomas Hinds (for whom Hinds County is named), James Patton, and William Lattimore to look for a site. After surveying areas north and east of Jackson, they proceeded southwest along the Pearl River until they reached LeFleur's Bluff in Hinds County. Their report to the General Assembly stated that this location had beautiful and healthful surroundings, good water, abundant timber, navigable waters, and proximity to the trading route Natchez Trace. And so, a legislative Act passed by the Assembly on November 28, 1821, authorized the location to become the permanent seat of the government of the state of Mississippi.

Enlarge picture
Andrew Jackson, 7th President of the United States and the city's namesake
Jackson is named after the seventh President of the United States, Andrew Jackson, in recognition for his victory in the Battle of New Orleans.

During the late 18th century and early 19th century, the area was traversed by the Natchez Trace, on which a trading post stood before a treaty with the Choctaw, the Treaty of Doak's Stand in 1820, formally opened the area for non-native American settlers.

Jackson was originally planned, in April 1822, by Peter Van Dorn in a "checkerboard" pattern advocated by Thomas Jefferson, in which city blocks alternated with parks and other open spaces, giving the appearance of a checkerboard. This plan has not lasted to the present day.

The state legislature first met in Jackson on December 23, 1822.

In 1839, Jackson was the site of the passage of the first state law that permitted married women to own and administer their own property.

Jackson was first linked with other cities by rail in 1840. An 1844 map shows Jackson linked by an east-west rail line running between Vicksburg, Raymond, and Brandon. Unlike Vicksburg, Greenville, and Natchez, Jackson is not located on the Mississippi River, and did not develop like those cities from river commerce. Instead, railroads would later spark growth of the city in the decades after the American Civil War.

American Civil War and late nineteenth century (1861-1900)

Despite its small population, during the Civil War , Jackson became a strategic center of manufacturing for the Confederate States of America. In 1863, during the campaign which ended in the capture of Vicksburg, Union forces captured Jackson during two battles—once before the fall of Vicksburg and once after the fall of Vicksburg.

On May 13, 1863, Union forces won the first Battle of Jackson, forcing Confederate forces to flee northward towards Canton. Subsequently, on May 15, 1863, Union troops under the command of William Tecumseh Sherman burned and looted key facilities in Jackson, a strategic manufacturing and railroad center for the Confederacy. After driving the Confederate forces out of Jackson, Union forces turned west once again and engaged the Vicksburg defenders at the Battle of Champion Hill in nearby Edwards. The siege of Vicksburg began soon after the Union victory at Champion Hill. Confederate forces began to reassemble in Jackson in preparation for an attempt to break through the Union lines surrounding Vicksburg and end the siege there. The Confederate forces in Jackson built defensive fortifications encircling the city while preparing to march west to Vicksburg.

Confederate forces marched out of Jackson to break the siege of Vicksburg in early July 1863. However, unknown to them, Vicksburg had already surrendered on July 4, 1863. General Ulysses S. Grant dispatched General Sherman to meet the Confederate forces heading west from Jackson. Upon learning that Vicksburg had already surrendered, the Confederates retreated back into Jackson, thus beginning the Siege of Jackson, which lasted for approximately one week. Union forces encircled the city and began an artillery bombardment. One of the Union artillery emplacements still remains intact on the grounds of the University of Mississippi Medical Center in Jackson. Another Federal position is still intact on the campus of Millsaps College. One of the Confederate Generals defending Jackson was former United States Vice President John C. Breckenridge. On July 16, 1863, Confederate forces slipped out of Jackson during the night and retreated across the Pearl River. Union forces completely burned the city after its capture this second time, and the city earned the nickname "Chimneyville" because only the chimneys of houses were left standing. The northern line of Confederate defenses in Jackson during the siege was located along a road near downtown Jackson, now known as Fortification Street.

Today there are few antebellum structures left standing in Jackson. One surviving structure is the Governor's Mansion, built in 1842, which served as Sherman's headquarters. Another is the Old Capitol building, which served as the home of the Mississippi state legislature from 1839 to 1903. There the Mississippi legislature passed the ordinance of secession from the Union on January 9, 1861, becoming the second state to secede from the United States. The constitutional convention of 1890, which produced Mississippi's Constitution of 1890, was also held there. The so-called New Capitol replaced the older structure upon its completion in 1903, and today the Old Capitol is a historical museum. A third important surviving antebellum structure is the Jackson City Hall, built in 1846 for less than $8,000. It is said that Sherman, a Mason, spared it because it housed a Masonic Lodge, though a more likely reason is that it housed an army hospital.

