Jubail

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Location of Jubail, Saudi Arabia.


Jubail (Arabic: "الجبيل" Al Jubayl), is a city in the Eastern province on the Persian Gulf coast of Saudi Arabia. Its full name is Madīnat al Jubayl aş Şinā`īyah (Jubail Industrial City). It has a population of 222,544 (2004 census), up 58% from the 1992 figure of 140,828.

In 1975, along with Yanbu' al Bahr, it was designated as a new industrial city by the Saudi government, and has seen rapid expansion and industrialisation since.

The industrial city is a complex of petrochemical plants, an iron works and a number of smaller companies, plus a Royal Saudi Naval Base.

Jubail is home to the world's largest seawater desalination plant. It provides 50% of the country's drinking water through desalination of the water from the Persian Gulf.

History

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Jubail from space, June 1996
The town of Al-Jubail on the Arabic Gulf Coast of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has ancient roots. As long as 7,000 years ago, the people of Dilmun, whose civilization radiated up and down the Gulf, had established a settlement there.

The first arrivals might have been encouraged to stay by the site’s fine natural harbor and the abundance of fish and pearl oysters just offshore. More importantly, the presence of potable water wells near the town ensured the continued viability of human settlement. In September 1933, Jubail gained a measure of fame as the landing site for the first team of geologists to explore for oil in Saudi Arabia. In 1983, Jubail staked an even greater claim to fame. Jubail industrial city project was cited in the Guinness Book of Records as the largest engineering and construction project ever attempted. Today, the former stretch of sand dunes and salt flats north of old Jubail is called Jubail Industrial City, Saudi Arabia’s biggest industrial center, host to more than 160 industrial enterprises and home to almost 170,000 full-time residents.

External links


Saudi Arabian Cities
List of main Saudi Arabian cities
`Afif | `Ar`ar | Abha | Abqaiq | Al-Bahah | Buraidah | Ad Dammam | Dhahran | Ad Dir`iyah | Duba | Ha'il | Al Hufuf | Al Jawf | Jeddah | Jizan | Al Jubayl | Khamis Mushayt | Al-Kharj | Khobar | Al Majma'ah | Mecca (Makkah) | Medina | Najran | Bisha | Al-Qatif | Ras Tanura | Al-Khafji | Riyadh (National Capital) | At Ta'if | Tabuk | `Unayzah | Yanbu' al Bahr | Hafr al-Batin


Coordinates:
al-‘Arabiyyah in written Arabic (Kufic script):  
Pronunciation: /alˌʕa.raˈbij.ja/
Spoken in: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman,
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Eastern Province (Arabic: الشرقية Ash-Sharqīyah) is the largest province of Saudi Arabia, located in the east of the country on the Persian Gulf coast, and has land borders with
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Pars Sea.[5]

Naming dispute



Since the 1960s with the rise of Arab nationalism (Pan-Arabism), starting with Gamal Abdel Nasser's Arab Republic of Egypt, some Arab countries, including the ones bordering the Persian Gulf, have adopted the term "Arabian
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Motto
"There is no God but Allah; Muhammad is His messenger" (the Shahadah)
Anthem
"Aash Al Maleek"
"Long live the King"
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20th century - 21st century - 22nd century
1970s  1980s  1990s  - 2000s -  2010s  2020s  2030s
2001 2002 2003 - 2004 - 2005 2006 2007

2004 by topic:
News by month
Jan - Feb - Mar - Apr - May - Jun
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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1960s  1970s  1980s  - 1990s -  2000s  2010s  2020s
1989 1990 1991 - 1992 - 1993 1994 1995

Year 1992 (MCMXCII
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19th century - 20th century - 21st century
1940s  1950s  1960s  - 1970s -  1980s  1990s  2000s
1972 1973 1974 - 1975 - 1976 1977 1978

Year 1975 (MCMLXXV
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Yanbu' al Bahr (Arabic: ينبع "spring by the sea"), also known simply as Yanbu, Yambo, or Yenbo, is a major Red Sea port in the Al Madinah province of western Saudi Arabia.
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Industrialisation (also spelt Industrialization) or an Industrial Revolution is a process of social and economic change whereby a human group is transformed from a pre-industrial society (an economy where the amount of capital accumulated per capita is low) to an
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Petrochemicals are chemical products made from raw materials of petroleum (hydrocarbon) origin. (Etymologically, the name is incorrect, as the Greek root petro- means "rock"; the correct term is oleochemicals, from the Greek root oleo-, meaning "oil".
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The King Abdul-Aziz Naval Base (KANB). It is the Eastern Province Royal Saudi Naval Forces (RSNF).

