The Kedayan are an ethnic group residing in Brunei, Labuan, Sabah, and parts of Sarawak on the island of Borneo. They are also known as Kadayan, Kadaian or simply badly spelled as Kadyan by British. The Kedayan language (ISO 639-3: kxd) is the de facto national language of Brunei. It is spoken by less than 50,000 people in Brunei, 46,500 in Sabah and 37,000 in Sarawak. In Sabah they are mainly live in Sipitang, Labuan, Beaufort and Kuala Penyu. In Sarawak, Kedayans mostly reside in Lawas, Limbang, Miri and Sibuti area. Amazingly indigeneous people in Kutai, Kalimantan (Indonesia) share more than 90% similarity with Kedayan language although they do not called themselves as Kedayan. It is also interesting to note that Kedayan and Banjarese is somehow related in term of language.

The origins of Kedayans are somewhat uncertain, with some Kedayans claiming to have Javanese origins. However, most researchers consider them indigenous to Borneo, having become Islamised and influenced by Malay culture, after the establishment of the Sultanate of Brunei. Historically, the Kedayan people have occasionally rebelled against control (taxation) by the Brunei nobles.

Kedayan are mainly padi farmers or fishermen. They have a reputation for knowledge of medicinal plants, which they grow to treat a wide range of ailments or to make tonics.

The Kedayan tend to settle inland in a cluster pattern, with houses built in the center and with fields radiating outwards. The Kedayans traditionally tended to be a rather closed community, discouraging contact with outsiders. Intermarriage among relatives was encouraged for economic and social reasons. As Kedayan do not follow Islamic inheritance laws, women are entitled to own land. If the husband dies, his property goes to the wife, but only as an administrator. She cannot sell the land without the permission of their children. When she dies, the children equally divided the property, regardless of sex or age. Sometimes the excess land is transferred free to friends or relatives if they are landless.

The Kedayan wedding ceremony is similar to that of the Bruneians Malays, with the difference that the bride is seated surrounded by candles and decorations, and the older folk will go up to her one at a time, and mark her forehead with powdered spices, similar to the Bajau practice. Aduk-Aduk is a ceremonial dance performed by the Kedayan people during holidays, especially at the end of the harvest season.

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ethnic group or ethnicity is a population of human beings whose members identify with each other, usually on the basis of a presumed common genealogy or ancestry.[1] Ethnicity is also defined from the recognition by others as a distinct group[2]
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"Always in service with God's guidance"   (translation)
Allah Peliharakan Sultan
God Bless the Sultan
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Country Malaysia
State Wilayah Persekutuan
Made into
Territory 16 April 1984
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States and Territories of Malaysia

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State motto: Sabah Maju Jaya

State anthem: Sabah Tanah Airku

Capital Kota Kinabalu

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States and Territories of Malaysia

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State motto: Bersatu, Berusaha, Berbakti

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Borneo <nowiki />

Topography of Borneo

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Location South East Asia
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ISO 639-3 is an international standard for language codes. It extends the ISO 639-2 alpha-3 codes with an aim to cover all known natural languages. The standard was published by ISO on 5 February 2007[1].
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Central Java: 30.6 million
East Java: 27.5 million
Lampung: 4.2 million
West Java: 3.9 million
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Yogyakarta: 3 million
Jakarta: 2.9 million
South Sumatra: 1.
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22 million
Regions with significant populations
Majority populations
 Malaysia [1]
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Padi or PADI can refer to:
  • Professional Association of Diving Instructors, diver training organization
  • Paddy field (spelled padi in Malay, Indonesian, etc.

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Herbalism is a traditional medicinal or folk medicine practice based on the use of plants and plant extracts.
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The Bajau, (also written as Badjao, Badjaw or Badjau) are an indigenous ethnic group the Philippines and in parts of Sabah, Brunei and Sarawak.
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Population growth rate^: 1.78% (2006 data)
  • Crude birth rate^ for 2006 is around 18.7 and increase over 2005 (18.3) but well below the rates registered for 2004 (19.1)
  • Crude death rate^ in 2006 stood at 4.
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  • Banjar (or Banjarese) is the name of an interior and coastal native ethnic group which settled in the Banjar region and in Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan, Indonesia, the fourth biggest city on the island of Borneo.
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    The Chitty are a distinctive group of Tamil people found mainly in Malacca, who are also known as the Indian Peranakans. As of today, their population stands at 2,000.
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    Malaysian Siam are Malaysian people with Siamese origin or ancestry. Their culture is somewhat a fusion of Malay and Thai. They speak the Thai language of Southern dialect. Most of them can be found in the northern & northeast Malaysian states of Kedah, Perlis and Kelantan.
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    Orang Asli ("original peoples" or "aboriginal peoples" in Malay) is a general term used for any indigenous groups that are found in Peninsular Malaysia. They are divided into three main tribal groups: Semang (negrito), Senoi, and Proto-Malay.
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    Singai Bidayuhs
    Total population 158,700 (Sarawak only)
    Regions with significant populations Sarawak & West Kalimantan
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    The Bisaya are an indigenous people of northwestern Borneo, Malaysia, concentrated around the Limbang river in northern Sarawak state. There are other related tribes called Kadazan-Dusun in Sabah and in Brunei.
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    Bukitan (also known as Baketan) is small tribe living the state of Sarawak, East Malaysia. They are found in Bintulu division. Not many of these people are left due to intermarriages with other tribes.

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