Early twentieth century (1901-1960)

Pulitzer Prize-winning author Eudora Welty was born in Jackson in 1909, died there in 2001, and lived most of her life in the Belhaven section of the city. She wrote a memoir of her development as a writer, One Writer's Beginnings (1984), which gives a charming picture of the city in the early 20th century. Today, the main Jackson public library is named in her honor.

Highly acclaimed African-American author Richard Wright, a native of Roxie, Mississippi, lived in Jackson as an adolescent and young man in the 1910s and 1920s, and relates his experience in his memoir Black Boy (1945). He describes the harsh and largely terror-filled life most African-Americans experienced in the South and the rest of the United States under segregation in the early twentieth century.

Jackson's economic growth was stimulated in the 1930s by the discovery of natural gas fields nearby.

During World War II, Hawkins Field in northwest Jackson became a major airbase. Among other facilities and units, the Royal Netherlands Military Flying School was established there, after Nazi Germany occupied Holland. From 1941, the base trained all Dutch military aircrews.

Civil rights era and afterwards (1961–present)

Since 1960, Jackson has undergone a series of dramatic changes and growth. On May 24, 1961, during the American Civil Rights Movement, a large group of Freedom Riders was arrested in Jackson for "disturbing the peace" after they disembarked from their bus. Although the Freedom Riders had planned to make New Orleans, Louisiana their final destination, Jackson was the farthest that any of them actually managed to travel.

In Jackson, shortly after midnight on June 12, 1963, Medgar Evers, civil rights activist and leader of the Mississippi chapter of the NAACP, was murdered by Byron De La Beckwith, a white supremacist. In 1994, prosecutors Ed Peters and Bobby DeLaughter finally got De La Beckwith convicted of murder by a jury. A portion of U.S. Highway 49, all of Delta Drive and Jackson-Evers International Airport now bear Medgar Evers's name.

The first successful cadaveric lung transplant was performed at the University of Mississippi Medical Center in Jackson in June 1963 by Dr. James Hardy. Hardy transplanted the cadaveric lung into a patient suffering from lung cancer. The patient survived for eighteen days before dying of kidney failure.

In June 1966, Jackson was also the terminus of the James Meredith March, organized by James Meredith, the first African-American to enroll at the University of Mississippi. The march, which began in Memphis, Tennessee, was an attempt to garner support for the Civil Rights movement and was accompanied by a drive to register African-Americans to vote in Mississippi. In this latter aim, it succeeded in registering between 2,500 and 3,000 black Mississippians to vote. The march ended on June 26 after Meredith, who had been wounded by a sniper's bullet earlier on the march, addressed a large rally of some 15,000 people in Jackson.

Since 1968, Jackson has been the home of Malaco Records, one of the leading record companies for gospel and soul music in the United States. In January 1973, Paul Simon recorded the song "Learn How To Fall", found on the album There Goes Rhymin' Simon, in Jackson at the Malaco Recording Studios.

Two students at Jackson State University (then called Jackson State College) were killed while protesting the Vietnam War on May 15, 1970. These murders were part of the evidence cited by Newsweek in its issue of 18 May when it suggested that U.S. President Richard Nixon faced a new home front.

In 1997, Harvey Johnson, Jr. became the city's first African American mayor. During his term, he proposed the creation of a convention center, in hopes of attracting business to the city. This effort was not successful during Johnson's tenure but is currently being planned. Mayor Johnson was replaced by Frank Melton on July 4, 2005. Melton has subsequently generated controversy through his unconventional behavior, which has included acting as a law enforcement officer. A dramatic spike in crime has also ensued, despite Melton's promises to rid the city of its crime problem.[5]

Geography and climate

Jackson is located on the Pearl River, and is served by the Ross Barnett Reservoir, which forms a section of the Pearl River and is located northeast of Jackson on the border between Madison and Rankin counties. A tiny portion of the city containing Tougaloo College lies in Madison County, bounded on the west by I-220 and on the east by US 51 and I-55. A second portion of the city is located in Rankin County. In the 2000 census, 183,723 of the city's 184,256 residents (99.7%) lived in Hinds County and 533 (0.3%) in Madison County. Although no Jackson residents lived in the Rankin County portion in 2000, that figure had risen to 72 by 2006.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 276.7 km² (106.8 mi²). 271.7 km² (104.9 mi²) of it is land and 5.0 km² (1.9 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 1.80 percent water.

