Javelin surface-to-air missile

Enlarge picture
A triple Javelin missile launcher


Javelin is a British man-portable surface-to-air missile, formerly used by the British Army and Canadian Army. It can be fired from the shoulder, or from a dedicated launcher known as Javelin LML—Lightweight Multiple Launcher. Capable of being vehicle mounted, the LML carries three rounds. One of these triple launchers is shown in the attached image.

The missile was developed as a replacement for the Blowpipe missile, which had proven largely ineffective in the Falklands war (nine hits recorded out of more than 100 missile launches) and in mujahideen hands during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.

Similar in overall appearance to the Blowpipe, Javelin is slightly more compact and is fitted with a more advanced seeker head and improved warhead. The operator is equipped with a 6x magnification sight and a long range TV camera to locate targets. Although Javelin is somewhat susceptible to smoke, fog or clouds, it is claimed to be virtually impossible to decoy it away from a target with flares.

It was replaced in front line British service by the Starburst surface-to-air missile in 1993, and later by the Starstreak starting around 1997. The Canadian Forces have retired it without replacement.

Javelin should not be confused with the American Javelin anti-tank missile.

Specifications

  • Length: 1.39 m
  • Diameter: 0.076 m
  • Wing span: 0.275 m
  • Weight:
  • Missile: 12.7 kg
  • Complete launcher(including missile): 24.3 kg
  • Warhead: 2.74 kg (containing 0.6 kg of HE) with contact and proximity fuzes
  • Speed: Mach 1 approx.
  • Range: 300 to 4,500 m against jets to 5,500 m against helicopters
  • Altitude: 10 m to 3,000 m

See also

References

Motto
"Dieu et mon droit" [2]   (French)
"God and my right"
Anthem
"God Save the Queen" [3]
..... Click the link for more information.
surface-to-air missile (SAM) or ground-to-air missile (GAM) is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft. It is a type of anti-aircraft system.

Land-based SAMs can be deployed from fixed installations or mobile launchers.
..... Click the link for more information.
The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. It came into being with unification of the governments and armed forces of England and Scotland into the United Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707.
..... Click the link for more information.
Land Force Command | align="center" colspan="2"|

History
History of the Canadian Army
Canadian Corps
First Canadian Army
Military History of Canada
Structure
Structure of the Canadian Army
Land Force Atlantic Area
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Blowpipe is a man-portable surface-to-air missile (MANPADS) which was in use with the British Army and Royal Marines from 1975. It was superseded by an interim design, Javelin, and later the greatly improved Starstreak missile.
..... Click the link for more information.
Falklands War (Spanish: Guerra de las Malvinas/Guerra del Atlántico Sur), also called the Falklands Conflict/Crisis, was fought in 1982 between Argentina and the United Kingdom over the disputed Falkland Islands, South Georgia
..... Click the link for more information.


Mujahideen (Arabic: مجاهدين,
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Soviet war in Afghanistan also known as the Soviet-Afghan War was a nine-year conflict involving Soviet forces supporting the Marxist People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) government against the largely Islamic fundamentalist Mujahideen insurgents.
..... Click the link for more information.
Starburst is a British man-portable surface-to-air missile produced by Shorts Missile Systems of Belfast (since 2002 known as Thales Air Defence Limited). It is used by the British Army, Malaysian Army and in the Canadian Army as the Javelin.
..... Click the link for more information.
Starstreak is a British short range surface-to-air missile manufactured by Thales Air Defence Limited (originally Shorts Missile Systems), in Belfast. It is also known as Starstreak HVM where HVM stands for "High Velocity Missile".
..... Click the link for more information.
Motto
"In God We Trust"   (since 1956)
"E Pluribus Unum"   ("From Many, One"; Latin, traditional)
Anthem
..... Click the link for more information.
FGM-148 Javelin is an American man-portable anti-tank guided missile.

Overview

Javelin is a fire-and-forget missile with lock-on before launch and automatic self-guidance.
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Guided Missile is a London based independent record label set up by Paul Kearney in 1994.

