Kalamaria

Kalamariá  (Καλαμαρι?)
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Aerial photo of Eastern Thessaloniki. The stadium of Apollon Kalamarias and the Marina of Nea Krini are visible

Aerial photo of Eastern Thessaloniki. The stadium of Apollon Kalamarias and the Marina of Nea Krini are visible
Location
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Kalamaria (Greece)

CoordinatesCoordinates:
Time zone:EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (min-max):0 - 35 m (0 - 0 ft)
Government
Country:Greece
Periphery:Central Macedonia
Prefecture:Thessaloniki
Districts:10
Mayor:Christodoulos Ekonomidis
Population statistics (as of 2001)
City Proper
 - Population:0
 - Area:[1]6.40 km (0 sq.mi.)
 - Density:0 /km (0 /sq.mi.)
Codes
Postal codes:551 xx
Area codes:2310
License plate codes:N
Website
www.kalamaria.gr


Kalamariá (Greek: Καλαμαριά) is an affluent, suburban city in the Thessaloniki Prefecture located about 5 km southeast of downtown Thessaloniki. The municipal population of 87,255 (as of 2001) is the second-largest in Macedonia and the ninth-largest in Greece, and has increased 8% since the 1991 census.

History

The area was first settled by humans in prehistoric times, and remains from that settlement have been found around the Karabournaki cape.

The name Kalamaria was first used in 1083 to denote the area southeast of Thessaloniki, including but not limited to the area of the present-day municipality. During the Byzantine and the Ottoman periods, the area was mostly uninhabited.

The city was created in the early 1920s to house refugees from the Greek diaspora in Georgia and Asia Minor, who fled or were forcibly repatriated to Greece as a result of the Greco-Turkish War. As many as 100,000 refugees relocated to Thessaloniki, primarily to the city's suburbs. Refugees of Pontic descent mainly relocated in Kalamaria, and the city population is predominantly of Pontic descent to this day.

Kalamaria has seen substantial recent growth as part of a population shift from rural and urban areas to suburban areas. Between the 1981 and 2001 censuses, the population of Kalamaria grew by about 36,000 (or, 69%). Up until 1943 Kalamaria was part of the Municipality of Thessaloniki.

On 1st of January 1943 it became an independent administrative unity. The total area of the Council of Kalamaria covers 7,200 acres. Two thirds of Kalamaria is surrounded by sea with 6.5 km of beautiful coastline.

Kalamaria had a population of 14,000 residents as recorded by an inventory in 1947, this has considerably increased, as shown by the Greek census of 2001 where Kalamaria had a total of 87,255 residents. Kalamaria has the second highest population in the Council of the Town Planning Group of Thessaloniki but also of Northern Greece and ninth in all of Greece. The Council is separated into 10 geographical districts, which have been given names of the homelands of the refugees who were the first residents of Kalamaria.
  • Nea Krini
  • Nea Trapezounta
  • Karabournaki
  • Kouri Katirli
  • Aretsou
  • Ag. Ioannis
  • Vyzantio
  • Ag. Pantelimonas
  • Navarchos Votsis (Admiral Votsis, honorably to Greek Navy Admiral, Votsis)
  • Finikas (Fenekas in local language)
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Taki Ekonomidi Avenue in Karabournaki exclusive area
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A very popular area in the south of Kalamaria, coastal area of Kouri-Katirli, Aretsou (mainly) and Nea Krini. Location with plenty of cafeterias, bars, restaurants and Thessaloniki's biggest Marina


The commercial spirit, creativity and culture of the first residents of Kalamaria, combined with the potential of the areas geographical location, has molded today’s Kalamaria into a suburb with wonderful natural surroundings and offers an excellent quality of life.

Today, Kalamaria is characterized as a purely residential area. The natural surroundings and excellent street planning continually attracts new residents, makes the district a suburb which harmonically combines greenery and sea together with the warmth of its residents, resulting in a higher standard of life.
  1. Its financial zone is supported by the growth of trade, the core being the tourist attractions especially on the beaches. Also trade in the area around the historic center is developing in the Municipality.
  2. Carrying on a tradition of being a place of recreation and excursion, Kalamaria has become a place of increased tourist activity. This has resulted in bringing the residents of Thessaloniki together for entertainment and relaxation.

Historical population

Year Municipal population Change
198151,676-
199180,69829,022/56.16%
200187,2556,557/8.125%

Sporting teams

Kalamaria has 14 sporting teams including the famous Apollon Kalamarias.

Sister cities

Other

. Quite often they call it by the name of Nea Krini, which is actually another area of Kalamaria.

Kalamaria has schools, lyceums, gymnasia, churches, banks, a post office, a sporting field, a cinema, a port, a marina, a bus station, and squares (plateies).
  • One of the most famous natives of Kalamaria is the popular actor and comedian Harry Klynn (originally Vassilis Triantafylides) (born 1940). Klynn was candidate for Mayor of Kalamaria at the local elections of 2006.
  • The notable music composer, Stavros Koujioumtzis(1932-2005), was a resident of Kalamaria during the last years of his life. He was buried at Kalamaria's municipal cemetery.

Transportation

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Modern business buildings in Vyzantio area of Kalamaria


The main roads to the city are Konstantinos Karamanlis Avenue(formerly Nea Egnatia) to the east, which links with the GR-16 superhighway to Chalkidiki, Taki Ekonomidi Avenue which links the popular suburb Nea Krini with the Thessaloniki's center and Megalou Alexandrou Avenue - the biggest street in Thessaloniki - which links the old centre of the city with Kalamaria's Karabournaki exclusive area. Another main road links with Thermi. The Thessaloniki Ring, which bypasses most of the urban cluster of Thessaloniki, lies to the southeast and east of Kalamaria.

External links

See also



References

1. ^ Basic Characteristics. Ministry of the Interior. www.ypes.gr. Retrieved on 2007-08-07.
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Ελευθερία ή θάνατος
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Greece

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Politics of Greece



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Central Macedonia (Greek: Περιφέρεια Κεντρικής Μακεδονίας, Periféria Kentrikís Makedonías
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Greece

This article is part of the series:
Politics of Greece



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Thessaloniki (Greek: Θεσσαλονίκη) is a nomos (prefecture) in Greece, containing Thessaloniki, Lagana and the northern portion of the Chalcidicean peninsula.
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Location

Coordinates Coordinates:
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (min-max): 0 - 20 m (0 - 0 ft)
Government
Country:
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Macedonia (IPA /ˌmæsəˈdoʊ̯nɪə/, Greek: Μακεδονία, Makedonia
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Prehistory (Latin, præ = before Greek, ιστορία = history) is a term often used to describe the period before written history. Paul Tournal originally coined the term Pré-historique
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Karabournaki, also Karampournaki (Greek: Καραμπουρνάκι), Mikro Karabourou or -Karampourou
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