Jackson possesses a humid subtropical climate, with very hot, humid summers and mild winters. Rain is very evenly spread throughout the year, and snow can fall in wintertime, although heavy snowfall is relatively rare. Much of Jackson's rainfall occurs during thunderstorms. Thunder is heard on roughly 70 days per annum. Jackson lies in a region prone to severe thunderstorms which can produce large hail, damaging winds and tornadoes.

Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Rec High °F 8385899499105106107104958884
Norm High °F 55.160.368.17582.188.991.491.486.476.866.357.9
Norm Low °F 3538.245.451.76168.171.470.364.65243.437.3
Rec Low °F 2101527384751543526174
Precip (in) 5.674.55.745.984.863.824.693.663.233.425.045.34
Source: USTravelWeather.com [2]

Demographics

City of Jackson
Population by year [3]
YearPopulation
U.S. Rank
18501,881?
18603,191+69.6%?
18704,234+32.7%?
18805,204+22.9%?
18905,920+13.8%?
19007,816+32.0%?
191021,262+172.0%?
192022,817+7.3%?
193048,282+111.6%?
194062,107+28.6%?
195098,271+58.2%?
1960144,422+47.0%85th
1970153,968+6.6%91st
1980202,895+31.8%71st
1990196,637-3.1%78th
2000184,286-6.3%108th
2006 est.176,614-4.2%126th


Jackson remained a small town for much of the 19th century. Before the American Civil War, Jackson's population remained tiny, particularly in contrast to Mississippi's cities located along the commerce-laden Mississippi River. Despite the city's status as the state capital, the 1850 census counted only 1,881 residents, and by 1900 the population of Jackson had only grown to approximately 8,000. It was during this period, roughly between 1890 and 1930, that Meridian became Mississippi's largest city, though by 1944, Jackson's population had risen to some 70,000 inhabitants. Since that time, it has continuously been the largest city in the state. Large-scale growth, however, did not come until the 1970s, after the turbulence of the Civil Rights Movement. The 1980 census counted over 200,000 residents in the city for the first time. Since then, Jackson has steadily seen a decline in its population, while its suburbs have evidenced a boom.

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 184,256 people, 67,841 households, and 44,488 families residing in the city. The population density was 678.2/km² (1,756.4/mi²). There were 75,678 housing units at average density of 278.5/km² (721.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 70.6% Black or African American, 27.8% White or Caucasian, 0.1% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.2% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. 0.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 67,841 households out of which 39.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.4% were married couples living together, 25.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.24.

The age of the population was spread out with 28.5% under the age of 18, 12.4% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,414, and the median income for a family was $36,003. Males had a median income of $29,166 versus $23,328 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,116. About 19.6% of families and 23.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.7% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or over.[6]

Jackson ranks number 10 in the nation in concentration of African-American same-sex couples.[7]

In 2006, the Center for Immigrant Studies found Mississippi had the highest immigrant percentage growth rate all of states. The Jackson metro area is one of the South's emerging destinations for immigrants, many of which are Latino immigrants from Mexico.

Transportation

Air travel

Jackson is served by Jackson-Evers International Airport, located at Allen C. Thompson Field, east of the city in Flowood in Rankin County. Its IATA code is JAN. The airport has non-stop service to 12 cities throughout the United States and is served by 6 mainline carriers (American, Delta, Continental, Southwest, Northwest, and US Airways)

On 22 December 2004, Jackson City Council members voted 6-0 to rename Jackson International Airport in honor of slain civil rights leader and field secretary for the Mississippi chapter of the NAACP, Medgar Evers. This decision took effect on 22 January 2005.

Formerly Jackson was served by Hawkins Field Airport, located in northwest Jackson, with IATA code HKS, which is now used for private air traffic only.

