Kalantiaw











Philippine mythology
Title:Kalantiaw
Description:Code of Kalantiaw creator
Gender:Male
Region:Negros Island
Equivalent:None


Datu Kalantiaw (Rajah Bendahara Kalantiaw) (sometimes spelled Kalantiao) is a mythical Filipino character of the Maragtas Legend written in 1913 by Jose E. Marco in his historical fiction, Las antiguas leyendes de la isla de Negros (The Ancient Legends of the Island of Negros), which he attributed to a priest named José María Pavón. Kalantiaw was said to be a chief on the island of Negros who, in 1433, created the first legal code in the Philippines, known as the Code of Kalantiaw.

In 1917, the historian Josué Soncuya wrote about Kalantiaw in his book Historia prehispana de Filipinas (Prehispanic History of the Philippines) where he moved the location of the story from Negros to the Panay province of Aklan because he found out that it might be connected with the Binirayan festival.

Other authors throughout the 20th century, and up to the present day, further recognized the Kalantiaw story, but in 1968 the historian William Henry Scott called this a "hoax" in his book Prehispanic Source Materials for the Study of Philippine History. [1]

Kalantiaw is no longer a part of the standard history texts in the Philippines, but the story is still believed by people in the central provinces. Although it might be based on actual facts.

References

1. ^ [1]

See also

Topics on Philippine Mythology and Folklore
    [ e]
General:Creation stories Religion Deities
Important beings:Bathala Kalantiaw Kan-Laon
Heroes, creatures and spirits:Philippine mythical creatures Alan Aswang Bakunawa Batibat Bernardo Carpio Diwata Duwende Ekek Hantu Demon Ibong Adarna Juan Tamad Kalantiaw Kapre Kumakatok Lam-ang Malakas and Maganda Mambabarang Manananggal Manaul Mangkukulam Maria Cacao Mariang Makiling Maria Sinukuan Mayari Nuno sa punso Pugot Sarimanok Sigbin Sirena Siyokoy Tala Tikbalang Tiyanak Princess Urduja
Mythical and sacred places:Mount Arayat Mount Banahaw Mount Lantoy Mount Makiling Mount Pinatubo
Medicine-men:Albularyo Babaylan Hilot
Mythical objects:Agimat Anito
Literary sources:Philippine literature Philippine folk literature Cebuano literature Code of Kalantiaw Gab Hiligaynon literature Hinilawod Ilokano literature Irong-Irong Maragtas Philippine epic poetry Tagalog literature The Stories of Grandma Basyang Waray literature
    Philippine mythology and folklore include a collection of tales and superstitions about magical creatures and entities. Some Filipinos, even though heavily Westernized and Christianized, still believe in such entities.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    The Code of Kalantiaw was a mythical legal code in the epic story Maragtas. It said to be written in 1433 by Datu Kalantiaw, a chief on the island of Negros in the Philippines. It was written in 1913 by Jose E.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Bendahara is an administrative position within classical Malay kingdoms before the intervention of European powers during the 19th century. A bendahara was appointed by a sultan . It was held by the Bendahara's familiy. Even then the Sultan has to consent to the election.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    91,077,287 (2007) [1]
    Regions with significant populations
    Significant overseas populations
    Note: No data available on number of Filipino descendants in Southeast Asia-Pacific, Latin America, China and Spain

    ..... Click the link for more information.
    fictional character is any person, persona, identity, or entity whose existence originates from a work of fiction. The process of creating and developing characters in a work of fiction is called characterization.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    19th century - 20th century - 21st century
    1880s  1890s  1900s  - 1910s -  1920s  1930s  1940s
    1910 1911 1912 - 1913 - 1914 1915 1916

    Year 1913 (MCMXIII
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Negros<nowiki />

    Geography <nowiki/>
    Location South East Asia <nowiki />
    Archipelago Visayas<nowiki /> <nowiki /> <nowiki />
    Area 13,074 km²<nowiki />

    ..... Click the link for more information.
    The Code of Kalantiaw was a mythical legal code in the epic story Maragtas. It said to be written in 1433 by Datu Kalantiaw, a chief on the island of Negros in the Philippines. It was written in 1913 by Jose E.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Panay<nowiki />

    Geography
    <nowiki/>
    Location South East Asia
    Coordinates Coordinates:
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    For other uses, please see Aklan (disambiguation).


    Aklan is a province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas. Its capital is Kalibo and is located at the northwest portion of Panay, bordering Antique to the southwest, Iloilo to the
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    The Binirayan festival ("Binirayan" literally means "where they sailed to")is an event celebrated in the province of Antique in the Philippines. The festival was conceived by Governor Evelio B. Javier in 1974 and was recently revived in 1998.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    twentieth century of the Common Era began on January 1, 1901 and ended on December 31, 2000, according to the Gregorian calendar. Some historians consider the era from about 1914 to 1991 to be the Short Twentieth Century.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    19th century - 20th century - 21st century
    1930s  1940s  1950s  - 1960s -  1970s  1980s  1990s
    1965 1966 1967 - 1968 - 1969 1970 1971

    Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    William Henry Scott (1921-1993) was an anthropologist and leading historian on the Cordilleras and prehispanic Philippines.

    He is perhaps best known for debunking the Kalantiaw legend in 1968, in his book
    ..... Click the link for more information.
    Datu or datto is the title for ancient tribal chieftains and monarchs in pre-Hispanic Philippines. Together with sultan and raja, they are also titles of royalty and currently used in Malaysia, Brunei, Philippines and Indonesia.
    ..... Click the link for more information.
      Philippine mythology and folklore include a collection of tales and superstitions about magical creatures and entities. Some Filipinos, even though heavily Westernized and Christianized, still believe in such entities.
      ..... Click the link for more information.
      There are a number of religions that exist in the Philippines.

      Statistics

      ''The following statistics are from the CIA Factbook and the 2000 census: [1]
      • Christian: 90.3%
      • Roman Catholic: 80.

      ..... Click the link for more information.
      deities of ancient Philippine mythology, while not as widely known as its European and East Asian counterparts, have similar elements and characteristics when compared to other mythologies. The deities, creation stories, mythical creatures, and beliefs have similarities.
      ..... Click the link for more information.
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      ..... Click the link for more information.
      Kan-Laon is the name of an ancient Visayan deity. During pre-Hispanic times, the deity was worshiped by the natives as their Supreme Ruler. Kan-Laon means "He Who Is Ruler Of Time".

      Mt. Canlaon, situated on the island of Negros, is the highest mountain in the Visayas region.
      ..... Click the link for more information.
      Philippine mythical creatures. These are considered fictitious yet rural towns believe in their existence. It is believed that only pure and good mortals are able to see these creatures.
      ..... Click the link for more information.
      The Alan are deformed spirits from the folklore of the Tinguian tribe of the Philippines. They have wings, and their fingers and toes point backwards.

      The alan
      ..... Click the link for more information.
      An Aswang (or Asuwang) is a ghoul in Filipino folklore. The myth of the aswang is popular in the Western Visayan regions such as Capiz, Iloilo and Antique.
      ..... Click the link for more information.
      The Bakunawa, also known as Bakonawa, Baconaua, or Bakonaua, is a deity in Philippine mythology that is often represented as a gigantic sea serpent. He is believed to be the god of the underworld and is often considered to be the cause of eclipses.
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      A Hantu demon is an evil spirit or demon.

      They are notorious in the Philippines for possessing people and driving them insane.

      Hantu is the Malay word for ghost and Pulau Hantu literally means ghost island.

      There are many types of hantu.
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