Kagul

This article is about the musical instrument. For the city in Moldova, see Cahul.


Also called tagutok (Maranao) [1], bantula or tagungtung (Bukidnon) and kuratung (Banuwaen). [2]

Enlarge picture
A kagul, a Philippine bamboo scraper gong/slit drum of the Maguindanaon people


The kagul is a type of Philippine bamboo scraper gong/slit drum of the Maguindanaon with a jagged edge on one side, played with two beaters, one scarping the jagged edge and the other one making a beat. The Maguindanaon and the Banuwaen use it in the rice paddies to guard against voracious birds, using the sound it produces to scare them away. [3] The Maguindanaon and the Bukidnon also use it for simple dance rhythms during social occasions. The rhythmic are usually simplistic in nature, consisting of one rhythmic pattern sometimes combined with another. [2] Use of the kagul in the former way is no longer practiced. [3]

References

1. ^ de Jager, Fekke (2006). Tagutok. Music instruments from the Philippines. Retrieved on 2006-06-12.
2. ^ Brandeis, Hans (2006). Musical Instruments for Social Use (html). Music and Dance of the Bukidnon-s of Mindanao: A Short Introduction. Retrieved on 7 July, 2006.
3. ^ Mercurio, Philip Dominguez (2006). Traditional Music of the Southern Philippines (html). PnoyAndTheCity: A center for Kulintang - A home for Pasikings. Retrieved on 25 February, 2006.

See also

External links

Informational Websites and Online Textbooks

Pictures of Kagul and its Other Derivatives



Traditional instruments of the Southern Philippines
Maguindanao Kulintang Ensemble
Kulintang - Agung - Gandingan - Babendil - Dabakan
Other non-ensemble instruments
Kulintang a Kayo - Gandingan a Kayo - Kulintang a Tiniok - Kubing - Luntang - Agung a Tamlang – Kagul – PalendagTumpongSuling - Kutiyapi
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Cahul (population: 35,481) is a city and an administrative region in the south of Moldova. It is located at . The city of Cahul is believed to have been inhabited for many centuries, although it has had a number of different names over the
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Maranao is the term used for the people of Lanao, a predominantly Muslim region in the Philippine island of Mindanao. They are famous for their artwork, sophisticated weaving, wood and metal craft, and their epic literature.
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Region: Northern Mindanao (Region X)
Capital: Malaybalay City
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H" slits can be seen on the top of the drum in the foreground.]] A slit drum is a hollow percussion instrument, usually of bamboo or wood, which is made more resonant through one or more slits in the instrument.
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Maguindanaon is an Austronesian language spoken by majority of the population of Maguindanao Province in the Philippines. It is also spoken by sizable minorities in different parts of Mindanao such as the cities of Zamboanga, Davao, and General Santos, and the provinces of
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Region: Northern Mindanao (Region X)
Capital: Malaybalay City
Founded:
Population:
2000 census—1,060,265 (24th largest)
Density—128 per km (22nd lowest)
Area: 8,293.

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7th July, July 7th, and 7/7 (pronounced "Seven-seven") have been widely used in the Western media as a shorthand for the 7 July 2005 bombings on London's transport system.
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H" slits can be seen on the top of the drum in the foreground.]] A slit drum is a hollow percussion instrument, usually of bamboo or wood, which is made more resonant through one or more slits in the instrument.
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Kulintang is a modern term for an instrumental form of music composed on a row of small, horizontally-laid gongs that function melodically, accompanied by larger, suspended gongs and drums.
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agung is a Philippine set of two, wide-rimmed, vertically-suspended gongs used by the Maguindanao, Maranao and Tausug as a supportive instrument in their kulintang ensemble.
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The gandingan is a Philippine set of four, large hanging gongs used specifically by the Maguindanao as part of their kulintang ensemble. When integrated into the ensemble, it functions as a secondary melodic instrument after the main melodic instrument, the kulintang.
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The babendil is a single, narrow-rimmed Philippine gong[1] used primary as the “timekeeper” of the Maguindanao kulintang ensemble.[2]

Description


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The dabakan is a single-headed[1] Philippine drum, primarily used as a supportive instrument in the kulintang ensemble. Among the five main kulintang instruments, it is the only non-gong element of the Maguindanao ensemble.
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The kulintang a kayo (literally, “wooden kulintang”) is a Philippine xylophone of the Maguindanaon people with eight tuned slabs arranged horizontally atop a wooden antangan (rack).
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gandingan a kayo (translated means, “wooden gandingan,” or “gandingan made of wood”) is a Philippine xylophone and considered the wooden version of the real gandingan.
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Traditional instruments of the Southern Philippines
Maguindanao Kulintang Ensemble
Kulintang - Agung - Gandingan - Babendil - Dabakan
Other non-ensemble instruments
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The kubing is a type of Philippine Jew's harp of bamboo found among the Maguindanaon and other Muslim and non-Muslim tribes in the Philippines and Indonesia. It is also called kobing (Maranao), kolibau (Tingguian), aru-ding (Tagbanua))[1], aroding (Palawan)[2]
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Also called kwintangan kayo (Yakan)

The luntang is a type of Philippine xylophone of the Maguindanaon people, strung vertically, with five horizontal logs hung in ascending order arranged by pitch.
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Agung a Tamlang is a type of Philippine slit drum made of hollowed out bamboo in imitation of the real agung. Pitch is determined by the length and depth of the slit. The agung a tamlang is used as practice for the real agung: players either use either one agung a tamlang (hold it
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palendag is a type of Philippine bamboo flute, the largest one used by the Maguindanaon. A lip-valley flute, it is considered the hardest of the three bamboo flutes (the others being the tumpong and the suling) to use because of the way one must shape one's lips against its end to
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Traditional instruments of the Southern Philippines
Maguindanao Kulintang Ensemble
Kulintang - Agung - Gandingan - Babendil - Dabakan
Other non-ensemble instruments
..... Click the link for more information.
A suling is an Indonesian/Philippine flute made out of bamboo. It is used in gamelan ensembles.

Depending on the regional genre, a suling can be tuned into different scales.
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The kutiyapi, a Philippine two-stringed, fretted boat-lute, is the only stringed instrument among the Maguindanaon. It is four to six feet long with nine frets made of hardened beeswax. The instrument is carved out of solid soft wood such as from the jackfruit tree.
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