Underway is the Airport Parkway project. The environmental impact study is complete and final plans are drawn and awaiting Mississippi Department of Transportation approval. Right-of-way acquisition is underway at an estimated cost of $19 million. The Airport Parkway will connect High Street in downtown Jackson to Mississippi Highway 475 in Flowood at Jackson-Evers International Airport. The Airport Parkway Commission is comprised of the Mayor of Pearl, the Mayor of Flowood and the Mayor of Jackson, as the Airport Parkway will run through and have access from each of these three cities.

Ground transportation

Interstate highways

Interstate 55
Runs north-south from Chicago through Jackson towards Brookhaven, McComb, and the Louisiana state line to New Orleans. Jackson is roughly halfway between New Orleans and Memphis, Tennessee. The highway maintains eight to ten lanes in northern part of city, six lanes in the center and four lanes south of I-20.

Interstate 20
Runs east-west from near El Paso, Texas to Florence, South Carolina. Jackson is roughly halfway between Dallas, Texas and Atlanta, Georgia. The highway is six lanes from Interstate 220 to MS 468 in Pearl.

Interstate 220
Connects Interstates 55 and 20 on the north and west sides of the city and is four lanes throughout its route.

U.S. highways

U.S. Highway 49
Runs north-south from the Arkansas state line at Lula via Clarksdale and Yazoo City, towards Hattiesburg and Gulfport. It bypasses the city via I-20 and I-220

U.S. Highway 51
Known in Jackson as State Street, roughly parallels Interstate 55 from the I-20/I-55 western split to downtown. It multiplexes with I-55 from Pearl/Pascagoula St northward to County Line Road, where the two highways split.

U.S. Highway 80
Roughly parallels Interstate 20.

State highways

Mississippi Highway 18
Runs southwest towards Raymond and Port Gibson; southeast towards Bay Springs and Quitman.

Mississippi Highway 25
Some parts of this road are known as Lakeland Drive, which runs northeast towards Carthage and Starkville.

Other roads

In addition, Jackson is served by the Natchez Trace Parkway, which runs from Natchez to Nashville, Tennessee.

Bus service

JATRAN (Jackson Transit System) operates hourly or half-hourly during daytime hours on weekdays, and mostly hourly on Saturdays. No evening or Sunday service is operated.

Railroads

Jackson is served by the Canadian National Railway (formerly the Illinois Central Railroad). The Kansas City Southern Railway also serves the city. The Canadian National has a medium-sized yard downtown which Mill Street parallels and the Kansas City Southern has a large classification yard in Richland. Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Jackson. The Amtrak station is located at 300 West Capitol Street. Amtrak's southbound City of New Orleans provides service from Jackson to New Orleans and some points between. The northbound City of New Orleans provides service from Jackson to Memphis, Carbondale, Champaign-Urbana, Chicago and some points between. Efforts to establish service with another Amtrak train, the Crescent Star, an extension of the Crescent westward from Meridian, Mississippi to Dallas, Texas, failed in 2003.

Industry

Jackson is home to several major industries. These include electrical equipment and machinery, processed food, and primary and fabricated metal products. The surrounding area supports agricultural development of livestock, soybeans, cotton, and poultry.

Publicly traded companies

The following companies are headquartered in Jackson:
  • Cal-Maine Foods, Inc. (NASDAQ:CALM)
  • EastGroup Properties Inc. (NYSE:EGP)
  • Parkway Properties, Inc. (NYSE:PKY)
  • Trustmark Corporation (NASDAQ:TRMK)

Religion

Cultural organizations and institutions

Political structures

In 1985, Jackson voters opted to replace the three-man mayor-commissioner system with a city council. Jackson's city council members represent the city's seven wards, and the body is headed by the mayor.

Education

Jackson is home to the international headquarters of Phi Theta Kappa, an honor society for students enrolled in two-year colleges.

Colleges and universities

Public high schools

Private high schools

Media

Newspapers

Daily

Weekly

  • Jackson Advocate - weekly newspaper and oldest newspaper serving the state's African-American community
  • Jackson Free Press - freely distributed weekly newspaper with focus on politics, entertainment and culture
  • The Mississippi Link - weekly statewide general interest newspaper, focusing on the African American community
  • Mississippi Business Journal - weekly newspaper, with focus on business and economic development
  • The Northside Sun - weekly newspaper, with focus on the northeastern portion of the Jackson Metropolitan area

