Judah Folkman

Judah Folkman (b. 24 February 1933) is an American cellular scientist best known for his research on angiogenesis and vasculogenesis.

Born in Cleveland, Ohio, Folkman attended Ohio State University and then Harvard Medical School. After his graduation, he worked at Massachusetts General Hospital, where he rose to the rank of chief resident in surgery. During this time, Folkman worked on liver cancer and atrio-pacemakers. His work earned him the Boylston Medical Prize, Soma Weiss Award, and the Borden Undergraduate Award in Medicine.

Between 1960 and 1962, Folkman served for the U.S. Navy, where he studied blood vessel growth. In 1971 he published an article in the New England Journal of Medicine, stating that all cancer tumors were angiogenesis-dependent. Though his hypothesis was disregarded by most experts in the field at first, Folkman continued his research. After several years, his theory became widely accepted. He is now considered the leading expert and founder of the angiogenesis field, which now offers many potentials in medicine. He has trained numerous leaders in medicine and biomedical engineering, including Donald Ingber and Robert Langer.

Dr. Folkman is currently Professor of Cell Biology at Harvard Medical School and is also director of the Vascular Biology Program at Children's Hospital Boston.

Awards

2006 Jacobson Innovation Award from the American College of Surgeons in honor of living surgeons who have been innovators of a new development or technique in any field of surgery.[1] In 2005, Dr. Folkman was invited to be the main speaker at the "Presidential Science Symposium" at the "ASCO Annual Meeting 2005". The "ASCO Annual Meetings" are the most influential clinical oncology meetings worldwide. In 2003, "The Angiogenesis Foundation" awarded Dr. Folkman a "Distinguished Achievement Award".

References

  • Catherine Arnst. "Inside Judah Folkman's Lab", BusinessWeek, June 2005. Retrieved on 2007-08-25. 
  • Cooke, Robert; Koop, C Everett. Dr. Folkman's War: Angiogenesis and the Struggle to Defeat Cancer. New York: Random House. ISBN 978-0375502446. 
  • Judah Folkman. (2001). Cancer Warrior (.MP3) [Video]. PBS NOVA. Retrieved on 2007-08-25.
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Angiogenesis is a physiological process involving the growth of new blood vessels from pre-existing vessels. Though there has been some debate over this, vasculogenesis is the term used for spontaneous blood-vessel formation, and intussusception is the term for new blood vessel
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Vasculogenesis is the process of blood vessel formation occurring by a de novo production of endothelial cells.

Though similar to angiogenesis, the two are different in one aspect: the term angiogenesis denotes the formation of new blood vessels from pre-existing
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Robert S. Langer (born August 29, 1948 in Albany, New York) is an Institute Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He was formerly the Germeshausen Professor of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering and maintains activity in the department of chemical engineering and
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Harvard Medical School (HMS) is one of the graduate schools of Harvard University. It is a prestigious American medical school located in the Longwood Medical Area of the Mission Hill neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts.
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Laureates of the Wolf Prize in Medicine:

  • 1978 George D. Snell, Jean Dausset, Jon J. van Rood
  • 1979 Roger W. Sperry, Arvid Carlsson, Oleh Hornykiewicz
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George Davis Snell (December 19, 1903 – June 6, 1996) was an American mouse geneticist and basic transplant immunologist.

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George Snell shared the 1980 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Baruj Benacerraf and Jean Dausset for their discoveries concerning
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Jean-Baptiste-Gabriel-Joachim Dausset (b. October 19, 1916) is a French immunologist. He received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1980 along with Baruj Benacerraf and George Davis Snell for their discovery and characterisation of the genes making the major
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Roger Wolcott Sperry (August 20, 1913 - April 17, 1994) was a neuropsychologist, neurobiologist and Nobel laureate who, together with David Hunter Hubel and Torsten Nils Wiesel, won the 1981 Nobel Prize in Medicine for his work with split-brain research.
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Arvid Carlsson (b. January 25, 1923) is a Swedish scientist who is best known for his work with the neurotransmitter dopamine and its effects in Parkinson's disease. Carlsson won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2000 along with co-recipients Eric Kandel and Paul
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Leo Sachs (born 1924) is a German-born Israeli molecular biologist and cancer researcher. Born in Leipzig, he immigrated to England in 1933, and to Israel in 1952. There he joined the Weizmann Institute of Science, where he founded the Department of Genetics.
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Barbara McClintock

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Hartford, Connecticut, USA
Died September 2 1992 (aged 90)
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Stanley Norman Cohen is an American geneticist.

Originally from Perth Amboy, New Jersey, Cohen is a graduate of Rutgers University, and received his doctoral degree from the University of Pennsylvania
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Jean-Pierre Changeux (born in Domont, France, April 7 1936) is a French neuroscientist, who researched many different areas of biology in his life, from the structure and function of proteins, to the early development of the nervous system.
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Dr. Solomon H. Snyder (born December 26, 1938) is an American neuroscientist.

Snyder graduated from Georgetown University in 1958 and Georgetown Medical School in 1962.
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