Kadam Rasul

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Kadam Rasul (also Kadam Rasul Allah) are shrines and mosques that contain stones believed to bear the footprint of Muhammad, the prophet and founder of Islam. Kadam Rasuls have been constructed in various traditions of Islamic architecture across the Middle East and South Asia.

Imprints and relics

Many Muslims, especially in South Asia, believe that whenever Muhammad trod on a rock his foot left an imprint. Some pilgrims to Mecca in Saudi Arabia have recovered stones believed to bear such an imprint. However, this belief does not sanctioned by the orthodox religious leadership. Similar objects having be claimed as being the personal effects of Muhammad are preserved in shrines across the Middle East and South Asia. A notable example includes the Hazratbal mosque in Jammu and Kashmir, where a hair of Muhammad is supposedly preserved.[1]

The Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem bears one of the most famous footprint stones, where Muhammad is believed to have left on his mi'raj. Other such footprint stones are preserved in Cairo in Egypt, Damascus in Syria and Istanbul, in Turkey.

Indian shrines

There are numerous Kadam Rasul shrines in India located in Delhi, Bahraich (in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh), Ahmedabad (in the state of Gujarat), and in Cuttack (in the state of Orissa). Two of the most important Kadam Rasul shrines are located in the Indian states of West Bengal and Bangladesh. The oldest shrine in West Bengal is located in Gaur and was constructed by Sultan Nusrat Shah in 1531. The tradition is that the footprint stone came originally from the meditation room of the 13th century saint Jalaluddin Tabrizi. It was moved to Gaur by Sultan Hussain Shah. The Gaur shrine is designed like a hut with a square room and verandahs on three sides. The central domed room contains a small, carved pedestal of black stone that holding the relic.

The Kadam Sharif in Murshidabad is a building complex, with its oldest mosque built in 1781 by Basant Ali Khan, the chief eunuch of Mir Jafar. In 1788, the relic from Gaur was brought to the complex by Nawab Siraj ud-Daulah, but subsequently returned to Gaur by Mir Jafar. However, the enclosure contains a number of family graves of the nawabs, a guesthouse and some other structural remains. The Kadam Sharif is also roofed over by three domes, which are ribbed and bulbous in appearance. Decorated with lotus petals at their base and having constricted necks, the domes rest on octagonal drums that rise quite high above the parapet level. Four octagonal corner towers are capped by cupolas with mouldings along their shaft above the roof level. The eastern wall of the mosque contains three pointed doorways framed within engrailed arched openings. The qibla wall inside contains three cusped mihrabs, of which the central one is larger than the other two. Attached to the south wall of the mosque there is a small room which is usually kept locked. Eight pieces of stone inscriptions are found affixed on the southern wall of the room. These Arabic-Persian inscriptions contain verses from the Holy Quran and were brought from the ruins of Gaur and Pandua.

Bangladesh shrines



In Bangladesh, the best known Kadam Rasul is that of Nabiganj, located across the Shitalakshya River from the city of Narayanganj. According to Mirza Nathan's Baharistan-i-Ghaibi, written during the early 17th century, this footprint was purchased from Arab merchants by Masum Khan Kabuli, an Afghan chief who had rebelled against the emperor Akbar. At the time a fortress built on raised ground marked the site. Inside it a shrine was erected in 1778 by Ghulam Nabi, a landlord of Dhaka. It is a single-domed structure with a verandah in front. In the middle of the chamber is the altar of the relic, which is usually kept in a metal dish submerged in rose water. The shallow imprint is cut in the shape of a foot; circular dents just below the upper edge indicate the toes. Incense, flowers, and money are offered at the shrine. The Mughal administrator Yasin Khan built a Kadam Rasul in 1719 in Chittagong, now in Bangladesh. It has a mosque in the centre, with two rooms on either side; one houses the footprint of Muhammad, and the other that of Abdul Qadir Gilani, a 12th century saint of Baghdad. There is another Kadam Rasul shrine in Bagicha Hat within Chandanaish zila of Chittagong District.

See also

Notes

1. ^ Kadam Rasul. banglapedia. Retrieved on 2007-07-06.