Guided Missile has always focused on 'the underground', preferring to put out a steady flow of considered and quality releases
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Motto
"Dieu et mon droit" [2]   (French)
"God and my right"
Anthem
"God Save the Queen" [3]
..... Click the link for more information.
air-to-air missile (AAM) is a guided missile fired from an aircraft for the purpose of destroying another aircraft. It is typically powered by one or more rocket motors, usually solid fuelled but sometimes liquid fuelled.
..... Click the link for more information.
Fairey Fireflash was the first British air-to-air missile. Generally unsuccessful, it served only in small numbers.

Development

Produced in response to a Ministry of Supply requirement for a guided air-to-air missile.
..... Click the link for more information.
de Havilland Propellors Firestreak was the first effective British air-to-air missile. It used passive infrared homing.

Development

The Firestreak was developed from 1951, its prototype Blue Jay
..... Click the link for more information.
Red Dean was an air-to-air missile developed by the United Kingdom in the 1950s but cancelled before development was complete. It was a large radar-guided missile using doppler-pulse technology for use against enemy bombers.
..... Click the link for more information.
Hawker Siddeley (later British Aerospace) Red Top was the third indigenous British air-to-air missile to enter service (counting the limited service Fireflash).

Development


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The British Aerospace Skyflash was a medium-range semi-active radar homing air-to-air missile derived from the US AIM-7 Sparrow missile and carried by Royal Air Force F4 Phantom and Tornado F3 interceptor aircraft. The missile is being replaced by the more capable AMRAAM.
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air-to-surface missile (also, air-to-ground missile, AGM, ASM or ATGM) is a missile designed to be launched from military aircraft (bombers, attack aircraft, fighter aircraft or other kinds) and strike ground targets on land, at sea, or both.
..... Click the link for more information.
An alarm (French: À l'arme - "To the arms") gives an audible or visual warning of a problem or condition. :)

Alarms include:
  • burglar alarms, designed to warn of intrusions; this is often a silent alarm: the police or guards are warned without indication to

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Brimstone missile is an advanced anti-tank guided missile developed by MBDA.

Overview

The missile is a development of Boeing's AGM-114 Hellfire and is designed to meet the RAF's requirement for a long range anti-armour weapon, allowing strike aircraft to attack tanks and
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Martel is an Anglo-French anti-radiation missile(ARM). The name Martel is a contraction of Missile, Anti-Radiation, Television, referring to the guidance options. There are two variants, the passive radar guided (AS 37) and the video guided (AJ 168).
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Sea Eagle is a medium weight, 'fire-and-forget', sea-skimming anti-ship missile designed and built by BAe Dynamics (now MBDA) in service with the Indian Navy.

It is designed to sink or disable ships up to the size of aircraft carriers in the face of jamming and other
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Sea Skua is a British lightweight short range Air-to-Surface missile (ASM) designed use from helicopters against ships. It is primarily used by the Royal Navy on the Lynx helicopter, although it can be ship launched and is in place as a shore battery and also on patrol boats in the
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Function long-range, air-to-surface missile
Manufacturer MBDA
Unit cost Italy is reported to have paid USD 270 million for 200. The French senate indicates a cost of 800,000 euros/unit.
..... Click the link for more information.
surface-to-air missile (SAM) or ground-to-air missile (GAM) is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft. It is a type of anti-aircraft system.

Land-based SAMs can be deployed from fixed installations or mobile launchers.
..... Click the link for more information.
Bristol Bloodhound (BL-64[1]), a British surface-to-air missile, was developed during the 1950s as the UK's main air defence weapon and was in large-scale service with the Royal Air Force (RAF) and the forces of four other countries from 1958.
..... Click the link for more information.
Blowpipe is a man-portable surface-to-air missile (MANPADS) which was in use with the British Army and Royal Marines from 1975. It was superseded by an interim design, Javelin, and later the greatly improved Starstreak missile.
..... Click the link for more information.


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