Kim (Korean name)

Kim (Korean name)
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationGim
McCune-ReischauerKim
Kim is the most common family name in Korea. In 1985, out of a population of between roughly 40 and 45 million in South Korea, there were approximately 8.8 million Kims — roughly 20% of the population (Storey, 35). The name is common in both modern-day North Korea and South Korea. The Chinese character used for the name (金) means "gold," and although the character is usually pronounced "geum" (금) in Korea, it is pronounced "gim" (김) when used for the family name and names of some cities, e.g., Gimhae (金海) and Gimpo (金浦).

A common ancestor

In ancient historical records, a Xiongnu prince named Kim Iljae was mentioned. This was a man who had gone from royalty, to a slave, and then to an official in the Han court. Kim Iljae's presence within the Han court was vast and very high in rank by the time of Han Wudi's death. Kim Iljae's descendants later fled Han China and escaped into the Korean Peninsula to the Silla Kingdom, and some went even further down to establish the Gaya Confederacy.

Clans

Enlarge picture
Distribution of ancestral lines of the Kim surname. (1988)
As with most other Korean family names, there are many Kim clans, known in Korean as bon-gwan, each of which consists of individual Kim families. Most Kims belong to one of a few very large clans. Even within each clan, people in different families are not related to each other. These distinctions are important, since Korean law used to prohibit intermarriage in the same clan, no matter how remote the relationship; now, however, only those in a relationship of second cousins or closer may not marry.

As with other Korean family names, the Kim clans are distinguished by the place from which they claim to originate. A very large number of distinct Kim clans exist, besides those listed here. The 2000 South Korean census listed 348 extant Kim lineages.[1]

Gimhae

According to a story recorded only in the Samguk Yusa, in 48 CE, Princess Heo Hwang-ok made an epic journey from a country called "Ayuda" to Korea, where she married King Suro of Geumgwan Gaya and gave birth to 10 children, thus starting the Kim dynasty of Geumgwan Gaya, the capital of which was in present-day Goryeong County. The country of Ayuda is often identified with Ayodhya in India. [1]

Famous ancient members of this clan, aside from the kings of Geumgwan Gaya, include the Silla general Kim Yu-shin. In the Unified Silla period, members of the Gimhae Kim family were admitted to all but the highest level of the Silla bone rank system.

This clan is by far the most populous of all Korean clans. The 2000 South Korean census found it to contain more than four million people.

Gyeongju

The Gyeongju Kims trace their descent from the ruling family of Silla. The founder of this clan is said to have been Kim Alji, an orphan adopted by King Talhae of Silla in the first century CE. Alji's seventh-generation descendant was the first member of the clan to take the throne, as King Michu of Silla in the year 262.

This clan is also extremely populous. In the South Korean census of 2000, more than 1.7 million citizens claimed to be Gyeongju Kims.

Hamchang

The Hamchang Kims trace their origin to the founder of the little-known Gaya state of Goryeong Gaya. His alleged tomb, rediscovered in the 16th century, is still preserved by the modern-day members of the clan. This clan numbered only 26,300 members in the 2000 South Korean census.

List of people with the name "Kim"

Notes

1. ^ 성씨,본관별 가구 및 인구. Retrieved on 2006-10-04.

See also

References

Storey, Robert. Lonely Planet: Korea. Lonely Planet Publications: Melbourne, Aus. 2001.

External links

Hangul (한글) or Chosŏn'gŭl (조선글) [2]

ISO 15924 Hang

Note
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Origins
Traditional Chinese
Variant characters
Simplified Chinese
Simplified Chinese (2nd-round)
Traditional/Simplified (debate)
Kanji
- Man'yōgana
Hanja
- Idu
Han Tu
- Chữ Nm

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The Revised Romanization of Korean is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea. It is the official South Korean replacement for the 1984 McCune-Reischauer–based romanization system.
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McCune-Reischauer romanization is one of the two most widely used Korean language romanization systems, along with the Revised Romanization of Korean, which replaced (a modified) McCune-Reischauer as the official romanization system in South Korea in 2000.
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Korean personal name consists of a family name followed by a given name. Both of these are usually composed of hanja, which are Chinese characters in Korean pronunciation. Hanja are no longer used officially in North Korea, and their use in given names is restricted to 5,038
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Capital Seoul, Pyongyang

Largest conurbation (population) Seoul
Official languages Korean
 -  Water (%) 2.
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Motto
홍익인간(弘益人間) 널리 인간을 이롭게 하?
Anthem
Aegukga (애국가; 愛國歌)
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Anthem
Aegukka


Capital Pyongyang

Largest city Pyongyang
Official languages Korean
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Motto
홍익인간(弘益人間) 널리 인간을 이롭게 하?
Anthem
Aegukga (애국가; 愛國歌)
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A Chinese character or Han character (Simplified Chinese:
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GOLD refers to one of the following:
  • GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade).
  • GOLD (parser) is an open source BNF parser.