It is home to the Eastern Fleet and the Naval Academy. Their Navy Ratings "SK" (Storekeeper) and "YN" (Yeoman) learned basic skills in this school.
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Seawater is water from a sea or ocean. On average, seawater in the world's oceans has a salinity of ~3.5%, or 35 parts per thousand. This means that every 1 kg of seawater has approximately 35 grams of dissolved salts (mostly, but not entirely, the ions of sodium chloride: Na
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Desalination, desalinization, or desalinisation refer to any of several processes that remove excess salt and other minerals from water. Desalination may also refer to the removal of salts and minerals more generally,[1] as in soil desalination,
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Pars Sea.[5]

Naming dispute



Since the 1960s with the rise of Arab nationalism (Pan-Arabism), starting with Gamal Abdel Nasser's Arab Republic of Egypt, some Arab countries, including the ones bordering the Persian Gulf, have adopted the term "Arabian
..... Click the link for more information.
Pinctada
Roding, 1798

Species
See text.

Pinctada is a genus of pearl oysters. These are saltwater clams, marine bivalve molluscs of the genus Pinctada in the family Pteriidae.
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Guinness World Records, known until 2000 as The Guinness Book of Records (and in previous U.S. editions The Guinness Book of World Records
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Motto
"There is no God but Allah; Muhammad is His messenger" (the Shahadah)
Anthem
"Aash Al Maleek"
"Long live the King"
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This is a list of cities and towns in Saudi Arabia.

Largest Cities by Population
(2007)
mill.
Riyadh 4.7
Jeddah 3.6
Mecca 1.7
Medina 1.3 Riyadh Jeddah Mecca
Dammam 1.3
Taif 0.7
Buraydah 0.

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Afif (Arabic: عفيف) is a city in central Saudi Arabia, in the Najd region. It is located at around , and is situated approximately half-way between Riyadh and Mecca.
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Arar (Arabic: عرعر, BGN spelling: `Ar`ar) is the capital of Al Hudud ash Shamaliyah (The Northern Border) province in Saudi Arabia. It has a population of 145,237 (2004 census).
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Abha أبها
Looking at Abha from the mountains.
Location in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Province Asir
Government
 - Prince Faisal ibn Khalid
Area
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Abqaiq (also Buqayq, Arabic: بقيق buqayq, meaning "father of the sand flies") is a small Saudi Aramco camp in the interior of the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia, located in the desert 60 km southwest of the Dhahran-Dammam-Khobar metropolitan area.
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Buraidah (Arabic: بريدة) is a city in the Qassim region of Saudi Arabia in the heart of the Arabian peninsula. Buraidah lies equidistant from the Red Sea to the west and the Persian Gulf to the east. It has a population of 505,000 (2007 estimate).
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Dammam الدمام

Location in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Coordinates:
Province Ash Sharqiyah
Government
 - Mayor Dhaifallah al-'Utaybi
Area
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Dhahran الظهران

Location in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Coordinates:
Province Eastern Province
Government
 - Mayor Bandar Al-Subayi

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Diriyah (Arabic: الدرعية; also known as Ad-Dir'iyah or Ad-Dar'iyah) is a town in Saudi Arabia located on the northwestern outskirts of the Saudi capital, Riyadh.
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Duba is also an alternative denomination for the Nandi Bear.


Duba (Arabic: ضبا ) is a city on the northern Red Sea coast, of Saudi Arabia. It is in Tabuk Province.
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Ha'il (Arabic: حائل) is an oasis city in Nejd in northwestern Saudi Arabia and is the capital of the Ha'il Province. The city has a population of 267,005 (2004 census).
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Al-Hofuf also Hofuf or Al-Hufuf (Arabic: الهفوف) is the major urban center in the huge Al-Ahsa Oasis in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia.
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Al-Jawf (Arabic: الجوف) is a city in the north of Saudi Arabia. it is the capital of Al Jawf Province.

Saudi Arabian Cities List of main Saudi Arabian cities
`Afif | `Ar`ar | Abha | Abqaiq | Al-Bahah | Buraidah | Ad Dammam
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