Jeberti

Jeberti
Total population
(disputed)
Regions with significant populations
Middle East:
n/a
Eritrea:
n/a
Ethiopia:
n/a
Languages
Arabic, Tigrinya
Religions
Sunni Islam
Related ethnic groups
Tigray-Tigrinya, Tigre, Argobba, Arabs, Amhara, Agaw, Beja people, Gurage, Oromo, Somalis
The Jeberti (also spelled Jabarti, Jaberti, Jebarti) are a Tigrinya- and Arabic-speaking group mostly found in Eritrea with a wider diaspora community in neighboring countries, primarily in the Arabian Peninsula. There are also small numbers of Jeberti living in Ethiopia. Due to historic persecution, the Jebertis are attempting to achieve equitable recognition as an ethnic group in both Eritrea and Ethiopia. The Jebertis in neighboring countries, facilitated by their shared religion, have been largely assimilated into their respective countries and cultures.

History

Early in the history of Islam the Prophet Mohammed's companions found sanctuary in the Kingdom of Aksum. When some of the Prophet's companions returned to the Arabian Pennisula some of these refugees remained while some Aksumites converted to Islam. These people were called, Jeberti (the elect of God)[1]. One of their oldest settlements is said to be Negash, in the Tigray Region.

Religion

Jebertis are all Muslims and the term came to encompass all East Africans and, later, other Africans who have converted to Islam. Although this usage was later dropped as Islam spread across Africa, the original meaning is still evident as any Tigrinya or Amharic speaker who converts to Islam is called "Jeberti".[2]

References

1. ^ Killion, Tom (1998). Historical Dictionary of Eritrea. The Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-3437-5. 
2. ^ Trimingham, J (1965). Islam in Ethiopia. Frank Cass. ISBN 0-7146-1731-8. 
Middle East is a historical and political region of Africa-Eurasia with no clear boundaries. The term "Middle East" was popularized around 1900 in Britain, and has been criticized for its loose definition.
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Anthem
Ertra, Ertra, Ertra


Capital
(and largest city) Asmara

Official languages none at national level
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Ethiopia (IPA: /i.θi.oʊ.pi.ə/) ( ʾĪtyōṗṗyā), officially the
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al-‘Arabiyyah in written Arabic (Kufic script):  
Pronunciation: /alˌʕa.raˈbij.ja/
Spoken in: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman,
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Tigrinya (Ge'ez ትግርኛ tigriññā, also spelled Tigrigna; less commonly Tigrinian, Tigrinyan) is a Semitic language spoken by the Tigray-Tigrinya people in central Eritrea (there referred to as the "Tigrinya" people), where
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Sunni Muslims are the largest denomination of Islam. Sunni Islam is also referred to as Sunnism or as Ahl as-Sunnah wa’l-Jamā‘h (Arabic:
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Tigray-Tigrinya are an ethnic group who live in the southern, central and northern parts of Eritrea and the northern highlands of Ethiopia's Tigray province. A few also live in Ethiopia's former provinces of Begemder and Wollo, which are today mostly part of Amhara Region, though a
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Tigre are an ethnic group of north Eritrea who speak the Tigre language.

They are a mostly Muslim nomadic people who inhabit the northern, western, and coastal lowlands of Eritrea as well as bordering areas in Sudan.
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Argobba is an Ethiopic language that spoken in an area north-east of Addis Ababa by the Argobba people. It belongs to the South-Ethio Semitic subgroup together with Amharic and the Gurage languages.
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Amhara (Amharic: አማራ, Ge'ez: አምሐራ) is an ethnic group in the central highlands of Ethiopia, numbering about 23 million, making up 30.1% of the country's population according to the most recent 1994 census.
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The Agaw (Ge'ez አገው Agaw, modern Agew) are a people of Ethiopia. They are primarily bilingual, speaking both Agaw languages (a subgroup of the Cushitic languages), as well as Amharic, Tigrinya or Tigre.
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The Beja people are an ethnic group dwelling parts of North-Eastern and Eastern Africa including the area of the Horn of Africa.

Geography

The Beja are found mostly in Sudan, but also in parts of Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Egypt.
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Gurage is an ethnic group in Ethiopia. The Gurage people inhabit a sparsely fertile, semi-mountains region in southwest Ethiopia, about 150 miles southwest of Addis Ababa.
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Oromo are an indigenous African ethnic group found in Ethiopia and to a lesser extent in Kenya . They are the largest single ethnic group in Ethiopia, at 32.1% of the population according to the 1994 census, and today numbering around 40 million.
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Somalis are an ethnic group located in the Horn of Africa. The overwhelming majority of Somalis speak the Somali language, which is part of the Cushitic subgroup of the Afro-Asiatic language family.
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Tigrinya (Ge'ez ትግርኛ tigriññā, also spelled Tigrigna; less commonly Tigrinian, Tigrinyan) is a Semitic language spoken by the Tigray-Tigrinya people in central Eritrea (there referred to as the "Tigrinya" people), where
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al-‘Arabiyyah in written Arabic (Kufic script):  
Pronunciation: /alˌʕa.raˈbij.ja/
Spoken in: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman,
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Anthem
Ertra, Ertra, Ertra


Capital
(and largest city) Asmara

Official languages none at national level
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The term diaspora (in Ancient Greek, διασπορά – "a scattering or sowing of seeds") refers to any people or ethnic population who are forced or induced to leave their traditional homelands, the dispersal of such people,
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Arabian Peninsula (in Arabic: شبه الجزيرة العربية, or جزيرة العرب) is a peninsula in Southwest Asia at the junction of
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Ethiopia (IPA: /i.θi.oʊ.pi.ə/) ( ʾĪtyōṗṗyā), officially the
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Anthem
Ertra, Ertra, Ertra


Capital
(and largest city) Asmara

Official languages none at national level
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Ethiopia (IPA: /i.θi.oʊ.pi.ə/) ( ʾĪtyōṗṗyā), officially the
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Islamic prophet Muhammad

Life
  • Family tree
  • In Mecca'''
  • In Medina'''
  • Conquest of Mecca
  • The Farewell Sermon
  • Succession

Roles
  • Diplomacy

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መነገሠ ፡ አከሰመ
Mangiśta Aksum
Kingdom of Aksum

The Kingdom of Aksum at its greatest extent.
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Negash is a village in the Tigray Region (or kilil) of Ethiopia, which straddles the Adigrat-Mekele road 10 kilometers north of Wukro. It has a longitude and latitude of .
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Tigray Region (ትግራይ ክልል Tigrāy Kilil) is the northernmost of the nine ethnic regions (kililoch) of Ethiopia containing the homeland of the Tigray people. It was formerly known as Region 1.
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East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. In the UN scheme of geographic regions, 19 territories constitute Eastern Africa:

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