Historic

  • The Mississippian Daily Gazette - also often referred to as The Jackson Mississippian because of its location, circulated during the 19th century, a major newspaper during the Civil War
  • The Standard - circulated during the 19th century, after the Civil War The Eastern Clarion moved to Jackson and merged with The Standard, soon changed name to The Clarion
  • State Ledger - circulated during the 19th century, in 1888 The Clarion merged with the State Ledger and became known as The Clarion-Ledger
  • The Jackson Daily News - originally known as The Jackson Evening Post in 1882, changed the name to The Jackson Daily News in 1907, purchased along with The Clarion-Ledger by Gannett in 1982

Magazines

Publishing

  • University Press of Mississippi, the state's only not-for-profit publishing house and collective publisher for Mississippi's eight state universities, producing works on local history, culture and society

Television

FM radio

  • 98.7 WJKK (Mix 98.7): adult contemporary
  • 99.7 WJMI (99 Jamz): hip-hop
  • 100.5 WRTM (Smooth 100-dot-5): urban AC
  • 100.9 WJXN: Christian contemporary (K-Love)
  • 101.7 WYOY (Y101): top-40
  • 102.9 WMSI (Miss 103): country music
  • 103.7 WLEZ-LP (EZ 103.7): adult standards (This is a low-powered station that does not cover all of the city.)
  • 105.9 WOAD-FM (Power 105.9): urban contemporary gospel
  • 106.7 WSTZ (Z106.7): classic rock
  • 107.5 WKXI-FM (Kixie 107): urban AC

AM radio

  • 620 WJDX (The Score): Fox Sports Radio
  • 780 WIIN (Jubilee 780): Christian country-music
  • 930 WSFZ (SuperSport 930): Sporting News Radio
  • 970 WZQK (Real Country 970): classic country-music (Brandon-Jackson)?
  • 1120 WTWZ: bluegrass gospel
  • 1180 WJNT: news-talk (Pearl-Jackson)
  • 1240 WPBQ: ESPN Radio
  • 1300 WOAD: gospel
  • 1400 WKXI (Blues 1400): blues
  • 1590 WZRX (News Plus 1590): Headline News

Points of interest

Tourism and Culture

Jackson is a city famous for its music - including gospel, blues and R&B. Jackson is also home to the world famous Malaco Records recording studio. Many notable musicians hail from Jackson.

Jackson is home to the USA International Ballet Competition. Founded in 1978 by Thalia Mara, the first USA International Ballet Competition took place in 1979 and joined the ranks of Varna, Bulgaria (1964); Moscow, Russia (1969); and Tokyo, Japan (1976). The International Ballet Competition (IBC) originated in Varna, Bulgaria in 1964. The competition eventually expanded to rotating annual events in Varna, Moscow and Tokyo. In 1979 the event first came to the United States in Jackson, Mississippi, where it now returns every four years. The rotation is currently among Jackson, Varna, Helsinki, Finland and Shanghai, China. These first competitions were given sanction by the International Dance Committee of UNESCO’s International Theater Institute. Today, international ballet competitions flourish worldwide, and the USA IBC in Jackson remains one of the oldest and most respected competitions in the world. In 1982, the United States Congress passed a Joint Resolution designating Jackson as the official home of the USA International Ballet Competition. Jackson held subsequent competitions in 1982, 1986, 1990, 1994, 1998, 2002 and 2006. The next competition is in 2010. The competitions are held at Thalia Mara Hall.[8]

Downtown Jackson Renaissance

Currently, Jackson is experiencing $1.6 billion in downtown development[9]. Among the projects include improvements to or construction of the following:

Old Capital Green • Pinnacle at Jackson Place • Convention Center and hotels • Mississippi Telecom Center • Union Station • Farish Street Entertainment District • Standard Life Building • Electric 302 Building • Plaza Building • AT&T Building • Jackson Place Residential • State and Tombigbee Lofts • Library Lofts • Towncreek Apartments • Ceva Green • King Edward Hotel • Mississippi History Museum • Festival Park • Old Capital Museum • Mill Street viaduct and Market • Cellular South • Jackson Police Department Headquarters • New Federal Courthouse • Mississippi Museum of Art