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Gimhae, also commonly spelled Kimhae, is a city in South Gyeongsang Province, South Korea. It is the seat of the large Gimhae Kim clan, one of the largest Kim clans in Korea.
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Gimpo is a city in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. It borders on Incheon, with which it shares the South Korean side of the Han River estuary, as well as Seoul and the lesser cities of Paju and Goyang. It also looks across the Han River at North Korea.
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The Xiongnu (Chinese: 匈奴; Pinyin: Xiōngnú; Wade-Giles: Hsiung-nu); were a nomadic people from Central Asia, generally based in present day Mongolia.
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Jin Midi (134 BC-86 BC) (Traditional Chinese: 金日磾/Hangul: 김일제/Revised Romanization: Kim Iljae), courtesy name Wengshu (翁叔), formally Marquess Jing of Du
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Han Dynasty (Traditional Chinese: 漢朝; Simplified Chinese: 汉朝
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Emperor Wu of Han (Simplified Chinese: 汉武帝; Traditional Chinese: 漢武帝; Pinyin: hànwǔdì
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Korean Peninsula is a peninsula in East Asia. It extends southwards for about 684 miles (1,100 km) from the continental Asia into the Pacific Ocean and is surrounded by the Sea of Japan (East Sea) on the east, the East China Sea to the south, and the Yellow Sea to the west, the
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History of Korea
Jeulmun Period
Mumun Period
Gojoseon, Jin
Proto-Three Kingdoms:
 Buyeo, Okjeo, Dongye
 Samhan
   Ma, Byeon, Jin
Three Kingdoms:
 Goguryeo
   Sui wars
 Baekje
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Gaya was a confederacy of City-states in the Nakdong River valley of southern Korea, growing out of the Byeonhan confederacy of the Samhan period (Samhan refers to the ancient confederacies of Mahan, Jinhan, and Byeonhan in central and southern Korean peninsula).
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bon-gwan is the place of origin of a clan in Korea, which is used to distinguish clans that happen to share a same family name (clan name). A Korean clan is a group of people that share the same paternal ancestor, and is indicated by the combination of a bon-gwan
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Samguk Yusa, or Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms, is a collection of legends, folktales, and historical accounts relating to the Three Kingdoms of Korea (Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla), as well as to other periods and states before, during, and after the Three Kingdoms period.
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Suro, or Sureung (수릉, 首陵), (r. 42 - 199) was the legendary founder and king of the state of Geumgwan Gaya in southeastern Korea.

Background


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History of Korea
Jeulmun Period
Mumun Period
Gojoseon, Jin
Proto-Three Kingdoms:
 Buyeo, Okjeo, Dongye
 Samhan
   Ma, Byeon, Jin
Three Kingdoms:
 Goguryeo
   Sui wars
 Baekje
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Goryeong County (Goryeong-gun) is a county in North Gyeongsang Province, South Korea.

Goryeong is a historical center of the ancient kingdom of Daegaya.

See also

  • Gaya confederacy

External links


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Ayodhya pronunciation   (Hindi: अयोध्या, Urdu: ایودھیا, IAST Ayodhyā
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This page is currently protected from editing until disputes have been resolved.
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History of Korea
Jeulmun Period
Mumun Period
Gojoseon, Jin
Proto-Three Kingdoms:
 Buyeo, Okjeo, Dongye
 Samhan
   Ma, Byeon, Jin
Three Kingdoms:
 Goguryeo
   Sui wars
 Baekje
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Kim Yusin (Childhood name: Sandara, 산다라, 595-673) was a general in 7th-century Silla. He led the unification of the Korean peninsula by Silla under the reign of Muyeol of Silla and Munmu of Silla.
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Unified Silla or Later Silla (668–935) is the name often applied to the kingdom of Silla, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, after 668, when it conquered Baekje to unify the southern portion of the Korean peninsula.
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