Josef Mohr

Josef Mohr (december 11, 1792 - December 4, 1848) was an Austrian priest and composer, who wrote the words to the Christmas carol "Silent Night".

Biography

Josef Francis Mohr was born in Salzburg on December 11, 1792, to an unmarried embroiderer, Anna Schoiberin, and a mercenary soldier, Franz Mohr who deserted the army and Josef's mother before the birth.

As his musical talent was recognized, he found a sponsor to set him upon the path to higher education. As an illegitimate child he needed the pope's special permission to study for the priesthood and was ordained a priest in 1815. Rev. Mohr was sent to a pilgrim church in the remote Alpine village of Mariapfarr, where in 1816 he wrote a six-stanza poem that was to become the world's most popular carol. Mohr was moved to Oberndorf in 1817 to stay there for two years. When Franz Gruber agreed to compose a melody and guitar arrangement for the poem to be sung at midnight mass on December 24, 1818, 'Silent Night' was born. Within a few short years, arrangements of the carol appeared in churches in the Salzburg Diocese and folk singers from the Ziller Valley were taking the song on tours around Europe.

Until 2006, it was thought that Mohr and Gruber had collaborated on just one song. Now another song has been located in the Wagrain parish archive by the Salzburg Diocesan Archives. "Te Deum" with text by Joseph Mohr and melody by Franz Xaver Gruber can be heard in an audio exhibit at the Waggerl Museum in Wagrain.

Mohr, a generous man who donated most of his salary to charity, was moved from place to place and finally became parish pastor in Wagrain, where he founded a new school for children. He created a fund to allow children from poor families to attend school and he set up a system for the care of the elderly.

Father Mohr died of a pulmonary disease on December 4, 1848. The village school is named after him and his grave has been kept in a place of honor in the nearby churchyard cemetery. An outdoor exhibit detailing the life of Josef Mohr is situated on the walkway between the church and the parish house where he once lived. In 2006, the town's Waggerl Museum set up a new permanent exhibit -- Joseph Mohr - Vicar of Wagrain.

Samantha Mohr, a meteorologist at the Weather Channel, is a descendant of Father Mohr.

External links

See also

December 11 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events

  • 359 - The first known Prefect of the City of Constantinople, Honoratus, took office.

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17th century - 18th century - 19th century
1760s  1770s  1780s  - 1790s -  1800s  1810s  1820s
1789 1790 1791 - 1792 - 1793 1794 1795

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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"December 4th" redirects here. For the song by Jay-Z, see December 4th (song).
December 4 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.
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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1810s  1820s  1830s  - 1840s -  1850s  1860s  1870s
1845 1846 1847 - 1848 - 1849 1850 1851

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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Anthem
Land der Berge, Land am Strome   (German)
Land of Mountains, Land on the River
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A Christmas carol (also called a noël) is a carol (song or hymn) whose lyrics are on the theme of Christmas, or the winter season in general. They are traditionally sung in the period before Christmas.
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"Silent Night" ("Stille Nacht") is a popular Christmas carol. The original lyrics of the song Stille Nacht were written in German by the priest Father Josef Mohr and the melody was composed by the Austrian headmaster Franz X. Gruber.
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State Party  Austria
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iv, vi
Reference 784
Region Europe and North America

Inscription History
Inscription 1996  (20th Session)
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December 11 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events

  • 359 - The first known Prefect of the City of Constantinople, Honoratus, took office.

..... Click the link for more information.
17th century - 18th century - 19th century
1760s  1770s  1780s  - 1790s -  1800s  1810s  1820s
1789 1790 1791 - 1792 - 1793 1794 1795

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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Mariapfarr is a municipality in the district of Tamsweg in the state of Salzburg in Austria.


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Oberndorf (German: upper village) may refer to the following places:
  • in Germany:

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Franz Xaver Gruber (November 25, 1787–June 7, 1863), was an Austrian primary school teacher and church organist in the village of Arnsdorf. At the same time he was organist and choirmaster at St.
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December 24 is the 1st day of the year (2nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 0 days remaining.

Events

  • 640 - John IV becomes Pope.
  • 1294 - Pope Boniface VIII is elected Pope, replacing St.

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18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1780s  1790s  1800s  - 1810s -  1820s  1830s  1840s
1815 1816 1817 - 1818 - 1819 1820 1821

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Subjects:     Archaeology - Architecture -
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Wagrain is a market town in the St. Johann im Pongau district in the state of Salzburg in Austria.


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The Catholic Encyclopedia, also referred to today as the Old Catholic Encyclopedia, is an English-language encyclopedia published by The Encyclopedia Press.
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Franz Xaver Gruber (November 25, 1787–June 7, 1863), was an Austrian primary school teacher and church organist in the village of Arnsdorf. At the same time he was organist and choirmaster at St.
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