References

External links

mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. Muslims often refer to the mosque by its Arabic name, masjid Arabic: مسجد — pronounced: /ˈmæsʤɪd/ (pl.
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Architecture is the art and science of designing buildings and structures. A wider definition often includes the design of the total built environment: from the macrolevel of town planning, urban design, and landscape architecture to the microlevel of construction details and,
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A mihrab (Arabic: ألمحراب pl. محاريب) is a niche in the wall of a mosque that indicates the qibla, that is, the direction of Kaaba that Muslims should face when praying.
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Minarets (Arabic manara (lighthouse) منارة, but more usually مئذنة) are distinctive architectural features of Islamic mosques.
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minbar (Arabic: منبر, also spelt mimbar) is a pulpit in the mosque where the Imam (leader of prayer) stands to deliver sermons (khutbah خطبه ).
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Architectural styles classify architecture in terms of form, , materials, time period, region, etc. It overlaps with, and emerges from the study of the evolution and history of architecture.
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The Sudano-Sahelian is an architectural style common in the Sahel. The style reached its height during the Mali and Songhay Empires in West Africa during the 16th and 17th centuries.
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Iwan or eyvan (Persian: ayvān) is defined as a vaulted hall or space, walled on three sides, with one end entirely open.

Iwans were a trademark of the Sassanid architecture of Persia, later finding their way into Islamic architecture.
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The Other or constitutive other (also referred to as othering) is a key concept in continental philosophy, opposed to the Same. It refers, or attempts to refer to, that which is other than the concept being considered.
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Conversion of non-Muslim houses of worship into mosques began during the life of Muhammad and continued during subsequent Islamic conquests and under the Muslim rule. As a result, numerous churches, synagogues, Zoroastrian and Hindu temples became mosques.
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Masjid-u-Shajarah (mosque of the tree) is a miqat (place where ihram is put on) for those going to Mecca for umrah or hajj. Abar Ali is the name of a place where Masjid-u-Shajarah is situated, 7 km outside of Medina in Dhul Hulaifah.
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A list of notable mosques around the world:

Asia

Afghanistan

  • Id Gah Mosque in Kabul
  • Kabul Masjid
  • Masjid Jumu'ah Herat
  • Rawze-e-Sharif
  • Pul-e Khishti Mosque in Kabul

Bahrain


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This is a list of mosques in Africa.

Nigeria

  • National Mosque, Abuja

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This is a list of mosques in Europe.

Albania

  • Et'hem Bey Mosque in Tirana

Armenia

  • The Blue Mosque in Yerevan

Azerbaijan

  • Taza Pir Mosque in Baku
  • Juma Mosque in Baku
  • Shahidlar Mosque ("Turkish Mosque") in Baku

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This is a list of mosques in the United States of America.

California

  • Islamic Center of Orange County, Garden Grove
  • Islamic Center of Irvine, Irvine
  • Islamic Center of San Gabriel Valley, Rowland Heights

Connecticut


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Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. The feminine form of 'Muslim' is Muslimah (Arabic: مسلمة).
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shrine, from the Latin scrinium (‘box’; also used as a desk, like the French bureau) is originally a container, usually in precious materials, especially for a relic and often a cult image, and/or a holy or sacred place , often containing the same,
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mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. Muslims often refer to the mosque by its Arabic name, masjid Arabic: مسجد — pronounced: /ˈmæsʤɪd/ (pl.
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Footprints are the impressions or images left behind by a person walking. Hoofprints and pawprints are those left by animals with hooves or paws rather than feet, while "shoeprints" is the specific term for prints made by shoes.
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Islamic prophet Muhammad

Life
  • Family tree
  • In Mecca'''
  • In Medina'''
  • Conquest of Mecca
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Roles
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Islamic architecture has encompassed a wide range of both secular and religious styles from the foundation of Islam to the present day, influencing the design and construction of buildings and structures within the sphere of Islamic culture.
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Middle East is a historical and political region of Africa-Eurasia with no clear boundaries. The term "Middle East" was popularized around 1900 in Britain, and has been criticized for its loose definition.
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South Asia, also known as Southern Asia, is a southern geopolitical region of the Asian continent comprising territories on and in proximity to the Indian subcontinent. It is surrounded by (from west to east) Western Asia, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, and Southeastern Asia.
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Makkah al-Mukarramah مكة المكرمة

Location in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Coordinates:
Province Makkah
Government
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Motto
"There is no God but Allah; Muhammad is His messenger" (the Shahadah)
Anthem
"Aash Al Maleek"
"Long live the King"
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