Japanese typographic symbols

This page lists Japanese typographic symbols which are not included in kana or kanji.

The links in the Unicode column lead to the Unihan database.
This article contains Japanese text.
Without proper ,
you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of kanji or kana.

Repetition marks

Main article: Iteration mark

Symbol JIS X 0208 JIS X 0213 Unicode name or names Usage
21391-1-253005noma (ノマ) kuma
kurikaeshi (繰り返し)
dō no jiten (同の字点)
Kanji repetition mark.
21381-1-244EDDdō no jiten (同の字点) Kanji repetition mark.
21521-1-1930FDkatakanagaeshi (かたかながえし) kurikaeshi (くりかえし)Katakana iteration mark.
21531-1-2030FEkatakanagaeshi (かたかながえし) kurikaeshi (くりかえし)Katakana iteration mark with a dakuten.
21541-1-21309Dhiraganagaeshi (ひらがながえし) kurikaeshi (くりかえし)Hiragana iteration mark. For example はは (haha) could be written はゝ.
21361-1-22309Ehiraganagaeshi (ひらがながえし) kurikaeshiHiragana iteration mark. For example はば (haba) could be written はゞ.
21371-1-233003 nonoten (ノノ点)Ditto mark. It is called nonoten because it looks like two katakana nos.
NONENONE3031Kana vertical repetition mark.
NONENONE3032Kana vertical repetition mark with dakuten.
? ?NONE1-2-19 (top), 1-2-21 (bottom)3033 (top), 3035 (bottom)kunojiten (くの字点)Repetition mark used in vertical writing. It means repeat the previous two or more kana.
? ?NONE1-2-20 (top), 1-2-21 (bottom)3034 (top), 3035 (bottom)kunojiten (くの字点)This is the kunojiten mark with dakuten.

Brackets and quotation marks (kakko (括弧)

Symbol JIS X 0208 JIS X 0213 Unicode name or names Usage
「」2156, 21571-1-54, 1-1-55300C 300Dkagi (鉤, "hook") kagikakko (鉤括弧, "hook brackets")These are the usual Japanese quotation marks.
『』2158, 21591-1-56, 1-1-57300E 300Fkagi (鉤) nijūkagikakko (二重鉤括弧, "double hook brackets")Japanese version of double quotes, often used when indicating a book title.
()2169, 216A1-1-42, 1-1-43pāren (パーレン, "parenthesis")
kakko (括弧)
marugakko (丸括弧, "round brackets")
shōkakko (小括弧, “small brackets”)
〔〕216C, 216E1-1-44, 1-1-453014 3015kikkō (亀甲, "tortoise shell")Used to insert comments into quoted text.
[]216D, 216E1-1-46, 1-1-47kakko
kagikakko (かぎかっこ)
{}216F, 21701-1-48, 1-1-49burēsu (ブレース, "brace") namikakko (波括弧, "wave brackets")
nakakakko (中括弧, "middle brackets")
〈〉2171, 21721-1-50, 1-1-513008 3009kakko yamakakko (山括弧, "hill brackets")
gyume (ギュメ, “guillemets”)
yamagata (山がた “hill-shaped [symbol]”)
The name gyume is a Japanese version of guillemets.
《》2173, 21741-1-52, 1-1-53300A 300Bkakko nijūyamakakko (二重山括弧, "double hill brackets")
nijūgyume (二重ギュメ, “double guillemets”)
nijūyamagata (二重山がた, “double hill-shaped [symbol]”)
【】2179, 217A1-1-58, 1-1-593010, 3011kakko
sumitsukikakko (すみつきかっこ)
Used in headings, for example in dictionary definitions.
〖〗None1-2-58, 1-2-593016 3017
〘〙None1-2-56, 1-2-573018 3019
〚〛NoneNone301A 301B

Phonetic marks (hatsuonkigō (発音記号)

Symbol JIS X 0208 JIS X 0213 Unicode name or names Usage
24431-4-353063sokuon (促音, “double consonant”)Doubles the sound of the next consonant. For example, "かた"/kata/ becomes "かった"/kat:a/
213C1-1-2830FCchōon (長音, “long sound”) bōsen (棒線, “bar line”)Indicates a lengthened vowel sound. Often used with katakana. The direction of writing depends on the direction of text. See yokogaki and tategaki.
212B1-1-11309Bdakuten (濁点, “voiced point”)
nigori (濁り, “voiced”)
tenten
Used with hiragana or katakana to indicate a voiced sound. For example, this mark changes ta to da and shi to ji.
212C1-1-12309Chandakuten (半濁点, “half-voiced point”) handaku (半濁, “half-voiced”) maru (丸, “circle”)Used with hiragana or katakana to indicate a change from a hahifuheho sound to a papipupepo sound.

