John Murray (publisher)

John Murray is a British publishing house, renowned for the roster of authors it has published in its history, including Jane Austen, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Lord Byron, Charles Lyell, Goethe and Charles Darwin.

History

The business was founded in London in 1768 by John Murray (1) (1745–1793), an Edinburgh-born Royal Marines officer, who built up a list of authors including Isaac Disraeli and published English Review.

John Murray the elder was one of the founding sponsors of the London evening newspaper The Star in 1788.[1]

He was succeeded by his son, John Murray (2), who formed the publishing house into one of the most important and influential in Britain. He was a friend of many leading writers of the day and launched Quarterly Review in 1809. He was the publisher of Jane Austen, Sir Walter Scott, George Crabbe and many others. His home and office at 50 Albemarle Street in Mayfair was the centre of a literary circle, fostered by Murray's tradition of "Four o'clock friends", afternoon tea with his writers.

Murray's most notable author was Lord Byron, who became a close friend and correspondent of his. Murray published many of his major works, paying him over £20,000 in rights. On 10 March 1812 Murray published Byron's second book, Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, which sold out in five days, leading to Byron's observation "I awoke one morning and found myself famous".

Murray participated in one of the most notorious acts in the annals of literature, on 17 May 1824. Together with five of Byron's friends and executors, the decision was made to destroy Byron's manuscript journals in order to protect his reputation. Opposed only by Thomas Moore, the two volumes of memoirs were dismembered and burnt in the fireplace at Murray's office.

John Murray (3) (1808–1892) continued the business and published Charles Eastlake's first English translation of Goethe's Theory of Colours (1840), David Livingstone's Missionary Travels (1857), and Charles Darwin's Origin of Species (1859).

His successor Sir John Murray (4) (1851–1928) was publisher to Queen Victoria. Among other works, he published Murray's Magazine from 1887 through 1891.

His son Sir John Murray (5) (1884–1967) and John Murray (6) (John Arnaud Robin Grey Murray) continued the business until it was taken over. John Murray is no longer an independent business, but the name survives as a subdivision of publisher Hodder Headline.

John Murray archive

The archive of John Murray Publishers, from 1768 through to 1920, was offered for sale to the nation by John Murray (7) for £31 million and the National Library of Scotland has acquired it, including the manuscript of Charles Darwin's Origin of Species. On 26 January 2005, it was announced that the National Library was to be given £17.7m by the Heritage Lottery Fund towards the £31.2m price offered by John Murray. The Scottish Executive agreed to make a contribution of £8.3m, with the National Library setting a £6.5m fundraising target for the remainder. [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]

Further reading

  • William Zachs - The First John Murray and the Late Eighteenth-Century London Book Trade (1998) ISBN 0-19-726191-4

References

1. ^ Cardiff University Corvey Articles
2. ^ "Stars back literary archive plans", BBC News website, accessed 24 April, 2007
3. ^ John Murray Archive unwrapped, Scottish Executive website, accessed 25 April, 2007
4. ^ About the John Murray Archive, National Library of Scotland website, accessed 25 April 2007
5. ^ "John Murray Archive Catalogue", National Library of Scotland website, accessed 27 April 2007
6. ^ "Pages from history", Scotsman.com, accessed 27 April 2007

External links

Motto
"Dieu et mon droit" [2]   (French)
"God and my right"
Anthem
"God Save the Queen" [3]
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Jane Austen

1870 engraving of Jane Austen, based on a portrait drawn by her sister Cassandra.
Born: 16 November 1775(1775--)
Steventon, Hampshire, England
Died: 18 July 1817 (aged 43)
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Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle, DL (22 May, 1859–7 July, 1930) was a Scottish author most noted for his stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes, which are generally considered a major innovation in the field of crime fiction, and for the adventures of Professor
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Lord Byron

Born: 22 January 1788(1788--)
London, England
Died: 19 March 1824 (aged 36)
Messolonghi, Greece
Occupation: Poet, revolutionary


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Sir Charles Lyell, 1st Baronet, KT, (November 14, 1797 – February 22, 1875) was a Scottish lawyer, geologist, and populariser of uniformitarianism.

Charles Lyell was born in Kinnordy, Angus, the eldest of ten children.
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Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Born: July 28 1749(1749--)
Free City of Frankfurt
Died: March 22 1832 (aged 84)
Weimar, Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Occupation: Polymath
Nationality: German
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Charles Robert Darwin

At the age of 51, Charles Darwin had just published On the Origin of Species.
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Canary Wharf is the centre of London's modern office towers
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Isaac D'Israeli (May 11, 1766 - January 19, 1848) was a British writer and scholar. He was born in Enfield, Middlesex, England, the only child of Benjamin D'Israeli (1730-1816), a Jewish merchant who had emigrated from Cento in Italy in 1748, and his second wife, Sarah Syprut de
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The Star was a London evening newspaper founded in 1788, which ceased publication in 1960.

The first edition was printed on 3 May 1788 under the editorship of one Peter Stuart.
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John Murray (1778–1843) was a Scottish publisher and member of the famous John Murray publishing house.

Murray was the son of the founder, who died when he was only fifteen years old.
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Quarterly Review was a review journal started by John Murray, the celebrated London publisher, in March 1809 (though it bore a title page date of February), in rivalry with the Edinburgh Review
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Jane Austen

1870 engraving of Jane Austen, based on a portrait drawn by her sister Cassandra.
Born: 16 November 1775(1775--)
Steventon, Hampshire, England
Died: 18 July 1817 (aged 43)
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Sir Walter Scott, 1st Baronet (15 August 1771 – 21 September 1832) was a prolific Scottish historical novelist and poet popular throughout Europe during his time.
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George Crabbe (December 24, 1754 - February 3, 1832) was an English poet and naturalist.

He was born in Aldeburgh, Suffolk, the son of a tax collector, and developed his love of poetry as a child.
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Albemarle Street is a street in Mayfair in central London, off Piccadilly. It has historic associations with Lord Byron, whose publisher John Murray was based here, and Oscar Wilde, a member of the Albemarle Club, where an insult he received led to his suing for libel and to his
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Mayfair


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Lord Byron

Born: 22 January 1788(1788--)
London, England
Died: 19 March 1824 (aged 36)
Messolonghi, Greece
Occupation: Poet, revolutionary


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March 10 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

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Childe Harold's Pilgrimage is a lengthy narrative poem written by the British poet George Gordon, Lord Byron when at Kinsham. It was published between 1812 and 1818.
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    Pascal Baylon
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Thomas Moore (May 28, 1779 - February 25, 1852) was an Irish poet, singer, songwriter, and entertainer, now best remembered for the lyrics of The Minstrel Boy and the The Last Rose of Summer.
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Sir Charles Lock Eastlake, RA, (17 November 1793 – 24 December 1865) was an English painter, gallery director, collector and writer of the early 19th century.

Early life


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Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Born: July 28 1749(1749--)
Free City of Frankfurt
Died: March 22 1832 (aged 84)
Weimar, Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Occupation: Polymath
Nationality: German
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