James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton

James Hamilton, 1st Lord Hamilton, 6th Laird of Cadzow (c. 1415- 6th November,1479) was a Scottish nobleman and politician.

Early life

James Hamilton was the son of James Hamilton of Cadzow, 5th Laird of Cadzow. He was born at Cadzow Castle, South Lanarkshire. He first appears on record on a charter of 1426, granting him the rights to the lands of Dalserf, which had been alienated by his father.

Douglas connection

Hamilton was intimately connected with the powerful House of Douglas: his mother was a daughter of the Douglas Lord of Dalkeith, and also through his marriage in 1439/1440 with Lady Euphemia Graham, the youthful widow of Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Douglas and daughter of Euphemia Stewart, Countess of Strathearn. Hamilton became stepfather to the young 6th Earl of Douglas, his brother David, both who would be murdered in November 1440 at the 'Black Dinner' at Edinburgh Castle in the presence of James II. Furthermore he was the stepfather of Margaret Douglas, known as the "Fair Maid of Galloway" who was to marry her cousins William Douglas, 8th Earl of Douglas, and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas.

Laird o' Cadzow to Lord Hamilton

Prior to 1440 he achieved the status of Knighthood, and circa. 1440/1441 he inherited his father's estates. In 1445, Hamilton received a charter creating him a Lord of Parliament. This charter raised all his estates into the entail of that rank, with its Capital Messuage at the the Orchard, (later Hamilton Palace), at Cadzow. Furthermore the charter stated that henceforth the lands would be known as Hamilton as they are today.

Hamilton accompanied his stepson in law, the 8th Earl of Douglas, to Rome in 1450, and there obtained permission from the Holy See to convert the Parish Church at the new burgh of Hamilton into a Collegiate Establishment, with endowments for a Provost and six Canons.

Royal displeasure

Hamilton is thought to have accompanied the Earl of Douglas to his fatal meeting with James II at Stirling Castle in 1452. He was certainly with the 9th Earl of Douglas, a month after the murder and following the King's ravaging of Douglasdale and Hamilton's lands in Clydesdale. A concord was reached between the King and the Douglas faction at Douglas Castle, in August 1452 that was to last until 1455. In 1453, Hamilton was in England, again with the 9th Earl of Douglas, arranging the release of his Brother in law,Malise Graham, Earl of Strathearn. For this action Strathearn granted Hamilton the lands of Elliestoun in Linlithgowshire. Hamilton was again in London the following year, but was back in Scotland by February 1455.

Sige of Abercorn and fall of the Black Douglas

In March of 1455, King James took to the field against Douglas, sacking his propeties and burning his crops. Hamilton's lands, he being a partisan of the Douglases, were also particularly devastated. James turned his attention to the mighty Douglas stronghold of Abercorn Castle, and set about besieging it. Douglas mustered his men from Douglasdale, Galloway and the Forest; Hamilton, his levies from Clydesdale. The troops marched to raise the siege, but the Earl of Douglas' indecision on a plan of attack is said to have perplexed Hamilton, and cause him to withdraw his support for the Douglas cause. Hamilton changed sides and became a partisan of the Royal party. There is evidence to suggest that Hamilton's uncle, James Livingstone, 1st Lord Livingston had a part in this change of heart. Douglas fled to England, his Castle of Abercorn was slighted, two of his brothers died at and following the Battle of Arkinholm; finally Douglas' great fortalice of Threave Castle fell and Douglas was attainted, all his enormous patrimony forfeit.

Return to Favour

Following the collapse of the Douglas rebellion, Hamilton was warded at Roslin Castle, in Midlothian for a short while. As recompense for his Volte-Face, Hamilton was created Sheriff of Lanark, in July of 1455, and certain of the Earl of Douglas' forfeited lands were made over to him. These, and his existing lands, being confirmed in Royal charters of October that year. The Barony of Hamilton was increased to include the lands of Drumsergard, Cessford, Kinneil etc., and carefully entailed to whosoever might bear the name and Chief arms of Hamilton. Hamilton was made Bailie of the Priory of Lesmahagow, a Douglas foundation, and was granted the privilege of the lands of Finnart. Hamilton's new patron was the new Lord of Douglas, George Douglas, 4th Earl of Angus, the head of the "Red line" of the House of Douglas, and a supporter of the King.

Marriage and Issue

Hamilton married first, Lady Euphemia Graham, by whom he had a daughter:
  • Elizabeth Hamilton (c.1442-c.1517)
He married secondly, Princess Mary Stewart of Scotland, daughter of James II of Scotland, and widow of Thomas Boyd, Earl of Arran. By Princess Mary, Hamilton had three children:
Peerage of Scotland
New titleLord Hamilton
1445 – 1479
Succeeded by
James Hamilton

References

James Hamilton can refer to several different persons:

Dukes

  • James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton (1606–1649), heir to the throne of Scotland
  • James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton (1658–1712), Scottish nobleman

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14th century - 15th century - 16th century
1380s  1390s  1400s  - 1410s -  1420s  1430s  1440s
1412 1413 1414 - 1415 - 1416 1417 1418

:
Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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November 6 is the feast day of the following Catholic Saints:
  • St. Leonard of Noblac
  • St. Winnoc
  • Dominican Republic - Constitution Day (1844)

  • ..... Click the link for more information.
  • 14th century - 15th century - 16th century
    1440s  1450s  1460s  - 1470s -  1480s  1490s  1500s
    1476 1477 1478 - 1479 - 1480 1481 1482

    :
    Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Scotland.