Punctuation marks (kutōten 句読点)

Symbol JIS X 0208 JIS X 0213 Unicode name or names Usage
21231-1-33002kuten (句点, "sentence point", period)
maru (丸, "small ball")
Marks the end of a sentence. Japanese equivalent of a full stop or period.
21221-1-43001tōten (読点, "reading point")Japanese equivalent of a comma.
21261-1-630FBnakaguro (中黒, "middle black") potsu (ぽつ)
nakaten (中点, "middle point")
Used to separate items in lists and show the beginning and end of foreign words.

Other special marks

Symbol JIS X 0208 JIS X 0213 Unicode name or names Usage
213A1-1-263006shime (しめ)This character is used to write shime in shimekiri (deadline) etc.
21411-1-33301Cnyoro (にょろ) naishi (ないし)
nami (波, "wave")
kara (から)
Used in "to from" constructions in Japanese, such as 月〜金曜日 "from Monday to Friday". In horizontal writing and on computers, the fullwidth tilde ~ (Unicode FF5E) is often substituted.
21441-1-362026tensen (点線, "dot line")
santen rīda (三点リーダ, “three-dot leader”)
A line of dots corresponding to one half of a Japanese ellipsis; also used as an ellipsis informally.
21451-1-372025tensen (点線, "dot line")
niten rīda (二点リーダ, “two-dot leader”)
A few used.
25761-5-8630F6A simplified version of the kanji 箇 (the generic counter), most commonly used in indicating a period of months (example: 一ヶ月, one month) or in place names. See small ke.

NONE1-3-32
1-3-31
2022
25E6
bōten (傍点, "side dot")
wakiten (脇点, “side dot”)
Adding these dots to the sides of characters emphasizes the character in question. It is the Japanese equivalent of the use of italics for emphasis in English.
21A61-2-8203Bkome (米, "rice")
komejirushi (米印, "rice symbol")
This symbol is used in notes (chū, 注) as a reference mark, similar to an asterisk. See also jekai's page about komejirushi.
21961-1-86FF0Ahoshijirushi (星印, "star symbol")
asuterisuku (アステリスク, asterisk)
This symbol is used in notes (chū, 注). See also jekai's page about komejirushi.
NONE1-3-28303Dioriten (庵点)This mark is used to show the start of a singer's part of a song. For more details, see jeKai's page on the ioriten.
222E1-2-143013geta kigō (ゲタ記号, “geta symbol”)The name is from geta, a type of Japanese shoe. A proofreader's mark indicating unavailability of a glyph, such as when a character cannot be displayed on a computer.



22761-2-86
1-2-91
1-2-92
1-2-93
266A
266B
266C
2669
onpu (音符, “musical note”)Used much like an emoticon in informal text to indicate a singsong tone of voice or a playful attitude.

Organization-specific symbols

Symbol JIS X 0208 JIS X 0213 Unicode name or names Usage
22291-2-93012yūbin (郵便)Used to indicate post offices on maps, and printed before postcodes. See also Japanese addressing system and Japan Post.
3036Variant postal mark in a circle.
1-6-703020Variant postal mark with a face.
NoneNone3004jisumāku (ジスマーク, "JIS mark")
nihon kougyou kikaku (日本工業規格, JIS)
This mark on a product shows that it complies with a Japanese Industrial Standard.
24CDThis mark on a music or print publication is used to indicate the last date at which the item must be sold at a fixed price under saihan seido, Japan's resale price maintenance system. Sometimes it is printed as just an uncircled "X".
24CEThis mark on a music or print publication is used to indicate the first date at which the item must be sold at a fixed price under saihan seido, Japan's resale price maintenance system. It is typically the item's release date for music, or the publication date for print matter. On music releases, this mark may be absent, and the years 1984–1990 may be indicated by the letters "N", "I", "H", "O", "R", "E", and "C". Sometimes it is printed as just an uncircled "Y".

