Jean de Brienne

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The coronation of John of Brienne as King of Jerusalem, with Maria of Montferrat, from a late 13th century MS of the Histoire d'Outremer, painted in Acre. (Biblioteca Medicea-Laurenziana, Florence).


John of Brienne (c. 11481237) was King of Jerusalem and Latin Emperor-Regent or Associate "Consort" Emperor of Constantinople.

He was the second son of Erard II de Candia, count of Brienne, in Champagne, and of Agnes de Montfaucon, countess of Montbéliard. Destined originally for the Church, he had preferred to become a knight, and in forty years of tournaments and fights he had won himself a considerable reputation, when in 1208 envoys came from the Holy Land to ask Philip Augustus, king of France, to select one of his barons as husband to the heiress and ruler of the Kingdom of Jerusalem. Philip selected John of Brienne, and promised to support him in his new dignity. In 1210, John married the heiress (Mary) Maria (daughter of Isabella and Conrad of Montferrat), assuming the title of king in right of his wife. In 1211, after some desultory operations, he concluded a six years' truce with Malik-el-Adil; in 1212 he lost his wife, who left him a daughter, Yolande (also known as Isabella); soon afterwards he married the princess Stephanie, daughter of Leo II of Armenia.

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Coat of arms of the Latin Empire of Constantinople.


During the Fifth Crusade (1218-1221) he was a prominent figure. The legate Pelagius of Albano, however, claimed the command; and insisting on the advance from Damietta, in spite of John's warnings, he refused to accept the favourable terms of the sultan, as the king advised, until it was too late. After the failure of the crusade, King John came to the West to obtain help for his kingdom. In 1223 he met Pope Honorius III and the emperor Frederick II at Ferentino, where, in order that he might be connected more closely with the Holy Land, Frederick was betrothed to John's daughter Isabella, now heiress of the kingdom. After the meeting at Ferentino, John went to France and England, finding little consolation; and thence he travelled to Santiago de Compostela, where King Alfonso IX of Leon offered him the hand of one of his daughters and the promise of his kingdom. John passed over Alfonso's eldest daughter and heiress in favor of a younger daughter, Berengaria of Castile. After a visit to Germany he returned to Rome (1225). Here he received a demand from Frederick II (who had now married Isabella) that he should abandon his title and dignity of king, which, so Frederick claimed, had passed to himself along with the heiress of the kingdom. John was now a septuagenarian "king in exile," but he was still vigorous enough to revenge himself on Frederick, by commanding the papal troops which attacked southern Italy during the emperor's absence on the Sixth Crusade (1228-1229).

In 1229, John, now eighty years of age, was invited by the barons of the Latin Empire of Constantinople to become emperor-regent, on condition that Baldwin of Courtenay should marry his second daughter and succeed him. For nine years he ruled in Constantinople, and in 1235, with a few troops, he repelled a great siege of the city by John III Doukas Vatatzes, emperor of Nicaea, and Ivan Asen II of Bulgaria.

After this last feat of arms, which has perhaps been exaggerated by the Latin chroniclers, who compare him to Hector and the Maccabees, John died in the habit of a Franciscan friar. An aged paladin, somewhat uxorious and always penniless, he was a typical knight errant, whose wanderings led him all over Europe, and planted him successively on the thrones of Jerusalem and Constantinople.

Marriages and issue

John of Brienne married three times. By his first wife, Marie of Montferrat, he had one child, Yolande, later Queen of Jerusalem. He had also one child by his second wife, Stephanie of Armenia, a son named as successor in Armenia, but died in childhood. By his third wife, Berengaria of Castile, he had four children:
  1. Marie de Brienne (1225-1275), who married Emperor Baldwin II of Constantinople.
  2. Alphonso of Brienne (c. 1228-1270), who married Marie d'Issoudon, countess of Eu, and became count of Eu in right of his wife, and was also Great Chamberlain of France.
  3. Jean (John) de Brienne (c. 1230-1296), who in 1258 became Grand Butler of France. Married Marie de Coucy as his first wife. Second wife was Jeanne, daughter of Geoffrey VI, Viscount of Chateaudun.
  4. Louis of Acre (c. 1235-1263), who married Agnes of Beaumont and became Viscount of Beaumont in her right.

References

  • Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Lines: 114-28, 120-29

External links

Preceded by
Maria
King of Jerusalem
12101215
(with Maria)
Succeeded by
Yolande
Preceded by
Baldwin II
Emperor of Constantinople
12291237
''with Baldwin II
Succeeded by
Baldwin II
11st century - 12nd century - 13rd century
1110s  1120s  1130s  - 1140s -  1150s  1160s  1170s
1145 1146 1147 - 1148 - 1149 1150 1151

Politics
State leaders - Sovereign states
Birth and death categories
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1237 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1237
MCCXXXVII
Ab urbe condita 1990
Armenian calendar 686
ԹՎ ՈՁԶ
Bah' calendar -607 – -606
Buddhist calendar 1781
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Kingdom of Jerusalem was a Christian kingdom established in the Levant in 1099 after the First Crusade. It lasted less than two hundred years, until 1291 when the last remaining outpost, Acre, was destroyed by the Mamluks.
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The Latin Empire or Latin Empire of Constantinople (original Latin name: Imperium Romaniae, "Empire of Romania") is the name given by historians to the Crusader state founded by the leaders of the Fourth Crusade on lands captured from the Byzantine Empire
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Constantinople (Greek: Κωνσταντινούπολις, Konstantinoúpolis, or Πόλις, Polis
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The County of Brienne was a medieval county in France centered on Brienne-le-Château.