    The Kingdom of Scotland (Gaelic: Rìoghachd na h-Alba Scots: Kinrick o Scotland) was a state located in Western Europe, in the northern third of the island of Great Britain - modern day Scotland.
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    Sir James Hamilton of Cadzow, 5th Laird of Cadzow (b. bef. 1397 – d. c. 1440) was a Scottish nobleman and royal hostage.

    The son of Sir John Hamilton of Cadzow and Janet Douglas, daughter of Sir James Douglas, 1st Lord Dalkeith, James Hamilton is first attested to in
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Hamilton
    Gaelic - Hamilton


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    Cadzow Castle is a ruined castle, constructed between 1500 and 1550 on the site of an earlier royal castle, 1 mile south-east of the centre of Hamilton, South Lanarkshire, Scotland.
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    South Lanarkshire
    Siorrachd Lannraig a Deas



    Logo Coat of arms
    Location

    Geography

    Area Ranked 11th
     - Total 1,772 km²
     - % Water ?
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    Dalserf is a small village in South Lanarkshire, Scotland. It lies on the River Clyde 2 miles east of Larkhall and 7 miles south east of Hamilton.

    The name of the village comes from the Gaelic dail
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    Earl of Douglas and the preceding feudal Barons of Douglas, South Lanarkshire. The title was created in the Peerage of Scotland in 1358 for William Douglas, 1st Earl of Douglas, son of Sir Archibald Douglas, Guardian of Scotland.
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    The title Earl of Morton was created in the Peerage of Scotland in 1458 for James Douglas of Dalkeith. Along with it, the title Lord Aberdour was granted. This latter title is the courtesy title for the eldest son and heir to the Earl of Morton.
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    Archibald Douglas
    Earl of Douglas
    Titles Duke of Touraine(de jure)
    Earl of Wigtown
    Lord of Galloway
    Lord of Bothwell, Selkirk and Ettrick Forest, Eskdale, Lauderdale, Liddesdale and Annandale
    Count of Longueville
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    Euphemia Stewart (d. c. 1434) was a medieval Scottish noblewoman, the daughter of David Stewart, Earl Palatine of Strathearn and Caithness. She succeeded to both her father's titles after his death between 1385 and 1389, probably March 1386.
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    William Douglas
    Earl of Douglas

    Arms of the 6th Earl of Douglas
    Titles Duke of Touraine(de jure)
    Earl of Wigtown
    Lord of Galloway
    Lord of Bothwell, Selkirk and Ettrick Forest, Eskdale, Lauderdale, Liddesdale and Annandale
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    Edinburgh Castle is an ancient fortress which, from its position atop Castle Rock, dominates the sky-line of the city of Edinburgh, and is Scotland's second most visited tourist attraction, after the Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum in Glasgow.
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    James II of Scotland
    King of Scots

    Reign february 21 1437 – August 3 1460
    Coronation 1437
    Born September 16 1430(1430--)
    Died July 3 1460 (aged 31)
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    William Douglas, 8th Earl of Douglas, 2nd Earl of Avondale (1425 – February 22 1452), was a Scottish nobleman. He was the eldest son of James Douglas, 7th Earl of Douglas and Beatrice Sinclair.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas, 3rd Earl of Avondale (1426–1488), was a Scottish nobleman, last of the 'Black' earls of Douglas. He was a twin, the older by a few minutes, the younger was Archibald Douglas, Earl of Moray.
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    Knight is the English term for a social position originating in the Middle Ages. In the Commonwealth of Nations, knighthood is a non-heritable form of gentility, but is not nobility.
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    A Lord of Parliament is a member of the lowest rank of Scottish peerage, ranking below a viscount. A Lord of Parliament is said to hold a Lordship of Parliament.
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    In law, the term messuage equates to a dwelling-house and includes outbuildings, orchard, curtilage or court-yard and garden. At one time messuage supposedly had a more extensive meaning than that comprised in the word house or site
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    Hamilton Palace was the largest non-Royal residence in the Western World in its heyday, located north-east of Hamilton, South Lanarkshire, Scotland.

    A former seat of the Dukes of Hamilton, it was built in 1695, subsequently much enlarged, and demolished in 1921 due
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    Hamilton
    Gaelic - Hamilton


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    Comune di Roma

    Flag
    Seal
    Nickname: "The Eternal City"
    Motto: "Senatus Populusque Romanus" (SPQR)   (Latin)
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    Holy See

    This article is part of the series:
    Politics of the Vatican City


    • Pope
    • Benedict XVI
    • Roman Curia

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    worldwide view of the subject.
    Please [ improve this article] or discuss the issue on the talk page.
    In Christianity, a collegiate church is a church served and administered by a college of canons or prebendaries, presided over by a dean or provost.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    provost is a senior official in a number of Christian churches.

    Historical development

    The word praepositus (Latin: "set over", from praeponere, "to place in front") was at first applied to any ecclesiastical ruler or dignitary.
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    canon (from the Latin canonicus, itself derived from the Greek κανωνικος 'relating to a rule') is a priest who is a member of certain bodies of the Christian clergy subject to an ecclesiastical rule (canon).
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    James II of Scotland
    King of Scots

    Reign february 21 1437 – August 3 1460
    Coronation 1437
    Born September 16 1430(1430--)
    Died July 3 1460 (aged 31)
    ..... Click the link for more information.


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