See also

Note: This page may contain IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode.

Kana is a general term for the syllabic Japanese scripts hiragana (ひらがな) and katakana (カタカナ) as well as the old system known as man'yōgana.
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Origins
Traditional Chinese
Variant characters
Simplified Chinese
Simplified Chinese (2nd-round)
Traditional/Simplified (debate)
Kanji
- Man'yōgana
Hanja
- Idu
Han Tu
- Chữ Nm

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Unicode is an industry standard allowing computers to consistently represent and manipulate text expressed in any of the world's writing systems. Developed in tandem with the Universal Character Set standard and published in book form as The Unicode Standard
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Han unification is an effort by the authors of Unicode and the Universal Character Set to map multiple character sets of the so-called CJK languages into a single set of unified characters.
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This article contains Japanese text.
Without proper ,
you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of kanji or kana.

Japanese
日本語
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Origins
Traditional Chinese
Variant characters
Simplified Chinese
Simplified Chinese (2nd-round)
Traditional/Simplified (debate)
Kanji
- Man'yōgana
Hanja
- Idu
Han Tu
- Chữ Nm

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Note: This page may contain IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode.

Kana is a general term for the syllabic Japanese scripts hiragana (ひらがな) and katakana (カタカナ) as well as the old system known as man'yōgana.
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Iteration marks (Japanese: 踊り字 odoriji "dancing mark" , 重ね字 kasaneji,
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JIS X 0208 is a Japanese Industrial Standard defining a set of kanji indexed by a pair of integers from 1 to 94 (this is known as the kuten pair of the kanji). This standard was previously known as JIS-C-6226.

The standard defines two "levels" of kanji.
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JIS X 0213 is a Japanese Industrial Standard defining coded character sets for encoding the characters used in Japan. This standard extends JIS X 0208. The first version was published in 2000 and revised in 2004 (JIS2004).
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Iteration marks (Japanese: 踊り字 odoriji "dancing mark" , 重ね字 kasaneji,
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Iteration marks (Japanese: 踊り字 odoriji "dancing mark" , 重ね字 kasaneji,
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Katakana
カタカ?


Sister systems Hiragana, Hentaigana
Unicode range U+30A0–U+30FF
ISO 15924 Kana

Note: This page may contain IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode.
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Iteration marks (Japanese: 踊り字 odoriji "dancing mark" , 重ね字 kasaneji,
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Hiragana

Sister systems katakana, hentaigana
Unicode range U+3040-U+309F
ISO 15924 Hira

Note: This page may contain IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode.
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This page contains Chinese text.
Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Chinese characters.


Many East Asian scripts can be written horizontally or vertically.
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Guillemets, also called angle quotes, are line segments, pointed as if arrows (« or »), sometimes forming a complementary set of punctuation marks used as a form of quotation mark.
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sokuon (Japanese: 促音) is a Japanese symbol consisting of a small hiragana or katakana tsu. In less academic language it is called chiisai tsu "little tsu" (Japanese: 小さいつ).
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This page contains Chinese text.
Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Chinese characters.


Many East Asian scripts can be written horizontally or vertically.
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In phonetics, voice or voicing is one of the three major parameters used to describe a sound. It is usually treated as a binary parameter with sounds being described as either voiceless (unvoiced) or voiced
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Ellipsis (plural ellipses; from Greek ἔλλειψις 'omission') in printing and writing refers to the row of three full stops (… or . . .
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ヶ (also known as the small ke) is a common, yet often misunderstood Japanese character.

ヶ is an abbreviation for the kanji 「箇」 which is used as a counter. It is pronounced ka or ga, not ke or ko.
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asterisk (*), is a typographical symbol or glyph. It is so called because it resembles a conventional image of a star (Latin astrum). Computer scientists and mathematicians often pronounce it as star (as, for example, in the A* search algorithm
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Geta (下駄) are a form of Japanese footwear that resembles both clogs and flip-flops. They are a kind of sandal with an elevated wooden base held onto the foot with a fabric thong.
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emoticon is a symbol or combination of symbols used to convey emotional content in written or message form. Some examples of text-based emoticons include:   :-)   :-(   ;-)

History

The
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