Karamojong

The Karamojong or Karimojong, are an ethnic group of agro-pastoral herders. They live in the Karamoja region in the north-east of Uganda, occupying an area equivalent to tenth of the country. Their language is also known as Karamojong and is part of the Nilo-Saharan language group. According to anthropologists, the Karamajong are part of a group that migrated from Ethiopia around 1600 A.D. and split into two branches, with one branch moving to present day Kenya to form the Kalenjin group and Maasai cluster. The other branch, called Ateker migrated westwards. Ateker further split into several groups, including Jie, Turkana in present day Kenya, and Iteso, Karamojong and Kumam in present day Uganda.

Karamoja is one of the remotest and least developed areas of Uganda. Traditionally the Karamojong have had a relationship with the Ugandan government, and prior to that, the colonial authorities, which has ranged from indifference to open hostility.

The main livelihood activity of the Karamojong is herding livestock, which has social and cultural importance. Crop cultivation is a secondary activity, undertaken only in areas where it is practicable. Due to the arid climate of the region, the Karamojong have always practised a sort of pastoral transhumance, where for 3-4 months in a year, they move their livestock to the neighbouring districts in search of water and pasture for their animals. The availabilty of food and water is always a concern and has an impact on the Karamajong's interaction with other ethnic groups.

The Karamojong have been involved in various conflicts centered on the practice of cattle raids. The Karamojong are in constant conflict with their neighbours in Uganda, Sudan and Kenya due to frequent cattle raids. This could be partly due to a traditional belief that the Karamajong own all the cattle by a divine right. But also because cattle are also an important element in the negotiations for a bride and young men use the raids as a right of passage and way of increasing their herds to gain status. In recent years the nature and the outcome of the raids have become increasingly violent with the acquisition of AK47s by the Karamojong. The Ugandan government have attempted to broker a deal for weapons amnesties, but the number of cattle the Karamojong have wanted per gun has proved too steep for any meaningful agreement to be made.

See also

Karamoja sub-region is a region in northeastern Uganda comprising of the five districts of Abim,Kaabong, Kotido, Moroto and Nakapiripirit. Kaabong lays on the northeastern borders to Sudan and Kenia, and is home to the Kidepo valley national park, nakapiripirit is the most-eastern
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Motto
"For God and My Country"
Anthem
Oh Uganda, Land of Beauty


Capital Kampala

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Nilo-Saharan languages are a group of African languages spoken mainly in the upper parts of the Chari and Nile rivers (whence the term "Nilo-"), including historic Nubia, north of where the two tributaries of Nile meet.
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Ethiopia (IPA: /i.θi.oʊ.pi.ə/) ( ʾĪtyōṗṗyā), officially the
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Motto
"Harambee"   (Swahili)
"Let us all pull together"
Anthem
Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu
"Oh God of All Creation"
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Maasai are an indigenous African ethnic group of semi-nomadic people located in Kenya and northern Tanzania. Due to their distinctive customs and dress and residence near the many game parks of East Africa, they are among the most well-known African ethnic groups internationally.
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Jie might refer to:
  • King Jie of Xia of China, last ruler of the Xia Dynasty
  • Jie (ethnic group)
  • In China, a jie is an administrative/political subdistrict.
  • In China also, a jie also refers to a street.

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Turkana may refer to:
  • Turkana people of Kenya
  • Turkana language of Kenya
  • Lake Turkana in Kenya
  • Lake Turkana National Parks
  • Turkana District in Kenya
  • the fictional world of Turkana IV in a Star Trek Next Generation episode

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Iteso (also referred to as Teso, Itesot and Atesot) are an ethnic group in Uganda and Kenya. They are the second largest ethnic group in Uganda, living mainly in Teso sub-region (the districts of Soroti, Kumi, Katakwi and Kaberamaido) and Tororo District.
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The Kumam (also known as Ikumama, Ikokolemu and Akokolemu) are a Ugandan ethnic group of about 150,000 living mainly in Kaberamaido district as well as the western areas of Teso sub-region, and the south-east of Lira District.
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Colonialism is the extension of a nation's sovereignty over territory beyond its borders by the establishment of either settler colonies or administrative dependencies in which indigenous populations are directly ruled or displaced.
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This article has been tagged since September 2007.

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Herding is the act of bringing individual animals together into a group (herd), maintaining the group and moving the group from place to place—or any combination of those.
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Livestock is the term used to refer (singularly or plurally) to a domesticated animal intentionally reared in an agricultural setting to make produce such as food or fibre, or for its labour.

Livestock may be raised for subsistence or for profit.
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In general terms, the climate of a locale or region is said to be arid when it is characterized by a severe lack of available water, to the extent of hindering or even preventing the growth and development of plant and animal life.
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Climate is the average and variations of weather over long periods of time. Climate zones can be defined using parameters such as temperature and rainfall.
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Transhumance is a term with two accepted usages:
  • Older sources use 'transhumance' for vertical seasonal livestock movement, typically to higher pastures in summer and to lower valleys in winter.

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The northern Kenya and eastern Uganda regions are very insecure areas. For years now, there has been a number of cattle raids going on, terrorising the civilian population and killing hundreds of people.
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Motto
"Al-Nasr Lana"   (Arabic)
"Victory is Ours"
Anthem
نحن جند للہ جند الوطن   (Arabic)

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AK-47 (short for Russian: Автомат Калашникова образца 1947
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Nilotic people or Nilotes, in its contemporary usage, refers to some ethnic groups mainly in southern Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, and northern Tanzania, who speak Nilotic languages, a large sub-group of Nilo-Saharan languages.
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