Counts of Brienne

  • Engelbert III
  • Engelbert IV
  • Walter I (? – c. 1090)
  • Erard I (c. 1090 – c. 1120?)
  • Walter II (c. 1120? – c. 1161)
  • Erard II (c.

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Champagne is a historic wine region in the northeast of France, best known for the production of the sparkling white wine that bears the region's name. The area is about 100 miles (160 km) east of Paris.
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Commune of
Montbéliard


Administration
Country  France
Arrondissement Montbéliard
Canton Chief town of 2 cantons
Intercommunality communauté

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church is an association of people who share a particular belief system. The term church originated from Greek "κυριακή" - "kyriake",[1] meaning "of the lord".
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Knight is the English term for a social position originating in the Middle Ages. In the Commonwealth of Nations, knighthood is a non-heritable form of gentility, but is not nobility.
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Tournament, or tourney (from Old French torneiement, tornei[1]) is the name popularly given to chivalrous competitions or mock fights of the Middle Ages and Renaissance (12th to 16th centuries). It is one of various types of hastiludes.
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The expression The Holy Land (Hebrew: ארץ הקודש, Standard  
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Philip II Augustus
King of the Franks (more...)

The seal of Philip Augustus, shown holding a fleur de lis in his right hand.
Reign As co-King: 1 November 1179–18 September 1180;
As senior King: 18 September 1180 – 14 July 1223

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Motto
Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem
"La Marseillaise"


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Kingdom of Jerusalem was a Christian kingdom established in the Levant in 1099 after the First Crusade. It lasted less than two hundred years, until 1291 when the last remaining outpost, Acre, was destroyed by the Mamluks.
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Maria of Montferrat (1192 – 1212) was the daughter of Conrad of Montferrat and Isabella, Queen of Jerusalem. Her father was murdered on 28 April 1192 in Tyre by the Hashshashin.
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Isabella of Jerusalem (1172 – 1205) was Queen of Jerusalem 1190/1192–1205. She was the daughter of Amalric I of Jerusalem and his second wife Maria Comnena, a grandniece of Byzantine emperor Manuel I Comnenus, who had received the town and territory of Nablus as a dower
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Conrad of Montferrat, or Conrad I of Jerusalem (Piedmontese: Conrà ëd Monfrà; Italian: Corrado del Monferrato; mid-1140s – 28 April, 1192) was one of the major participants in the Third Crusade.
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Yolande of Brienne (1212 – 1228), also known as Yolanda or Isabella II, became Queen of Jerusalem as an infant in 1212.

She was the only child of Maria of Montferrat, Queen of Jerusalem, and John of Brienne.
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Levon I the Magnificent Լեիոն Ա Մեծագոր?
Prince, then King

Predecessor Roupen III
Successor Isabella
Dynasty House of Roupen Prince Levon II
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Fifth Crusade (1217–1221) was an attempt to take back Jerusalem and the rest of the Holy Land by first conquering the powerful Ayyubid state in Egypt.

Pope Honorius III organized crusading armies led by Leopold VI of Austria and Andrew II of Hungary, and a foray
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Pelagio Galvani[1] (d. 1230, Montecassino) was a Spanish Benedictine, Cardinal,[2] and canon lawyer.[3] He became a papal legate and leader of the Fifth Crusade.

He became Bishop of Albano in 1211.
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Damietta (Arabic: دِِمياط dimyāṭ
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Sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic title, with several historical meanings. Originally it was an Arabic language abstract noun meaning "strength", "authority", or "rulership", derived from the Arabic
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Pope Honorius III (1148 – March 18, 1227 in Rome), born Cencio Savelli, was Pope from 1216 to 1227.

Early work

He was born in Rome into the Savelli family.
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Frederick II
King of Sicily, King of Cyprus and Jerusalem,
King of the Romans, King of Germany
and Emperor of the Romans


Reign December 9,1212 – December 13,1250
Coronation September 3, 1198
Born
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Country Italy
Region Lazio
Province Frosinone (FR)
Mayor Piergianni Fiorletta (since May, 2003)

Area km
Population
 - Total (as of December 31, 2004)
 - Density /km

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Motto
Dieu et mon droit   (French)
"God and my right"
Anthem
No official anthem specific to England — the anthem of the United Kingdom is "God Save the Queen".
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Alfonso IX of Leon (August 15, 1171 – September 23 or 24, 1230), first cousin of Alfonso VIII of Castile and numbered next to him as being a junior member of the family, was the king of León from the death of his father Ferdinand II in 1188 until his own death.
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