Downtown Jackson Attractions

Alamo Theater (The) • Boddie Mansion (The) • Bronze Statue of Medgar Evers • Mississippi State Capitol • Old State Capitol • Municipal Art Gallery • Dr. A. H. McCoy Federal Building • Mississippi Supreme Court • Russell C. Davis Planetarium/Ronald E. McNair Space Theater • Oaks House Museum • Sonny Guy Municipal Golf Course • Thalia Mara Hall • War Memorial Building • Smith Park • Smith Robertson Museum and Cultural Center • Chimneyville Crafts Gallery • City Hall • Mississippi Arts Center • Mississippi Department of Archives and History • Mississippi Fairgrounds and Coliseum • Mississippi Governor's Mansion • Mississippi Museum of Art • Jackson Zoo • Mississippi Farmer's Market

Tallest buildings

Name Height Year
AmSouth Plaza97 m1975
Jackson Marriott Downtown78 m1975
AmSouth Bank Building77 m1929
Standard Life Building76 m1929
Trustmark National Bank Building66 m1955
Lamar Life Building58 m1924

Museums

Eudora Welty House MuseumManship House MuseumMedgar Evers Home MuseumMississippi Agriculture and Forestry MuseumMississippi Museum of ArtMississippi Museum of Natural ScienceMississippi Sports Hall of Fame and MuseumThe Oaks House Museum/Boyd HouseSmith Robertson Museum and Cultural CenterThe City of Jackson Fire MuseumThe International Museum of Muslim Cultures

Historic sites

Old Capitol Museum of Mississippi HistoryMississippi Governor's MansionManship House MuseumThe Oaks House Museum/Boyd HouseKing Edward Hotel • Standard Life Insurance Building • Greenwood Cemetery

Periodic cultural events

Parks

LeFleur's Bluff State Park • Battlefield Park • Parham Bridges Park • Sheppard Brothers Park • Smith Park • Sykes Park • Grove Park

Sports

Summer Training Camp

Sports arenas

Former professional sports teams

Noteworthy natives

Jackson is currently, or has been, the home and birthplace of many notable people. From writers Eudora Welty and Willie Morris and civil rights leaders Medgar Evers and James Meredith to rapper David Banner, jazz legend Cassandra Wilson, and sports stars Fred Smoot and Jim Gallagher, Jr. Actors, artists, authors, cooks, inventors, musicians, painters, sports figures and more, Jackson has contributed significantly to America's culture.

(see: List of people from Mississippi for a more in-depth list)

Trivia

of Mississippi, University. "The Geology of Mississippi", University of Mississippi, 2003-12-12. Retrieved on 2007-09-27. 
11. ^ University Mississippi Medical Center
12. ^ University of Mississippi Medical Center


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Hinds County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. It is part of the Jackson, Mississippi Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of 2000, the population was 250,800. Its county seats are Jackson and Raymond6. Hinds County is named for U.S.
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Hinds County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. It is part of the Jackson, Mississippi Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of 2000, the population was 250,800. Its county seats are Jackson and Raymond6. Hinds County is named for U.S.
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  • Nicaragua
Multizoned countries
  • Canada, United States (Central Standard Time/Mountain Daylight Time)

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Area code 601 is the telephone area code for central Mississippi. Originally, area code 601 covered the entire state. In 1997, area code 228 was created for the Mississippi Gulf Coast area. In 1999, area code 662 was created in the northern half of Mississippi.
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Area code 769 is the first overlay telephone area code and fourth overall area code in Mississippi. It overlays area code 601, which covers central Mississippi, including the Jackson and Vicksburg areas.

Area code 769 was approved for use in 2005.
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Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the United States Federal government for use by all non-military government agencies and by government contractors.
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The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories.
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capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has a second meaning based on an alternative sense of "capital") is the center of government.
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Motto
"In God We Trust"   (since 1956)
"E Pluribus Unum"   ("From Many, One"; Latin, traditional)
Anthem
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State of Mississippi

Flag of Mississippi Seal
Nickname(s): The Magnolia State, The Hospitality State
Motto(s): Virtute et armis (By Valor and Arms)

Official language(s) English

Capital
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A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. In the Northeast United States, the statutory term often is shire town, but colloquially county seat is the term in use there.
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Hinds County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. It is part of the Jackson, Mississippi Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of 2000, the population was 250,800. Its county seats are Jackson and Raymond6. Hinds County is named for U.S.
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Raymond, Mississippi

Seal
Motto:
Location of Raymond, Mississippi
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Hinds
Area
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